AuthorTopic: African Drought Issues  (Read 1217 times)

Offline RE

  • Administrator
  • Chief Cook & Bottlewasher
  • *****
  • Posts: 32732
    • View Profile
African Drought Issues
« on: May 22, 2016, 03:35:17 AM »
Because it is Africa, we don't see a lot of stories in the MSM about the drought problems there.  Mostly Black People of course.

However, I have been talking with some South African Diners, and things are really , REALLY bad in Johannesburg.

So I am standing up a thread specifically for Drought issues in Africa.  You have to research them out, they don't generally appear on Google Newz.

RE

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/05/zimbabwe-drought-million-face-food-shortage-160516142445157.html

Zimbabwe drought: Five million face food shortage
Half of the country's rural population will need assistance by next year with rain not expected for several months.

Haru Mutasa | |
Listen to this page using ReadSpeaker


Nearly five million people in Zimbabwe - half of the country's rural population - will need assistance by next year as a result of the ongoing drought in southern Africa, the United Nations has said.

Zimbabwe is one of the worst affected countries by the driest year in decades facing southern Africa - including Malawi, Zambia and South Africa - which has placed more than 30 million people at risk.

Rainfall is not expected in the country in the near future and President Robert Mugabe has declared a "state of disaster".
Zimbabwean tobacco farmers suffer from drought

Residents have reported not having proper food for days.

"A lot of people are hungry," Ambuya Grace, who lives in one of the affected villages, told Al Jazeera.

Another local, Virgilance Tsabora, said she, too, needed assistance.

"No one has come to help us. Some people got food, but many people did not," said Tsabora.

The government says it is trying to buy grain from neighbouring countries.

The drought has been made worse by the strong El Nino weather patterns, a temporary climate change of the Pacific in the region around the equator.

In February, Zimbabwe's Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa appealed to local business and charities for more than $1.5bn in aid to save more than a quarter of the population from starvation.

At a news conference in the capital Harare, Mnangagwa said the government "requires a total of [$1.57bn] with effect from February to December 2016", adding that millions were in need of food and water.

The UN's World Food Programme said in January that about 14 million people in Southern Africa are facing hunger due to poor harvests in 2015, caused by the latest El Nino.
SAVE AS MANY AS YOU CAN

Offline RE

  • Administrator
  • Chief Cook & Bottlewasher
  • *****
  • Posts: 32732
    • View Profile
Capetown Dries Up
« Reply #1 on: January 12, 2018, 12:56:43 AM »
http://www.travelandleisure.com/travel-news/cape-town-water-running-out?utm_source=time.com&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=the-brief&utm_content=2018011117pm&xid=newsletter-brief

This Tourism Hotspot Could be the World's First City to Run Out of Water (Video)


Major changes could be coming to this tourism hotspot as early as this April if current consumption levels continue.
Talia Avakian January 11, 2018

For the first time, a major city may run out of water this year.

South Africa’s city of Cape Town has been grappling with water shortages that are the result of what the Weather Channel calls the worst drought to hit the country in 100 years. The situation may result in Cape Town officials shutting off all of the city's water taps this April.

Irregularly dry winters have created exceedingly low dam levels within the country, leading city representatives to set a “Day Zero” date, which is when they believe the country will see dam levels drop below 13.5 percent and lead to the mandatory shutting off of all taps.

Currently, the date is set for April 22. That's a week earlier than the previous date set for April 29, with the city’s current dam levels only providing 19.7 percent of water that is actually useable.

Despite taking measures that include reducing water pressure and banning the ability to water outdoors or wash your car, city representatives are still finding that residents are using some 78 more million liters than the set goal.
ADVERTISING

Officials are continuing to urge individuals to take actions to decrease their overall water consumption in an effort to try and avoid “Day Zero,” which would lead to residents being forced to line up at some 200 checkpoints across the county to receive daily water rations under the supervision of police and military officials.

cape town south africa
Getty Images/Grant Duncan Smith

Travelers heading to the area will also find some changes regarding water consumption at their hotels. For example, properties like Hotel Verse are giving guests discounts if they refrain from using ice in their drinks, while others like the Taj Cape Town are closing their steam rooms and hot tubs in an effort to help with the situation, according to the New York Times.

“The city of Cape Town could conceivably become the first major city to run out of water, and that could happen in the next four months,” Dr. Anthony Turton, who teaches at the Centre for Environmental Management at the University of the Free State, told the Times regarding the current crisis.

City officials are still welcoming travelers to visit Cape Town, beloved for its magnificent coastline and natural attractions, as they work to prevent one of its vital natural resources from disappearing.

Water shortages may become a reality in other locations as well, with the World Wildlife Fund estimating that two-thirds of the planet's population could be facing water scarcity by 2025.
SAVE AS MANY AS YOU CAN

Offline RE

  • Administrator
  • Chief Cook & Bottlewasher
  • *****
  • Posts: 32732
    • View Profile
🚰 Cape Town, on verge of running out of water, braces for "chaos"
« Reply #2 on: January 19, 2018, 12:20:03 PM »
Amerikans use 100 gallons of water/day? ???  Unless they are averaging in the water used by Ag over the whole population, I don't see how that is possible.

At any rate, it will be interesting to see if the rains arrive JIT or how long it takes Cape Town to depopulate.

RE

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/cape-town-drought-water-shortage-south-africa/

 CBS News January 19, 2018, 7:45 AM
Cape Town, on verge of running out of water, braces for "chaos"


CAPE TOWN, South Africa -- Surrounded by beautiful stretches of ocean, it's hard to believe Cape Town could become the first major city in the world to run out of water. Ominously named "day zero," April 21 – 92 days from today – is when the taps will be turned off.

At the Voëlvlei Dam, water levels are critically low, sitting at less than 20 percent, reports CBS News' Debora Patta. It's one of Cape Town's main sources of water – a source that it is on the brink of running completely dry within a matter of weeks.

Three years of successive drought have devastated the city's water supplies. The local government has brought in severe restrictions forcing people to look for alternative supplies like a natural spring tapped for public use.

