AuthorTopic: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread  (Read 30527 times)

Offline azozeo

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Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
« Reply #180 on: December 23, 2018, 01:56:38 PM »
Here's the vid of the Tsunami
Mud Flood....

https://twitter.com/Syarief38194795/status/1076618806364037121/video/1
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind

Offline azozeo

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Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
« Reply #181 on: December 23, 2018, 01:58:59 PM »
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/97b-xKiKOT8&fs=1" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/97b-xKiKOT8&fs=1</a>
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind

Offline RE

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🌋 This is why Indonesia’s tsunami warning failed
« Reply #182 on: December 25, 2018, 12:51:21 AM »
https://nypost.com/2018/12/24/this-is-why-indonesias-tsunami-warning-failed/

This is why Indonesia’s tsunami warning failed

By Ruth Brown

December 24, 2018 | 4:56pm


Aftermath of the tsunami that hit Indonesia

Only 1 member of band hit by tsunami reportedly survives
Indonesia could be hit with another tsunami
Rescuers desperately search for survivors as death toll climbs from Indonesia tsunami
Tsunami sweeps away boy band mid-performance in Indonesia

Indonesia’s tsunami-warning system has been out of commission for six years, officials revealed in the wake of the series of giant waves that just killed at least 373 there — and as the country’s president ordered its disaster agency to finally purchase a new early system Monday.

Victims on Indonesia’s islands of Java and Sumatra were taken totally by surprise when the Anak Krakatau volcano eruptions caused an underwater landslide that sent the tsunami crashing into their coasts Saturday.

The nation of islands has a network of tsunami-detecting buoys — devices floating off the country’s coasts designed to submit warnings about big waves to its national disaster agency — but they have been broken since 2012, an agency spokesman said.

“Vandalism, lack of funds, technical faults have caused the current absence of the tsunami buoy system,” said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho in a series of tweets, according to Channel NewsAsia.

But experts say that even if the buoy system had been working, it probably wouldn’t have offered much warning because the volcano was so close to the islands’ coastline.

“Tsunami warning buoys are positioned to warn of tsunamis originated by earthquakes at underwater tectonic plate boundaries,” David Rothery of the UK’s Open University told the Jakarta Post.
see also
Rescuers desperately search for survivors as death toll climbs from Indonesia tsunami
Rescuers desperately search for survivors as death toll climbs from Indonesia tsunami

“Even if there had been such a buoy right next to Anak Krakatau, this is so close to the affected shorelines that warning time would have been minimal given the high speeds at which tsunami waves travel.”

Indonesia does have an advance warning system for earthquakes, but Sutopo said the country needed one that was also “triggered by undersea landslides and volcanic eruptions.”

Indonesian President Joko Widodo on Monday ordered the agency to purchase new early detection and warning systems that will give people enough time to get to safety.

“I have instructed BMKG to purchase equipment for early detection, early warning systems that will be able to provide timely alerts for civilians, so that they can take action quickly,” he said while visiting the affected areas, per Channel NewsAsia.
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Offline RE

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🌋 Tsunami death toll in Indonesia soars past 400
« Reply #183 on: December 26, 2018, 02:32:07 AM »
https://www.aol.com/article/news/2018/12/25/tsunami-death-toll-in-indonesia-soars-past-400/23626951/

Tsunami death toll in Indonesia soars past 400


<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/9DwGKpaSRI4" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/9DwGKpaSRI4</a>

The Associated Press
Dec 25th 2018 6:36PM

The death toll from the tsunami that hit Indonesian islands without warning Saturday night has passed 420 with more than 1,400 people injured.

Thousands of people were left homeless when the waves smashed homes on coastal areas of western Java and southern Sumatra.

Disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said the death toll had climbed to 429 on Tuesday and at least 128 were missing.

Military troops, government personnel and volunteers were searching along debris-strewn beaches. Where victims were found, body bags were laid out, and weeping relatives identified the dead.

