AuthorTopic: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread  (Read 25781 times)

Offline azozeo

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Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
« Reply #180 on: December 23, 2018, 01:56:38 PM »
Here's the vid of the Tsunami
Mud Flood....

https://twitter.com/Syarief38194795/status/1076618806364037121/video/1
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind

Offline azozeo

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Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
« Reply #181 on: December 23, 2018, 01:58:59 PM »
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/97b-xKiKOT8&fs=1" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/97b-xKiKOT8&fs=1</a>
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind

Offline RE

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🌋 This is why Indonesia’s tsunami warning failed
« Reply #182 on: December 25, 2018, 12:51:21 AM »
https://nypost.com/2018/12/24/this-is-why-indonesias-tsunami-warning-failed/

This is why Indonesia’s tsunami warning failed

By Ruth Brown

December 24, 2018 | 4:56pm


Aftermath of the tsunami that hit Indonesia

Only 1 member of band hit by tsunami reportedly survives
Indonesia could be hit with another tsunami
Rescuers desperately search for survivors as death toll climbs from Indonesia tsunami
Tsunami sweeps away boy band mid-performance in Indonesia

Indonesia’s tsunami-warning system has been out of commission for six years, officials revealed in the wake of the series of giant waves that just killed at least 373 there — and as the country’s president ordered its disaster agency to finally purchase a new early system Monday.

Victims on Indonesia’s islands of Java and Sumatra were taken totally by surprise when the Anak Krakatau volcano eruptions caused an underwater landslide that sent the tsunami crashing into their coasts Saturday.

The nation of islands has a network of tsunami-detecting buoys — devices floating off the country’s coasts designed to submit warnings about big waves to its national disaster agency — but they have been broken since 2012, an agency spokesman said.

“Vandalism, lack of funds, technical faults have caused the current absence of the tsunami buoy system,” said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho in a series of tweets, according to Channel NewsAsia.

But experts say that even if the buoy system had been working, it probably wouldn’t have offered much warning because the volcano was so close to the islands’ coastline.

“Tsunami warning buoys are positioned to warn of tsunamis originated by earthquakes at underwater tectonic plate boundaries,” David Rothery of the UK’s Open University told the Jakarta Post.
see also
Rescuers desperately search for survivors as death toll climbs from Indonesia tsunami
Rescuers desperately search for survivors as death toll climbs from Indonesia tsunami

“Even if there had been such a buoy right next to Anak Krakatau, this is so close to the affected shorelines that warning time would have been minimal given the high speeds at which tsunami waves travel.”

Indonesia does have an advance warning system for earthquakes, but Sutopo said the country needed one that was also “triggered by undersea landslides and volcanic eruptions.”

Indonesian President Joko Widodo on Monday ordered the agency to purchase new early detection and warning systems that will give people enough time to get to safety.

“I have instructed BMKG to purchase equipment for early detection, early warning systems that will be able to provide timely alerts for civilians, so that they can take action quickly,” he said while visiting the affected areas, per Channel NewsAsia.
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Offline RE

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🌋 Tsunami death toll in Indonesia soars past 400
« Reply #183 on: December 26, 2018, 02:32:07 AM »
https://www.aol.com/article/news/2018/12/25/tsunami-death-toll-in-indonesia-soars-past-400/23626951/

Tsunami death toll in Indonesia soars past 400


<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/9DwGKpaSRI4" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/9DwGKpaSRI4</a>

The Associated Press
Dec 25th 2018 6:36PM

The death toll from the tsunami that hit Indonesian islands without warning Saturday night has passed 420 with more than 1,400 people injured.

Thousands of people were left homeless when the waves smashed homes on coastal areas of western Java and southern Sumatra.

Disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said the death toll had climbed to 429 on Tuesday and at least 128 were missing.

Military troops, government personnel and volunteers were searching along debris-strewn beaches. Where victims were found, body bags were laid out, and weeping relatives identified the dead.

The Christmas holiday was somber with prayers for tsunami victims in the Indonesian region hit by waves that struck without warning Saturday night
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Offline RE

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🌋 Indonesia raises alert, reroutes flights around erupting volcano
« Reply #184 on: December 27, 2018, 02:15:19 AM »
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/indonesia-raises-alert-reroutes-flights-erupting-volcano-181227030312027.html

Indonesia raises alert, reroutes flights around erupting volcano


A woman walks in the rain among debris after the tsunami in Sumur, Banten province[Jorge Silva/Reuters]

Authorities widen no-go zone around ash-spewing Anak Krakatoa days after it caused powerful tsunami killing hundreds.
an hour ago

more on Asia Pacific

    'We're afraid of the sea': Indonesians seek shelter in mountains
    today
    Indonesia rescuers hampered by rain after tsunami
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    Anxious tsunami victims told to avoid coast near erupting volcano
    today
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Authorities in Indonesia have rerouted all flights around the erupting Anak Krakatoa volcano, days after it is believed to have triggered a devastating tsunami that killed hundreds of people and causing widespread destruction.

The move on Thursday by Indonesia's air-traffic control agency AirNav came as the volcanic island located in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra continued spewing columns of ash into the air.

"All flights are rerouted due to Krakatoa volcano ash on red alert," AirNav said in a statement.

Authorities also raised the volcano's alert level to the second-highest - 'stand-by" - and widened an exclusion zone around it to 5km.