"It has changed our lives dramatically. But it is also a lesson for us not to waste water," Mogamat Allie said.
0119-ctm-capetownwater-patta-1485218-640x360.jpg

There have already been scuffles at the natural spring. Security guards now monitor the site to prevent violence from breaking out.

"And imagine no water, how will it be. Chaos. It's going to be terrible. And we're not looking forward to that time," Erma Da Costa said.

Cape Town's four million residents are now only allowed 23 gallons of water per person per day.  Next month that goes down to 13 gallons. Compare that to the average American who uses around 100 gallons daily.

Thirteen gallons doesn't allow for much – a 90-second shower, a quick toilet flush, basic dishwashing, weekly laundry, and a large bottle of drinking water.

Outside the city center, the effects of the water crisis are more obvious. Farmer Andries van der Paul has only been able to plant a quarter of his corn crop this year. If the taps are switched off, he is facing financial ruin.

"It's a desperate situation. It's a difficult, difficult situation for us," van der Paul said.

Climate scientist Peter Johnston said even if there is a good rainfall this year, the crisis will not be over. Cape Town is getting hotter.

"That increase in temperature is going to increase evaporation. Increased evaporation is going to mean that there is less water that's available for our use," Johnston said.

That is bad news for a city that is also a global tourist attraction – welcoming two million visitors a year.

City officials believe that if Capetonians drastically cut back water usage, they could avoid the taps running dry until the rainy season begins in May. Then of course the hope is that the rains will pour down so that dams will be full again.
SAVE AS MANY AS YOU CAN

Offline Surly1

  • Administrator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 13534
    • View Profile
    • Doomstead Diner
Re: 🚰 Cape Town, on verge of running out of water, braces for "chaos"
« Reply #3 on: January 20, 2018, 02:45:45 AM »
Amerikans use 100 gallons of water/day? ???  Unless they are averaging in the water used by Ag over the whole population, I don't see how that is possible.

At any rate, it will be interesting to see if the rains arrive JIT or how long it takes Cape Town to depopulate.

RE

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/cape-town-drought-water-shortage-south-africa/

Now THIS article is the shit. Also supports Irv Mills' thesis of slow, step down contractions on. the way to Doom.

Low-Flow toilets use in the neighborhood of 1 1/4 gallons, usually 3.5 gallons for an older model. If you have two people in a household who flush a dozen times a day, there's 30 gallons right there with a low flow. And then add kids. And mama's Hollywood showers. Toss in cooking, cleaning and coffee, and 100 gal/day doesn't seem THAT unreasonable, at least per household.
"It is difficult to write a paradiso when all the superficial indications are that you ought to write an apocalypse." -Ezra Pound

Offline RE

  • Administrator
  • Chief Cook & Bottlewasher
  • *****
  • Posts: 32732
    • View Profile
Re: 🚰 Cape Town, on verge of running out of water, braces for "chaos"
« Reply #4 on: January 20, 2018, 02:53:40 AM »
Amerikans use 100 gallons of water/day? ???  Unless they are averaging in the water used by Ag over the whole population, I don't see how that is possible.

At any rate, it will be interesting to see if the rains arrive JIT or how long it takes Cape Town to depopulate.

RE

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/cape-town-drought-water-shortage-south-africa/

Now THIS article is the shit. Also supports Irv Mills' thesis of slow, step down contractions on. the way to Doom.

Low-Flow toilets use in the neighborhood of 1 1/4 gallons, usually 3.5 gallons for an older model. If you have two people in a household who flush a dozen times a day, there's 30 gallons right there with a low flow. And then add kids. And mama's Hollywood showers. Toss in cooking, cleaning and coffee, and 100 gal/day doesn't seem THAT unreasonable, at least per household.

Who flushes a dozen times a day?  :o  That would be some serious diareah problem!

RE
SAVE AS MANY AS YOU CAN

Offline Surly1

  • Administrator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 13534
    • View Profile
    • Doomstead Diner
Re: 🚰 Cape Town, on verge of running out of water, braces for "chaos"
« Reply #5 on: January 20, 2018, 04:00:32 AM »
Amerikans use 100 gallons of water/day? ???  Unless they are averaging in the water used by Ag over the whole population, I don't see how that is possible.

At any rate, it will be interesting to see if the rains arrive JIT or how long it takes Cape Town to depopulate.

RE

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/cape-town-drought-water-shortage-south-africa/

Now THIS article is the shit. Also supports Irv Mills' thesis of slow, step down contractions on. the way to Doom.

Low-Flow toilets use in the neighborhood of 1 1/4 gallons, usually 3.5 gallons for an older model. If you have two people in a household who flush a dozen times a day, there's 30 gallons right there with a low flow. And then add kids. And mama's Hollywood showers. Toss in cooking, cleaning and coffee, and 100 gal/day doesn't seem THAT unreasonable, at least per household.

Who flushes a dozen times a day?  :o  That would be some serious diareah problem!

RE

People with digestive issues. People with enlarged prostates.

Old fuckers.

And women. You have obviously forgotten what it's like to live with a woman.
"It is difficult to write a paradiso when all the superficial indications are that you ought to write an apocalypse." -Ezra Pound

Offline RE

  • Administrator
  • Chief Cook & Bottlewasher
  • *****
  • Posts: 32732
    • View Profile
Re: 🚰 Cape Town, on verge of running out of water, braces for "chaos"
« Reply #6 on: January 20, 2018, 07:43:56 AM »
You have obviously forgotten what it's like to live with a woman.

Yes, I have.  But thanks for reminding me WHY I don't live with a woman.  ::)

These days, I have to piss a dozen times a day (Urologist appt Fri finally), but if I just piss I don't flush except at the end of the day.  I flush also if I take a shit.  Not even women shit a dozen times a day.