The Christmas holiday was somber with prayers for tsunami victims in the Indonesian region hit by waves that struck without warning Saturday night
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Offline RE

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🌋 Indonesia raises alert, reroutes flights around erupting volcano
« Reply #184 on: December 27, 2018, 02:15:19 AM »
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/indonesia-raises-alert-reroutes-flights-erupting-volcano-181227030312027.html

Indonesia raises alert, reroutes flights around erupting volcano


A woman walks in the rain among debris after the tsunami in Sumur, Banten province[Jorge Silva/Reuters]

Authorities widen no-go zone around ash-spewing Anak Krakatoa days after it caused powerful tsunami killing hundreds.
an hour ago

more on Asia Pacific

    'We're afraid of the sea': Indonesians seek shelter in mountains
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    Indonesia rescuers hampered by rain after tsunami
    today
    Anxious tsunami victims told to avoid coast near erupting volcano
    today
    Body of missing toddler found in Thai sugarcane plantation
    today

Authorities in Indonesia have rerouted all flights around the erupting Anak Krakatoa volcano, days after it is believed to have triggered a devastating tsunami that killed hundreds of people and causing widespread destruction.

The move on Thursday by Indonesia's air-traffic control agency AirNav came as the volcanic island located in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra continued spewing columns of ash into the air.

"All flights are rerouted due to Krakatoa volcano ash on red alert," AirNav said in a statement.

Authorities also raised the volcano's alert level to the second-highest - 'stand-by" - and widened an exclusion zone around it to 5km.

A crater collapse on Anak Krakatoa at high tide on Saturday night is thought  to have sent waves smashing into the Indonesian shoreline, engulfing fishing villages and popular resorts along the coasts of western Java and south Sumatra.

The confirmed death toll is 430 people, with at least 159 others missing. Almost 1,500 people have been injured and thousands more have been displaced.
WATCH: Indonesia rescuers hampered by rain after tsunami

'Lightning around volcano getting worse'

Anak Krakatoa is an island that emerged in the 1920s the crater left by Krakatoa, whose massive eruption in 1883 was one of the most catastrophic in recorded history, killing at least 36,000 people.

'We're afraid of the sea': Indonesians seek shelter in mountains

Experts have warned that volcanic activity at the site remains high and more deadly waves could slam the stricken region now covered by mountains of overturned cars, boats, furniture and other debris.

Along the coast, thousands of people are staying in tents and temporary shelters like mosques or schools, with dozens sleeping on the floor or in crowded public facilities. Rice and instant noodles have been delivered to many shelters, but clean water, wet weather gear, fresh clothes and blankets are in short supply, some evacuees said.

A state of emergency has been declared until January 4, which authorities hope will make it easier to deploy assistance, according to Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesperson for the national disaster mitigation agency.

Torrential rain has complicated recovery and aid efforts, muddying roads and holding up convoys delivering heavy machinery and food to remote areas.

With Anak Krakatoa still rumbling amid high-tide warnings, many survivors who have been evacuated to higher ground are too afraid to return home, saying they are worried that another tsunami will strike.

"The lightning around the volcano is getting worse," said Maskah, a 39-year-old woman who has found shelter along with other residents of Sukaraja village in a makeshift camp in Kebun Damos, a partial clearing on Sumatra's Rajabasa Mountain.

"It's cold and windy here in the jungle, but we don't want to go home," she told Al Jazeera on Wednesday.

"We're scared of the sea."


Food is scarce in the makeshift Kebun Damos camp and there is little government help. The displaced families have tried to supplement their diets with food scavenged from the surrounding jungle, including unripened bananas which they boil to make edible [Teguh Harahap/Al Jazeera]

Indonesia's Meteorology, Geophysics and Climatology Agency has asked people to avoid coastal areas as stormy weather and high surf continue to plague the area.

