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Scapegoats: Political Risks For The Rich Are Rising All Over The World
« Reply #13470 on: July 22, 2019, 08:38:24 AM »

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's plans for excessive taxes on the superrich have been met with a great deal of approval.

Political risks for rich people are escalating everywhere as they are increasingly singled out as scapegoats, blamed for all manner of undesirable developments and attacked as the representatives of “abhorrent” capitalism. The Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren recently proposed an Ultra-Millionaires Tax of 2% per year on households with net assets of at least $50 million and 3% on wealth of $1 billion or more. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the darling of radical left-wing Democrats, has suggested an income tax of up to 70% on incomes above $10 million. And Bernie Sanders, a self-avowed socialist, also repeatedly attacks the rich in his speeches.

Wealthy Europeans Are Also Coming Under Attack

In Great Britain, Jeremy Corbyn and John McDonnell of the Labour Party are openly pursuing a radical socialist course. They have demanded six billion pounds of additional taxes on the top 5% of earners—they want to hike the current top rate of income tax from 45% to 50%. Corbyn used to be a great admirer of Venezuela’s Hugo Chávez and repeatedly praised Chávez’s concept of “Socialism for the 21st century.”

Meanwhile, in France, the left-wing politician Jean-Luc Mélenchon has proposed a top tax rate of 90% on incomes over €400,000. And one of the Yellow Vest movement’s key demands is a punitive wealth tax on the rich.

And in Germany, the chairman of the youth organization of the Social Democrat Party, currently the junior coalition partner in Angela Merkel’s government, has called for the “collectivization” of large companies, including BMW. He has also demanded a ban on private real estate owners renting out the apartments they own. In the German capital, Berlin, a petition calling for a referendum on the expropriation of real estate companies that own more than 3,000 apartments has collected three times as many signatures as it needs. According to the referendum’s initiators, any compensation for expropriated property owners should be paid at a discount of about 70% against net asset value. And at this year’s First of May demonstrations in Berlin, posters were hung all over the city featuring a large guillotine and proclaiming: “Against a City of the Rich.”

Where Does This Hatred Of The Rich Come From?

The world’s rich are coming under increasing pressure. But why? Because they are being singled out as the symbolic targets of anti-capitalist hatred. Criticism of capitalism is once again en vogue and socialist ideologies are enjoying a renaissance. In a recent survey, a majority of young Americans said that they believe socialism, not capitalism, is the better system. German media enthusiastically celebrated the 200th anniversary of Karl Marx’s birthday and in his native city of Trier a huge monument was erected to the communist mastermind.

Anger at rich people and capitalism has many causes—but one key element is certainly the widespread misinterpretation of the roots of the financial crisis from 2008 onwards. The causes were complex and, in reality, they had far more to do with misguided central bank policies and politically motivated guidelines for granting loans than they did with “capitalism.” In times of crisis, it is often almost impossible for the general population to understand the reasons for societal collapse. And because they can’t understand, they look for scapegoats. This was just as true in the Middle Ages, when Europeans blamed Jews or witches for the plague and natural disasters as it is today, when “greedy bankers” and the “superrich” are the scapegoats.

After the collapse of socialism 30 years ago, capitalism was widely recognized as the superior economic system. Today these memories have faded. In schools and universities, young people learn all about the sins of colonialism and the deficiencies of capitalism, but very little about the failures of socialist systems. Young people, for example, frequently see socialism as an opportunity to solve environmental problems—but they are not aware that pollution in socialist countries was far greater than it has ever been in capitalist countries. And nobody tells them that more than a billion people have escaped the most bitter poverty through capitalist globalization in the past three decades.

Rich People Don’t Defend Themselves

One of the main reasons that socialist ideologies are gaining so much traction, however, is that the scapegoated capitalists, namely “the rich,” are doing so little to defend themselves. On the contrary, some—including George Soros—are actually leading calls for far higher taxes on the rich and laying the blame for the world’s ills at capitalism’s door. When such prominent figures appear in the media and call for redistribution, it cements the view that the rich are doing too well and that capitalism has failed. After all, people think that if even billionaires are saying it, then it must be true.

And unlike other minorities, the rich have not learned to defend themselves against defamation and prejudice. Some rich people believe that they can satisfy their haters and detractors by taking up the anti-capitalist mantle themselves or by appeasing their critics. Others simply choose to remain silent, passing up the opportunity to join the public debate.

At the moment, the United States’ economy is booming. But if there is another crisis, one thing is almost certain: “capitalism” and “the rich” will be the victims of widespread scapegoating. Unfortunately, a new financial crisis is impossible to rule out, especially as so little has been done to eliminate the real causes of the 2008 crisis. In fact, the situation is worse than it was in the run-up to the last crisis: levels of government and company indebtedness are actually higher now than they were pre-2008 and central banks’ expansive monetary policies have led to massive misallocations and bubbles. If a new financial crisis rears its very ugly head, politicians, the media and intellectuals will already know who to blame: “the rich.” At that point, life could become very dangerous indeed for society’s richest members.
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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Remains of supermarket employee missing for 10 years found behind cooler
« Reply #13471 on: July 22, 2019, 05:03:11 PM »
Human remains found behind a cooler at a supermarket have been identified as an employee who went missing 10 years ago.

Human remains found behind a cooler at an Iowa supermarket earlier this year were identified on Monday as an employee who went missing 10 years ago.

Larry Ely Murillo-Moncada, 25, worked at the No Frills Supermarket in Council Bluffs when he disappeared on November 28, 2009, the Des Moines Register reported.

Earlier that day, his parents said he got upset and ran out of their home, prompting them to report him missing.

Police now believe Murillo-Moncada went to the supermarket after leaving home, climbed on top of the coolers and fell into a 46cm gap between the coolers and the wall, becoming trapped.

His remains weren’t discovered until January 24 by a contractor removing shelving and the coolers from the supermarket, which shuttered in 2016.

Former employees said the space where the coolers were was used for storage, and it was common for workers to be there.

An autopsy showed no signs of trauma to Murillo-Moncada, and the death was ruled accidental.

