PE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> The Environment Board

AuthorTopic: The Environment Board  (Read 34772 times)

Offline RE

  • Administrator
  • Chief Cook & Bottlewasher
  • *****
  • Posts: 38930
    • View Profile
The Environment Board
« on: July 21, 2012, 04:45:42 PM »
If you look at the Forum Homepage Menu, you will now find a Board dedicated to Environmental topics. Many of these topics are currently scatterred around through the Economics, Geological & Cosmological Events and Doomsteading Boards.  I may move some of those topics onto this Board.

Any topics you create in the future which have the Environment as a primary focus should be started under this category.

RE
Save As Many As You Can

Offline agelbert

  • Global Moderator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 11820
    • View Profile
    • Renewable Rervolution
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #1 on: July 21, 2012, 09:06:14 PM »
Three great videos and background story of how a TV station reporter in Las Vegas exposed Coal plant ham handed tactics to try to control the reporting and lie about toxic chemicals and deny responsibility for deaths and diseases of nearby residents.

Quote
Cowan and crew take the sample to an independent scientific lab for testing, and oops! The concentrations of chemicals — chromium, arsenic, etc. — are high enough to be toxic. The chemist says, “If I had this kind of exposure in my laboratory, I would evacuate the laboratory until it got cleaned out.” Ouch.
 
The story finishes with a Moapa Paiute saying, “It’s as simple as death. Slowly but surely, we’re all dying off.”


Quote
A tragicomic tale of coal industry incompetence and disregard


http://grist.org/coal/a-tragicomic-tale-of-coal-industry-incompetence-and-disregard/
Leges         Sine    Moribus      Vanae   
Faith,
if it has not works, is dead, being alone.

Offline agelbert

  • Global Moderator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 11820
    • View Profile
    • Renewable Rervolution
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #2 on: July 25, 2012, 01:23:08 PM »
Quote
High radiation levels in some Pacific seafood concerns university doctors

One of the comments on the article:
Quote
Sickputer
July 25, 2012 at 3:20 pm 
They export the fish because the Japanese middle and upper class have stopped buying local fish. The fish go everywhere there is an opportunity to sell the product. Since radiation my not show up in appearance they look for a market that skips radiation testing. Like the USA.
http://enenews.com/cover-nuclear-fishin-high-radiation-levels-in-some-pacific-seafood-concerns-university-doctors-photo/comment-page-1#comment-274771
Leges         Sine    Moribus      Vanae   
Faith,
if it has not works, is dead, being alone.

Offline agelbert

  • Global Moderator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 11820
    • View Profile
    • Renewable Rervolution
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #3 on: July 25, 2012, 03:31:48 PM »
Environmental Collapse Event Horizon Draws Closer

Quote
Deep Fried Black Swan Goes Global As Drought Spreads From US To Asia, And Now To Southern Europe
Snippet:
Quote
The US drought, which as previously noted, is the worst in decades, has already caused corn prices to hit a record, and soy to soar. And as we first reported last week, and subsequently Bloomberg also caught, Asia could well be next to suffer soaring food prices next as "the monsoon season, which is critical for that country’s agricultural production, is 22% below normal conditions for the year."

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/deep-fried-black-swan-goes-global-drought-spreads-us-asia-and-now-southern-europe
Leges         Sine    Moribus      Vanae   
Faith,
if it has not works, is dead, being alone.

Offline g

  • Golden Oxen
  • Contrarian
  • Master Chef
  • *
  • Posts: 12280
    • View Profile
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #4 on: July 25, 2012, 05:24:57 PM »
Quote
High radiation levels in some Pacific seafood concerns university doctors

One of the comments on the article:
Quote
Sickputer
July 25, 2012 at 3:20 pm 
They export the fish because the Japanese middle and upper class have stopped buying local fish. The fish go everywhere there is an opportunity to sell the product. Since radiation my not show up in appearance they look for a market that skips radiation testing. Like the USA.
http://enenews.com/cover-nuclear-fishin-high-radiation-levels-in-some-pacific-seafood-concerns-university-doctors-photo/comment-page-1#comment-274771