RE
« Last Edit: January 20, 2018, 07:55:21 AM by RE »
SAVE AS MANY AS YOU CAN

Offline RE

  • Administrator
  • Chief Cook & Bottlewasher
  • *****
  • Posts: 32732
    • View Profile
How will Day Zero work? Don't ask the City of Cape Town 🚰
« Reply #7 on: January 21, 2018, 02:55:28 AM »
I smell a clusterfuck in the making. 👃  They're going to distribute water to a city of 1M people with just 200 sites?  That's 5000 people per site.

RE

 South Africa
How will Day Zero work? Don't ask the City of Cape Town
20 January 2018 - 09:31 By Dave Chambers


An example of a water distribution point where Cape Town residents will have to queue for a 25-litre daily allowance.
Image: City of Cape Town

Day Zero is coming in Cape Town‚ mayor Patricia de Lille admitted this week‚ but her city council has no detailed plans for how it will work.

After spending the week repeatedly asking for more time to answer TimesLive questions‚ the council finally replied on Friday evening by saying nothing had been finalised.

On Thursday‚ after months of insisting “a well-run city does not run out of water”‚ De Lille said Day Zero — when most taps run dry — was now likely. The latest projected date is April 20‚ but many experts believe it will arrive much earlier.

De Lille said wasteful residents were to blame. “It is quite unbelievable that a majority of people do not seem to care and are sending all of us headlong towards Day Zero‚” she told a news conference.

On Monday‚ the Sunday Times asked Richard Bosman‚ the city council’s safety and security director‚ about arrangements for water collection points — the 200 sites across the city where residents will have to queue for a 25-litre daily allowance.
Cape Town is drowning in confusion over the drought crisis
Here’s what we know about the Cape Town water crisis right now. From February, Capetonians will be urged to use 50 litres of water per person per ...
Ideas
1 day ago
These were his answers:

Q: Please supply the locations of water collection points.

A: Site assessments are being finalised. More detailed information will be released to the public once the list has been finalised.

Q: For each point‚ please indicate their operating hours and hourly capacity in terms of the number of people who will be able to fill 25-litre containers.

A: Site assessments are determining how many people each site can provide water to and how quickly and efficiently this water can be distributed‚ via how many standpipes. Where possible‚ collection sites will operate 24 hours a day.

Q: Will the city supply citizens with containers? If so‚ when and how? If not‚ why not?

A: Residents will have to use their own containers.

Q: Several questions about how the collection points will function.

A: The city will take reasonable measures to ensure that water rationing happens fairly and appropriately. Households and individuals will adapt to this crisis differently and the city is aware of the need for flexibility at sites. In terms of preventing abuse‚ we will all need to work together to ensure efficient functioning of the sites and fair access to water for all residents.

During recent planning meetings it has been proposed it would be most workable to allow residents to collect water on behalf of other family members‚ however this has not been finalised.

Detailed plans for how sites will operate are being finalised. More information will be released to the public during the next few weeks‚ but we can assure residents that there will be an official presence at collection points to prevent abuse of the system and to limit undue inconvenience.

Any system we put in place will to a certain degree have to rely on residents to act in a conscientious and conservative manner when collecting water for it to work as efficiently as possible.

Level-six water restrictions came into effect on January 1 2018. It is possible that the current restriction of 87 litres per person per day will be replaced with a 50-litre limit. Here’s how to use less than 50 litres of water a day and still have that cup of coffee Capetonians love.

Q: What arrangements will be made for people who are elderly/frail/disabled or for some other reason not capable of fetching and carrying water?

A: Priority will be given to the elderly and physically disabled at collection points. Special provision is being made at the points of distribution for separate queues to deal with physically challenged persons‚ so that they do not have to stand in long queues.

We are also engaging with national government‚ provincial government‚ businesses‚ communities and NGOs to support us to care for our most vulnerable residents such as the elderly and those with disabilities. In this regard‚ provision is also being made to provide vulnerable groups such as persons in old age homes with bottled water.

Q: Similarly‚ parents will presumably have to collect the allocation for their small children?

A: The city will take reasonable measures to ensure that water rationing happens fairly and appropriately. Households and individuals will adapt to this crisis differently and the city is aware of the need for flexibility at sites. In terms of preventing abuse‚ we will all need to work together to ensure efficient functioning of the sites and fair access to water for all residents.

Q: Will people be allowed to send proxies to collect their allocation?

A: The city will take reasonable measures to ensure that water rationing happens fairly and appropriately. Households and individuals will adapt to this crisis differently and the city is aware of the need for flexibility at sites.

In terms of preventing abuse‚ we will all need to work together to ensure efficient functioning of the sites and fair access to water for all residents‚ and we are liaising with the South African Police Service and the South African National Defence Force in terms of what role they can play in oversight.
Sweating over the water crisis in Cape Town
Tim Flack describes himself as a regular Joe who earns a living by making knives and jewellery. He lives just outside of Cape Town – which could soon ...
Ideas
1 day ago
Cape Town faces day of reckoning on drought and corruption
The City of Cape Town council is expected to make crucial decisions on Friday about the drought and the future of a top official implicated in ...
News
2 days ago

Q: Time is already short. When do you plan to start the rollout of collection points as well as the verification system that will be required for each individual entitled to collect water and for the amount they are permitted?

More information will be released in time for residents and businesses to make arrangements to accommodate water collection. Site assessments are at an advanced stage‚ with more info to be released over the coming weeks.

Q: Please indicate what security arrangements are being made for each point. Earlier‚ troops were mentioned.

A: In terms of maintaining public order‚ the SAPS and the SANDF are being engaged and will collaborate with the city as per the mandate of each service. Their definitive roles will depend on a joint decision between city‚ provincial and national governments. The city and the Western Cape government have formally requested a national joint instruction (or instruction from the national government to mobilise the SAPS and the SANDF in the Western Cape for joint preparedness and planning activities).

Q: Has consideration been given to the declaration of a state of emergency while the collection points remain in operation?