Police have said they’ve now closed the cold case.
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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U.S. to ramp up rapid deportations with sweeping new rule
« Reply #13472 on: July 22, 2019, 05:09:03 PM »
(Reuters) - The Trump administration said on Monday it will expand and speed up deportations of migrants who enter the United States illegally by stripping away court oversight, enabling officials to remove people in days rather than months or years.

Set to be published in the Federal Register on Tuesday, the rule will apply “expedited removal” to the majority of those who enter the United States illegally, unless they can prove they have been living in the country for at least two years.

Legal experts said it was a dramatic expansion of a program already used along the U.S.-Mexican border that cuts out review by an immigration judge, usually without access to an attorney. Both are available in regular proceedings.

“The Trump administration is moving forward into converting ICE (Immigrations and Customs Enforcement) into a ‘show me your papers’ army,” said Vanita Gupta, the president of The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, on a call with reporters.

It was likely the policy would be blocked quickly by a court, several experts said. The American Civil Liberties Union, which has filed suit to block numerous Trump immigration policies in court, has vowed to sue.

President Donald Trump has struggled to stem an increase of mostly Central American families arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border, leading to overcrowded detention facilities and a political battle over a growing humanitarian crisis.

The government said increasing rapid deportations would free up detention space and ease strains on immigration courts, which face a backlog of more than 900,000 cases.

Nearly 300,000 of the approximately 11 million immigrants in the United States illegally could be quickly deported under the new rule, according to the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute.

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) said 37%, or 20,570, of those encountered by ICE in the year to September had been in the country less than two years.

People in rapid deportation proceedings are detained for 11.4 days on average, according to DHS. People in regular proceedings are held for 51.5 days and are released into the United States for the months or years it takes to resolve their cases.

Legal experts said the rule shreds basic due process and could create havoc beyond immigrant communities.

“ICE has been detaining and deporting U.S. citizens for decades,” said Jackie Stevens, a political science professor at Northwestern University. That policy came at a great cost to U.S. taxpayers in terms of litigation and compensation, she added.

U.S. citizens account for about 1% percent of those detained by ICE and about 0.5% of those deported, according to Stevens’ research.

“Expedited removal orders are going to make this much worse,” she said.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit in San Francisco in March ruled that those ordered deported in the sped-up process have a right to take their case to a judge.

Previously, only those immigrants caught within 100 miles of the border who had been in the country two weeks or less could be ordered rapidly deported. The policy makes an exception for immigrants who can establish a “credible fear” of persecution in their home country.
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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Hawaii Telescope Protest Shuts Down 13 Observatories on Mauna Kea
« Reply #13473 on: July 22, 2019, 05:22:08 PM »
Construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope was supposed to start on July 15

Hundreds of protesters continued their vigil against construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope, blocking the access road to the summit of Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii on Friday, July 19, 2019.

Hundreds of protestors have blocked construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) on Mauna Kea in Hawaii. Thirteen astronomical observatories that call the mountain home have evacuated workers and curtailed their operations.

Work on the TMT was set to resume on July 15 after a four-year delay caused by legal challenges and protests. Hawaii’s state supreme court ruled in October that the TMT’s construction permit was valid.

But last weekend, opponents of the telescope began gathering at a site at the base of the access road that leads up Mauna Kea. They sang, held signs and spoke out against the TMT, which they believe will further despoil a sacred mountain.

“I honestly don’t know how this is going to end,” says Doug Simons, an astronomer and executive director of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, one of the observatories on the mountain.
Lost nights

The observatories on Mauna Kea’s summit—which include some of the world’s largest, such as the twin 10-metre Keck telescopes and the 8.2-metre Subaru Telescope—stopped collecting data and ordered employees and researchers to evacuate on July 16.

Affected projects include Andrea Ghez’s ongoing studies of the centre of the Milky Way. Ghez, an astronomer at the University of California, Los Angeles, had planned to use one of the Keck telescopes on July 16 to collect data on the motion of stars around the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Galaxy. Scientists use such information to test predictions of general relativity.

But Ghez isn’t bothered by Keck’s temporary closure. “If I lose a night in order that everyone can figure out how to move forward in the long run, that’s far more important than one night of observing,” she says.

Mihoko Konishi, an astronomer at Oita University in Japan, had planned to use the Subaru Telescope between July 16 and 18 to study disks of planet-forming dust and gas around other stars. “I know Mauna Kea is a sanctuary for Hawaiians, so I hope [for] a peaceful settlement for both sides as quickly as possible,” Konishi says.

Some of the telescopes atop Mauna Kea can be operated remotely, without staff on-site. But facility managers opted not to do that in case something went wrong that observatory staff couldn’t handle from afar. “We anticipate returning to normal operations as soon as the situation allows,” said Jessica Dempsey, deputy director of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, in a July 16 statement.
A sacred place

Hawaii governor David Ige signed an emergency proclamation on July 17 that allowed law enforcement to close more sections of road around the base of Mauna Kea.

By then, TMT opponents had established a pu’uhonua—‘place of refuge’ in Hawaiian—and started flying the Hawaiian flag upside-down as a sign of distress. Seven protestors had chained themselves to a cattle grate in the road leading up to the summit on July 15, although they later detached themselves.

“Our objective is to stop TMT,” said Kaho’okahi Kanuha, a leader of the protestors, during a July 16 press conference. “We’re against the destruction of our mauna,” or mountain.

Ige has said that opponents who block access to the TMT construction site are breaking the law. Police took 33 Native Hawaiian elders into custody on July 17 before citing and releasing them almost immediately.

Astronomy graduate students published an open letter on July 17 asking, among other things, for the state to withdraw law enforcement officers from Mauna Kea. As of July 18, hundreds of astronomers have signed it.

“We have been trying to balance and maintain access to Mauna Kea in a way that would be respectful,” Ige said in a press conference on July 17. He added that Native Hawaiian practitioners have long revered the mountain, and visit it for sacred ceremonies.