Anxious tsunami victims told to avoid coast near erupting volcano

"All these conditions could potentially cause landslides at the cliffs of the crater into the sea, and we fear that that could trigger a tsunami," Dwikorita Karnawati, the agency's head, said late on Tuesday.

Indonesia, a vast archipelago of more than 17,000 islands with a population of some 260 million people, sits on the geologically active "Ring of Fire" and is frequently hit by earthquakes and tsunamis.

Saturday's tsunami was Indonesia's third major natural disaster in just a few months. In July and August, major earthquakes on Lombok island killed hundreds of people, while in September a devastating earthquake-tsunami claimed more than 2,000 lives in Palu on Sulawesi island.
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Offline azozeo

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Half Mile Wide Volcano Vanished
« Reply #185 on: December 30, 2018, 09:07:26 AM »
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/oYnkRDV-wio&fs=1" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/oYnkRDV-wio&fs=1</a>
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind

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🌋 Yellowstone’s Steamboat Geyser Sets New Eruption Record
« Reply #186 on: January 18, 2019, 09:59:24 AM »
https://www.geek.com/news/yellowstones-steamboat-geyser-sets-new-eruption-record-1765290/

News
Yellowstone’s Steamboat Geyser Sets New Eruption Record
By Stephanie Valera 12.10.2018 :: 4:50PM EST


Steamboat Geyser at Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming erupts on August 22, 2018. On December 8, the geyser erupted for 30th time in 2018, breaking a record set in 1964. (Photo Credit: George Frey/Getty Images)

It’s been quite a year for Steamboat Geyser at Yellowstone National Park. Its eruption on Saturday at 1:07 a.m. was its 30th for 2018, breaking the previous record of 29 major eruptions in one calendar year, set in 1964.

The erratic geyser, which is tucked away in Yellowstone’s Norris Geyser Basin, was dormant from 1911 until 1961 when it sprang back to life. Then it had three very active years from 1963 to 1965 with the previous record set in 1964. It was dormant again until 1982 and 1983, erupting since then from six months to eight years.

Steamboat Geyser is the world’s tallest active geyser — its major eruptions shoot water more than 300 feet , according to the National Park Service (NPS).

In a May 2018 update, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) noted that Steamboat Geyser appeared to have entered a phase of more frequent water eruptions, much like it did in the 1960s and early 1980s. “Although these eruptions do not have any implications for future volcanic activity at Yellowstone, they are nonetheless spectacular, and many more people had a chance to see Steamboat in eruption during the summer of 2018,” the USGS said.

In September, Yellowstone posted a video (see below) of its 19th eruption of the year.

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/5txppbrbS4w" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/5txppbrbS4w</a>

The water phase of a major eruption by Steamboat Geyser lasts 3 to more than 40 minutes. Once the water supply is exhausted, the geyser continues with a powerful steam phase lasting several hours to several days, according to the NPS. Its roar is so great that conversation near the geyser is difficult, and visitors in the Norris Campground, a mile to the north, have been awakened by the noise.
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Offline RE

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🌋 Mount Etna erupts in Italy, sending ash and lava into the sky
« Reply #187 on: June 01, 2019, 03:23:05 PM »
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/mount-etna-erupts-in-italy-sending-ash-and-lava-into-the-sky-2019-06-01/

Mount Etna erupts in Italy, sending ash and lava into the sky

June 1, 2019 / 1:33 PM / CBS/AP

Catania, Sicily — Mount Etna, the largest of Italy's three active volcanoes, is spewing ash and lava once again, but officials say the activity is taking place at its summit and does not pose a risk to people and towns. Etna began a new phase of eruptions on Thursday as two new cracks in the volcano opened up, sending lava down its flank.

Italy's National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) noted that prior activity took place before the eruption, with a series of seismic events occurring in the weeks leading up to two fissures opening on Mount Etna's New Southeast Crater.