Unfortunately this is a problem that cannot ever improve. The poison from that horror is with us permanently and can only get worse. Amazing how everyone forgets about the problem from that accident like it was an old movie or TV show.   :icon_scratch:

Offline agelbert

  • Global Moderator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 11820
    • View Profile
    • Renewable Rervolution
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #5 on: July 25, 2012, 05:33:49 PM »
Golden Oxen,
Yep. We humans have, as EndofNigh and others have pointed out when quoting the book "Too smart for our own Good", have a cognitive impairment in dealing with threats that are out of sight or just invisible. It may be uncomfortable, but it behooves us to daily remind ourselves that it is bad and getting worse. That's the only way we can be motivated to overcome our cognitive blind spot and keep writing about it and talking about with those around us.
Leges         Sine    Moribus      Vanae   
Faith,
if it has not works, is dead, being alone.

Offline JoeP

  • Sous Chef
  • ****
  • Posts: 2148
    • View Profile
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #6 on: July 26, 2012, 06:41:11 AM »
Drought could cause pork prices to soar in China. From Business Insider:

http://www.businessinsider.com/midwest-drought-could-cause-chinese-pork-prices-to-surge-2012-7?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+clusterstock+%28ClusterStock%29
 
just my straight shooting honest opinion

Offline g

  • Golden Oxen
  • Contrarian
  • Master Chef
  • *
  • Posts: 12280
    • View Profile
Re: The Environment Board: Are Nanofibers a Health Risk?
« Reply #7 on: August 27, 2012, 04:39:29 AM »
New research has suggested that nanofibers may prove as high a health risk as asbestos.

Asbestos is known to cause a number of health issues. Inhaling asbestos fibers can cause fibrosis of the lungs, swelling, weight loss, warts and a persistent cough — and the use of asbestos now faces regulation in the West.

In a new study published by Toxicology Sciences, researchers have suggested that inhaling tiny fibers created by the nanotechnology industry — airborne just as asbestos is carried — may cause similar problems.

Experiments on mice focused on how the varying length and shape of nanofibers suggested that longer nanofibers are the most dangerous –even though mice and human lungs are different. After injecting silver nanofibers into the lungs of mice, the scientists found that any fibers longer than five-thousandths of a millimeter were more likely to become lodged in the lungs and cause respiratory problems.    http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/smart-takes/are-nanofibers-a-health-risk/28633

Offline Surly1

  • Administrator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 16324
    • View Profile
    • Doomstead Diner
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #8 on: September 18, 2012, 09:56:26 AM »
Scientific Paper: “The Fukushima Radioactive Plume Contaminated the Entire Northern Hemisphere During a Relatively Short Period of Time”

http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2012/09/scientific-paper-the-fukushima-radioactive-plume-contaminated-the-entire-northern-hemisphere-during-a-relatively-short-period-of-time.html

 Posted on September 18, 2012 by WashingtonsBlog
“Little Dissipation Occurred … Due to the Nature of the Rapid Global Air Circulation System”

We warned mere days after the Japanese earthquake that the West Coast of North America could be hit with radiation.

Our concerns – unfortunately – have been validated.  See this and this.

The peer-reviewed scientific journal Science of the Total Environment reports:

    img 100 Sep. 18 02.30 Scientific Paper: The Fukushima Radioactive Plume Contaminated the Entire Northern Hemisphere During a Relatively Short Period of TimeMassive amounts of anthropogenic radionuclides were released from the nuclear reactors located in Fukushima (northeastern Japan) between 12 and 16 March 2011 following the earthquake and tsunami. Ground level air radioactivity was monitored around the globe immediately after the Fukushima accident. This global effort provided a unique opportunity to trace the surface air mass movement at different sites in the Northern Hemisphere.

    ***

    The analysis of the air mass forward movements during 12th -16th March showed that the air mass was displaced eastward from the Fukushima area and bifurcated into a northern and a southern branch outside of Japan (Fig. 3). This eastward bifurcation of air masses is in agreement with the simulation of the potential dispersion of the radioactive cloud after the nuclear accident of Fukushima (Weather OnlineWebsite of United Kingdom, UK, 2012).