A: No answer.
SAVE AS MANY AS YOU CAN

Offline RE

  • Administrator
  • Chief Cook & Bottlewasher
  • *****
  • Posts: 32732
    • View Profile
🚱 Boots on the Ground reporting on Zero Day from r/capetown
« Reply #8 on: January 21, 2018, 02:06:43 PM »
Here is some interesting analysis of the situation from a Capetown resident on r/capetown.

RE

https://www.reddit.com/r/capetown/comments/7rorec/zero_day_predictions/

Zero Day Predictions? (self.capetown)

submitted 1 day ago by ManBearHybrid

I don't want to be alarmist, but I think this problem is bigger than people are anticipating. I don't think it will be just a few months - if the rains fail again (like they have for 3 years running now), it could be much longer than that. Here are my concerns:

Drinking water won't be a huge problem. We can queue if necessary. I think the sewage systems will be the biggest issues. I hope this doesn't happen, but I suspect that without a decent flow rate there will be a lot of blockages and flooded toilets/drains. Having water to flush is only half the problem - you still need an operational sewage system behind it. Public toilets will be a huge problem. My work colleague told me about a time when the water went out for a week in her Eastern Cape home town. She said that, by the end, most shopping centers were like war zones - and that was only a week. I think a lot of people will be shitting into bushes or into plastic bags and throwing it in the garbage. I really worry about poor sanitation leading to major outbreaks of disease, especially in poorer areas where population density is higher. What will happen when 4 million people can't find a flushing toilet?

Also, many businesses can't operate if they can't provide ablution facilities for their staff and customers, and they also can't run if their staff are all off spending their days queuing for water or looking after their kids (because schools will close). There are only 200 water points for 4 million people. How long will the queues take? I worry that there will be a serious interruption of services in the city. I suspect that even just finding an open Checkers to buy groceries will become an issue that needs planning for. I suspect this will lead to a lot of conflict and aggression as people fight over resources (not just water but food, petrol, etc). This is already happening at the Newlands springs. I was there the other day and saw a bunch of people fighting over water.

On a nation-wide scale, I think there will be a mass exodus from the city, where everyone who can leave will do so. Other cities (like JHB) will be stressed with a sudden influx of people trying to escape. That will affect their rental availability. Just finding a flat to rent in JHB will be hard when there are hundreds of thousands more people than usual who are doing the same. Also, let's not forget the long(er) term - that the rest of the country is either experiencing water shortages, or has experienced them in the last year. What happens if the same thing happens in Durban later this year?

Obviously this is just speculation, but I am very, very worried. This is a major crisis that is unprecedented in the world. Maybe I'm just watching too much The Walking Dead.

Thoughts?

    20 commentssharesavehidegive goldreportcrosspost

all 20 comments
sorted by: best
formatting help
content policy

[–]Zastro_the_frog 5 points 1 day ago

Zero day will come. Only a 3rd of residential houses are trying. There are hotels, that still have plugs in baths and no signage up. You are correct in what you say, drinking water is easy to solve. Health is the biggest concern and it will get messy, shit won't flow and that is bad.

Not to be all doom and gloom, but the desalination plants are only 50 percent complete, the parts haven't arrived yet let alone close to being installed. Then it takes some smart guys to test and calibrate them over and over again. These plants will only run in 2019 earliest.

The aquifers need to be tested and modeled to ensue sustainability. There is probably going to be an army of lawyers making sure the government doesn't get sued. Which always slows things down.

Cape Town, soon to be named district 12

    permalinkembedsavereportgive goldreply

[–]ManBearHybrid 3 points 1 day ago

So in a funny twist of fate, I am staying in the Cullinan hotel tonight (Southern Sun), even though I live just down the road. There are some signs up in the lobby, and hanging in the corner of the bathroom. There are no plugs in the bath, but the lady at Reception said nothing to me about the situation. Also, their swimming pool is full, glistening and blue. I haven't investigated if it's potable water yet, but I struggle to believe it's recycled or grey water if people are swimming in it.

I think a lot of people are going to get a huge wakeup call very soon. I hope it's not too late.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]SmLnine 4 points 1 day ago*

TLDR: Doesn't look good.

Let's do some quick mafs:

    Cape Town has 4 mil people split into 1.26 mil households source
    Each person is allowed 25 liters per day. That's 100 mil liters per day in total.
    There will be 200 water collection points operating 24/7.

If you assume that:

    Collection points will always work. There will be no disruptions due to water trucks breaking down, pumps breaking, etc.
    People will magically (or be forced to) spread out so that the load on each collection point is the same.
    People will magically (or be forced to) spread into slots throughout the entire day (i.e. collection points will be working at full capacity throughout the night)
    No one takes more than they're allowed.
    All collection points will have 60 taps. All I've been able to find regarding the number of taps is this photo. The photo shows 5 rows of 6 pumps each, each pump having 2 taps.
    The flow rate at the collection points will be comparable to taps on the municipal supply (10 liter/minute to be safe)

Then each collection point will have to handle 14 people/minute.

You should be able to fill up in 2.5 minutes, so each collection point will be able to handle 24 people/minute. Not a great margin given the assumptions above. Things will break. People don't want to/can't get up at 2 AM to collect water. The flow rate might be much lower that I've guessed. The maximum capacity should be at least 5x or 10x the minimum demand of 14 people/minute.

    permalinkembedsavereportgive goldreply

[–]ManBearHybrid 5 points 1 day ago

That is a very scary picture you paint. I wonder what kinds of security will be present at the collection points to maintain order. I imagine the army will be brought in. And how will the water be transported there? Will they tap into parts of the reticulation network that still have pressure (i.e. not residential)? Delivering water in trucks seems very inefficient, and they could even become the targets for hijacking. I imagine we'd see lots of news stories about water-in-transit heists.

My GF is a writer and she enjoys stories about post-apocalyptic futures. She said today that she didnt imagine that she may have to actually live in that future. Heavy days.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]SmLnine 3 points 1 day ago*

    I imagine the army will be brought in.