In this photo taken on Thursday, May 30, 2019 and made available Friday, May 31, 2019 Mount Etna volcano spews lava during an eruption. Mount Etna in Sicily has roared back into spectacular volcanic action from Thursday morning, sending up plumes of ash and spewing lava. Salvatore Allegra / AP

Eugenio Privitera, Catania's INGV director, says this eruption is taking place at Etna's summit and does not pose risks to residents. But he says visitors to Etna must stay away from the summit for their own safety.
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Offline azozeo

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Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
« Reply #188 on: August 07, 2019, 11:39:31 AM »



PUBLISHED AUGUST 2, 2019

When the rocky mound lurched onto his computer screen aboard the R/V OGS Explora, geophysicist Emanuele Lodolo couldn’t believe his eyes. Just four miles off the coast of Sicily, the team had stumbled on a previously unknown volcano with an old lava flow trailing some 2.5 miles westward across the seafloor.

“We were quite surprised about this, because we were really very close to the coast,” says Lodolo, a researcher at Italy’s National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics.

The edifice, named Actea, is one of six volcanoes recently discovered while scientists were mapping the underwater landscape of the Sicilian Channel, a heavily trafficked waterway off the southwest coast of the island. While Actea is the closest to shore, the structures were all found in the northwest side of the channel, within 14 miles of land, researchers report in the journal Marine Geology.
© NGP, Content may not reflect National Geographic’s current map policy.

The volcanoes are not especially tall, comparatively speaking, rising between 52 and 350 feet from the seafloor. But because they sit inside the shallow channel, their tops are not very deep; Actea’s peak is the shallowest at just 110 feet down.

Eruptions from submarine volcanoes can pose hazards to both passing boats and populations nearby. Lodolo cautions that more study is needed to better understand potential risks from the newfound structures, and other geologists agree that any hazards are likely minimal. But the revelation that six volcanoes are lurking under a region regularly crisscrossed by maritime traffic underscores the importance of fully exploring what lies beneath the waves. (Find out how the birth of one submarine volcano may have sent seismic waves rippling all across Earth.)

“Sometimes when you’re looking at an area that’s relatively undiscovered, you don’t even know what you might find,” says Western Washington University’s Jackie Caplan-Auerbach, who studies submarine volcanoes. “There are great mysteries in the ocean waiting to be discovered.”



https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/08/six-volcanoes-found-hiding-plain-sight/
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind

Offline azozeo

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Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
« Reply #189 on: November 10, 2019, 03:51:21 PM »

Sott

Japan’s Sakurajima volcano shot smoke and ash miles into the sky on Friday in its biggest eruption in more than three years, Kyodo News reported.

The volcano, on the southernmost main island of Kyushu, spewed ash 5.5 km (3.4 miles) high, the first time the ash cloud from an eruption has exceeded 5 km since July 2016, Kyodo said, citing a local meteorological observatory.

The volcano has been highly active, erupting more than 100 times just this year, the report said, adding no damage has been reported so far.


https://www.sott.net/article/423554-Japans-Sakurajima-volcano-erupts-in-miles-high-plume-of-ash
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind

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🌋 Search and rescue underway as NZ volcano erupts |
« Reply #190 on: December 09, 2019, 12:02:20 AM »
This week's Darwin Award Winners!  Tourists who visit Active Volcanoes!  ::)

RE

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Offline RE

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🌋 Five people killed, others missing in New Zealand volcano eruption
« Reply #191 on: December 09, 2019, 03:08:31 AM »
I guess they picked the WRONG day to go Volcano watching.  :o

RE

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/20-reported-injured-new-zealand-volcano-eruption-n1097961

Five people killed, others missing in New Zealand volcano eruption
"It just looked like what you see of a nuclear bomb going off," a local fisherman said.
Deadly volcanic eruption hits New Zealand island as tourists visit
Dec. 8, 201900:56
Dec. 8, 2019, 6:24 PM AKST / Updated Dec. 9, 2019, 1:45 AM AKST
By Alex Johnson

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/WxnSCzYndaw" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/WxnSCzYndaw</a>

A volcano open to tour groups unexpectedly erupted off the coast of New Zealand on Monday, killing at least five people, authorities said. Officials were unsure of the exact number of people who were missing or injured.