Other demonstrations related to the TMT project—mostly opposing it—have broken out across the Hawaiian islands in the past few days, including in the state’s capital of Honolulu.
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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CBP: Over 1,000 African migrants arrested near Mexican border
« Reply #13474 on: July 22, 2019, 05:39:13 PM »
According to a new report from the U.S. Border Patrol, over 1,100 people from 19 different African countries have been arrested illegally crossing the border into the United States since May 30.

“The apprehension of people from African countries illegally crossing our borders continues to increase,” said Del Rio Sector Chief Patrol Agent Raul L. Ortiz.

The Del Rio Sector, where the arrests were made, has seen over 44,000 apprehensions of illegal immigrants so far this year, more than double the total number of arrests made during the previous year.  The majority of apprehensions have been family units and single adults.
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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Scientists memorialize the first glacier lost to climate change in Iceland
« Reply #13475 on: July 22, 2019, 05:49:25 PM »

An aerial photo shows what's left of the Okjökull glacier.

The demise of Okjökull, the first Icelandic glacier lost to climate change, will be memorialized with a plaque by researchers from Rice University in Houston.
Yes, we are memorializing glaciers now, and no, this is not a joke.
The monument to Okjökull glacier in Borgarfjörður, Iceland, will be installed on August 18 in a public ceremony.

"This will be the first monument to a glacier lost to climate change anywhere in the world," Rice University anthropologist Cymene Howe said. "By marking Ok's [short for Okjökull] passing, we hope to draw attention to what is being lost as Earth's glaciers expire.

"These bodies of ice are the largest freshwater reserves on the planet and frozen within them are histories of the atmosphere. They are also often important cultural forms that are full of significance."

As ridiculous as it may sound to give a plaque to a former mass of ice, it is a serious matter. Okjökull will certainly not be the last glacier to be lost to climate change, as scientists believe that the 400-plus glaciers in Iceland will all be gone by 2200.
"Currently, Iceland loses 11 billion tons of ice mass every year. All of Iceland's 400+ glaciers are now facing Ok's fate," said Dominic Boyer, a professor of anthropology at Rice University who's been studying the impact of glacial loss on Icelandic communities.

Boyer told CNN that glaciologists predict that "all of Iceland's glacial mass will disappear in the next 200 years, with a massive impact to cultural heritage, tourism, hydroelectric power and fisheries."
It's the latest warning that rising temperatures present a serious threat to glaciers and the millions of people worldwide who live near them.
Last month, a study warned that Himalayan glaciers are melting at a dramatic rate -- losing almost half a meter of ice each year since the start of this century due to global warming.

Okjökull has shrunk to less than 1 square kilometer of ice and lost its glacier status.

A report published in April warned that most glaciers in Central Europe, Western Canada and the United States could vanish by the second half of this century under current ice loss rates.

We know what needs to be done

"Ok is the first Icelandic glacier to lose its status as a glacier. In the next 200 years, all our glaciers are expected to follow the same path. This monument is to acknowledge that we know what is happening and know what needs to be done. Only you know if we did it," the plaque reads, in English and Icelandic.

The memorial plaque for Iceland's Okjökull glacier paints a bleak picture.

There is also an inscription with the figure "415 ppm CO2" on the plaque, which references the record-breaking amount of carbon dioxide recorded in the atmosphere earlier this year.
"One of our Icelandic colleagues put it very wisely when he said, 'Memorials are not for the dead; they are for the living,'" Howe said. "With this memorial, we want to underscore that it is up to us, the living, to collectively respond to the rapid loss of glaciers and the ongoing impacts of climate change. For Ok glacier it is already too late; it is now what scientists call 'dead ice.'"
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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Evening flash floods in Brooklyn render city streets impassable
« Reply #13476 on: July 23, 2019, 07:18:22 AM »

Intrepid cars take the plunge.

After a weekend of scorching, muggy heat, the sky finally opened up on Brooklyn, unleashing torrents of rain on the borough — all captured by the Brooklyn Eagle’s staff of course.

The sudden deluge Monday evening turned the street outside the Eagle’s Dumbo office into a Venice-like canal (Italy vacation canceled). The National Weather Service issued a flash flood warning to Manhattan, Queens and Brooklyn.

Senator Zellnor Y. Myrie 米维
‏ @zellnor4ny

Our crumbling infrastructure is on full damn display in my district tonight as:

1) 2/5 train service is completely screwed and the R train is dangerously leaking; and

2) Many residents in PLG have no power after @ConEdison, without warning, shut it down.

So much work to do.
4:38 PM - 22 Jul 2019


While the MTA did not announce any rain-related delays in trains in Brooklyn, an assault on a conductor at Borough Hall (someone allegedly spat in the conductor’s face) was slowing 4 and 5 trains in the evening. The transit agency also reported delays on the F, G, and 2/3 lines due to signal issues.

There was (more than) a bit of water in the stations.

Debris floated around the Con Edison plant in DUMBO near the Eagle’s office.

The flash flood warning continued well into the evening, as the office of Emergency Management tweeted that a flood advisory would be in effect for Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island until 10:45 p.m. Monday night.
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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Re: Evening flash floods in Brooklyn render city streets impassable
« Reply #13477 on: July 23, 2019, 07:23:40 AM »

Intrepid cars take the plunge.

After a weekend of scorching, muggy heat, the sky finally opened up on Brooklyn, unleashing torrents of rain on the borough — all captured by the Brooklyn Eagle’s staff of

People who aren’t familiar with floods will do this exactly once.
"...reprehensible lying communist..."

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McDonald’s CEO makes an hour what the average worker makes a year
« Reply #13478 on: July 23, 2019, 07:31:58 AM »
McDonald's Corp. has been among the American companies that pay its workers the least. As some evidence of the ongoing pay problem at the fast-food chain, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has released the compensation of McDonald's CEO Stephen Easterbrook. He was paid $15.9 million in 2018. That is 2,124 times the median employee salary of $7,473. It means that Easterbrook, who has been CEO since 2015, earns in an hour what it takes a median employee to make in a year, according to data from public company intelligence firm MyLogIQ.