    ***

    This work clearly demonstrates how little dissipation occurred during this time due to the nature of the rapid global air circulation system, and the Fukushima radioactive plume contaminated the entire Northern Hemisphere during a relatively short period of time.

Note:  The West Coast of North America is also at risk from ocean radiation.

The Department of Homeland Security and National Nuclear Security Administration recently sent low-flying helicopters over the San Francisco Bay Area to test for radiation. But they almost certainly will not make their findings public.

"It is difficult to write a paradiso when all the superficial indications are that you ought to write an apocalypse." -Ezra Pound

Offline agelbert

  • Global Moderator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 11820
    • View Profile
    • Renewable Rervolution
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #9 on: September 18, 2012, 04:18:29 PM »
Surly1,
Yes, and the gooberment(s) scrambled all the way with media coordination pushing blatant lies to cover it up. Of course, this has a long history in the USA.

This is the the Cesium-137 contamination BEFORE Fukushima. It started in the 50s. This MIC "present" to the American public of radionuclide, cancer causing toxins was completed by the end of the above ground nuclear bomb tests. The cruel irony of the rapid growth of nuclear medicine used to cure cancer escapes most. It's like those mafia bosses that run a trucking bidness and a road repair bidness. They overload the trucks for plenty of guaranteed road repair bidness.

Quote
Estimates of Cancer Occurrence and Cancer Fatalities in the United States from Global Atmospheric Nuclear Testing

Type of cancer Dose type Deaths Occurrence Source
Thyroid Internal  ~2,500  50,000  IEER estimate from NCI 1997
Leukemia   Internal  550~1,000 CDC/NCI 2001 for deaths estimate, IEER for occurrence estimate
All radiogenic cancers  External 11,000   22,000 CDC/NCI 2001
All radiogenic cancers  Effective Dose Equivalent   ~3,000 ~6,000  IEER estimate from CDC/NCI 2001 maps and table
Total, rounded   -  ~17,000 ~80,000   -

Cesium-137 deposition
Cesium-137 deposition
http://ieer.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2002/02/csdepnts.pdf

Full references and a map of GLOBAL fallout effects on the lower 48 as well at the following links:

http://ieer.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2002/02/csdepglo.pdf
http://ieer.org/resource/factsheets/fact-sheet-fallout-report-related/

Quote
Putting U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policies on Trial in the Court of Public Opinion


by David Krieger
 August 31, 2012

The International Court of Justice, the highest and most authoritative court in the world, has stated that the use of nuclear weapons would be illegal if such use violated international humanitarian law.  Failing to distinguish between civilians and combatants would be illegal, as would any use resulting in unnecessary suffering.  Additionally, the Court found that any threat of such use would also be illegal.  It is virtually impossible to imagine any use or threat of use that would not violate international humanitarian law.
 
US nuclear weapons policy fails to meet the standards of international humanitarian law and to live up to its treaty obligations in the 1970 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.  Until the issue of US nuclear weapons policy can be properly litigated in in a US domestic court, US policies related to the threat or use of nuclear weapons need to be put on trial in the most important court in the world, the court of public opinion.  It is US citizens who may well determine the fate of the world, by their action or inaction on this most critical of all issues confronting humanity.
 
The Charges
 
1. The US has failed to fulfill its obligation to engage in good faith negotiations for nuclear disarmament.
 
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty obligates the parties not only to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons to other countries, but also obligates good faith negotiations to achieve nuclear disarmament by the five nuclear weapons states parties to the treaty: the US, Russia, UK, France and China.  In interpreting this part of the treaty, the International Court of Justice stated in a 1996 Advisory Opinion, “There exists an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control.”  It has not been the policy of the United States to pursue such negotiations despite the passage of more than 40 years since this treaty entered into force and more than 20 years since the Cold War came to an end.
 
2. The US has failed to fulfill its obligation to engage in good faith negotiations to achieve a cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date.
 
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty also obligates parties to the treaty to engage in good faith negotiations for a cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date.  But rather than negotiating to bring an end to the nuclear arms race, the US has continued to modernize its nuclear weapons, their delivery systems and the infrastructure that keeps the arms race alive.  Doing so has been costly, provocative and illegal under international law.
 