Search-and-rescue operations on the island have stalled because it is too dangerous for to approach the island, said John Tims, deputy commissioner of the national police.

"The island is unstable and there is the possibility of further eruption. The physical environment is unsafe," he added. "It is important for us to consider the health and safety of those who are going to rescue."

Tims gave few details on the identities of the people who were killed other than to say that they were from a range of countries.

Boats, ships and emergency aircraft in the area had removed 23 people from the island, many of them with burn injuries, he said at an earlier news conference. The five who were killed were part of that group, he said. About 50 people were believed to have been in the area at the time of the eruption, he added.

The injuries ranged from critical and serious to moderate and minor, according to St. John Ambulance Service, which responded on White Island shortly after the eruption with 11 helicopters as well as other rescue vehicles.

Jonathon Fishman, a spokesman for Royal Caribbean Cruises, told NBC News that multiple guests aboard the ship Ovation of the Seas were touring the island, which in quieter times is a tourist attraction popular with birdwatchers.

GeoNet, the government earthquake agency, said the country's most active cone volcano, Whakaari White Island, in the Bay of Plenty about 30 miles off the northeast New Zealand coast, erupted at 2:11 p.m. Monday (8:11 p.m. Sunday ET).

In the hour before the eruption, a camera owned and operated by GeoNet showed groups of people walking near the rim inside the crater, where white smoke constantly billows at a low level, according to Reuters.

The camera, along with three others from different vantage points, captures and posts images online of the volcano every 10 minutes. At 2:00 p.m. the crater rim camera captured a group of people right at the edge of the rim.

At 2:10 p.m. — just a minute before the eruption — the group is headed away from the rim, following a well-worn track across the crater.

It is unclear whether the group, which appeared to be made up of around a dozen people, had been alerted to flee or were continuing a tour and unaware of the looming eruption.

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Deadly volcanic eruption hits New Zealand island as tourists visit

Dan Harvey, a commercial fisherman who was out at sea at the time of the eruption, told Radio New Zealand that "White Island had no clouds above it, but there was a burst of dark steam coming out of it, and I thought, 'Oh, this is going to turn into something.'"

"It just looked like what you see of a nuclear bomb going off, is what it looked like, kind of was turning into a mushroom cloud — the way it just expanded around itself and just went straight up into the sky," Harvey said.

Michael Schade of San Francisco had just left the volcano and was starting to eat lunch on a tour boat when the volcano began to erupt. He described how the crew on the boat quickly got everyone inside and sped away from the dock.

"It went from nothing going on to it erupting," he said.

After a few minutes, the boat turned around to rescue people waiting on the pier. They boarded with a range of injuries, including burns, he said. The crew and passengers gathered water, medicine and clothing to use as blankets and bandages.

"There was one woman in particular that my mom stayed with and she just had a hard time all together staying awake," he said. "For other people it was just trying to soothe their burns as best you could without making it worse."

While his group was on the tour of the island, it stopped by the volcano's main crater and stood over it.

"You can kind of walk right up near the edge and look in. Not too close, but look into it and see the steam bubbling up from it," he said.
Rachel Elbaum and Colin Sheeley contributed.
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Offline John of Wallan

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Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
« Reply #192 on: December 09, 2019, 02:11:18 PM »
Unzud volcano in the news over here too:
https://www.theage.com.au/world/oceania/new-zealand-updates-white-island-explosion-leaves-multiple-dead-critically-injured-20191210-p53iec.html

The shaky Ilses are living up to their name. Plenty of active volcanoes and frequent earth tremors in that nearby part of the world.