Easterbrook's pay ratio is the sixth highest among chief executives included in MyLogIQ's data. In our earlier report on the 100 highest-paid CEOs, Easterbrook was number 57. It is not the first year he has been paid well. He made $21.8 million in 2017.

McDonald's has approximately 210,000 workers worldwide, and over 36,000 locations. In its recent proxy statement, the company said that its median employee in 2018 was a part-time restaurant crew employee located in Hungary. The company had revenue of $21 billion last year, down 7% from 2017. Net income was $5.9 billion, up 11%.

Based on data from the OECD, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita in Hungary is $16,821 a year. A median McDonald's employee earns about 44% of that. A median McDonald's U.S. employee earning $7,473 annually is taking home just 24% of the U.S. average annual disposable income of $30,563.

McDonald's has been criticized for its low levels of compensation. It trumpets that the corporation pays workers at the stores it owns earn more than $10 an hour, but the company does not set pay levels at its franchisees.

The U.S. Department of Labor recently proposed rolling back an Obama-era regulation that would have held McDonald's and other franchisers liable as "joint employers" for violations of federal minimum wage laws. Under the Trump administration proposal, franchisers would essentially be exempt from any joint-employer liability. Of McDonald's reported total 2018 store count, the company owns just 2,770 of its 37,855 global stores. The remaining 35,085 (nearly 93%) are franchised.

McDonald's recently said it would stop lobbying against pay increases and would even support increases in the minimum wage. That's no great concession by the company. About 90% of its stores are franchised, meaning that under the proposed regulations McDonald's would not be involved in paying the higher wage.

McDonald's has been accused in the past of paying workers at a low enough rate to keep some below the poverty line. The 2018 federal poverty line for a single-person household was $12,140. For a family of four, the poverty line was $25,100. The McDonald's median of $7,473 is 38% below the single-person poverty line. For more about the difference between the rich and the poor, you can find out where the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer.
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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US attorney general says encryption creates security risk
« Reply #13479 on: July 23, 2019, 05:19:19 PM »
NEW YORK (AP) — Attorney General William Barr said Tuesday that increased encryption of data on phones and computers and encrypted messaging apps are putting American security at risk.

Barr’s comments at a cybersecurity conference mark a continuing effort by the Justice Department to push tech companies to provide law enforcement with access to encrypted devices and applications during investigations.

“There have been enough dogmatic pronouncements that lawful access simply cannot be done,” Barr said. “It can be, and it must be.”

The attorney general said law enforcement is increasingly unable to access information on devices, and between devices, even with a warrant supporting probable cause of criminal activity.

Barr said terrorists and cartels switch mid-communication to encrypted applications to plan deadly operations. He described a transnational drug cartel’s use of WhatsApp group chat to specifically coordinate murders of Mexico-based police officials.

Gail Kent, Facebook’s global public policy lead on security, recently said that allowing the government’s ability to gain access to encrypted communications would jeopardize cybersecurity for millions of law-abiding people who rely on it. WhatsApp is owned by Facebook.

“It’s impossible to create any backdoor that couldn’t be discovered, and exploited, by bad actors,” Kent said.

Allowing government access to encrypted devices also wouldn’t prevent people from switching to any new services that may crop up around the world that U.S. agencies can’t access, Kent said.

Encrypted communications are ones that are only available to users on either end of the communications. The increasing use of this technology has long been coined by the Justice Department as the “going dark” problem .

Barr’s remarks also acknowledged the need for encryption to ensure overall cybersecurity that has enabled people to bank relatively securely online and engage in e-commerce.

Barr said that to date, law enforcement in Garland, Texas, have been unable to access 100 instant messages sent between terrorists who carried out an attack there in May 2015.

“The status quo is exceptionally dangerous, it is unacceptable and only getting worse,” Barr said. “It’s time for the United States to stop debating whether to address it and start talking about how to address it.”

Ex-FBI director James Comey championed the need for a law enforcement workaround to encrypted devices and communications. He led a highly publicized push to gain access to an iPhone belonging to a perpetrator of a terrorist attack in San Bernardino, California, that killed 14 people in 2015.

From the Senate floor on Tuesday, Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., responded to Barr’s remarks in New York calling it an “outrageous, wrongheaded and dangerous proposal.”

Wyden said Barr wants to “blow a hole” in a critical security feature for Americans’ digital lives by trying to undermine strong encryption and advocating for government backdoors into the personal devices of Americans. He said strong encryption helps keep health records, personal communications and other sensitive data secure from hackers.

Effectively banning encryption in the U.S. by not allowing companies to provide unbreakable encryption, doesn’t prevent it existing and flourishing elsewhere, and only makes Americans less secure against foreign hackers, Wyden said.

“Once you weaken encryption with a backdoor, you make it far easier for criminals, hackers and predators to get into your digital life,” Wyden said. He said he fears and expects that Barr and President Donald Trump would abuse the power to break encryption if they were allowed to do so.

Given their records “it is clear to me that they cannot be trusted with this kind of power,” Wyden said.

Noah Theran, a spokesman for the Internet Association, said “strong encryption makes us all safer and more secure” and protects Americans from daily cyberattacks that can compromise personal information. The trade association represents internet companies — including Facebook, Google, Twitter and LinkedIn — on public policy.

“Companies must not be required to engineer vulnerabilities into their products and services that could put us all at risk,” Theran said.

Critics of the Justice Department position also point out that law enforcement agencies have been able to use unencrypted metadata to solve crimes and hired a private contractor to ultimately gain access to the iPhone linked to the San Bernardino attacks.

“There is no way to give the FBI access to encrypted communications without giving the same access to every government on the planet,” said Brett Max Kaufman, senior staff attorney with the ACLU’s Center for Democracy.

“Technology providers should continue to make their products as safe as possible and resist pressure from all governments to undermine the security of the tools they offer.”
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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This mountaineering mouse is the world's highest-dwelling mammal
« Reply #13480 on: July 23, 2019, 05:30:33 PM »
The yellow-rumped leaf-eared mouse can live from sea level all the way up to the peaks of Andean volcanoes, surprising experts.