3. The US threatens the mass annihilation of the human species (omnicide).
 
The consequence of a large-scale nuclear war could be the extinction of most or all of the human species, along with other forms of complex life.  This would be a most egregious violation of international humanitarian law.  In fact, it would undermine the very foundation of the law, which is the protection of innocent individuals from harm.  The indiscriminate nature of nuclear weapons and policies that threaten their use, such as nuclear deterrence policy, cannot be made to conform to the law, since any use of these weapons would cause a humanitarian disaster beyond our capacity to respond to the ensuing suffering and death.
 
4. The US is recklessly endangering life.
 
Certain policies of the United States may be viewed as recklessly endangering life on the planet.  These policies include reliance on its land-based missile force, maintaining nuclear weapons on high-alert status, launch-on-warning and first use of nuclear weapons.  Land-based missiles are attractive targets for attack in a time of tension between nuclear powers.  Maintaining the weapons on high alert and a policy of launch-on-warning could result in a launch in response to a false warning, with all attendant consequences of retaliation and nuclear war.  Although not well known to US citizens, their government has always maintained a policy of possible first use of nuclear weapons, rather than a policy of no first use. 

5. The US is committing crimes against the environment (ecocide).
 
The effects of nuclear war and its preparations cannot be contained in either time or space.  Radiation knows no boundaries and will affect countless future generations by poisoning the environment that sustains life.  The effects of nuclear war on the environment would be severe and long lasting and would include – in addition to blast, fire and radiation – global nuclear famine, even from a regional nuclear war.

6. The US is committing crimes against future generations.
 
The future itself is put at risk by nuclear weapons policies that could lead to nuclear war, and where there are nuclear weapons the possibility of nuclear war cannot be dismissed.  A nuclear war would, at best, deprive new generations of the opportunity for a flourishing and sustainable life on the planet.  At worst, such a war would end civilization and foreclose the possibility of human life on Earth.
 
7. The US has contaminated indigenous lands.
 
Nuclear weapons production, testing and the storage of long-lived nuclear waste have largely taken place on the lands of indigenous peoples.  The Hanford Nuclear Reservation, located on the reservation of the Yakama Indian Nation, is where the US produced the plutonium for some 60,000 nuclear weapons.  It is one of the most environmentally contaminated sites on the planet and the Yakama Indians, who were granted hunting and fishing rights in perpetuity in an 1855 treaty, have suffered disproportionately.  The US has also contaminated the lands of the Western Shoshone Nation and the Marshall Islands with nuclear and thermonuclear weapons tests.
 
8. The US has breached the trust of the international community.
 
The Marshall Islands were the Trust Territory of the United States from the end of World War II until they gained their independence in 1986.  Between 1946 and 1958, the US tested 67 nuclear and thermonuclear weapons in the Marshall Islands with the equivalent explosive power of one-and-a-half Hiroshima-size nuclear weapons every day for 12 years.  The people of the Marshall Islands who endured these tests and their offspring have suffered grave injuries, premature deaths, and displacement from their island homes, which can only be construed as a most serious breach of trusteeship of these islands.  The US continues to test nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missiles from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, which is on the land of the Chumash Indians, and targets most of these missiles at the Ronald Reagan Missile Defense Test Range in the Marshall Islands.
 
9. The US has conspicuously wasted public funds.
 
The public funds used to develop, manufacture, test, deploy and maintain the US nuclear arsenal and its delivery systems have been estimated to exceed $7.5 trillion.  Even now, more than 20 years after the end of the Cold War, the government continues to spend $60 to $70 billion annually and plans to maintain this level for the next decade.  These funds have been taken from the resources that could have been used to feed the hungry, house the homeless, provide education for our children and help restore our infrastructure and our economic well-being. 

10. The US has conspired to commit international crimes and to cover them up by silence.
 
US nuclear weapons policy threatens each of the three major Nuremberg Tribunal crimes: crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity.  The US government and major US media have conspired to prevent a full and open public discussion of nuclear weapons crimes.  Why are the US government and US mainstream media silent about these crimes?  Why is the mainstream media so accepting of US nuclear weapons policy, which threatens the destruction of civilization?  This conspiracy of silence has helped to assure the complacency of the American people.
 