JOW

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🌋 White Island volcano: New volcanic activity hampers recovery efforts
« Reply #193 on: December 10, 2019, 09:38:46 PM »
Cross this one OFF my Bucket List!  I'll get to the Great Beyond soon enough.  I don't need to hurry it along this way.  Burn injuries are not a pleasant way to die.  I am rooting for a massive coronary that takes me out in a matter of minutes.  Or maybe a  massive stroke.  Preferably while I am asleep.

RE

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50738613

White Island volcano: New volcanic activity hampers recovery efforts


Related Topics

    New Zealand volcano

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Poisonous gases are believed to be coming from the volcanic vent

New Zealand's White Island volcano is showing increased seismic activity, putting recovery efforts on hold.

Authorities hoped they would be able to retrieve the eight people presumed dead on the island on Wednesday.

So far, six people have been confirmed dead in the tragedy. Another 25 are in critical condition in hospital with severe burns.

The volcano, also known as Whakaari, erupted on Monday when dozens of tourists were on the island.

"I've spoken to many of those involved in the operation and they are very, very eager to get back there, they want to bring people's loved ones home," Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern told reporters.

Meanwhile, the identification process and post mortems of the victims are underway.

    Who are the White Island victims?
    As it happened: Details emerge of eruption

Why is the recovery delayed?

"Since around 4:00 am this morning the level of volcanic tremor has significantly increased at the island," geological agency GeoNet said in a statement on Wednesday morning.

"The situation remains highly uncertain as to future activity. Eruptions in the next 24 hours are still likely to occur."

"Seismic signals on the island are escalating at the moment," volcanologist Graham Leonard explained at a police press conference later in the day.

"Yesterday there was a high risk of an eruption," he said. "Today there is an even higher risk of an eruption. And the parameters are worsening at the moment."

Police said the latest seismology update meant recovery teams had no choice but to wait but were on constant standby to return to the island as soon as possible.

Police Minister Stuart Nash said there were also poisonous gases coming from the volcanic vent and that the island was blanketed in a thick layer of acidic ash.
Image copyright Michael Schade
Image caption A clip posted on Twitter showed an ash-covered helicopter on the island as the eruption took place

With measuring equipment on the island still intact, GeoNet can give regular updates on the situation, allowing police to assess risk of sending recovery teams.

Reconnaissance flights have shown no signs of life on the island and officials believe there are no survivors among the eight missing.
What state are the injured in?

White Island is a popular tourist destination with frequent day tours and scenic flights available. At least 47 visitors from around the world were on the volcano crater at the time of two explosions in quick succession.

Police said that of the 30 injured, 25 are in a critical condition while the other five are classed as stable but serious.

    In pictures: White Island eruption
    New Zealand profile

Mr Nash explained the injuries to the survivors were so severe that some of them were unable to identify themselves.

"There are a number of people in hospital who cannot communicate, they have significant burns not only to skin but internal organs," he told Radio New Zealand.

"We wish them the best but we're not out of the woods yet, of that there's no doubt."

Dr Peter Watson, chief medical officer at New Zealand's National Burns Unit said an estimated 1.2 million sq cm of replacement skin will be needed for the patients. An order has been placed from the US.

Several patients will be transferred to Australia by the Australian Defence Force using an intensive-care acceptable aircraft in the next 24-48 hours, Dr Watson said.
What do we know about the victims?

New Zealand's chief coroner on Wednesday declared the eruption a "mass fatality incident".

Officials said they are working with disaster specialists and forensic experts to identify the victims so they can be returned to their families.
Image copyright Reuters
Image caption There have been many tributes for the victims in the nearby port town

But some identities have been revealed by relatives and the media.

The first victim to be identified was tour guide Hayden Marshall-Inman, a local of nearby town Whakatane, who has been named by his brother on Facebook.

The second person confirmed to have died is from Malaysia, the country's High Commission said.

On Wednesday, an Australian mother and her daughter were confirmed dead by Australian media.
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