The upper reach of Llullaillaco, the world’s second-highest volcano, is one of the most inhospitable places on Earth. The soil here, on this spire at the edge of the Atacama Desert, is red and Martian-looking. Though air temperatures rarely reach above freezing, the soil can get up to 90 degrees Fahrenheit under the sun’s intense glare.

Strangely enough, this mountain peak that straddles Argentina and Chile is home to the world’s highest archeological site: A cache of almost perfectly preserved mummies.

American climbing buddies Matt Farson, an emergency medicine doctor, and anthropologist Thomas Bowen have voyaged to this peak three times, in part to get a look at this site.

In 2013, it led to an unexpected discovery: The world’s highest-dwelling mammal.

While scouting ahead and searching for the best route to the 22,110-foot summit one day, Farson saw something move. He turned to look as a mouse-like animal scurried across the snow.

At this point, at an elevation of 20,340 feet, he was bleary from the lack of oxygen—and genuinely concerned he might be seeing things. Luckily, he caught it on camera. “I hadn’t seen an animal since 16,000 feet... so to see something up there just made no sense,” Farson says.

A later expedition revealed the animal to be a yellow-rumped leaf-eared mouse (Phyllotis xanthopygus), a known species that lives in the foothills and mountains of the Andes, but can be found as low as sea level. (Meet the animals that thrive in extreme mountain conditions.)

That means the mouse has an unprecedented elevation range of more than 20,000 feet. “That wide of a range,” says Scott Steppan, a mouse expert and biology professor at Florida State University, “is extraordinary.”

“No other species does that,” says Steppan, who presented the unpublished finding in late June at the annual meeting of the American Society of Mammalogists in Washington D.C.

Setting records

Large-eared pikas, the previous record-holder, have been observed at 20,100 feet—more than 200 feet lower. There have also been sightings of yaks and blue-sheep around 20,000 feet, but this is outside of their known habitable zone. In this case of the leaf-eared mice, these individuals are thought to be part of an established population.

Farson wasn’t aware of the import of his sighting until he told Bowen. “It struck me that this was probably a major finding,” Bowen says.

The pair sought out Steppan, an expert in Andean mice, and they collaborated with another team that climbed up Llullaillaco in 2016. These researchers, including Steven Schmidt at the University of Colorado, Boulder, found another mouse that year, and collected a DNA sample from the soil outside the rodent’s hole.

It was an exact match with the yellow-rumped leaf-eared mouse. “Each of the seven DNA fragments fell out in the exact place in the phylogeny,” Steppan says. “I was actually totally shocked that it was so precise.”

The finding adds intrigue to Llullaillaco, which already has one of the highest-elevation lakes, the mummies, and unique microbes.

The comparison to Mars is also not a stretch: Schmidt and colleagues have been studying microbes here for years, which somehow survive in a soil whose surface can swing 125 degrees Fahrenheit in a single day—and these microorganisms help them understand how life might be able to survive on another less hospitable planet.
More questions

The discovery raises many questions. Why do the mice live at such a high elevation, where there is half the oxygen found at sea level? How do they survive in such conditions, where it also dips down to temperatures of minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter? And what do they eat?

As for the last question, the climbers found almost no plant life that might provide sustenance, besides bits of lichen and plant chaff blown up from lower elevations. This windblown debris, Steppan guesses, is probably their main source of food—but doesn’t seem very substantial.

Jay Storz, a biologist at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, studies deer mice, which also span from sea level to elevations above 14,000 feet; they are basically the North American equivalent of leaf-eared mice, he says.

These animals are able to survive at high altitude through “a whole suite of physiological changes,” such as slower muscle metabolism and a specialized cardiovascular system, says Storz, who wasn’t involved in the Llullaillaco finding.

“One thing that’s clear is that it’s not just one particular trait,” says Storz, who will travel to the mountain in 2020 to look for the leaf-eared mouse. “It’s typically a whole constellation of changes together that enable the animals to function under extreme conditions.”
Looking forward

The finding is “completely unexpected, and one, therefore, that deserves critical research on this animal as well as focused field research in other similar areas around the globe to parallel cases, like the Himalayas,” says James Patton, an emeritus professor at the University of California, Berkeley, who also wasn’t involved in the research.

He added that the small size of the mouse suggests that the creature is the young offspring of parents from an established population, and not a one-time occurrence or straggler. That’s backed up by the second live sighting by Schmidt’s team in 2016, and Farson’s observation of a “mummified” mouse there in 2011. (See photos of high-altitude cities around the world.)

Patton marvels that a mouse could survive here, and is excited to hear more about how this is possible. “Amazing, to put it lightly.”
« Last Edit: July 23, 2019, 05:34:26 PM by knarf »
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

Offline knarf

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The Museum Fire burning in the Dry Lake Hills area above the city of Flagstaff is now the top priority fire in the country due to how close the blaze is to the city's homes and structures on Tuesday, July 23.

As of 7 a.m., the fire is 0% contained, has burned 1,800 acres and now has 600 personnel working on the blaze. Fire officials also expect continued support from planes and helicopters dropping water and retardant on the fire.

Rich Nieto, the commander for the Type 1 Southwest Area Incident Management Team Two, explained the status of the fire and their plan for managing it during Tuesday morning's 7 a.m. meeting at Fort Tuthill, where they are currently staging the fire operation center.

While forecasts expect thunderstorms to bring wind, rain and hail to the region Tuesday afternoon, fire personnel plans to scout the area surrounding the fire today and have containment lines set up around the fire by Wednesday.

Nieto explained that weather last night prohibited any planes from gathering infrared data on the Museum Fire, and therefore they do not have an acreage update. The next acreage update will come during a 6 p.m. community meeting at Flagstaff High School Tuesday night.

Coconino County issued an evacuation notice for communities along Schultz Pass and Elden Lookout Road yesterday, placing these neighborhoods in the “Go” stage. The evacuation notices are still in effect as of 7 a.m.

The evacuation was ordered to clear the area for potential fuel burning operations ahead of the Museum Fire, which according to fire officials appeared to be successful.