Yup, they'll be relying on SAPS and SANDF according to https://www.timeslive.co.za/news/south-africa/2018-01-20-how-will-day-zero-work-dont-ask-the-city-of-cape-town/

    And how will the water be transported there

I haven't been able to find out but I can't imagine anything other than trucks, since there won't be any residual drinking water left. And trucks by the dozens. 100 mil liters/day means 2273 truck loads per day (assuming big 44 kl tankers). One truck might be able to make several trips per day (depends where they're getting the water). Still, I'd like to know where the city is going to find 500 or more trucks with attached tankers.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]ManBearHybrid 2 points 13 hours ago

So I just spoke to my GF about this. She said that the city announced they will keep the taps on in the townships since they already use communal water taps, and their usage only accounts for 5% of total residential demand. This will take a HUGE load off of the 200 water stations, and I think it's great that the most vulnerable in society will be less affected.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]SmLnine 2 points 12 hours ago

Interesting. Logically, I think it makes sense for the same reasons you gave. But politically it's going to be very bad. The middle class are going to lose it if that happens.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]ManBearHybrid 2 points 5 hours ago

Unfortunately, you're right. I think that politics are making this whole thing so much worse. Very frustrating.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]CultOfCuck 3 points 8 hours ago

"How to Build a Composting Toilet"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cL10PmbQ1EY'

Desperate times, desperate measures.

Something a little more "fancy":

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dYR6GPmDzVM&t=18s

    permalinkembedsavereportgive goldreply

[–]Splashycat 2 points 1 day ago

I will be traveling to Cape Town in mid February. I’ve been following the water crisis and I’m so sorry for your situation. As a traveler, what can I do to minimize impact? What restrictions are hotels facing that may impact our travel? I’ve never been in an area in a water crisis to know what to expect and how to approach it.

    permalinkembedsavereportgive goldreply

[–]ManBearHybrid 5 points 14 hours ago*

Quite bluntly, my gut instinct is to say "dont come", but I get that this may also not be possible in your specific circumstances. This is probably not a good thing to say for tourism in our city, but I think we need water more than money at this point.

If you do come, please do EVERYTHING you can to save water. The hotels are not doing enough to inform people of the situation. I'm in a hotel right now and there are only a few small signs up, but other than that nobody is talking about it because they're worried about losing money.

To give you an idea of what my life is like:

    I shower once every 3 days, and even then I rince, then I turn the water off while I soap up, then turn it on again to rince again afterwards. If you're worried about hygene, nobody seems to have noticed yet, so I clearly dont smell bad. And I dont feel dirty.

    I wear clothes twice as often as I used to before doing laundry. Also, we never do half-loads of laundry.

    We have a rainwater collectiom system that I made outside and use it for toilet flushing. The tank ran dry recently (no rain), so now we follow the rule "if it's yellow let it mellow. If it's brown flush it down." Practically, we (my housemates and I) each try to flush the toilet once a day or less.

    when washing dishes, use water sparingly, etc.

Using the above, I calculate that my consumption is about 40L/day or less. I think that, if everyone in the city did this, we could avoid zero day. But currently only one third of residents are actually meeting the 87 L/day limit. Personally, given that we're on the edge of a city-wide disaster that is unprecedented in the world, I find it incredible that so many people are still showering every day.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]Missfreeland 1 point 8 hours ago

I am visiting a friend around the same time from America. He lives in Durban, would it be smarter to stick around Durban a little longer and make my trip to SA short? My girlfriend and I usually only shower once every 3 or 4 days so we could plan to not even shower when we are there. I also always let yellow mellow as well. I bet we can plan our solids together as well. Should I bring water bottles to drink from on my trip as well?

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]ManBearHybrid 1 point 5 hours ago

Durban is also in the middle of a drought, but I'm not sure how their situation is. I havent heard any talk about water running out there, but if you do visit them it will be a good idea to save water as much as possible anyway. It sounds like you already do a good job of that though.

To be honest, only a small proportion of the water you use is for drinking. Most of it goes to other things like toilets, showers, laundry, dishwashing, etc. Bringing a bottle to drink from will help, but being aware and adjusting your behaviour and usage will go a much longer way. Also, please chat to the rest of your group and let them know how serious it is. Maybe have a meeting to talk about water strategies. I find that some people need a lot of convincing that they dont need to shower every day.

Thanks for showing concern! It really is helpful.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]Missfreeland 1 point 5 hours ago

It’s just my girl and I going meeting up with my one friend who lives in Durban. We will be sure to try and not create a negative impact. It sounds like a terrible situation.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]Splashycat 1 point 8 hours ago

Thank you for your insight. We cannot cancel our trip, but we can limit the time we spend inside of the city itself to only needing 1 shower. Are surrounding areas effected or just the city proper?

Do you have Dryel in your country? It’s a bag we use for dry cleaning here where you spot clean items and put them in the bag in the dryer. It works amazingly well. I’m not sure if it would help on a large scale, but it could be an option to conserve water. https://www.amazon.com/gp/aw/cr/B06Y2WXZXB/ref=mw_dp_cr

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]ManBearHybrid 3 points 5 hours ago

There has been little rain in surrounding areas for quite some time now (thanks, climate change). So much of the southern part of the country is in drought. Some towns are affected worse than others though. For example, I am told that Hermanus, a small town just over an hour's drive away, has only light restrictions (e.g. only watering your garden at certain times in the evening).

I have not heard about Dryel but it does sound useful. I dont know if its available here (doubtful), so if you are able, it's probably a good idea to bring your own. It will be expensive with shipping, but I'll look into ordering some for myself and others too!

Also, thanks for showing concern. Everyone here is very worried as the realization of what could happen dawns (although, for some, their efforts come frustratingly late in the game). Please talk to the rest of your party too, to make sure that they're all aware of the scope of the problem.

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]Splashycat 1 point an hour ago

I emailed Dryel after reading this. It appears it’s only available in the USA and Canada, but it can’t hurt to spend 5 minutes and reach out to them to let them know about the Cape Town issues and that their product could be very useful in this situation. They are actively looking for brand ambassadors to share their product on their website. http://dryel.com

It would be great promotion/ charity on their end to get involved. I’m guessing there would also be a strong market for their product there as well.