A crater collapse on Anak Krakatoa at high tide on Saturday night is thought  to have sent waves smashing into the Indonesian shoreline, engulfing fishing villages and popular resorts along the coasts of western Java and south Sumatra.

The confirmed death toll is 430 people, with at least 159 others missing. Almost 1,500 people have been injured and thousands more have been displaced.
WATCH: Indonesia rescuers hampered by rain after tsunami

'Lightning around volcano getting worse'

Anak Krakatoa is an island that emerged in the 1920s the crater left by Krakatoa, whose massive eruption in 1883 was one of the most catastrophic in recorded history, killing at least 36,000 people.

'We're afraid of the sea': Indonesians seek shelter in mountains

Experts have warned that volcanic activity at the site remains high and more deadly waves could slam the stricken region now covered by mountains of overturned cars, boats, furniture and other debris.

Along the coast, thousands of people are staying in tents and temporary shelters like mosques or schools, with dozens sleeping on the floor or in crowded public facilities. Rice and instant noodles have been delivered to many shelters, but clean water, wet weather gear, fresh clothes and blankets are in short supply, some evacuees said.

A state of emergency has been declared until January 4, which authorities hope will make it easier to deploy assistance, according to Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesperson for the national disaster mitigation agency.

Torrential rain has complicated recovery and aid efforts, muddying roads and holding up convoys delivering heavy machinery and food to remote areas.

With Anak Krakatoa still rumbling amid high-tide warnings, many survivors who have been evacuated to higher ground are too afraid to return home, saying they are worried that another tsunami will strike.

"The lightning around the volcano is getting worse," said Maskah, a 39-year-old woman who has found shelter along with other residents of Sukaraja village in a makeshift camp in Kebun Damos, a partial clearing on Sumatra's Rajabasa Mountain.

"It's cold and windy here in the jungle, but we don't want to go home," she told Al Jazeera on Wednesday.

"We're scared of the sea."


Food is scarce in the makeshift Kebun Damos camp and there is little government help. The displaced families have tried to supplement their diets with food scavenged from the surrounding jungle, including unripened bananas which they boil to make edible [Teguh Harahap/Al Jazeera]

Indonesia's Meteorology, Geophysics and Climatology Agency has asked people to avoid coastal areas as stormy weather and high surf continue to plague the area.

Anxious tsunami victims told to avoid coast near erupting volcano

"All these conditions could potentially cause landslides at the cliffs of the crater into the sea, and we fear that that could trigger a tsunami," Dwikorita Karnawati, the agency's head, said late on Tuesday.

Indonesia, a vast archipelago of more than 17,000 islands with a population of some 260 million people, sits on the geologically active "Ring of Fire" and is frequently hit by earthquakes and tsunamis.

Saturday's tsunami was Indonesia's third major natural disaster in just a few months. In July and August, major earthquakes on Lombok island killed hundreds of people, while in September a devastating earthquake-tsunami claimed more than 2,000 lives in Palu on Sulawesi island.
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Offline azozeo

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Half Mile Wide Volcano Vanished
« Reply #185 on: December 30, 2018, 09:07:26 AM »
<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/oYnkRDV-wio&fs=1" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/oYnkRDV-wio&fs=1</a>
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind

Offline RE

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🌋 Yellowstone’s Steamboat Geyser Sets New Eruption Record
« Reply #186 on: January 18, 2019, 09:59:24 AM »
https://www.geek.com/news/yellowstones-steamboat-geyser-sets-new-eruption-record-1765290/

News
Yellowstone’s Steamboat Geyser Sets New Eruption Record
By Stephanie Valera 12.10.2018 :: 4:50PM EST


Steamboat Geyser at Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming erupts on August 22, 2018. On December 8, the geyser erupted for 30th time in 2018, breaking a record set in 1964. (Photo Credit: George Frey/Getty Images)

It’s been quite a year for Steamboat Geyser at Yellowstone National Park. Its eruption on Saturday at 1:07 a.m. was its 30th for 2018, breaking the previous record of 29 major eruptions in one calendar year, set in 1964.

The erratic geyser, which is tucked away in Yellowstone’s Norris Geyser Basin, was dormant from 1911 until 1961 when it sprang back to life. Then it had three very active years from 1963 to 1965 with the previous record set in 1964. It was dormant again until 1982 and 1983, erupting since then from six months to eight years.

Steamboat Geyser is the world’s tallest active geyser — its major eruptions shoot water more than 300 feet , according to the National Park Service (NPS).

In a May 2018 update, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) noted that Steamboat Geyser appeared to have entered a phase of more frequent water eruptions, much like it did in the 1960s and early 1980s. “Although these eruptions do not have any implications for future volcanic activity at Yellowstone, they are nonetheless spectacular, and many more people had a chance to see Steamboat in eruption during the summer of 2018,” the USGS said.

In September, Yellowstone posted a video (see below) of its 19th eruption of the year.

<a href="http://www.youtube.com/v/5txppbrbS4w" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.youtube.com/v/5txppbrbS4w</a>

The water phase of a major eruption by Steamboat Geyser lasts 3 to more than 40 minutes. Once the water supply is exhausted, the geyser continues with a powerful steam phase lasting several hours to several days, according to the NPS. Its roar is so great that conversation near the geyser is difficult, and visitors in the Norris Campground, a mile to the north, have been awakened by the noise.
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