Areas in the “Set” or pre-evacuation stage are west of Weatherford Road, north of 180, Peak View Country Store, Magdalena, Kelly McCoy, Forest Hills, Valley Crest, Lockett Ranch, areas of Mt. Elden Lookout Estates, north and west of Highway 89 and Silver Saddle, Hutcheson Acres, McCann Estates all of the Timberline communities including, Little Elden Springs, Black Bill Park, Wupatki Trails and Pine Mountain Estates, west of Highway 89 from Railhead north to Townsend-Winona, including the KOA Campground, Christmas Tree Estates and the U.S. Forest Service Peaks Ranger Station Office.

The remainder of the city has been placed in the "Ready" stage.

Fire officials said with the incoming monsoon weather, their job will become a little more complex. He said it is paramount for community safety to monitor the Coconino County's evacuation or "Ready, Set, Go" planning announcements.

In addition, fire officials are concerned about the impact to infrastructure and watersheds in the area.

They assured people that the 2010 Schultz Fire was a present memory for them, and have set up a post-fire flooding team to ensure they're aware of those possible dangers.

With the change of leadership, many of the local fire personnel have continued to work on this fire due to their experience and familiarity with the region.

Updated at 11 a.m. on Tuesday, July 23:

The National Weather Service is warning the east side communities of Flagstaff about the danger of flooding below the Museum Fire scar as U.S. Forest Service officials have a post-fire flooding team work in Flagstaff on Tuesday, July 23.

The areas illustrated in the fire scar runoff include Mount Elden Lookout Road, Shadow Mountain, Grandview Homes, Sunnyside and Fourth Street.

Coconino County officials told the Arizona Daily Sun that a release on the topic will be coming within the hour as they work with weather service officials.

The fire has impacted the Spruce watershed, which drains from Elden Lookout Road into Flagstaff to the east of Buffalo Park, then to Route 66.

Weather officials forecast a 60% to 80% chance of rain and expect between half an inch and an inch of rain possible between noon and 6 p.m, said Benjamin Peterson, a meteorologist, at 10:38 a.m.

Peterson said it is hard to tell how the fire has affected the burn area and thus how much the area may be able to absorb water.

Depending on how long or how hot fire burns above soil, it can cook the soil like an oven cooks pottery, according to Dick Fleishman, a local 4FRI official who is working on the Museum Fire. This process changes the soil from a sponge-like substance to a substance that more resembles a rooftop, Fleishman said.

In this case, because the fire is burning in the Dry Lake Hills, the concern is the fire has cooked the soil and created the possibility for water to move in the direction listed in the weather service's graphic.

The Burn Area Emergency Response team, or a BEAR team, has been called into Flagstaff in the last few days.

The team normally works on a burn area as it becomes more contained, said U.S. Forest Service spokesperson Steve Kliest, but given the current monsoon season and Schultz Fire history, forest officials decided to call in the team early.

Kliest said the team will then make an assessment for what needs to be done to mitigate the effects of flooding.

“BEAR will come in and will look at the topographic features, soil samples and will evaluate potential runoff,” Kliest said.

The team will be able to use this information to determine where infrastructure may be needed to break the flow of water and reduce its power to carry debris and cut into the earth, Kliest said.

Update at noon on Tuesday, July 23:

Exactly how many acres the Museum Fire is burning remains unclear: at 7 a.m. Tuesday, the count was 1,800. FEMA officials cite the acre total at 1,500, and the leadership ahead of the fire has changed their count to more than 1,000.

Incident officials said the initial number was an approximation with the intention of getting the word out. They have lowered the acreage to over 1,000 to ensure their accuracy.

Update at 12:15 p.m. on Tuesday, July 23:

The Federal Emergency Management Agency authorized the use of federal funds to help city, county, state and federal officials combat the Museum Fire burning above Flagstaff Tuesday, July 23.

On Monday, state officials submitted a help request as the fire threatened 3,600 homes in and around Flagstaff, with 90 percent of the homes threatening primary residents and 10 percent of secondary residences, according to FEMA officials. The fire was also threatening 180 businesses the Flagstaff water plant, and multiple fire stations and municipal buildings.

Jon Paxton, spokesman for the Coconino County Sheriff’s Office, suggested there is a possibility of 4,000 to 5,000 people threatened by the pre-evacuation notice. Within the evacuation area, Paxton believes there were around a dozen of homes impacted.

Robert Fenton Jr., the FEMA regional administrator, determined the Museum Fire has the potential to inflict a “major disaster.”

Updated article at 3:40 p.m. on Tuesday, July 22:

Fire officials are now estimating that the fire has increased to 2,600 acres as of Tuesday afternoon.

On Monday night, the initial leadership team indicated the fire was burning 1,800 acres. Officially, the federal leadership team confirmed that the fire has burned over 1,000 acres late Tuesday morning.

As of Tuesday at 3 p.m., the leadership team estimated that the fire has burned over 2,600 acres based on the initial Monday night estimate and the estimation that the fire burned 800 acres on Tuesday.

At this point, all fire estimations are tentative until fire officials can get a infrared airplane over the fire to map the actual burn boundaries, which officials hope to be able to do as soon as the skies clear tonight.

Coconino County officials confirmed that there have been no evacuation updates needed Tuesday for Flagstaff and the surrounding area as the Museum Fire continues to burn.

Monsoon clouds are expected to impact the mountain at 3 p.m., according to the National Weather Service. Weather officials expect lightning and showers from the storm system.

There is a community meeting at Flagstaff High School at 6 p.m. where people who are placed in the "Set" and "Go" stages of evacuation and pre-evacuation are encouraged to attend to receive more information.

This post was updated at 4:15 p.m. on Tuesday, July 23:

The National Weather Service has released a flash flood warning at 4 p.m. for the area beneath the Museum Fire scar burning above Flagstaff on Tuesday.

The area has been previously reported on by the Arizona Daily Sun and includes Mount Elden Lookout Road, Shadow Mountain, Grandview Homes, Sunnyside and Fourth Street going until Route 66.

The county and city are monitoring the situation and will issue updates as needed. Officials ask that people continue to monitor the situation and stay vigilant for alerts.