So it can’t hurt to email them. Who knows? Maybe they’ll get involved. Can’t hurt to try!

    permalinkembedsaveparentreportgive goldreply

[–]Little_African_Child 2 points 10 hours ago

Imagine what the Cape Flats will look like after even one week of no water in the taps and toilets.
SAVE AS MANY AS YOU CAN

Offline Surly1

  • Administrator
  • Master Chef
  • *****
  • Posts: 13534
    • View Profile
    • Doomstead Diner
Re: 🚱 Boots on the Ground reporting on Zero Day from r/capetown
« Reply #9 on: January 21, 2018, 03:52:14 PM »
Here is some interesting analysis of the situation from a Capetown resident on r/capetown.

RE

https://www.reddit.com/r/capetown/comments/7rorec/zero_day_predictions/

Zero Day Predictions? (self.capetown)

submitted 1 day ago by ManBearHybrid

Drinking water won't be a huge problem. We can queue if necessary. I think the sewage systems will be the biggest issues. I hope this doesn't happen, but I suspect that without a decent flow rate there will be a lot of blockages and flooded toilets/drains. Having water to flush is only half the problem - you still need an operational sewage system behind it. Public toilets will be a huge problem. My work colleague told me about a time when the water went out for a week in her Eastern Cape home town. She said that, by the end, most shopping centers were like war zones - and that was only a week. I think a lot of people will be shitting into bushes or into plastic bags and throwing it in the garbage. I really worry about poor sanitation leading to major outbreaks of disease, especially in poorer areas where population density is higher. What will happen when 4 million people can't find a flushing toilet?

A stark reminder that one of the greatest single contributions to disease prevention, longevity and quality of life has been public sanitation. Maybe collapse starts when the sewers quit: hello, third world.
"It is difficult to write a paradiso when all the superficial indications are that you ought to write an apocalypse." -Ezra Pound

Offline RE

  • Administrator
  • Chief Cook & Bottlewasher
  • *****
  • Posts: 32732
    • View Profile
🚱 From the Inside: The Countdown to Day Zero
« Reply #10 on: February 02, 2018, 12:07:00 AM »

RE

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/opinionista/2018-01-22-from-the-inside-the-countdown-to-day-zero/#.WnPluOeUuUk

From the Inside: The Countdown to Day Zero

    Helen Zille 22 Jan 2018 01:09 (South Africa)
    1940 Reactions

Those of us whose job it is to monitor developments in Cape Town’s water crisis saw the indicators move sharply this week, in the wrong direction.

There was bad news – catastrophic actually – on three fronts:

    Cape Town’s water usage went up again, to over 600-million litres per day, despite major efforts, over six months, to bring it down below 500-million litres.
    The SA Weather Service informed us that as far as forecasting goes, we are flying blind. Last year the forecast of a wet winter proved to be widely off the mark. On Friday, the SA Weather service told us bluntly: We cannot predict whether or when rain will come. Previous forecasting models have proved useless in the era of climate change.
    Day Zero – when the taps in suburbia are switched off – has moved from the realm of possibility to probability. There is no way in which water augmentation schemes will compensate for our ongoing failure to curb demand sufficiently in the short term.

This latter message, in particular, broke the sound barrier. Suddenly, after months of coaxing communication (“if we save water together we can avoid day zero”), the mayor changed gear: We are past the point of no return, she said. Day Zero is almost unavoidable. We WILL run out of water by the end of April unless everyone reduces their water usage to less than 50 litres per person per day.

The response to this announcement showed that reality had finally sunk in.

As the mayor’s press conference was under way, I called in the Province’s Head of Legal Services and said: “The crash the City has been trying to avoid now seems inevitable. We are bracing for impact. Sticking to the Province’s constitutional mandate of support and oversight is not enough in these circumstances.”

The answer I received was: “The legal test for provincial intervention in a local government mandate is when a municipality cannot or does not fulfil an executive obligation. At the moment the City is focusing on strategies to curb water use, augment supply, prepare for day Zero and communicate with citizens.

“When it comes to the functions of the national Department of Water and Sanitation, the province has no powers at all,” he added.

And, to underscore the point, as we grappled with the full scale of the crisis this weekend, the national Parliament tweeted this crisp message to the provincial Ministry of Local Government:

It could not be clearer than that.

Until last week, I accepted the legal argument that it would be difficult for the Province to cite “failure to fulfil an executive obligation” as a reason to intervene in the City’s preparations. They obviously cannot distribute water that the bulk supply system has not produced.

The principle (that each sphere of government must respect the integrity, mandate and functions of other spheres) is entrenched in our Constitution. Court judgments have been consistent: a sphere of government trying to interfere with the mandate of another has always been pushed back. Even a “mandamus” obliging the national department of Water and Sanitation to provide bulk water supplies would have to be sought by the City, not the province.

Last week, I still accepted these stringent limits on the province’s capacity to intervene. No longer.

As we begin the countdown to Day-Zero, the ground has shifted. While we must still do everything possible to prevent this ghastly eventuality (and we still can if EVERYBODY abides by the new water restrictions of 50 litres per person per day), my focus has shifted to overseeing plans for the day the taps run dry – and the weeks that follow. The province has a mandate to manage provincial disasters. The question that dominates my waking hours now is: When Day-Zero arrives, how do we make water accessible and prevent anarchy? And if there is any chance of still preventing it, what is it we can do?

In our most recent oversight discussions, on Friday the City outlined its Day-Zero plan as follows: One week before the six dams providing water to the Western Cape Water Supply System (WCWSS) are collectively projected to drop to 13.5%, the City will announce the date on which almost all the taps in Cape Town’s residential suburbs will be cut off.

The same may happen in other towns with a high dependency ratio on these dams – particularly Drakenstein, parts of Stellenbosch and towns on the West Coast (where we have been working very hard to reduce dependence on the Western Cape Water Supply System). If the City’s augmentation plan for Atlantis meets the deadline, it will be almost self-sufficient, and Saldanha Bay municipality has made significant progress in groundwater extraction.