Conclusion
 
Current US nuclear weapons policy is illegal, immoral and runs a high risk of resulting in nuclear catastrophe.  We cannot wait until there is a nuclear war before we act to rid the world of these weapons of mass annihilation.  The US should be the leader in this effort, rather than an obstacle to its realization.  It is up to the court of public opinion to assure that the US asserts this leadership.  The time to act is now. 


[1]David Krieger is President of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation.[/i]

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/archives/david-articles.php

Guess what kind of "energy" they were REALLY able to produce "so cheaply they wouldn' t be able to to meter it..."

 
Leges         Sine    Moribus      Vanae   
Faith,
if it has not works, is dead, being alone.

Offline g

  • Golden Oxen
  • Contrarian
  • Master Chef
  • *
  • Posts: 12280
    • View Profile
Re: The Environment Board:Hunan has worst heavy metal pollution in China
« Reply #10 on: December 09, 2012, 05:28:32 AM »

WantChinaTimes.com
Knowing China through Taiwan

    News
    Environment

Hunan has worst heavy metal pollution in China

    Staff Reporter
    2012-12-07
    12:45 (GMT+8)

Heavy metal waste from industrial zones has polluted more than 28,000 hectares of land in Hunan province, affecting the health of an estimated 40 million people, recent media reports in China say.

The website China Business Media has reported that industrial waste containing heavy metals and other hazardous substances are dumped directly into rivers in the south-central province without any processing.

Official statistics show that the amount of cadmium found in some rivers is 52 times higher than permitted levels. Hunan is the most polluted region in China with industries dumping huge amounts of mercury, cadmium, chromium and lead in rivers and on land.

The provincial government said that it is confident it will "basically resolve the problem" of heavy metal pollution by 2020. However, an official with the environmental protection department said that an estimated 500 billion yuan (US$80 billion) is needed to clean up the pollution.

Copyright © 2012 WantChinaTimes.com
 
C108X90H 2006&#36039 &#26009 &#29031 &#29255 N71 copy1
C108X90H 2006&#36039 &#26009 &#29031 &#29255 N71 copy1

Collecting samples from a river polluted with cadmium. (Photo/Xinhua)  :(

Offline Petty Tyrant

  • Cannot be Saved
  • Sous Chef
  • *
  • Posts: 4573
    • View Profile
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #11 on: December 09, 2012, 06:18:41 AM »
The Chinese are absolutely screwed with poullution, more than demand destruction or corruption causing their woes. They have bought up mega farms all  around the world, and with the largest water extraction licences. Our politicians love to feather their nests and keep up their spending addiction with chinese bribes and "investment". Im not sure long term they will ship all the food back to China they think they will. Wars over water look likely at this rate too.
ELEVATE YOUR GAME

Offline g

  • Golden Oxen
  • Contrarian
  • Master Chef
  • *
  • Posts: 12280
    • View Profile
Re: The Environment Board: Deadly Radiation Found 225 miles from Fukushima
« Reply #12 on: April 13, 2013, 05:28:50 AM »
Japan continues to withold information about dangerous levels of radiation. Crowd control, not safety, is the government's main concern,  :exp-angry:

New data released by Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) shows once again that the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster is far from over. Despite a complete media blackout on the current situation, levels of Cesium-137 (Cs-137) and Cesium-134 (Cs-134) found in produce and rice crackers located roughly 225 miles (~ 362 km) away from Fukushima are high enough to cause residents to exceed the annual radiation exposure limit in just a few months, or even weeks.

According to Fukushima-Diary.com, which posts up-to-date information about the Fukushima disaster, rice crackers and tangerines produced in the Shizuoka prefecture are testing high for both Cs-137 and Cs-134. Rice crackers, according to the data sheet, tested at 3.7 Becquerels per kilogram (Bq/Kg) of Cs-137, while tangerines tested at 1.46 Bq/Kg of Cs-134 and 3.14 Bq/Kg of Cs-137.