More Updates
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

Offline knarf

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Boxer Dadashev dies from Friday fight injuries
« Reply #13482 on: July 23, 2019, 05:54:12 PM »
Junior welterweight Maxim Dadashev died Tuesday morning as a result of brain injuries he suffered during an 11th-round knockout loss to Subriel Matias on Friday at the MGM National Harbor in Oxon Hill, Maryland. Dadashev was 28.

Donatas Janusevicius -- Dadashev's strength and conditioning coach -- and trainer Buddy McGirt confirmed Dadashev's death. Janusevicius had been with Dadashev at UM Prince George's Hospital Center in Cheverly, Maryland, since he was taken there after the fight.

"It just makes you realize what type of sport we're in, man," McGirt told ESPN. "He did everything right in training -- no problems, no nothing. My mind is, like, really running crazy right now. Like, what could I have done differently? But at the end of the day, everything was fine [in training].

"He seemed OK. He was ready. But it's the sport that we're in. It just takes one punch, man."

A hospital spokeswoman issued a statement on behalf of Dadashev's widow, Elizaveta Apushkina, who made her way from Russia to the hospital in the Washington, D.C., suburbs Monday night.

"It is with great sadness that I confirm the passing of my husband, Maxim Dadashev," she said. "He was a very kind person who fought until the very end. Our son will continue be raised to be a great man like his father. Lastly, I would like to thank everyone that cared for Maxim during his final days. I ask that everyone please respect our privacy during this very difficult time."

Dadashev, whose purse was $75,000 plus his training expenses, faced Matias in a 140-pound world title elimination fight for the right to become the mandatory challenger for the belt held by Josh Taylor.

"Maxim was a terrific young man," Top Rank chairman Bob Arum, Dadashev's promoter, said in a statement. "We are all saddened and affected by his untimely death."

ESPN, which streamed the bout on ESPN+, also issued a statement.

"Our heartfelt thoughts are with Dadashev's family, friends, trainers and the team at Top Rank," the statement said.

McGirt lauded Dadashev's dedication to the sport.

"Great, great guy. He was a trainer's dream," McGirt said. "If I had two more guys like him, I wouldn't need anybody else because he was truly dedicated to the sport."

The fight was grueling, and Matias dominated. He landed numerous powerful blows to the head and body. Matias was ahead 109-100, 108-101 and 107-102 on the scorecards following the 11th round when McGirt stopped the fight, with Dadashev on the stool in a dramatic scene.

After the round, McGirt loudly told Dadashev, "I'm going to stop it, Max. Max, you're getting hit too much."

Dadashev shook his head to indicate that he did not want the fight stopped, but McGirt kept at it: "Please, Max, please. Let me do this. OK? OK? Look at me. Please."

Dadashev shook his head again, and McGirt said, "If I don't, the referee's gonna do it. C'mon, Max. Please."

McGirt didn't wait for another signal from Dadashev.

"That's it, Doc," he told the ringside physician. Then he turned to referee Kenny Chevalier: "That's it."

McGirt said he thought about throwing in the towel in the ninth round, but he knew he had to stop it after the 11th.

"I saw him fading, and when he came back to the corner [after the 11th round], my mind was already made up," McGirt said. "I was just asking him out of respect, but my mind was made up. I wasn't going to let him go out there."

Dadashev (13-1, 11 KOs), from Saint Petersburg, Russia, and based in Oxnard, California, needed help leaving the ring. He collapsed before making it to the dressing room and began vomiting. He was taken from the arena on a stretcher and was transported by ambulance to the hospital, where he underwent emergency brain surgery for two hours for a subdural hematoma (bleeding on the brain). Doctors hoped to relieve pressure on the right side of his brain, where most of the damage was, with the surgery and placed him in a medically induced coma to allow time for brain swelling to subside.

Dadashev, who began boxing at age 10, was a promising prospect. He was ranked No. 10 on the ESPN top prospect list at the end of 2017 following a standout amateur career in which he went 281-20 and was a silver medalist at the 2008 World Junior Championships. He claimed a silver medal at the 2013 Russian amateur championships and bronze medals at the same tournament in 2010 and 2012.

Managed by Klimas -- who handles such standouts as Vasiliy Lomachenko, Oleksandr Usyk, Oleksandr Gvozdyk and Sergey Kovalev -- Dadashev relocated to Southern California to pursue his professional career. He turned pro in April 2016 and eventually signed with Top Rank.

Dadashev began to make a name for himself in 2018 with back-to-back victories in his two most notable fights, a 10th-round knockout of former lightweight titlist Darleys Perez in June and a 10-round unanimous decision over former lightweight titlist Antonio DeMarco in October.

Dadashev knocked out journeyman Ricky Sismundo in the fourth round on March 23 to set himself up for the world title eliminator against Matias (14-0, 14 KOs), 27, of Puerto Rico.
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

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Climate change: 12 years to save the planet? Make that 18 months
« Reply #13483 on: July 23, 2019, 06:03:27 PM »
Do you remember the good old days when we had "12 years to save the planet"?

Now it seems, there's a growing consensus that the next 18 months will be critical in dealing with the global heating crisis, among other environmental challenges.

Last year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported that to keep the rise in global temperatures below 1.5C this century, emissions of carbon dioxide would have to be cut by 45% by 2030.

But today, observers recognise that the decisive, political steps to enable the cuts in carbon to take place will have to happen before the end of next year.

The idea that 2020 is a firm deadline was eloquently addressed by one of the world's top climate scientists, speaking back in 2017.

"The climate math is brutally clear: While the world can't be healed within the next few years, it may be fatally wounded by negligence until 2020," said Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, founder and now director emeritus of the Potsdam Climate Institute.

The sense that the end of next year is the last chance saloon for climate change is becoming clearer all the time.

"I am firmly of the view that the next 18 months will decide our ability to keep climate change to survivable levels and to restore nature to the equilibrium we need for our survival," said Prince Charles, speaking at a reception for Commonwealth foreign ministers recently.

So why are the next 18 months so critical?

The Prince was looking ahead to a series of critical UN meetings that are due to take place between now and the end of 2020.