Day Zero is currently projected to be 21 April. (This changes as water usage varies and other factors influence dam levels.)

It may also be delayed as the City and neighbouring towns intensify “throttling”, the process of drastically reducing water pressure in specific areas, where greatest savings can be achieved. This will inevitably mean that people in high-lying “throttled” areas may have very little water coming out of their taps, for extended periods of time, in the weeks ahead.

In weekend email correspondence with Deputy Mayor Ian Neilson, who now heads up the City’s drought response team, he indicated that plans to manage Day Zero may be substantially reviewed. But, as things currently stand, the indications are that, in less than 90 days’ time, municipal water may only be available at 200 Points of Distribution (PoDs) across the City.

The only water delivered through taps will be in informal settlements (where water is already fetched in buckets from standpipes) as well as certain business districts, the boundaries of which are currently being demarcated. Nor is there any detail yet on what measures will be in place to prevent abuse of access to places where water is still available.

However, according to the City’s current plan, most of Cape Town’s 4-million citizens will have to fetch water from a PoD. The maximum allocation will be 25 litres per person per day, distributed on the assumption that an average family comprises four persons. There is a proposal that larger families should register and provide proof of additional numbers through identity documents. Registration of household numbers above four will also be essential for the punitive water tariffs for exceeding the water-use limits, which will accompany the level 6B water restrictions.

The City has not yet revealed details of how allocation will be managed at the collection points, but the current proposal is to do so on the basis of municipal accounts where the number of users would be registered, and the person collecting the water would have to provide proof of identification and the registered number of persons in the household.

A sophisticated system will be necessary to prevent water theft through “double dipping”. These logistics must still be resolved in the short time remaining.

Consider this scenario: If every family sends one person to fetch their water allocation, about 5,000 people will congregate at each POD every day. That creates a logistical nightmare of its own. In addition, it will be impossible for individuals to carry, by hand, 100 litres of water allocated for a family of four every day. So provision will have to be made for transport. The City has not yet given details of how the traffic will be managed. I am awaiting a full operations plan, including personnel requirements, security, infrastructure and budgets.

As things stand, the challenge exceeds anything a major City has had to face anywhere in the world since the Second World War or 9/11. I personally doubt whether it is possible for a city the size of Cape Town to distribute sufficient water to its residents, using its own resources, once the underground waterpipe network has been shut down.

We have to look at supplementary methods, in partnership with the many private sector corporations that deliver their products to the farthest reaches of this province, in every community, every day.

South African Breweries have been the first to step up to the plate. In a discussion this weekend, Mr Ricardo Tadeu, SAB’s Zone President for Africa, and Mr Des Jacobs, SABS Western Cape Regional Director, committed the Newlands brewery to fill 12-million quart bottles with water (instead of beer) from the famous spring (whose water is normally used to brew beer). The SAB network will deliver water to retail outlets in designated areas of greatest need over several weeks. The bottling of water will have to start as soon as possible to ensure sufficient stockpiles.

Work is well under way between SAB and the South African Bureau of Standards to ensure that the bottled water will meet the required quality standard. Production will begin soon, and the bottles, labelled “Water, Not for Sale”, will be delivered at outlets when Day Zero arrives. Consumers will pay R1 for each “quart” (as South Africans still refer to the large beer bottle) which is about three quarters of a litre, with a maximum limit per person. The R1 is the cost of the bottle’s deposit. The water itself is free. When the bottle is returned, empty, it will be replaced, full, at no charge.

We are in discussion with the South African National Defence Force to store water supplies at military bases for safety.

There is a lot more we must do in partnership with the extensive retail distribution networks to deliver water to places people routinely visit during the course of the day – like supermarkets and cafes. During the days ahead I will be meeting representatives of major retailers and courier companies to discuss details of an emergency water distribution network in order to provide a massive multiplier effect for the PoDs. We will work closely with the City’s team preparing for Day Zero. Together we will have to step up public communication massively, so that no one is in doubt about the threat the City faces.

Up till now, over 50% of residents have ignored entreaties to save water.

Apart from water distribution, there are many other foreseeable crises associated with dry taps, such as conflict over access to water, theft of water, and other criminal acts associated with water, not to mention the outbreak of disease.

Our Provincial Disaster Management team has been meeting weekly since January 2017, and daily since 8 November (with a short Christmas break) to work out a detailed plan for every provincial department in the case of this eventuality.

At our Cabinet meeting on Wednesday, we will meet a high-level delegation from the South African Police Service, to discuss their contingency plans for the run-up to and aftermath of Day Zero. In such a disaster, normal policing will be entirely inadequate.

Today (Monday morning), I will lead the Provincial Disaster Management team in discussions with National Disaster Management Centre, under the leadership of Dr Mmphaka Tau. This will not be our first discussion. We had an in-depth engagement in November 2017 to prepare for an eventuality we still hoped, at the time, would be possible to avoid. Tomorrow’s meeting will also be attended by the State Security Agency, the South African National Defence Force and the South African Police Service, all at a very high level.

In order to deploy these national agencies, we need the co-operation of National Government, which would be greatly facilitated by the declaration of a national State of Disaster. I have therefore written to President Zuma, motivating why he should declare a national state of disaster, well before we hit Day Zero. That would enable the SSA, the SANDF and the SAPS to formulate a shared plan with ourselves and the private sector to distribute water, defend storage facilities, deal with potential outbreaks of disease, and keep the peace.

Even if we manage a disaster of this magnitude reasonably smoothly, our economy will take a terrible knock. It already has.

In November 2017, Wesgro, the Western Cape’s economic development and investment agency, facilitated a meeting with 40 major corporations in Cape Town, to discuss our approach to the water crisis.

The province’s economy is supported by two major water intensive sectors: tourism and agriculture. Between them, they employ about 600,000 people who (at a conservative estimate of four persons per household) support almost three-million people. One of our major priorities has been to keep them employed. The crisis associated with large-scale job losses and hunger would greatly exacerbate the catastrophe of dry taps.

Fortunately, both these sectors have been very pro-active, and have worked hard to cut water usage and keep people in jobs. Agriculture, under the leadership of Agri-Western Cape, immediately agreed to cut its allotted water take-off per farm by 40% – and now by 60%. They have trimmed buds off vines and trees to reduce the plants’ need for water, dividing farms up into sections that will still be irrigated, and those that will not. A fly-over reveals the brown, barren strips along those that can still get water. High technology systems, introduced by the Western Cape’s Department of Agriculture, can assist in saving significant amounts of water by targeting available irrigation in the right amount, exactly where it is need.

The province has allocated over R100-million to help keep people employed and provide feed for livestock, with a particular emphasis on new and emerging farmers. The rest of the agricultural industry, countrywide, has done everything possible to rally in support of drought-stricken farmers, sending feed and other support. Without them, our agricultural sector would have been far closer to collapse. This year, we are expecting the lowest harvest in decades, which will cause projected losses of R1-billion to the sector and deprive 50,000 seasonal workers of their jobs.

This also has a knock-on effect on agri-processing sub-sectors, such as fruit and vegetable processors, juicers and canners, who obtain most of their raw produce from the Western Cape, both in terms of reduced volumes and quality.

The hotel sector has also been innovative, reducing their water usage by 50% in comparison with the situation three years ago. They have removed plugs from baths (to force guests into showers fitted with low-flow showerheads), and emphasised the importance of saving water. Hotels on the Cape Town Foreshore, which have basements below sea level, have to pump out seawater constantly and return it to the sea. Now they are busy installing their own desalination plants, at great cost, so that they can use basement water for consumption. After a meeting with the tourism sector to discuss the drought last week, a major hotel group reported that their desalination systems, for hotel use, could be up and running within two months. So, we continue to encourage tourists to visit Cape Town. Leading hotels will ensure that their water preparedness will be communicated on their websites.

To relieve the pressure on the municipal water system, local residents who can afford it might well book into hotel rooms that have water security and spare bed capacity, for the duration of the crisis, where their water needs would be met independently of municipal water. At the same time this would help offset the industry’s anticipated losses due to international cancellations, as Day Zero looms larger.

The Department of Economic Development has, for many months, been running a focused programme, called Water for the Economy, working with a range of water-intensive sectors to find ways of saving water while remaining economically sustainable. One major building and renovation company, for example, has fitted water carts to their trucks, to carry non-potable water which is well-suited for most of the functions for which it is required.

There are many similar examples, across different sectors. Supported by Green Cape (with a mandate from the province and the City to ensure the green economy drives growth and jobs), businesses and municipalities are better managing their water use and finding alternative water sources. Much work has also been done to support companies in preparing their “business continuity plans” in the event of a Day Zero. We need the City’s private sector network to engage actively with all their employees to reduce water use and to understand the link between saving water and saving their jobs.

And what of the provincial government departments, particularly education and health, for which we are directly responsible?

Work began early in 2017 on “business continuity plans” to ensure that these facilities can continue functioning in the event of Day Zero. Most critical are hospitals and clinics, where our plans are far advanced. We have focused specifically on drilling boreholes, and by the time Day Zero arrives, all hospitals and clinics will have been secured to continue functioning.

Schools are also a key focus and a major challenge. It is essential to keep them open, both so that education can continue and that children can be kept safe at a very challenging time. There are over 900 schools in the Cape Town Metro, of which 423 have boreholes. Some of these produce potable water, and for the rest, plans are advanced to link borehole water to the schools’ sanitation reticulation system, which will then be cut off from municipal water. It is obviously essential to provide water to schools without boreholes. But this must still be finalised.

One option is to establish a system of “sub-PoDS” where tankers could collect water for distribution to key institutions, such as schools. And when the immediate crisis is over, we will have to institute a long-term programme of managed aquifer recharge, to put back the water we have extracted.

Every provincial government department has a detailed business continuity plan in the event of Day Zero.

But although it now looks likely, it is a worst-case scenario. We can still avoid Day Zero by the skin of our teeth if every consumer cuts water usage down to a maximum of 50 litres per day. Here is a diagram of what can be done with that amount of water.



Graphic courtesy of EWN.

No person in Cape Town should be flushing potable water down a toilet any more. At home, for example, we turned off the tap of the toilet’s cistern, store grey water in the bath, and scoop it out to fill the cistern when needed. No one should be showering more than twice a week now. There is nothing wrong with a daily scrub, using the old-fashioned “skottel en waslap” method, with which many of us grew up.

It will also be essential that the City’s water augmentation projects come on stream timeously, but these cannot save us from Day Zero in 2018, without a significant reduction in usage. If everything goes according to schedule, augmentation schemes will, by the end of April, produce between 120-million to 150-million litres per day – either from ground water extraction or from small-scale desalination. This figure falls into perspective when we consider our failure to bring consumption down below 500-million litres per day.

As the drought is likely to persist, we will have to go for large-scale desalination in the years ahead, and we are grateful to all those entrepreneurs and consortia who have come forward to make proposals in this regard. We will follow them all up, to supplement the planning and feasibility studies we have done to date, in order to make sure we find the best long-term solution, while following due process of law (including the complex tender regulations). And we will do whatever is possible to compel national government to fulfil its mandate of providing bulk water infrastructure and supply.

However, in the short term, there is only one solution: We have to save water as if our lives depend on it. Because they do. DM

    Helen Zille
« Last Edit: February 02, 2018, 12:17:06 AM by RE »
SAVE AS MANY AS YOU CAN

 

Related Topics

  Subject / Started by Replies Last post
1 Replies
526 Views
Last post October 06, 2014, 09:23:39 AM
by Eddie
0 Replies
238 Views
Last post December 15, 2015, 02:15:13 PM
by Eddie
0 Replies
110 Views
Last post February 27, 2018, 06:32:06 AM
by Eddie