The Shizuoka prefecture is located about 80 miles (~ 128 km) southwest of Tokyo, which is highly concerning as it is actually farther away from Fukushima than Tokyo. This suggest that potentially deadly levels of radiation are still affecting large population centers across Japan, including those that are not even in close proximity to the Fukushima plant.

It is generally regarded that adult radiation workers should be exposed to no more than 50 millisieverts (mSv) of radiation per year in order to avoid serious health consequences. For children, this number is far lower, probably somewhere around 10 mSv, with this being on the high end. But the average adult and child eating these tainted foods at their current radiation levels will not only reach but exceed the safe maximum in just a few weeks.


Radiation levels continue to increase in lakes, rivers north of Tokyo

But food, of course, is not the only major source of radiation exposure in Japan. Other data also released by Fukushima-Diary.com shows that radiation levels in rivers, lakes and shorelines around Kashiwa City in Chiba, located about 20 miles northeast of Tokyo, are dangerously high and getting even higher.

Since radiation levels were last tested in the Otsu River back in September, detected levels have nearly tripled, jumping from 5,700 Bq/Kg to 14,200 Bq/Kg of radiation. Similar jumps were observed in lakes and shore soils, the former increasing from 7,600 Bq/Kg to 8,200 Bq/Kg of radiation, and the latter increasing from 440 Bq/Kg to 780 Bq/Kg of radiation.

Any increase in disease or death resulting from these continued radiation spikes, however, will more than likely be blamed on other causes besides radiation, so as to cover up the severity of the situation. The radiation component of radiation-induced heart disease, organ failure, and cancer, for instance, will simply be ignored, and any uptick in deaths, particularly among the elderly, declared normal.

Meanwhile, a recent Rasmussen Report found that more than one-third of all Americans believe radiation from Fukushima caused “significant harm” in the U.S. This is likely due to the fact that high levels of radiation were observed in soil, water, and even food all across America in the wake of the disaster.

http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2013/04/08/deadly-levels-of-radiation-found-in-food-225-miles-from-fukushima-media-blackout-on-nuclear-fallout-continues/  :'( :icon_study:

Offline Surly1

  • Administrator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 16324
    • View Profile
    • Doomstead Diner
Re: The Environment Board
« Reply #13 on: October 25, 2013, 03:09:03 PM »
Published on Friday, October 25, 2013 by Common Dreams
Beyond Tipping Point: Global Warming Has Raised Arctic Temps to Hottest in 120,000 Years

Citing global warming, new study shows current temps surpass early Holocene period when northern hemisphere was closer to sun
- Sarah Lazare, staff writer


Baffin Island in the Canadian Arctic (Photo: NASA / Michael Studinger)

Scientists have long known that climate change is warming the arctic at an alarming rate. But new research shows that in some areas—where human-caused climate change has driven temperatures higher than they've been for tens of thousands of years—melting polar ice caps are now beyond any hope of saving.

A study announced this week confirms for the first time that, because of global warming, the average summer temperature over the past 100 years in the Eastern Canadian Arctic is hotter than any other century in the last 44,000 years and likely the hottest over the past 120,000 years.

This means that current temperatures surpass those of the early Holocene period 11,000 years ago, when the northern hemisphere was closer to the sun, receiving 9 percent more energy from it, explained Colorado University at Boulder geological sciences Professor Gifford Miller, lead author of the study.

"The only possible explanation for today's hotter temperatures is global warming," Miller told Common Dreams in a phone interview. "This is the first study to find firm evidence that current arctic temperatures are warmer now than the early Holecene, when the sun was closer and it should have been a warmer time."

Researchers used radiocarbon analysis of clumps of dead moss emerging from a receding ice cap on Baffin Island to evaluate past temperatures, explains a statement about the study released by the University of Colorado. "At four different ice caps, radiocarbon dates show the mosses had not been exposed to the elements since at least 44,000 to 51,000 years ago."

Prior to 50,000 years ago, the earth was in a period of glaciation. Taking that into consideration, scientists concluded that Canadian Arctic temperatures have likely not been at their current warmth for 120,000 years.

The research found that a majority of the earth's warming has happened in the past 20 years. "All of Baffin Island is melting," said Miller in a statement. "And we expect all of the ice caps to eventually disappear, even if there is no additional warming,"
"It is difficult to write a paradiso when all the superficial indications are that you ought to write an apocalypse." -Ezra Pound

Offline g

  • Golden Oxen
  • Contrarian
  • Master Chef
  • *
  • Posts: 12280
    • View Profile
Re: The Environment Board: Agriculture and its Discontents
« Reply #14 on: November 10, 2013, 04:31:30 AM »
My knowledge on this topic is 0, but I thought this article would be of much interest to many of our Diners.

This paragraph really caught my eye and is why it seemed to me a must posting.

    “The plow has destroyed more options for future generations than the sword,” [Jackson] says. “But soil is more important than oil, and just as nonrenewable.” Soil loss is one of the biggest hidden costs of industrial agriculture — and it’s created at literally a glacial pace, maybe a quarter-inch per century. The increasingly popular no-till style of agriculture reduces soil loss but increases the need for herbicides. It’s a short-term solution, requiring that we poison the soil to save it.

Agriculture and its discontents

Good on Mark Bittman for giving attention to the Land Institute in Salinas, Kansas, and Wes Jackson. Too bad this isn't considered part of the "solution" enough to have Silicon Valley sugar daddies pouring in millions to develop it like genetically modified seeds:

    “The plow has destroyed more options for future generations than the sword,” [Jackson] says. “But soil is more important than oil, and just as nonrenewable.” Soil loss is one of the biggest hidden costs of industrial agriculture — and it’s created at literally a glacial pace, maybe a quarter-inch per century. The increasingly popular no-till style of agriculture reduces soil loss but increases the need for herbicides. It’s a short-term solution, requiring that we poison the soil to save it.

    Annual monoculture like that practiced in the Midwestern Corn Belt is one culprit. It produces the vast majority of our food, and much of that food — perhaps 70 percent of our calories — is from grasses, which produce edible seeds, or cereals. For 10,000 years we’ve plowed the soil, planted in spring and harvested in fall, one crop at a time.

    In an essay he published 26 years ago, called “The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race,” Jared Diamond theorized that this was essentially our downfall: by losing our hunter-gatherer roots and becoming dependent on agriculture, we made it possible for the human population to expand but paid the price in the often malnourishing, environmentally damaging system we have today.

    That’s fascinating, and irreversible; barring a catastrophe that drastically reduces the human population, we’ll rely on agriculture for the foreseeable future. But if we look to the kind of systems Jackson talks about, we can markedly reduce the damage. “We don’t have to slay Goliath with a pebble,” he says of industrial agriculture. “We just have to quit using so much fertilizer and so many pesticides to shrink him to manageable proportions.”

    Perennial polysystems are one way forward, because they allow us to produce grains, legumes, oils and other foods with a host of benefits. Gesturing across the road from where we sat, Jackson said to me: “That prairie — a prime example of a self-sustaining system — doesn’t have soil erosion, it’s not fossil-fuel dependent, you have species and chemical diversity. If you look around you’ll see that essentially all of nature’s ecosystems are perennial polycultures; that’s nature’s instruction book.” In perennial polycultures, the plants may fertilize one another, physically support one another, ward off pests and diseases together, resist drought and flood, and survive even when one member suffers.

    In addition to domesticating wild food-producing species, the Land Institute staff has taken on a far more challenging task: converting annuals into perennials. Perenniality is a complex trait, controlled by multiple genes. Perennials put more energy into their roots and less into flowers and seeds and greens, they send reserve energy into storage to wake up in the spring and they seldom die. The work might go faster if Jackson had adequate funding, which isn’t much; he’d consider himself fully funded for the next 30 years with about one-third of the 2011 Federal subsidy for producing ethanol.

http://hipcrime.blogspot.com/2013/11/agriculture-and-its-discontents.html :icon_study:

 

Related Topics

  Subject / Started by Replies Last post
0 Replies
633 Views
Last post April 21, 2016, 02:16:25 AM
by Guest
0 Replies
856 Views
Last post May 07, 2016, 05:43:56 AM
by RE
0 Replies
387 Views
Last post June 26, 2019, 08:42:03 PM
by Eddie