Ever since a global climate agreement was signed in Paris in December 2015, negotiators have been consumed with arguing about the rulebook for the pact.

But under the terms of the deal, countries have also promised to improve their carbon-cutting plans by the end of next year.

One of the understated headlines in last year's IPCC report was that global emissions of carbon dioxide must peak by 2020 to keep the planet below 1.5C.

Current plans are nowhere near strong enough to keep temperatures below the so-called safe limit. Right now, we are heading towards 3C of heating by 2100 not 1.5.

As countries usually scope out their plans over five and 10 year timeframes, if the 45% carbon cut target by 2030 is to be met, then the plans really need to be on the table by the end of 2020.
What are the steps?

The first major hurdle will be the special climate summit called by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, which will be held in New York on September 23.

Mr Guterres has been clear that he only wants countries to come to the UN if they can make significant offers to improve their national carbon cutting plans.

This will be followed by COP25, in Santiago Chile where the most important achievement will likely be keeping the process moving forward.

But the really big moment, will most likely be in the UK at COP26, which takes place at the end of 2020.

The UK government believes it can use the opportunity of COP26, in a post-Brexit world, to show that Britain can build the political will for progress, in the same way the French used their diplomatic muscle to make the Paris deal happen.

"If we succeed in our bid (to host COP26), then we will ensure we build on the Paris agreement and reflect the scientific evidence accumulating now that we need to go further and faster," said Environment Secretary Michael Gove, in what may have been his last major speech in the job.

"And we need at COP26 to ensure other countries are serious about their obligations and that means leading by example. Together we must take all the steps necessary to restrict global warming to at least 1.5C."
Reasons to be cheerful?

Whether it's the evidence of heatwaves, or the influence of Swedish school striker Greta Thunberg, or the rise of Extinction Rebellion, there has been a marked change in public interest in stories about climate change and a hunger for solutions that people can put in place in their own lives.

People are demanding significant action, and politicians in many countries have woken up to these changes.

Ideas like the green new deal in the US, which might have seemed unfeasible a few years ago have gained real traction.

Some countries like the UK have gone even further and legislated for net zero emissions by 2050, the long term goal that will keep temperatures down.

Prince Charles' sense that the next 18 months are critical is shared by some climate negotiators.

"Our group of small island developing states share Prince Charles's sense of the profound urgency for ambitious climate action," said Ambassador Janine Felson from Belize who is the chief strategist for the Alliance of Small Island States group in the UN.

"All at once we are witness to a collective convergence of public mobilization, worsening climatic impacts and dire scientific warnings that compel decisive climate leadership."

"Without question, 2020 is a hard deadline for that leadership to finally manifest itself."
Reasons to be fearful?

With exquisite timing, the likely UK COP in 2020 could also be the moment the US finally pulls out of the Paris agreement.

But if Donald Trump doesn't prevail in the presidential election that position could change, with a democrat victor likely to reverse the decision.

Either step could have huge consequences for the climate fight.

Right now a number of countries seem keen to slow down progress. Last December the US, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Russia blocked the IPCC special report on 1.5C from UN talks.

Just a few weeks ago in Bonn, further objections from Saudi Arabia meant it was again dropped from the UN negotiations, much to annoyance of small island states and developing nations.

There will be significant pressure on the host country to ensure substantial progress. But if there's ongoing political turmoil around Brexit, then the government may not have the bandwidth to unpick the multiple global challenges that climate change presents.

"If we cannot use that moment to accelerate ambition we will have no chance of getting to a 1.5 or 2C limit," said Prof Michael Jacobs, from the University of Sheffield, a former climate adviser to Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

"Right now there's nothing like enough understanding of or commitment to this among leading countries. That's why the UN Secretary General is holding a summit in September."

"It's great that the COP might be in UK because we have a big civil society ecosystem and much higher climate awareness than in most other countries. But the movement here has barely started to think about how to apply sufficient pressure."

There's also been a strong warning shot from the UK's Committee on Climate Change (CCC).

At the launch of their review of progress made by the UK government on tackling climate change, the country was not on track despite legislating for net zero emissions by 2050.

"The government must show it is serious about its legal obligations…[its] credibility really is at stake here," said CCC chief executive Chris Stark.

"There is a window over the next 12-18 months to do something about this. If we don't see that, I fear the government will be embarrassed at COP26."

And it's not all about climate change

While the decisions taken on climate change in the next year or so will be critical, there are a number of other key gatherings on the environment that will shape the nature on preserving species and protecting our oceans in the coming decades.

Earlier this year a major study on the losses being felt across the natural world as result of broader human impacts caused a huge stir among governments.

The IPBES report showed that up to one million species could be lost in coming decades.

To address this, governments will meet in China next year to try and agree a deal that will protect creatures of all types.

The Convention on Biological Diversity is the UN body tasked with putting together a plan to protect nature up to 2030.

Next year's meeting could be a "Paris agreement" moment for the natural world. If agreement is found it's likely there will be an emphasis on sustainable farming and fishing, it will urge greater protection for species and a limit on deforestation.

Next year, the UN Convention on the Laws of the Sea will also meet to negotiate a new global oceans treaty.

This has the potential to make a real difference, according to UK Environment Secretary Michael Gove.

"We have been convinced by the evidence of environmental degradation which occurs without adequate protection," he said in a speech last week.

"And that is why the United Kingdom has taken the lead in ensuring at least 30% of the ocean we are responsible for is protected by 2030 - a trebling of the present target. We will be asking all nations to sign up to that goal."

If all this comes to pass, the world might have a fighting chance of preserving our natural environment.

But the challenges are huge, the political involvement patchy.

So don't hold your breath!
NECROCAPITALISM at ‘Rolling thunder. Shock. A noble one in fear and dread sets things in order and is watchful.’ I-Ching (Hex.51)

Offline azozeo

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Re: Knarf's Knewz Channel
« Reply #13484 on: July 23, 2019, 07:26:18 PM »
Great post Knarf.

We're going to see some serious changes in the next 3 to 5 months. Cinch up the Depends  :coffee:
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind