Doomstead Diner Menu => Geological & Cosmological Events => Topic started by: RE on September 13, 2012, 04:43:11 PM

Title: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: RE on September 13, 2012, 04:43:11 PM
Guatemala volcano erupts, forcing 33,000 to evacuate homes  (http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Latest-News-Wires/2012/0913/Guatemala-volcano-erupts-forcing-33-000-to-evacuate-homes)

(http://www.csmonitor.com/var/ezflow_site/storage/images/media/content/2012/9-13-12-guatemala-volcano/13747312-1-eng-US/9-13-12-Guatemala-volcano_full_600.jpg)

Guatemala volcano: At least 17 villages near the Volcan del Fuego, six miles from the colonial city of Antigua, are being evacuated. The eruption of the volcano could cause a disruption in airline flights in and out of Guatemala.

By Alberto Arce and Romina Ruiz-Goiriena, Associated Press / September 13, 2012

 Plumes of dark smoke rise from the Volcan de Fuego ( Volcano of Fire) as seen from Palin, south of Guatemala City, Thursday, Sept. 13, 2012. Officials are carrying out “a massive evacuation of thousands of people” in five communities.

(AP Photo/Moises Castillo)

Share on stumbleuponShare on emailGuatemala City
A long-simmering volcano outside one of the Guatemala's most famous tourist attractions exploded into a series of powerful eruptions Thursday, hurling thick clouds of ash nearly two miles (three kilometers) high, spewing rivers of lava down its flanks and forcing the evacuation of more than 33,000 people from surrounding communities.

Guatemala's head of emergency evacuations, Sergio Cabanas, said the evacuees were leaving some 17 villages around the Volcan del Fuego, which sits about six miles southwest (16 kilometers) from the colonial city of Antigua. The ash was blowing south and authorities said Antigua was not currently in danger, although they expected the eruption to last for at least 12 more hours.

The agency said the volcano spewed lava nearly 2,000 feet (600 meters) down slopes billowing with ash around Acatenango, a 12,346-foot-high (3,763-meter-high) volcano whose name translates as "Volcano of Fire."

RECOMMENDED: The world's most active volcanoes

"A paroxysm of an eruption is taking place, a great volcanic eruption, with strong explosions and columns of ash," said Gustavo Chicna, a volcanologist with the National Institute of Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology. He said the cinders spewing from the volcano were settling a half-inch thick in many places.

He said extremely hot gases were also rolling down the sides of the volcano, which was entirely wreathed in ash and smoke. The emergency agency warned that flights through the area could be affected.

There was a general orange alert, the second-highest level, but a red alert south and southeast of the mountain, where, Chicna said, "it's almost in total darkness."

Teresa Marroquin, disaster coordinator for the Guatemalan Red Cross, said the organization had set up 10 emergency shelters and was sending hygiene kits and water. "There are lots of respiratory problems and eye problems," she said.
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: agelbert on September 13, 2012, 06:19:36 PM
Interesting. I was just reading a couple days ago about how the lack of eruptions since Pinatubo has lowered sulphate particles in the air. This may mean a colder winter. We'll see.

In the meantime, Italy looks like it is looking for geothermal power and might get more power than it bargained for.

(http://www.jessebrowner.com/images/campi-flegrei2.jpg)

Quote
Underground volcano in Italy could threaten the lives of millions

Drilling is underway at the site of a huge underground volcano near the Italian city of Naples, a few kilometres from Vesuvius.

Scientists are looking for a chamber of molten rock believed to be located 3.5 km underground in the Campi Flegrei region.

This type of volcanic land is known to be the origin of the strongest type of eruptions, capable of causing a level of destruction similar to that of a meteor striking earth.

But the head of the drilling project says it is rare
for these areas to erupt at their full capacity.

(http://www.naplesnapoliguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/CampiFlegrei.jpg)
Around three million people live in the Campi Flegrei region, which lies north west of Naples.
More about: Italy, Volcano eruption, Volcanoes
Copyright © 2012 euronews

http://www.euronews.com/2012/09/03/underground-volcano-in-italy-could-threaten-the-lives-of-millions/ (http://www.euronews.com/2012/09/03/underground-volcano-in-italy-could-threaten-the-lives-of-millions/)

Title: Re: Tungurahua volcano(Ecuador): constant ash emission, explosions and new pyroc
Post by: Snowleopard on December 19, 2012, 08:48:15 AM
 Tungurahua volcano(Ecuador): constant ash emission, explosions and new pyroclastic flows
Wednesday Dec 19, 2012 12:05 PM | Age: 5 hrs
 BY: T

 http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/tungurahua/news/24626/Tungurahua-volcanoEcuador-constant-ash-emission-explosions-and-new-pyroclastic-flows.html (http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/tungurahua/news/24626/Tungurahua-volcanoEcuador-constant-ash-emission-explosions-and-new-pyroclastic-flows.html)


 Tungurahua continued to produce a sustained ash column rising 2-3 km and intermittent stronger explosions. Several pyroclastic flows occurred yesterday (at 05:00 am, 07:47 and 15:30 local time), the one at 07:47 reaching a length of up to 4 km distance near La Hacienda. The deposits of the flows were reported seen in the gorge and reaching the plain in the area between the Mandur and La Hacienda.
 The flow reached ​​grassland and burned the surrounding vegetation. THe other flows were confined to the upper slope of the volcano.
 Throughout the day, tremor and explosion signals were visible on the seismic recordings. More than 100 explosions of small to moderate size occurred, and accompanied by strong gunshot noises that rattled windows.
 
The constantly raising ash column was reaching 2-3 km height and drifting to the northwest in the morning and later to the southwest and west, and later northeast. Ash fall occurred in Rio Verde, Banos, Runtún, Juive, Pondoa and El Manzano.
 
Based on first analyses of samples of the ash deposit, IGEPN confirms that new magma has risen to the crater and is being erupted since the vent-clearing explosion on 14 Dec. The ash deposit is mostly 1 to 2 mm thick on average, gray and light cream in color and contains plagioclase crystals.
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread - Copahue Volcano, Chile/Argentina
Post by: Snowleopard on December 22, 2012, 09:00:44 AM
Nothing world ending, but it does seem like the internal "burner" has been turned up a notch:


From John Seach:

An eruption occurred at Copahue volcano on Chile/Argentina border on 22nd December 2012. Ash reached an altitude of 31,000 ft and extended 110 km southeast of the volcano.      http://www.volcanolive.com/news.html (http://www.volcanolive.com/news.html)

A sattelite photo of the plume can be seen at Eruptions:  http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/12/eruption-may-have-started-at-copahue-on-the-chileargentina-border/ (http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/12/eruption-may-have-started-at-copahue-on-the-chileargentina-border/)


This is quite recent, more here if i find it:

UPDATED 12/23/2012

The authorities in Argentina and Chile have issued an alert over increased activity at the Copahue volcano, which has begun spewing smoke and gas.

Many residents have already left the area as a precaution.

An orange volcano alert, the second highest, has been issued in both countries.

The 3,000m (10,000ft) volcano is in Argentina's south-western Neuquen province, which borders the Biobio region of Chile.

Ash has been raining down on the nearby villages of Copahue, Caviahue and Zapala.

Residents who have stayed behind have been told to monitor the situation and be prepared to evacuate.

Planes flying over the southern Andes have also been warned.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-20828832 (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-20828832)


Some pictures i couldn't manage to upload @

http://www.vancouversun.com/technology/science/Copahue+volcano+Argentina+Chile+border+spewing+ashes/7737842/story.html (http://www.vancouversun.com/technology/science/Copahue+volcano+Argentina+Chile+border+spewing+ashes/7737842/story.html)

Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread - Copahue Volcano, Chile/Argentina
Post by: Snowleopard on December 25, 2012, 08:24:43 AM
Nothing world ending, but it does seem like the internal "burner" has been turned up a notch:


From John Seach:

An eruption occurred at Copahue volcano on Chile/Argentina border on 22nd December 2012. Ash reached an altitude of 31,000 ft and extended 110 km southeast of the volcano.      http://www.volcanolive.com/news.html (http://www.volcanolive.com/news.html)

A sattelite photo of the plume can be seen at Eruptions:  http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/12/eruption-may-have-started-at-copahue-on-the-chileargentina-border/ (http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/12/eruption-may-have-started-at-copahue-on-the-chileargentina-border/)


This is quite recent, more here if i find it:

UPDATED 12/23/2012

The authorities in Argentina and Chile have issued an alert over increased activity at the Copahue volcano, which has begun spewing smoke and gas.

Many residents have already left the area as a precaution.

An orange volcano alert, the second highest, has been issued in both countries.

The 3,000m (10,000ft) volcano is in Argentina's south-western Neuquen province, which borders the Biobio region of Chile.

Ash has been raining down on the nearby villages of Copahue, Caviahue and Zapala.

Residents who have stayed behind have been told to monitor the situation and be prepared to evacuate.

Planes flying over the southern Andes have also been warned.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-20828832 (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-20828832)


Some pictures i couldn't manage to upload @

http://www.vancouversun.com/technology/science/Copahue volcano Argentina Chile border spewing ashes/7737842/story.html (http://www.vancouversun.com/technology/science/Copahue volcano Argentina Chile border spewing ashes/7737842/story.html)

The alerts are now RED the eruption is ongoing and strengthening, with the plume extending well into the Atlantic.

http://www.youtube.com/v/l_VCryh4M4U?feature=player_embedded
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread * San Cristobal volcano (Nicaragua) Erupts
Post by: Snowleopard on December 27, 2012, 09:33:25 PM
Yet another volcano erupting on the "spine" of the Americas from southern Mexico into Chile.  Quite a few (at least eight) now in minor to moderate eruption.  They could all get quiet tomorrow, (Copahue is back to ORANGE) but it feels to me like a pot starting to simmer.



http://www.youtube.com/v/IdKhH3vJsM8?feature=player_embedded
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread/Canary Islands edition
Post by: Surly1 on March 25, 2013, 05:01:26 PM
Anybody heard anything about this?

I generally place little faith in this website, but I must confess that, living on the east coast, this headline got my attention.

Canary Islands Red Alert: “Eruption At El-Hierro In Near Future Increasingly Likely”
http://beforeitsnews.com/earthquakes/2013/03/canary-islands-red-alert-eruption-in-near-future-increasingly-likely-2453440.html?utm_campaign=&utm_source=http%3A%2F%2Fus-mg6.mail.yahoo.com%2Fneo%2Flaunch%3F.rand%3D0j4se1tj02cp2&utm_medium=verticalresponse&utm_content=beforeit39snews-verticalresponse&utm_term=http%3A%2F%2Fb4in.info%2FqKL (http://beforeitsnews.com/earthquakes/2013/03/canary-islands-red-alert-eruption-in-near-future-increasingly-likely-2453440.html?utm_campaign=&utm_source=http%3A%2F%2Fus-mg6.mail.yahoo.com%2Fneo%2Flaunch%3F.rand%3D0j4se1tj02cp2&utm_medium=verticalresponse&utm_content=beforeit39snews-verticalresponse&utm_term=http%3A%2F%2Fb4in.info%2FqKL)

(http://beforeitsnews.com/contributor/upload/5385/images/Eventos_HIERRO_2D_31%20(1).jpg)

 Will we soon have an eruption of the El Hierro Volcano in the Canary Islands? According to Volcano Discovery, the scenario of this happening in the NEAR FUTURE is becoming increasingly likely. In fact, there is now a Red Alert and evacuations going on in La Restinga as shared in the first video below. Check out the map above of recent seismic activity in the area; something is surely getting ready to happen with 155 earthquakes above magnitude 2 today (Saturday) alone. What might an El Hierro eruption mean to North America and the world? John Moore discussed that possibility previously in the 2nd video below. First, from Volcano Discovery:

Quote
The seismic swarm continues with even increasing intensity, as to both the average magnitude and frequency of earthquakes, as well as amplitude of harmonic volcanic tremor which is oscillating between higher and lower phases. This might correspond to some sort of "stop and go" behavior of magma moving its way through new cracks in the lower crust beneath the island. The location of the epicenters of quakes, the presumed location of the current magma intrusions, is now about 5 km NW of the western tip of the island, and at depths between 10-17 km. No strong upwards trend is yet visible, but this could change quickly.
Today's earthquake count so far:
- 155 earthquakes > mag 2
- including 15 between M3-3.5
Earthquakes continue with increasing magnitudes
Update Sat 23 Mar 16:41
The scenario of an eruption in the near future is becoming increasingly likely:
- Volcanic tremor continues, suggesting magma is still moving although mostly laterally for the time being to an area just north off the western tip of the island.
- Earthquakes continue at high frequency and increasing magnitudes (more than 90 quakes above magnitude 2, including 8 of magnitudes 3-3.5 so far today). Their epicenters have remained at 14-16 km depth mostly, with some shallower events as well.
- Deformation of the western part of the island continues to increase, with vertical uplift reaching about 5 cm on some stations in the westernmost part of the island.
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread: Cleveland Volcano explosions put air trave
Post by: g on May 05, 2013, 06:02:59 AM
Cleveland Volcano explosions put air travel on alert: Who could be affected?

Cleveland Volcano in Alaska's Aleutian Islands sits under the flight corridor between North America and Asia, but so far, its new ash cloud is not big enough to ground planes.

Is Cleveland Volcano the next Eyjafjallajökull?

In 2010, the tongue-twisting Icelandic volcano wreaked havoc on European air travel, stranding passengers for days as a massive ash plume grounded flights. On Saturday, another volcano in a remote corner of the world – Alaska's Cleveland Volcano – exploded three times in relatively quick succession, sending up its own ash cloud.

Cleveland Volcano – like all the volcanoes in Alaska Aleutian island chain – sits beneath the flight corridor for jets passing between North America and Asia. That means it could disrupt intercontinental air travel just as Eyjafjallajökull did.

But for now, scientists watching the event say the ash cloud has reached an altitude of only about 15,000 feet – well below the cruising altitude of commercial jetliners, which fly at about 35,000 feet. As of Sunday morning, there were no reported cancellations, though some flights were being routed farther north as a precaution, according to a Reuters report.

Cleveland Volcano has been in a cycle of increased activity since 2011. Typically, brief outbursts have been followed by calm. But scientists can't be sure if this eruption will follow that pattern. The three quick explosions was unusual.

"We haven't seen a phase like this where we've had multiple explosions," said Rick Wessels, a geophysicist at the US Geological Survey's Alaska Volcano Observatory, told Reuters.

Part of the problem is that there is no seismic equipment on the 5,676-foot peak, forcing scientists to monitor it by satellite and with seismic equipment about 50 miles away.

The Aleutians are a bleak and forbidding island chain extending southwest from the Alaskan mainland toward Russia. Cleveland is located on uninhabited Chuginadak Island. The nearest settlement, on an island about 45 miles away, is Nikolski, population 18.

In all Alaska has more than 40 active volcanoes – accounting for 80 percent of the active volcanoes in the United States.

            http://rss.csmonitor.com/~r/feeds/csm/~3/4YPuvB0prvg/Cleveland-Volcano-explosions-put-air-travel-on-alert-Who-could-be-affected (http://rss.csmonitor.com/~r/feeds/csm/~3/4YPuvB0prvg/Cleveland-Volcano-explosions-put-air-travel-on-alert-Who-could-be-affected)  :icon_study:
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread - Re: Cleveland Volcano
Post by: Snowleopard on May 05, 2013, 06:34:38 PM
ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE

Sunday, May 5, 2013 12:12 PM AKDT (Sunday, May 5, 2013 20:12 UTC)


CLEVELAND VOLCANO (CAVW #1101-24-)
52°49'20" N 169°56'42" W, Summit Elevation 5676 ft (1730 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

The activity at Cleveland Volcano continues as an ongoing low-level eruption. The amplitude of the Cleveland infrasonic tremor, as measured by the ground-coupled airwaves on the nearby Okmok seismic network, 120 km (80 mi) to the northeast, is decreased from its peak activity yesterday evening. Satellite data show continuous low-level emissions of gas, steam, and minor amounts of ash over the past day with a faint plume extending eastward below 15,000 ft. Satellite data also continue to show highly elevated surface temperatures at the summit.

Sudden explosions of blocks and ash are possible with little or no warning. Ash clouds, if produced, could exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a large ash-producing event occurs, nearby seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should alert AVO staff quickly. However, for some events, a delay of several hours is possible. Cleveland Volcano does not have a local seismic network and is monitored using only distant seismic and infrasound instruments and satellite data.

AVO will continue to monitor the volcano and issue additional information as available.

http://www.avo.alaska.edu/ (http://www.avo.alaska.edu/)

Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread - Yellowstone Restless??
Post by: Snowleopard on September 15, 2013, 04:25:15 PM
I wouldn't say Yellowstone is wakening, but it is a bit restless.  Restless enough for a Sunday press release:



YELLOWSTONE VOLCANO OBSERVATORY INFORMATION STATEMENT

Sunday, September 15, 2013 12:00 PM MDT (Sunday, September 15, 2013 18:00 UTC)


YELLOWSTONE VOLCANO (CAVW #1205-01-)
44°25'48" N 110°40'12" W, Summit Elevation 9203 ft (2805 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: NORMAL
Current Aviation Color Code: GREEN

The University of Utah, a YVO member agency, has sent out the following press release about a magnitude 3.6 earthquake that occurred amid three ongoing earthquake swarms in Yellowstone National Park.

The current earthquake swarms are well within established norms for the Yellowstone region and the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory has determined that they present no volcanic hazard.

Press Release

University of Utah Seismograph Stations

Released: September 15, 2013 11:07 AM MDT

The University of Utah Seismograph Stations reports that a light
earthquake of magnitude 3.6 occurred at 09:53:02 AM on September 15,
2013 (MDT) that was felt by persons in Yellowstone. The epicenter of
the shock was located in Yellowstone National Park near the Lower
Geyser Basin area, 8 miles north of Old Faithful, and 15 miles SE of
the town of West Yellowstone, Montana. This earthquake is the largest
of an ongoing sequence of swarms that began on September 10, 2013 and
has included swarms near Lewis Lake, the Lower Geyser Basin and in an
area NW of Norris Geyser Basin. A total of 130 earthquakes of
magnitude 0.6 to 3.6 have occurred in these three areas however, most
have occurred near the Lower Geyser Basin. Notably much of the
seismicity in Yellowstone occurs as swarms. The University of Utah
Seismograph Stations continues to monitor Yellowstone earthquakes and
will provide additional information if the earthquake swarm activity
increases. Anyone who felt any of these earthquakes is encouraged to
fill out a felt report on the U.S. Geological Survey website at:
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/dyfi/ (http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/dyfi/)

The Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO) provides long-term monitoring of volcanic and earthquake activity in the Yellowstone National Park region. Yellowstone is the site of the largest and most diverse collection of natural thermal features in the world and the first National Park. YVO is one of the five USGS Volcano Observatories that monitor volcanoes within the United States for science and public safety.

YVO Member agencies: USGS, Yellowstone National Park, University of Utah, University of Wyoming, UNAVCO, Inc., Wyoming State Geological Survey, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Idaho Geological Survey

CONTACT INFORMATION:
Peter Cervelli, Deputy Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
pcervelli@usgs.gov (650) 208-4414

http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/activity/status.php#yvo (http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/activity/status.php#yvo)
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread - Yellowstone Restless??
Post by: RE on September 15, 2013, 04:31:48 PM
I wouldn't say Yellowstone is wakening, but it is a bit restless.  Restless enough for a Sunday press release:

I'll try to contact Stormbringer.

Stormbringer and I ran the longest Geo thread ever on Peak Oil during a Yellowstone Earthquake Swarm, it went over 100 pages.

I'd love to get him back.

RE
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: Surly1 on September 24, 2013, 02:22:06 PM
Strong Pakistani Earthquake Creates New Island Off Country's Coast
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-09-24/strong-pakistani-earthquake-creates-new-island-countrys-coast (http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-09-24/strong-pakistani-earthquake-creates-new-island-countrys-coast)

As reported earlier, Pakistan and India were both shaken by a strong 7.8 magnitude earthquake with numerous aftershocks. While the damage and the casualties from the quake are not fully known yet although according to Raza news agency the latest death toll is at 45, one quite stunning development has emerged, quite literally, out of the sea. As Pakistani's The News reports, an entire island emerged off the country's Gwadar coast in the aftermath of the quake. "According to DIG Gwadar Moazzam Jah, the island's altitude is 20 to 40 feet and width around 100 feet. Talking to Geo news, the DIG said that the island emerged at a distance of 350 feet in the sea from the Gwadar coast." We hope this is not some very elaborate mass media hoax.

(http://www.zerohedge.com/sites/default/files/images/user5/imageroot/2013/09/New%20Island%20Pakistan_0.jpg)

http://www.youtube.com/v/6hdYGfhJRxs&fs=1
The local Tribune (with various other media confirming too just in case this is some very elaborate media hoax) adds more:

    On the Gwadar coastline, the quake created a small island about half a mile into the sea near an area called ‘Jhanda’, according to Express News.

     

    The newly appearing island is said to have a mountainous terrain rising up to a hundred feet. A large crowd was seen gathering at the site to see the new island.

What is curious is that the shocking formation is quite close to the border with Iran, and in close proximity to the Gulf of Oman, best known as the favorite anchoring spot of US Aircraft Carriers patrolling the Straits of Hormuz.


View Larger Map

How long until US military claims this new rock as a new naval base which just happens to be in close proximity to Iran's eastern maritime border?

* * *

Update: we have confirmation from Reuters that the new island was in fact not a hoax:

    The earthquake was so powerful that it caused the seabed to rise and create a small, mountain-like island about 600 meters (yards) off Pakistan's Gwadar coastline in the Arabian Sea.

    Television channels showed images of a stretch of rocky terrain rising above the sea level, with a crowd of bewildered people gathering on the shore to witness the rare phenomenon.
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread - Mt Sinabung Erupts - 14 Dead
Post by: Snowleopard on February 02, 2014, 08:48:32 PM
Deadly eruption of Mount Sinabung volcano claims its first victims, Indonesia

Indonesian Mount Sinabung volcano claimed its first victims due to a direct effect of the eruption. At least 14 people were reported killed and 3 others severely burnt by one or two moderately large pyroclastic flows this morning. 3 more people are still reported missing.

As of Saturday evening (local time), the bodies of the 14 fatalities have all been transported from a number of areas in Suka Meriah village, which is located within a 3-kilometer radius of the volcano, while three others had yet to be found, Mt. Sinabung Eruption Media Center head Jhonson Tarigan told The Jakarta Post.

During the past days, enforcement of the exclusion zone had been loosened, and according to some sources, people had even be formally allowed to return to their homes - a fatal decision for some.

Among the fatalities were several school children and students.

Rescue operations were affected by fears of new pyroclastic flows.

According to BNPB spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, there were three eruptions: the first eruption occurred at 10:30 a.m. (local time) and lasted for eight-and-a-half-minutes, generating a 4.5 km long pyroclastic flow, while the second followed immediately after at 10:38 a.m. and lasted just over four minutes, followed by a third one at 11:27 a.m. for 84 seconds.

It is not exactly clear where the pyroclastic flow originated, from explosions at the summit, collapse of the summit lava dome, or from (partial collapse) on the viscous flow that had recently been emplaced. The latter two scenarios are the more likely ones. Webcam images don't show much detail except a dense ash plume engulfing the southern slope. (Volcano Discovery)

This is the first direct impact of the Mt. Sinabung eruptions. Before the Saturday incident, the ongoing eruptions have already claimed the lives of 31 evacuees, as a result of various illnesses such as breathing difficulties, depression, asthma and hypertension.

Sutopo said that 16 villages had to be evacuated following the on-going eruptions. The 16 villages are Suka Meriah, Guru Kinayan, Selandi, Berastepu, Gamber, Kuta Tengah, Bekerah, Simacem, Kutarakyat, Sigarang-garang, Kuta Tonggal, Mardinding, Temberun, Perbaji, Sibintun and Lau Kawar. (The Jakarta Post)


http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2014/02/01/deadly-eruption-of-mount-sinabung-volcano-claims-its-first-victims-indonesia/ (http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2014/02/01/deadly-eruption-of-mount-sinabung-volcano-claims-its-first-victims-indonesia/)
Title: Toba Memorial Volcano Thread - Large Eruption Tungurahua Volcano, Ecuado
Post by: Snowleopard on February 02, 2014, 08:59:14 PM
Intense eruption of Tungurahua volcano causes total darkness in Chacauco, Ecuador

A new and intense episode of eruptive activity started at Tungurahua volcano, Ecuador, on February 1, 2014. A new paroxysm was observed along with a series of powerful vulcanian explosions. Ash plume surpassed 13 km (40 000 ft); eruption produced heavy tephra fall and pyroclastic flows up to 8 km in length.

This intense activity was accompanied by a significant release of rubble that was earlier perceived in Pillate, Capil and Palictahua. Ash in areas surrounding the volcano caused total darkness in the Chacauco.

Tungurahua started showing signs of increased activity from the early hours of last Thursday with explosions of moderate size and significant ash emissions.

(http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2014/02/02/intense-eruption-of-tungurahua-volcano-causes-total-darkness-in-chacauco-ecuador/ (http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2014/02/02/intense-eruption-of-tungurahua-volcano-causes-total-darkness-in-chacauco-ecuador/)

Erupción volcán Tungurahua 01 de Febrero 2014 (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74-7CYJ375U#ws)
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: g on February 04, 2014, 05:12:06 AM
Death toll rises after Indonesian volcano eruption


                                                                  http://www.youtube.com/v/gWZbbc6wWXM&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: g on February 04, 2014, 05:13:41 AM
Explosión del volcán Tungurahua, Ecuador - 01 Febrero de 2014


                                                                  http://www.youtube.com/v/D7HI67DWZNU&fs=1
Title: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 20, 2014, 12:13:38 PM
Most likely thee most important news item not being reported.

Yellowstone Supervolcano Update 8/20 20 Plus Earthquakes Harmonic Tremors Increase (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TjAZ1tMB1iE#)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 20, 2014, 12:32:59 PM
Here is a link to the U.S. Goobermint's contingency plan
to relocate survivor's of the Yellowstone caldera's imminent eruption to the continent of Africa
BUSTED! Yellowstone Evacuation Plans Revealed! US Has Contingency Deals With Brazil, Australia, etc. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nG0VD5Wsdcs#ws)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 20, 2014, 12:37:32 PM
Most likely thee most important news item not being reported.

Yellowstone Supervolcano Update 8/20 20 Plus Earthquakes Harmonic Tremors Increase (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TjAZ1tMB1iE#)

Incorrect. Yellowstone blowing tomorrow is just a local effect. The most important thing not being discussed is how to handle real issues of species interest. People aren't even discussing the known issues. Easier to just not think about it I suppose.

(http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/EYsNY0LTUVw/0.jpg)


Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: Eddie on August 20, 2014, 01:48:29 PM
I sure will miss sitting in that spot where the hot springs flow into the Gardner River. It's one of my favorite springs.

(https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRKf0TDM3R-V0lpCEZffXXR9m7FnOSFpP-s5r2XQV765ZBE-xMVxQ)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 20, 2014, 03:40:00 PM
I sure will miss sitting in that spot where the hot springs flow into the Gardner River. It's one of my favorite springs.

(https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRKf0TDM3R-V0lpCEZffXXR9m7FnOSFpP-s5r2XQV765ZBE-xMVxQ)

I am partial to the overlooks on the eastern side of the park myself. And the mountains to the north.

Have a niece working in Big Sky, gotta get up there to visit the new family members before the weather breaks there.

Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 20, 2014, 03:40:43 PM
Local issue is conjecture. Ash fallout could spread some 500 miles
and be up to 10 feet deep. For those that were alive during the
Mount St. Helen's eruption, ash spread as far as Colorado that I
knew of. I was living in Colo. Springs, Co. at the time & was scooping up
jars full of ash. According to some geologists Yellowstone could be a lot
larger of an event. We really don't have enough data to accurately predict
what may or may not happen. I'm of the hypothesis that those that don't
know won't be quiet, and those that do know won't say a word. Only time
will tell. The camera's in the park have been turned off to the public from time to time.
 That's clearly an indication that's there's imminent activity soon.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 20, 2014, 04:41:53 PM
Local issue is conjecture. Ash fallout could spread some 500 miles
and be up to 10 feet deep. For those that were alive during the
Mount St. Helen's eruption, ash spread as far as Colorado that I
knew of.

Sure its a local issue, at least compared to REAL things to worry about. US citizens will run around screaming and yelling about how unfair it all is, Yellowstone will no longer be a bucolic tourist target, but no one will be around to scream and yell should a smallish, run of the mill cosmic collision take place.

Quote from: azozeo
I was living in Colo. Springs, Co. at the time & was scooping up
jars full of ash.

I can imagine. Nice local event, even if that locale is the central United States. Yellowstone blowing should certainly be impressive, but unlikely to be extinction level.

Quote from: azozeo
According to some geologists Yellowstone could be a lot
larger of an event.

Well, it is a super volcano, and geologists tend to be pretty smart folks when compared to the population at large  :icon_sunny: but any astrophysicist could give you the kinetic energy figures on what a cosmic collision can do.

Quote from: azozeo
We really don't have enough data to accurately predict
what may or may not happen. I'm of the hypothesis that those that don't
know won't be quiet, and those that do know won't say a word. Only time
will tell. The camera's in the park have been turned off to the public from time to time.
 That's clearly an indication that's there's imminent activity soon.

There has been imminent activity going on for as long as Old Faithful has been functioning, such activity is what makes Old Faithful possible. But imminent activity as to it going KABOOM...well....it certainly is due...give or take 20,000 years.

Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: RE on August 20, 2014, 04:59:44 PM
Guy McPherson will be depressed.  All that ejecta up in the atmosphere is a major negative feedback and should set off a Volcanic Winter.

Far as ashfall goes, here's the map from the 3 prior eruptions:

(https://p.gr-assets.com/540x540/fit/hostedimages/1380378908/734878.jpg)

Food production would essentially come to a halt, probably 99.9% Die Off in the Lower 48 inside the first year.

RE
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: Eddie on August 20, 2014, 05:13:54 PM
I just realized that in a couple of weeks it'll be 10 years since we were up there. Time flies. The missus and I spent her 51st (shhh) birthday there, and up in the Gallatin Gateway. Camped in one of the old forest service shacks. Great place except even then the beetles were out of control. Climate change.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 01:43:26 AM
Local issue is conjecture. Ash fallout could spread some 500 miles
and be up to 10 feet deep. For those that were alive during the
Mount St. Helen's eruption, ash spread as far as Colorado that I
knew of.

Sure its a local issue, at least compared to REAL things to worry about. US citizens will run around screaming and yelling about how unfair it all is, Yellowstone will no longer be a bucolic tourist target, but no one will be around to scream and yell should a smallish, run of the mill cosmic collision take place.

Quote from: azozeo
I was living in Colo. Springs, Co. at the time & was scooping up
jars full of ash.

I can imagine. Nice local event, even if that locale is the central United States. Yellowstone blowing should certainly be impressive, but unlikely to be extinction level.

Quote from: azozeo
According to some geologists Yellowstone could be a lot
larger of an event.

Well, it is a super volcano, and geologists tend to be pretty smart folks when compared to the population at large  :icon_sunny: but any astrophysicist could give you the kinetic energy figures on what a cosmic collision can do.

Quote from: azozeo
We really don't have enough data to accurately predict
what may or may not happen. I'm of the hypothesis that those that don't
know won't be quiet, and those that do know won't say a word. Only time
will tell. The camera's in the park have been turned off to the public from time to time.
 That's clearly an indication that's there's imminent activity soon.

There has been imminent activity going on for as long as Old Faithful has been functioning, such activity is what makes Old Faithful possible. But imminent activity as to it going KABOOM...well....it certainly is due...give or take 20,000 years.

I guess your local & my local are different locals. Just a couple of local yokels.
As for planetary collisions, it may be a matter of to many episodes of 3rd rock
from the Sun syndrome, or Toxoplasmosis.
Good luck with that my friend.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 01:50:09 AM
Guy McPherson will be depressed.  All that ejecta up in the atmosphere is a major negative feedback and should set off a Volcanic Winter.

Far as ashfall goes, here's the map from the 3 prior eruptions:

(https://p.gr-assets.com/540x540/fit/hostedimages/1380378908/734878.jpg)

Food production would essentially come to a halt, probably 99.9% Die Off in the Lower 48 inside the first year.

RE

I thought about that volcanic winter scenario, however since Earth Mommy is heating up
from the core out maybe we will still continue to boil. Only time will tell until "The Big POP" occurs ...
Thanks for posting the map of the fallout.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 02:15:42 AM
Here's a fresh from the oven interview between Sean David Morton
& Clif High on current Earth Mommy changes.
An interesting discussion on the blow holes in Siberia, cluster fuk-u-shima,
the drought in Cali. , & structured water vs. poisoned water by fracking.
Enjoy  :emthup:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNKdhtgfPsA (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNKdhtgfPsA)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: RE on August 21, 2014, 02:18:14 AM
I thought about that volcanic winter scenario, however since Earth Mommy is heating up
from the core out maybe we will still continue to boil. Only time will tell until "The Big POP" occurs ...
Thanks for posting the map of the fallout.

A Blowoff of Yellowstone would bring down Core Temperature of the earth significantly.  Its the thermodynamic principle of Adiabatic Thermal Expansion, same principle that makes Refrigeration work.

Quote
Adiabatic cooling occurs when the pressure of a substance is decreased as it does work on its surroundings. Adiabatic cooling occurs in the Earth's atmosphere with orographic lifting and lee waves, and this can form pileus or lenticular clouds if the air is cooled below the dew point. When the pressure applied on a parcel of air decreases, the air in the parcel is allowed to expand; as the volume increases, the temperature falls and internal energy decreases.

Adiabatic cooling does not have to involve a fluid. One technique used to reach very low temperatures (thousandths and even millionths of a degree above absolute zero) is adiabatic demagnetisation, where the change in magnetic field on a magnetic material is used to provide adiabatic cooling. Also, the contents of an expanding universe (to first order) can be described as an adiabatically cooling fluid. (See - Heat death of the universe)

Rising magma also undergoes adiabatic cooling before eruption, particularly significant in the case of magmas that rise quickly from great depths such as kimberlites.[5]

Such temperature changes can be quantified using the ideal gas law, or the hydrostatic equation for atmospheric processes.

In practice, no process is truly adiabatic. Many processes rely on a large difference in time scales of the process of interest and the rate of heat dissipation across a system boundary, and thus are approximated by using an adiabatic assumption. There is always some heat loss, as no perfect insulators exist

Supervolcanoes serve as a Release Valve for Temp Increases at the core.  The earth cycles over the Millenia show pretty clearly how this works.

You should go read my blogs on Geotectonic Ocean Heat Transfer Theory.

RE
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 02:22:27 AM
Here's a fresh from the oven Earth Mommy update.
Yellowstone may be a bigger event than we think.
With 5 & 6 point earthquakes in Az. & NM.
AND NOW THIS !
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aTUAcDjbwAM&list=UUye7OVKZjiI-OJ_4bW_VcYA (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aTUAcDjbwAM&list=UUye7OVKZjiI-OJ_4bW_VcYA)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 02:25:12 AM
A quick vid on higher than normal gas levels at Yellowstone.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H65gwXbt5f8&list=UUn_NT89merDQCbygarnZSkg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H65gwXbt5f8&list=UUn_NT89merDQCbygarnZSkg)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: RE on August 21, 2014, 02:28:30 AM
Here's a fresh from the oven Earth Mommy update.
Yellowstone may be a bigger event than we think.
With 5 & 6 point earthquakes in Az. & NM.
AND NOW THIS !
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aTUAcDjbwAM&list=UUye7OVKZjiI-OJ_4bW_VcYA (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aTUAcDjbwAM&list=UUye7OVKZjiI-OJ_4bW_VcYA)

WHOA!
  That is fucking amazing.

Here's the embed folks.

http://www.youtube.com/v/aTUAcDjbwAM?feature=player_detailpage

I don't buy the water table explanation.  That looks like a thermal expansion crack to me.

RE
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 02:32:23 AM
I thought about that volcanic winter scenario, however since Earth Mommy is heating up
from the core out maybe we will still continue to boil. Only time will tell until "The Big POP" occurs ...
Thanks for posting the map of the fallout.

A Blowoff of Yellowstone would bring down Core Temperature of the earth significantly.  Its the thermodynamic principle of Adiabatic Thermal Expansion, same principle that makes Refrigeration work.

Quote
Adiabatic cooling occurs when the pressure of a substance is decreased as it does work on its surroundings. Adiabatic cooling occurs in the Earth's atmosphere with orographic lifting and lee waves, and this can form pileus or lenticular clouds if the air is cooled below the dew point. When the pressure applied on a parcel of air decreases, the air in the parcel is allowed to expand; as the volume increases, the temperature falls and internal energy decreases.

Adiabatic cooling does not have to involve a fluid. One technique used to reach very low temperatures (thousandths and even millionths of a degree above absolute zero) is adiabatic demagnetisation, where the change in magnetic field on a magnetic material is used to provide adiabatic cooling. Also, the contents of an expanding universe (to first order) can be described as an adiabatically cooling fluid. (See - Heat death of the universe)

Rising magma also undergoes adiabatic cooling before eruption, particularly significant in the case of magmas that rise quickly from great depths such as kimberlites.[5]

Such temperature changes can be quantified using the ideal gas law, or the hydrostatic equation for atmospheric processes.

In practice, no process is truly adiabatic. Many processes rely on a large difference in time scales of the process of interest and the rate of heat dissipation across a system boundary, and thus are approximated by using an adiabatic assumption. There is always some heat loss, as no perfect insulators exist

Supervolcanoes serve as a Release Valve for Temp Increases at the core.  The earth cycles over the Millenia show pretty clearly how this works.

You should go read my blogs on Geotectonic Ocean Heat Transfer Theory.

RE

Thanks for the tip RE....
I'm not doing anything else at 2:30 a.m.
I'll have a 3 pg. homework report next to your morning coffee  ;D
Title: QUAKES GONE WILD!
Post by: RE on August 21, 2014, 02:56:47 AM
I just loaded my 3D Global Earthquake Monitor which take USGS Data and loads it onto a Virtual Globe.

Global Quakes have gone NUTS today.  CA and AK recording much bigger ones than usual at greater frequency.

Something is happening in the bowels of Mother Earth.  A Big Fart may be imminent.

RE
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 06:10:26 AM
Here's the latest data from Yellowstone monitors
that Mary Greeley's channel updated.
Question.... RE, can we now access a link on this page to USGS
earthquake data ? If so, where is the link button ?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-_0EB9UcnrY&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-_0EB9UcnrY&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: RE on August 21, 2014, 06:20:23 AM
Question.... RE, can we now access a link on this page to USGS
earthquake data ? If so, where is the link button ?

Download the 3D Earthquake Monitor (https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.jupiterapps.earthquake&hl=en).  It's Freeware.  I got it on my Phone.  LOL.

RE
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: Eddie on August 21, 2014, 06:43:12 AM
Enjoyed the Mary Greeley earthquake stuff. Definitely worth keeping an eye on.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 10:21:39 AM
Enjoyed the Mary Greeley earthquake stuff. Definitely worth keeping an eye on.

Eddie,
Here's Mary's latest update. Possible radio blackouts due to space weather phenomenon
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_lTmZkkE7JQ&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_lTmZkkE7JQ&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 02:50:00 PM
Here's the latest magma flows & seismic activity from Yellowstone.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JcZsbqy1Lks&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JcZsbqy1Lks&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 21, 2014, 02:58:14 PM
Here's the latest magma flows & seismic activity from Yellowstone.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JcZsbqy1Lks&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JcZsbqy1Lks&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw)

Looks pretty bad. Does this resemble the activity it displayed the last time or two it blew? Or are we getting all excited just because it is rumbling like it has…well…since before the Egyptians built the pyramids?
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 21, 2014, 08:10:15 PM
Guy McPherson or someone in the know would be your huckleberry on that question.
My opinion is that Yellowstone is a bubbling pot of magma chili on the stove to long.
I don't think we will get a Toba event, but rather a large Kilauea non stop kind of oooze.
It's the Sulfur Dioxide, Hydrogen Sulfide, gas exhaust that's got me concerned.
Glad I'm up wind in Az. However, scientists have determined the ash fallout could be 10 feet
thick within a 500 mile radius.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 21, 2014, 08:47:43 PM
Guy McPherson or someone in the know would be your huckleberry on that question.

Oh, I seriously doubt that. Guy's specialty before he became suicidal for both himself and the entire species certainly wasn't in the geology of Yellowstone. Certainly for that I would ask…a geologist….. :icon_mrgreen: :icon_mrgreen:

Quote from: azozeo
My opinion is that Yellowstone is a bubbling pot of magma chili on the stove to long.

Certainly not the technical term, but an excellent description in laymen's terms.

Quote from: azozeo
I don't think we will get a Toba event, but rather a large Kilauea non stop kind of oooze.
It's the Sulfur Dioxide, Hydrogen Sulfide, gas exhaust that's got me concerned.

Volcano's going boom certainly bring some nasties out when they do. But really, if a super volcano goes off nearby, people will scream bloody murder if it only involves them changing their daily commute, let alone REAL problems.

Quote from: azozeo
Glad I'm up wind in Az. However, scientists have determined the ash fallout could be 10 feet
thick within a 500 mile radius.

Certainly sounds like a bummer. Yellowstone is gorgeous, and I would be very unhappy if I couldn't see it again, or take my kids and grandkids there, in the future. Probably won't look near as nice if it turns itself into a steaming crater surrounded by moonscape.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 22, 2014, 01:20:31 PM
If you have grand kids than you were alive during Mt. St. Helens in 1980 (?)
Life has returned there in just a few decades. It's amazing how nature regains
it foothold in a short period of time. Anyway, here's the latest data on that
bubbling pot of chili in NW Wyoming.
Yellowstone Increased Activity... 56 quakes in Three Days! (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CsgRUMB5dos#)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 22, 2014, 02:01:19 PM
If you have grand kids than you were alive during Mt. St. Helens in 1980 (?)

Of course. And quite old enough to be fascinated by the courage of David Johnson.

The courage of geologist scientists like him influenced my career.

Quote from: azozeo
Life has returned there in just a few decades.

Just as it has at Yellowstone, over tens of thousands. Time cures all ills, including what humans do to this planet, or it does to itself. But Mt Saint Helens was just a run of the mill volcanic eruption. Not even all that spectacular, within the realm of what volcanoes are really capable. Such as what Yellowstone itself can do in full bore "the geologists warned you about this" mode.

 
Quote from: azozeo
It's amazing how nature regains
it foothold in a short period of time. Anyway, here's the latest data on that
bubbling pot of chili in NW Wyoming.
Yellowstone Increased Activity... 56 quakes in Three Days! (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CsgRUMB5dos#)

Looks pretty scary and graphical. I have induced several thousand quakes myself in no more than an hour or two before using just some high pressure water, amazing how small a seismic event has to be before someone calls it a "quake", isn't it?

Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: Petty Tyrant on August 22, 2014, 03:11:47 PM
Guy McPherson or someone in the know would be your huckleberry on that question.

Oh, I seriously doubt that.

I stopped taking him seriously based on his own standards. RE's sunsteading solution is shitty because its patriarchal, so himself being a middleage white male should also be discounted.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: Karpatok on August 22, 2014, 03:38:06 PM
   FYI, not all white middle aged men are patriarchal. Some are actually enlightened. Small minds have a hard time making fine distinctions. If you are so certain of McPherson's inner attitudes, why not hustle over to NBL and ask him directly instead of slandering him behind his back. That is if you have the guts!  Karpatok
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: knarf on August 22, 2014, 05:11:09 PM
Earthquake Threat in Yellowstone Region Bigger Than First Thought

written by JASON M. VAUGHN on 8-20-2014

(http://i.kinja-img.com/gawker-media/image/upload/s--oR0E9INp--/c_fit,fl_progressive,q_80,w_636/d3dduia6xpw907wqeil8.jpg)

In a new report that's sure to eventually set your Facebook feed all aflutter with fresh volcanically-charged paranoia, scientists say that the risk for damaging earthquakes in the Yellowstone region is greater than originally thought.

According to the United States Geological Survey, the region—already one of the most seismically hazardous areas in the nation (Yellowstone is a gigantic volcano, remember)—has shown a relative increase in earthquake hazards since the last USGS hazard report in 2006.

Hot Ground Turns Road to Goo in Yellowstone National Park
The rolling mountain scenery and lack of an obvious crater can sometimes make it easy to forget…
Read more
It's important to note that earthquakes in the region are more than just a threat to, say, Old Faithful—a major quake could cause damage over an area stretching from Montana to Utah.

University of Utah geophysicist Bob Smith told the Associated Press that the overall net increase since 2006 isn't exactly huge—5 to 10 percent of peak acceleration—but the stakes in the region in terms of life and property are getting higher.

(Without getting too dull geology lecture-y about it, peak acceleration is the largest increase in velocity by an individual chunk of ground measured during an earthquake. It's sort of like measuring the G's you would feel in, say, in the passenger seat of a Bugatti Veyron accelerating from 0 to 60 mph—except that instead of an exotic Italian French Franco-Teutonic sports car it's the actual ground beneath your feet. The greater the acceleration, the greater the potential for damage to buildings, roads, bridges, utilities, you, etc… It's science!)

Anyway, Smith says that the increased seismic risk isn't good news in an already-popular tourist area with a booming population.

"It's an area of well-above-normal earthquake hazard," Smith told the AP. "And now with all the population going in — all the new roads and dams — also high risk."

Smith said that the most dangerous fault in the Greater Yellowstone Area is the Teton Fault, which runs along the base of the breathtakingly gorgeous Teton Range in Grand Teton National Park just south of Yellowstone.

According to researchers, the Teton Fault is capable of producing a quake up to a magnitude 7.5 every 1,600 to 6,000 years. Studies indicate that the last major earthquake along the fault happened roughly 4,800 years ago.

The most recent major earthquake in the region happened on August 17,1959, when a magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck the Hebgen Lake Fault just a few miles northwest of West Yellowstone, Montana, killing at least 28 people—many of whom were buried under a massive landslide which dammed a canyon and created the aptly-named Earthquake Lake.

The quake also rearranged the plumbing for many of Yellowstone's geysers and hot springs—as new thermal features were formed, others died out and still others went all ape-shit and erupted almost continuously for years afterward.

Incidentally, if you're ever up in the West Yellowstone area and haven't been there before, Earthquake Lake is an incredibly worthwhile day trip. The canyon is pretty, the trout fishing along the Madison River is great and the still-visible earthquake damage and landslide area is, to put it mildly, creepy as hell.

The new USGS seismic report comes after a brief road closure in a Yellowstone geyser basin last month caused when an increase in ground temperature and unusually-warm weather caused the pavement to melt, sending the elements of the internet prone to such things into a sadly unsurprising panic.

Ironically, that news came as another study (that didn't get nearly as much attention) indicated that the Yellowstone super-volcano—one of the most studied and speculated-about geological formations in the world—may actually be cooling and dying, albeit over the course of hundreds of thousands to millions of years.

For a larger overview of the geology of the Greater Yellowstone region, along with a number of volcanic rumor-debunking press releases and statements from actual scientists who aren't your weirdo conspiracy-theorist cousin, you should probably check out the USGS Yellowstone Volcano Observatory website here.

found at: http://thewest.gawker.com/earthquake-threat-in-yellowstone-region-bigger-than-fir-1624582440 (http://thewest.gawker.com/earthquake-threat-in-yellowstone-region-bigger-than-fir-1624582440)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 22, 2014, 07:42:03 PM
As I've stated in earlier statements. It's all about the gas.
Hydrogen Sulfide, & Sulfur Dioxide. Those 2 gases are at
parabolic levels at the park currently.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: RE on August 22, 2014, 09:04:48 PM
As I've stated in earlier statements. It's all about the gas.
Hydrogen Sulfide, & Sulfur Dioxide. Those 2 gases are at
parabolic levels at the park currently.

Got some charts for this?

RE
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 22, 2014, 09:35:56 PM
As I've stated in earlier statements. It's all about the gas.
Hydrogen Sulfide, & Sulfur Dioxide. Those 2 gases are at
parabolic levels at the park currently.

Please define "parabolic".

Those of us certified to work onshore and offshore GOM (domestic and internationally, Canada being almost as particular as the Coast Guard in the GOM) in potential H2S environments understand that if you are confusing "parabolic" with even "ppm traces near a tourist" the entire area, and potentially large swaths of the park, would be subject to immediate evacuation.

That hasn't happened. Therefore, "parabolic" doesn't mean "ppm traces of anywhere near a tourist". Therefore it might not mean anything but someone who doesn't understand what they mean when they say "parabolic". Therefore...my question.

Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 23, 2014, 11:43:20 AM
As I've stated in earlier statements. It's all about the gas.
Hydrogen Sulfide, & Sulfur Dioxide. Those 2 gases are at
parabolic levels at the park currently.

Please define "parabolic".

Those of us certified to work onshore and offshore GOM (domestic and internationally, Canada being almost as particular as the Coast Guard in the GOM) in potential H2S environments understand that if you are confusing "parabolic" with even "ppm traces near a tourist" the entire area, and potentially large swaths of the park, would be subject to immediate evacuation.

That hasn't happened. Therefore, "parabolic" doesn't mean "ppm traces of anywhere near a tourist". Therefore it might not mean anything but someone who doesn't understand what they mean when they say "parabolic". Therefore...my question.
As I understand parabolic to mean : The line on the graph is in an upward direction & hasn't found a top yet, or bottom
for that matter. Hope this helps.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 23, 2014, 11:46:38 AM
Here's the latest data from Yellowstone.
USGS Faking posted seismic images! Yellowstone Supervolcano 22 Earthquakes 8/22/2014 (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t2lDkSl8QJc#)
@ RE .....
I believe the "parabolic" charts in question were posted in a you tube vid from Higher Truth's channel.
He's usually pretty precise on this stuff. I'll check it out. I could be wrong.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 23, 2014, 12:29:29 PM
The 1st vid shows chart data.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHH91zCEZjA (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHH91zCEZjA)
The 2nd vid discusses the gases
Yellowstone Supervolcano: Gas Levels Higher Than Ever Recorded - Eruption Close? (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H65gwXbt5f8#ws)
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 23, 2014, 03:39:56 PM

As I understand parabolic to mean : The line on the graph is in an upward direction & hasn't found a top yet, or bottom
for that matter. Hope this helps.

A little. Your representation then doesn't have  anything to do with the kind of H2S that matters to regular tourists, and is in the realm of trace gas meaning something to a volcanologist but not to anyone else. H2S will kill you. Period. So "a general trend upwards" seems to be what you meant. The scary chemical compounds are therefore mostly irrelevant based on the amounts involved, being more of a small sample/small area issue to the professionals and not much else.

Thanks for clearing that up.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 24, 2014, 09:29:14 AM
Here's the latest report from Mary Greeley's youtube channel
Several mentions made to the increase in toxic gas escape.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mp7xZkJJdcw&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mp7xZkJJdcw&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw)
Enjoy
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 24, 2014, 09:59:14 AM
Mary appears to be assembling information to imply both scientific and political/MSM malfeasance at the same time. After having watched the reaction in the blogosphere to all sorts of information, I would estimate that "Yellowstone" fear comes through on a 2 or 3 year cycle. Others believe it happens more often. This was being pimped years ago at The Oil Age.com, as well as Dennis From Oregon's site, and the Tinfoil Palace once LOVED this stuff.

http://www.dailykos.com/story/2014/04/04/1289587/-Yellowstone-is-Not-About-to-Erupt-and-Other-Ranteriffic-Musings-Of-a-Geologic-Nature# (http://www.dailykos.com/story/2014/04/04/1289587/-Yellowstone-is-Not-About-to-Erupt-and-Other-Ranteriffic-Musings-Of-a-Geologic-Nature#)

The business model Mary appears to be imitating closely resembles how Ruppert once assembled a fear meme. Find a cool fact or two, weave it together with some speculation and pimp the fear for NOW.

A key component of this type of sales, and Mary follows this pattern, is to NOT mention,  as the USGS does within the text showing on Mary's video and narrative, that the error bar on such cataclysmic events can easily span thousands of years. That, obviously, works against trying to pimp the fear of today. And if you can't sell the fear NOW, it defeats the entire purpose of writing some punchy, word ending tripe to spoon feed to the gullible.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: RE on August 24, 2014, 10:33:17 AM
This was being pimped years ago

pimp the fear for NOW.

pimp the fear of today.

Why do you find it necessary to use language like this all the time?  I approved this post, but be aware that when you use such language I will most often send the post to DN&F.  You could have used the word "promote" here and explained your POV without trying to light up the board with Napalm.

Equally objectionable are terms like "Happy McDoomster" which got another one of your posts sent to DN&F.  This sort of disrespectful language demonstrates your insecurity, you are unable to make a good argument so you light it up instead with incendiary language.

Nobody else on the board finds it necessary to use such language to convey their opinions, not even the rest of the folks who followed your lead and joined the Trolls Gone Wild party.  They finally got a clue here, you are apparently unable to control your impulses and cannot learn.  All you do every time you write in this manner is turn people off and undermine your own credibility.  It highlights what an asshole you are.

RE
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 24, 2014, 11:14:18 AM
Mary appears to be assembling information to imply both scientific and political/MSM malfeasance at the same time. After having watched the reaction in the blogosphere to all sorts of information, I would estimate that "Yellowstone" fear comes through on a 2 or 3 year cycle. Others believe it happens more often. This was being pimped years ago at The Oil Age.com, as well as Dennis From Oregon's site, and the Tinfoil Palace once LOVED this stuff.

http://www.dailykos.com/story/2014/04/04/1289587/-Yellowstone-is-Not-About-to-Erupt-and-Other-Ranteriffic-Musings-Of-a-Geologic-Nature# (http://www.dailykos.com/story/2014/04/04/1289587/-Yellowstone-is-Not-About-to-Erupt-and-Other-Ranteriffic-Musings-Of-a-Geologic-Nature#)

The business model Mary appears to be imitating closely resembles how Ruppert once assembled a fear meme. Find a cool fact or two, weave it together with some speculation and pimp the fear for NOW.

A key component of this type of sales, and Mary follows this pattern, is to NOT mention,  as the USGS does within the text showing on Mary's video and narrative, that the error bar on such cataclysmic events can easily span thousands of years. That, obviously, works against trying to pimp the fear of today. And if you can't sell the fear NOW, it defeats the entire purpose of writing some punchy, word ending tripe to spoon feed to the gullible.

It's seismic data bubba .........
That's all
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 29, 2014, 06:33:22 PM
New magma movement seismic graph update for yellowstone.
Yellowstone Super Volcano Large Magam Movement, Ancient Helium (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zh3PUb2vXLg#)
stay safe
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 29, 2014, 06:34:08 PM
New magma movement seismic graph update for yellowstone.
Yellowstone Super Volcano Large Magam Movement, Ancient Helium (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zh3PUb2vXLg#)
stay safe

Any better estimates on lift off than +/- a couple millennia?

Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 30, 2014, 04:03:42 AM
Well MKing, my best uneducated guess is the time frame is now   :o
We will continue to see increased steady activity, just more of it.
I'm still of the belief that Yellowstone is a bubbling overflowing deliberate
release type of event, rather than a big kaboom kind of event.
More sulfur dioxide, more hydrogen sulfate, more magma, more steam.
If the kaboom happens we can expect 10 foot thick ash dumps for
500 miles around the area according to USGS. RE & I both posted a
fallout zone map further up these pages. That powdered glass gets in your
lungs & it's all over. People within the 500 mile radius will need to seal their
doors & windows with plastic & duct tape. Who knows how long it will take
for that dust to settle.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on August 30, 2014, 07:01:27 PM
Well MKing, my best uneducated guess is the time frame is now   :o

Well, you wrote this around 4AM today, it is now about 9PM, I checked the news (having fled the area just in case and now writing this from West Virginia) and it looks like "now" didn't go so well. Yellowstone is still there, and no reports of the ash cloud falling on Sioux City IA.

What would the error bar around your answer be..say…within a single standard deviation? So when you say "now" you mean like "within a week of now"? Or "now" means "within a year of now"? Decade? Century?

Quote from: azozeo
We will continue to see increased steady activity, just more of it.

Been doing that since before you were born. Any reason why "now" is a requirement of a time honored tradition in Yellowstone?

Quote from: azozeo
People within the 500 mile radius will need to seal their
doors & windows with plastic & duct tape. Who knows how long it will take
for that dust to settle.

Now you understand why I fled the area…when you said "now" I began to get worried.
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 31, 2014, 03:40:45 AM
Mking, having a fear based lifestyle isn't healthy. Try living in the "now" moment.
Here is the latest seismic data from Yellowstone. 3.8 quake near the park.
Serious magma movement.
ALERT Earthquake: Wyoming-Idaho Border, Yellowstone- M3.8 Magma Movement (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lcPbh7kgi8I#)
Mking, should I send you a fresh package of Depends ?
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: RE on August 31, 2014, 04:10:59 AM
Mking, having a fear based lifestyle isn't healthy. Try living in the "now" moment.
Here is the latest seismic data from Yellowstone. 3.8 quake near the park.

Much as it pains me to do so, I gotta agree with Moriarty here, a 3.8 Quake around Yellowstone is pretty common, especially during the flurries.  Stormbringer and I chronicled the 2008 flurries around Yellowstone, numerous in the 4+ range at that time.  Clearly, Yellowstone did not go full ballistic after that set of flurries.  That doesn't mean it wont after this one, but you can't get your Knickers in a Twist over a 3.8 at Yellowstone.

When a few vents start pitching out magma or you get a decent pyroclastic explosion or we see regular 6+ quakes, then I will strap on the Depends.  LOL. Actually, it probably won't affect Alaska too much right away, so I should have time to make it to my now sparkling white Toilet.

Unless of course Mt. Redoubt blows along with Yellowstone, Toba goes and the New Madrid Fault and San Andreas Fault all let go at the same time.  That could prove troublesome.   :icon_mrgreen:

RE
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 31, 2014, 09:04:55 AM
One more time for clarification. I don't see a large kaboom coming from
Yellowstone. I see an over boiling pot of chili scenario. When I meant "now"
I mean the over boiling pot of chili scenario is going on now. I can see magma
rising to the surface this year some time. With as active as the center of the planet is
"now" we are bound to have higher activity top side. So all of you practicing the kiss your
ass good-bye yoga position, rest assured we're not done quite yet.  ;D
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on August 31, 2014, 02:37:46 PM
Second magma & earthquake update for today
Update 1:30PM CDT: Yellowstone Supervolcano Earthquake Ancient Helium Gas Magam Increase (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T7x3ErGFrzE#)
enjoy
Title: Yellowstone supereruption would send ash across North America
Post by: knarf on August 31, 2014, 04:53:46 PM
(http://cdn.phys.org/newman/gfx/news/2014/aguyellowsto.jpg)
An example of the possible distribution of ash from a month-long Yellowstone supereruption. The distribution map was generated by a new model developed by the US Geological Survey using wind information from January 2001. The improved computer model, detailed in a new study published in Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, finds that the hypothetical, large eruption would create a distinctive kind of ash cloud known as an umbrella, which expands evenly in all directions, sending ash across North America. Ash distribution will vary depending on cloud height, eruption duration, diameter of volcanic particles in the cloud, and wind conditions, according to the new study. Credit: Credit: USGS

In the unlikely event of a volcanic supereruption at Yellowstone National Park, the northern Rocky Mountains would be blanketed in meters of ash, and millimeters would be deposited as far away as New York City, Los Angeles and Miami, according to a new study.

the rest of this article is at: http://phys.org/news/2014-08-yellowstone-supereruption-ash-north-america.html (http://phys.org/news/2014-08-yellowstone-supereruption-ash-north-america.html)
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: RE on August 31, 2014, 05:14:13 PM
I have merged the recent Yellowstone stuff into the Toba Memorial Volcano Thread in Geological & Cosmological Events.

Lets try to keep this stuff together.

RE
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on August 31, 2014, 07:33:21 PM
I have merged the recent Yellowstone stuff into the Toba Memorial Volcano Thread in Geological & Cosmological Events.

Lets try to keep this stuff together.

RE

Sounds great. I wanted to post updates on Bardarbunga in Iceland & didn't want to post a new thread for just that event occurring.
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on August 31, 2014, 07:35:53 PM
The latest on Bardarbunga in Iceland
http://www.youtube.com/v/sYddn6XCfyE&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw#&fs=1
Title: Re: Watching Yellowstone
Post by: MKing on September 01, 2014, 05:35:38 AM
Second magma & earthquake update for today


You are aware of how the credibly of your sources might be increased if they could spell the word "magma" correctly, right? And that until anything happens to even attempt to change the tourist behavior, that hyperbole, bad spelling and breathless speculation isn't enough to instill a sense of urgency to the perfectly normal, has happened before, and might happen again maybe within the next 10,000 years?

Do you have a fascination with natural geologic events for some reason that is not obvious in your postings?



Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 01, 2014, 04:26:43 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/uJ5Tsmmwdc4&list=UUxz5R9YQMRW5QqElbAlMqRw#&fs=1
latest info on Bardarbunga in Iceland
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 02, 2014, 11:47:20 AM
I cannot confirm or deny any info contained herein.....
Take it for what it's worth. However it's critically serious.
Yellowstone will not be the same after the next full moon.  :o
http://www.youtube.com/v/MbkOH742ndE&list=UUn_NT89merDQCbygarnZSkg&fs=1
Stay safe everyone
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 03, 2014, 09:55:43 AM
Here's the latest earthquake & magma movement seismograph information
for Yellowstone Park, Wy & surrounding areas.
http://www.youtube.com/v/mLiOp5l4otg&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw#&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 04, 2014, 04:02:31 AM
Earthquake & magma movement at Yellowstone 9-3/4-2014
http://www.youtube.com/v/Xn-b8Eo81DM&list=UUpPGJXgbwBmkIp291W0PCMw#&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 04, 2014, 07:16:26 PM
Here's the latest video from BPEarthwatch on Bardarbunga Volcano in Iceland
http://www.youtube.com/v/Bj56aku-sbU&list=UUxz5R9YQMRW5QqElbAlMqRw#&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 09, 2014, 12:55:41 PM
Red Alert for the Kamchatka Peninsula & Bardarbunga news
http://www.youtube.com/v/AIDbHCLpPdo&list=UUxz5R9YQMRW5QqElbAlMqRw#&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: MKing on September 09, 2014, 01:02:54 PM
What does "red alert" mean? It is rather incendiary language for what to date have been non-events.

 
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 09, 2014, 04:35:33 PM
What does "red alert" mean? It is rather incendiary language for what to date have been non-events.

Red Alert = If you're in that neighborhood, you have two choices :
1) Leave that neighborhood
2) Find the yoga position that most resembles kissing your own ass good-bye.........
Kapeesh ?
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 09, 2014, 04:46:55 PM
What does "red alert" mean? It is rather incendiary language for what to date have been non-events.

2014-09-07 - Volcano Zhupanovsky erupts twice, blows ash 10 kilometers into the air, on the Kamchatka Peninsula (Russia):
http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/site/index.php?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=VE-20140907-45196-RUS (http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/site/index.php?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=VE-20140907-45196-RUS)
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: MKing on September 09, 2014, 04:51:41 PM
What does "red alert" mean? It is rather incendiary language for what to date have been non-events.

Red Alert = If you're in that neighborhood, you have two choices :
1) Leave that neighborhood
2) Find the yoga position that most resembles kissing your own ass good-bye.........
Kapeesh ?

I do.But the last time you were advertising a CME, or global alerts from scientists who don't even do that thing, nothing happened that required one to do either 1) or 2).

So…why are you claiming we need to do 1) or 2) when in fact we do not? This seems to be a boy who cried wolf issue to a large extent. Isn't it more reasonable to moderate your language so as to not scare people until it IS time to scare people?
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 10, 2014, 10:18:02 AM
U.S. Volcano alert update :
http://www.youtube.com/v/8jUdYNFiB-g&list=UUHCMOmtJl2eJDINjgvKUHmA#&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 10, 2014, 10:21:34 AM
What does "red alert" mean? It is rather incendiary language for what to date have been non-events.

Red Alert = If you're in that neighborhood, you have two choices :
1) Leave that neighborhood
2) Find the yoga position that most resembles kissing your own ass good-bye.........
Kapeesh ?

I do.But the last time you were advertising a CME, or global alerts from scientists who don't even do that thing, nothing happened that required one to do either 1) or 2).

So…why are you claiming we need to do 1) or 2) when in fact we do not? This seems to be a boy who cried wolf issue to a large extent. Isn't it more reasonable to moderate your language so as to not scare people until it IS time to scare people?

OK, from now on I'll post a specific location for our slow learners here.
Then you won't need to waste any extra Depends, or fire up the 200 mpg Chevy & head for
the hills unnecessarily. Hope this helps  bubba
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: MKing on September 10, 2014, 11:35:28 AM
OK, from now on I'll post a specific location for our slow learners here.

My critique was not geographically specific...for the slow learners who assumed they were.

Quote from: Azozeo
Then you won't need to waste any extra Depends, or fire up the 200 mpg Chevy & head for
the hills unnecessarily. Hope this helps  bubba

Pitching fear is the issue. You pitched it for Yellowstone as though something was happening that day.

It did not.

The impression is that you are pitching fear, and the more you do so, without the corresponding threat, it discredits the messenger. In this case...you.

Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 10, 2014, 04:38:36 PM
OK, from now on I'll post a specific location for our slow learners here.

My critique was not geographically specific...for the slow learners who assumed they were.

Quote from: Azozeo
Then you won't need to waste any extra Depends, or fire up the 200 mpg Chevy & head for
the hills unnecessarily. Hope this helps  bubba

Pitching fear is the issue. You pitched it for Yellowstone as though something was happening that day.

It did not.

The impression is that you are pitching fear, and the more you do so, without the corresponding threat, it discredits the messenger. In this case...you.

For those living a fear based reality, you would be correct......
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: MKing on September 10, 2014, 09:33:58 PM
OK, from now on I'll post a specific location for our slow learners here.

My critique was not geographically specific...for the slow learners who assumed they were.

Quote from: Azozeo
Then you won't need to waste any extra Depends, or fire up the 200 mpg Chevy & head for
the hills unnecessarily. Hope this helps  bubba

Pitching fear is the issue. You pitched it for Yellowstone as though something was happening that day.

It did not.

The impression is that you are pitching fear, and the more you do so, without the corresponding threat, it discredits the messenger. In this case...you.

For those living a fear based reality, you would be correct......

So you are saying you don't mind being discredited further with every new post claiming red alert, global alerts, space alert, volcano alert, breathless innuendo for things that don't happen? if you are in fact living in a "fear based reality"...may I recommend...some courage? Prioritization? Cowboying up?
 
Title: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread: New Nippon Disaster!
Post by: RE on September 27, 2014, 07:39:10 PM
Right after our quake here on the Ring of Fire!

Activity definitely picking up, Earthquake 3D shows dozens of 4.5+ quakes over the last week.  Indonesia particularly active.

Doesn't look like this one will affect any Nuke Puke plants as of yet.

Can't wait till Mt. Fuji blows.  :o

RE

Go to ZH for the Vids and Twitter feeds.

Japan Declares Level 3 Emergency, At Least One Dead After Volcano Erupts In Central Japan (http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-09-27/japan-declares-level-3-emergency-least-one-dead-after-volcano-erupts-central-japan)

Submitted by Tyler Durden on 09/27/2014 10:29 -0400

    Iceland
    Japan
    NBC
    Nuclear Power
 

When one thinks of Japan and natural disaster, the things that usually come to mind are earthquakes, tsunamis, radioactive lizards, the occasional massive nuclear power plant explosion. Not volcanoes - those are usually delegated to the sole country that dared to give bankers the middle finger, Iceland. And yet, overnight Japan declared a level 3 alert (on a scale of 1 to 5) when a volcano in central Japan erupted, sending ash clouds down the mountain’s slope for more than 3 kilometers. According to RT, at least one person has died and 70 were injured, while aircraft have been forced to divert to avoid the dangerous area. Medics confirmed the death of at least one person, while 70 more were reported to be injured, NHK reported. Thirty of the injured have been sent to hospital in critical condition, health officials added. One can only hope there were no nuclear power plants in the immediate vicinity of the volcano.

According to Japan's NHK, the Ontake volcano on the border of Nagano and Gifu prefectures, 200 kilometers west of Tokyo, started erupting at about 11:53 local time (02:53 GMT). The Japanese TV outlet released the following video showing the volcano spewing thick, gray smoke into the air.

More from NBC:

    The Meteorological Agency said the volcano 125 miles west of Tokyo erupted just before midday and sent ash pouring down the mountain's south slope for more than two miles. The eruption forced aircraft to divert their routes, but officials at Tokyo's Haneda airport and Japan Airlines said there were no disruptions to flights in and out of Tokyo. NHK quoted a Nagano prefectural official as telling a government meeting that seven people were unconscious and eight people were seriously wounded.

But while Tokyo may be safe for now, the immediate vicinity is in a air transit lockdown: "Airplanes are diverting their flying routes to avoid the ash cloud,"Makoto Hasegawa of the Nagano prefecture fire department told Reuters.

RT adds that a local eyewitness told NHK that small rocks were being hurled into the air along with the ash. "It was like thunder," she said. "I heard boom, boom – then everything went dark." Japan’s Meteorological Agency declared a level 3 volcano alert on a 1 to 5 scale, which means people are advised to stay away from the mountain. The agency warned that the debris from the volcano could fall as far as 4 kilometers away.

Stratovolcano Ontake (Ontake-san) is the second highest volcano in Japan at 3,067 meters. It is also a popular destination for religious pilgrimages.

It was inactive until 1979, but then it underwent a series of eruptions. The latest was in 2007.

Finally, some local reports "on the ground"
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: Surly1 on September 28, 2014, 04:34:13 AM
http://www.youtube.com/v/tRKSe_HHgGU

 Footage that purports to be from climbers approaching the Ontake volcano. Stabilized.
Title: Global Vulcanism Update
Post by: azozeo on May 16, 2015, 03:49:25 AM
http://theeconomiccollapseblog.com/archives/40-volcanoes-are-erupting-right-now-and-34-of-them-are-along-the-ring-of-fire (http://theeconomiccollapseblog.com/archives/40-volcanoes-are-erupting-right-now-and-34-of-them-are-along-the-ring-of-fire)
Title: Re: Global Vulcanism Update
Post by: RE on May 16, 2015, 04:19:58 AM
I Moved this thread from the Environment Board to the Geological & Cosmological Events Board.

I may merge it with the Earthquakes thread.

RE
Title: 40 Volcanoes Are Erupting Right Now...
Post by: Guest on May 16, 2015, 04:54:45 AM


Off the keyboard of Michael Snyder



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Published on The Economic Collapse on May 14, 2015



Visit the New Diner News Page for Daily Updates from around the Collapse Blogosphere



2012WoodySuperVolcano



Discuss this article at the Geological & Cosmological Events Table inside the Diner



…and 34 Of Them Are Along The Ring Of Fire



You may not have noticed, but our planet is becoming increasingly unstable.  According to Volcano Discovery, 40 volcanoes around the globe are erupting right now, and only 6 of them are not along the Ring of Fire.  If that sounds like a very high number to you, that is because it is a very high number.  As I have written about previously, there were a total of 3,542 volcanic eruptions during the entire 20th century.  When you divide that number by 100, that gives you an average of about 35 volcanic eruptions per year.  So the number of volcanoes that are erupting right now is well above the 20th century’s average for an entire calendar year.  And of course we are witnessing a tremendous amount of earthquake activity as well.  Nepal was just hit by the worst earthquake that it had seen in 80 years, and scientists are telling us that the Himalayas actually dropped by an astounding 3 feet as a result of that one earthquake.  How much more does our planet have to shake before people start paying attention?



Of course the things that we have been seeing lately are part of a much larger long-term trend.  Seismic activity appears to have been getting stronger over the past few decades, and now things really seem to be accelerating.  The following is how one news source recently summarized what we have been witnessing…




If it seems like earthquakes and erupting volcanoes are happening more frequently, that’s because they are. Looking at global magnitude six (M6) or greater from 1980 to 1989 there was an average of 108.5 earthquakes per year, from 2000 to 2009 the planet averaged 160.9 earthquakes per year: that is a 38.9% increase of M6+ earthquakes in recent years. Unrest also seems to be growing among the world’s super-volcanoes. Iceland (which is home to some of the most dangerous volcanoes on the planet), Santorini in Greece, Uturuncu in Bolivia, the Yellowstone and Long Valley calderas in the U.S., Laguna del Maule in Chile, Italy’s Campi Flegrei – almost all of the world’s active super-volcanic systems are now exhibiting some signs of inflation, an early indication that pressure is building in these volcanic systems.




But of course most Americans are never going to care about any of this until it starts affecting them personally.



Well, perhaps they should start paying attention to the warning signs.  In recent weeks we have seen significant earthquakes in Michigan, Texas, Mississippi, California, Idaho And Washington.  In addition, it is being reported that pressure is building in dormant volcanoes in Arizona and California.  Just because we have not had a killer earthquake or a large volcanic eruption in the U.S. in recent years does not mean that it will always be that way.  Right now the entire planet appears to be waking up, and this especially seems to be true of the Ring of Fire.



If you are not familiar with the Ring of Fire, just imagine a giant ring that runs around the outer perimeter of the Pacific Ocean.  Approximately 90 percent of all earthquakes and approximately 75 percent of all volcanic eruptions occur within this area, and the entire west coast of North America is considered to be part of the Ring of Fire.



For so long, the west coast has been incredibly blessed not to have experienced a major seismic event.  But scientists tell us that it is only a matter of time.



And right now, just about every other part of the Ring of Fire is shaking violently.



For example, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake just hit Japan on Wednesday




A magnitude-6.8 earthquake that shook northeast Japan on Wednesday was an aftershock of the devastating 2011 quake that triggered a massive tsunami and nuclear power plant meltdown.



“We consider this morning’s earthquake to be an aftershock of the 2011 Northeastern Pacific Earthquake,” said Yohei Hasegawa, an official at the Japanese meteorological agency.



The temblor, which struck just after 6 a.m. local time (5 p.m. ET Tuesday), was sparked by the Pacific tectonic plate “subducting,” or moving under, the main land plate, he added.



Hasegawa warned that more tremors may be on the way.




One Japanese expert is warning that Japan “might have entered an era of great earthquakes and volcanic eruptions“, and considering the immense devastation that the great earthquake and tsunami of 2011 caused, that is a very sobering assessment.



Meanwhile, a series of very strong earthquakes have struck Papua New Guinea recently as well.  The following comes from the Washington Post




A powerful earthquake rattled Papua New Guinea on Thursday, the fourth strong quake to hit the South Pacific island nation in a week. The temblor prompted officials to issue a local tsunami warning, but it was lifted shortly afterward with no reports of damage.



The 7.1-magnitude quake struck about 150 kilometers (94 miles) southwest of the town of Panguna on Bougainville Island at a depth of 23 kilometers (14 miles), the U.S. Geological Survey reported.




Once again, just because things have always been a certain way does not mean that they will always be that way.



As Americans, we are not accustomed to being concerned about major earthquakes and massive volcanic eruptions, but that could soon change in a big way.



The truth is that our planet and our sun are changing in ways that are unpredictable and that our scientists don’t completely understand.



For example, a recent LiveScience article discussed the fact that scientists are deeply puzzled by the fact that the magnetic field of our planet is getting weaker 10 times faster than previously believed…




Scientists already know that magnetic north shifts. Once every few hundred thousand years the magnetic poles flip so that a compass would point south instead of north. While changes in magnetic field strength are part of this normal flipping cycle, data from Swarm have shown the field is starting to weaken faster than in the past. Previously, researchers estimated the field was weakening about 5 percent per century, but the new data revealed the field is actually weakening at 5 percent per decade, or 10 times faster than thought. As such, rather than the full flip occurring in about 2,000 years, as was predicted, the new data suggest it could happen sooner.




And in a previous article, I discussed how one scientist has discovered that activity on the sun is declining at a faster pace “than at any time in the last 9300 years” right now.



I don’t pretend to have all the answers for why these things are happening, but clearly some very unusual things are taking place.



So what do you think?



Do you believe that you know why our planet and our sun are experiencing such dramatic changes?


Title: Re: Global Vulcanism Update
Post by: g on May 16, 2015, 05:27:44 AM
I have no expertise at all in these matters but have always had in my mind the possibility of a major earthquake hitting the US and causing an instantaneous financial collapse. Of course I always think of Los Angeles or San Francisco being piles of ruble, but it could happen anywhere at anytime.

Nothing makes us aware of our own fragility and is more humbling than a reminder from Mother Nature.  ::)
Title: Re: Global Vulcanism Update
Post by: azozeo on May 16, 2015, 10:55:12 AM
I Moved this thread from the Environment Board to the Geological & Cosmological Events Board.

I may merge it with the Earthquakes thread.

RE

Thanks RE...
I was half asleep @ O dark 30 when I posted it.
Thought the herd might appreciate this one.
Title: Re: Global Vulcanism Update
Post by: azozeo on May 16, 2015, 10:59:56 AM
I don't know how many folks realize this but Orange County, Calif.
is built upon a ledge over the Pacific. If, say a 9.0 or greater were
to crack off over that general area, there could be a lot of missing
real estate in a matter of minutes. I'm glad I moved away in the
early nineties. I feel more secure parked on solid bed rock. That
vulcanism in Calif. is yet to rear it's ugly head. But it's coming to
a burb near those folks soon.
Title: Re: Global Vulcanism Update
Post by: azozeo on May 16, 2015, 05:23:07 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/T_29WHM1JdM&fs=1
Title: Global Vulcanism Update: JAPAN VOLCANO BLOWS EXPLOSIVELY
Post by: RE on May 29, 2015, 12:53:35 AM
Fortnately at the southern tip of the archipelago.

If/when Mt Fuji blows like this, the Nips will be in even worse shape than they already are.

RE

Japan Issues Highest Alert, Evacuation Warnings After Volcano "Explosively" Erupts - No Injuries Reported

Tyler Durden's picture



 

First, earthquakes; then tsunamis; then household spending collapses for the 13th month in a row... and now Japan is dealing with a volcano. NHK reports that Kuchinoerabu-jima, a volcano on Kuchinerabu Islands (off the southern-most tip of Japan) has erupted "explosively." Officials have asked local inhabitants to evacuate the area. As yet there are no reported injuries.

 

 

The volcano is at the southerm-most tip of Japan...

JMA Warning:

 

Bloomberg reports,

Offcial JMA Statement:

Volcano name Kuchinoerabujima eruption alarm (residential areas)
Heisei 07 minutes at 27 May 29 June 10 Fukuoka District Meteorological Observatory Kagoshima Local Meteorological Observatory

** (Heading) **

<Eruption warning to Kuchinoerabujima (eruption alert level 5, evacuation) Announces>
?Please refer to the strict vigilance (correspondence of evacuation, etc.) in a residential area of ??interest.
<Pull the eruption alert level from 3 (Iriyama regulation) to 5 (evacuation)>

** (This statement) **
1. Situation and forecast alarm matters of volcanic activity
?The new Takeshi, explosive eruption occurred in 59 minutes at 09 today (the 29th). This
With the eruption, pyroclastic flow occurs, it has reached to the coast.
?Strict vigilance in Yakushima-cho Kuchierabujima residential areas the arrival of pyroclastic flow is expected (
Please refer to the correspondence) of the evacuation, and the like.

2. Target municipalities, etc.
?In the following municipalities, please strict vigilance, such as evacuation in the residential areas
.
  Kagoshima Prefecture: Yakushima-cho

3. Such as disaster prevention on vigilance matters
?In the residential areas that stream of pyroclastic flow is imminent, strict vigilance (corresponding evacuation, etc.)
Please refer to the.
?Please follow the instructions of evacuation, etc. of Yakushima-cho.?

<Pull the eruption alert level from 3 (Iriyama regulation) to 5 (evacuation)>

** (Note: The description of the eruption alert level) **
[Level 5 (evacuation)]: required evacuation and the like from the dangerous residential areas.
[Level 4 (evacuation preparation)]: Prepare for evacuation in the necessary residential areas warning, disaster
          Required evacuation, etc. requiring assistance person.??????
[Level 3 (Iriyama regulation)]: climbing ban and Iriyama - site regulations to regulations dangerous areas
          Etc.. Evacuation preparation, etc. of a disaster requiring assistance person depending on the situation.
[Level 2 (crater peripheral regulation)]: - site regulations of the crater around.
[Level 1 (normal)]: - site regulations into the crater depending on the situation.
(Note: The target area of ??evacuation and regulations, differ depending on local conditions and volcanic activity)

*  *  *

* * *

As Michael Snyder of The Economic Collapse blog, you may not have noticed, but our planet is becoming increasingly unstable.  According to Volcano Discovery, 40 volcanoes around the globe are erupting right now, and only 6 of them are not along the Ring of Fire.  If that sounds like a very high number to you, that is because it is a very high number.  As I have written about previously, there were a total of 3,542 volcanic eruptions during the entire 20th century.  When you divide that number by 100, that gives you an average of about 35 volcanic eruptions per year.  So the number of volcanoes that are erupting right now is well above the 20th century’s average for an entire calendar year.  And of course we are witnessing a tremendous amount of earthquake activity as well.  Nepal was just hit by the worst earthquake that it had seen in 80 years, and scientists are telling us that the Himalayas actually dropped by an astounding 3 feet as a result of that one earthquake.  How much more does our planet have to shake before people start paying attention?

Of course the things that we have been seeing lately are part of a much larger long-term trend.  Seismic activity appears to have been getting stronger over the past few decades, and now things really seem to be accelerating.  The following is how one news source recently summarized what we have been witnessing…

If it seems like earthquakes and erupting volcanoes are happening more frequently, that’s because they are. Looking at global magnitude six (M6) or greater from 1980 to 1989 there was an average of 108.5 earthquakes per year, from 2000 to 2009 the planet averaged 160.9 earthquakes per year: that is a 38.9% increase of M6+ earthquakes in recent years. Unrest also seems to be growing among the world’s super-volcanoes. Iceland (which is home to some of the most dangerous volcanoes on the planet), Santorini in Greece, Uturuncu in Bolivia, the Yellowstone and Long Valley calderas in the U.S., Laguna del Maule in Chile, Italy’s Campi Flegrei – almost all of the world’s active super-volcanic systems are now exhibiting some signs of inflation, an early indication that pressure is building in these volcanic systems.

But of course most Americans are never going to care about any of this until it starts affecting them personally.

Well, perhaps they should start paying attention to the warning signs.  In recent weeks we have seen significant earthquakes in Michigan, Texas, Mississippi, California, Idaho And Washington.  In addition, it is being reported that pressure is building in dormant volcanoes in Arizona and California.  Just because we have not had a killer earthquake or a large volcanic eruption in the U.S. in recent years does not mean that it will always be that way.  Right now the entire planet appears to be waking up, and this especially seems to be true of the Ring of Fire.

If you are not familiar with the Ring of Fire, just imagine a giant ring that runs around the outer perimeter of the Pacific Ocean.  Approximately 90 percent of all earthquakes and approximately 75 percent of all volcanic eruptions occur within this area, and the entire west coast of North America is considered to be part of the Ring of Fire.

For so long, the west coast has been incredibly blessed not to have experienced a major seismic event.  But scientists tell us that it is only a matter of time.

And right now, just about every other part of the Ring of Fire is shaking violently.

For example, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake just hit Japan on Wednesday

A magnitude-6.8 earthquake that shook northeast Japan on Wednesday was an aftershock of the devastating 2011 quake that triggered a massive tsunami and nuclear power plant meltdown.

 

“We consider this morning’s earthquake to be an aftershock of the 2011 Northeastern Pacific Earthquake,” said Yohei Hasegawa, an official at the Japanese meteorological agency.

 

The temblor, which struck just after 6 a.m. local time (5 p.m. ET Tuesday), was sparked by the Pacific tectonic plate “subducting,” or moving under, the main land plate, he added.

Hasegawa warned that more tremors may be on the way.

One Japanese expert is warning that Japan “might have entered an era of great earthquakes and volcanic eruptions“, and considering the immense devastation that the great earthquake and tsunami of 2011 caused, that is a very sobering assessment.

Meanwhile, a series of very strong earthquakes have struck Papua New Guinea recently as well.  The following comes from the Washington Post

A powerful earthquake rattled Papua New Guinea on Thursday, the fourth strong quake to hit the South Pacific island nation in a week. The temblor prompted officials to issue a local tsunami warning, but it was lifted shortly afterward with no reports of damage.

 

The 7.1-magnitude quake struck about 150 kilometers (94 miles) southwest of the town of Panguna on Bougainville Island at a depth of 23 kilometers (14 miles), the U.S. Geological Survey reported.

Once again, just because things have always been a certain way does not mean that they will always be that way.

As Americans, we are not accustomed to being concerned about major earthquakes and massive volcanic eruptions, but that could soon change in a big way.

The truth is that our planet and our sun are changing in ways that are unpredictable and that our scientists don’t completely understand.

For example, a recent LiveScience article discussed the fact that scientists are deeply puzzled by the fact that the magnetic field of our planet is getting weaker 10 times faster than previously believed…

Scientists already know that magnetic north shifts. Once every few hundred thousand years the magnetic poles flip so that a compass would point south instead of north. While changes in magnetic field strength are part of this normal flipping cycle, data from Swarm have shown the field is starting to weaken faster than in the past. Previously, researchers estimated the field was weakening about 5 percent per century, but the new data revealed the field is actually weakening at 5 percent per decade, or 10 times faster than thought. As such, rather than the full flip occurring in about 2,000 years, as was predicted, the new data suggest it could happen sooner.

And in a previous article, I discussed how one scientist has discovered that activity on the sun is declining at a faster pace “than at any time in the last 9300 years” right now.

I don’t pretend to have all the answers for why these things are happening, but clearly some very unusual things are taking place.

Title: Re: Global Vulcanism Update: JAPAN VOLCANO BLOWS EXPLOSIVELY
Post by: RE on May 29, 2015, 01:00:48 AM

Volcano erupts without warning on Kuchinoerabu Island; evacuation underway

Kyodo, Staff Report

 

A volcano exploded into life Friday morning on lightly populated Kuchinoerabu Island in Kagoshima Prefecture, sending smoke and ash soaring into the sky. Authorities ordered residents and visitors to evacuate.

The 9:59 a.m. “explosive” eruption of the 650-meter Mount Shindake, the main peak on the island, resulted in a plume over 9 km high and a pyroclastic flow which reached the coast, the Japan Meteorological Agency said.

All 137 islanders were confirmed safe, including a 72-year-old man who received a burn to his forehead but was able to walk unaided, the Fire and Disaster Management Agency and local authorities said.

Residents and visitors on Kuchinoerabu were expected to be evacuated by ferry and coast guard vessel to the nearby island of Yakushima by Friday evening, Yakushima town office said. The island 100 km south of Kyushu is usually reachable only by two ferry routes.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told reporters, “I have instructed the relevant personnel to do all they can to ensure the safety of islanders.”

A weather agency official told a news conference that there is a risk of a second eruption and associated pyroclastic flows. So far, he said, the pyroclastic flows had not struck the populated Maeda district.

Located about 100 km south of the southern tip of Kyushu, Kuchinoerabu has only about 100 full-time residents.

Some of those believed to have been present at the time were short-term visitors. The prefectural government said 141 people in all, from 78 families, were required to evacuate.

The evacuation warning came after the weather agency upgraded its alert for the island to the highest level of 5, up from the previous level of 3, which imposed limits on climbing the volcano.

The prime minister’s office in Tokyo set up a response team at its crisis management center, and the Japan Coast Guard dispatched a large patrol ship to the area.

Kuchinoerabu has repeatedly witnessed eruptions and earthquakes, some of them deadly. Mount Shindake erupted in 1841, destroying villages and claiming many lives, while a series of eruptions from late 1933 to early 1934 left eight people dead and 26 injured.

Until Friday, the volcano’s most recent eruption had been on Aug. 3 last year. That eruption prompted 87 people, including some individuals visiting on business, to leave the island the following day.

Experts had recorded unusual activity for about a decade leading up to last year’s eruption, and the latest blast could be a relatively large, prolonged one, said Associate Professor Ryusuke Imura of Kagoshima University.

Meanwhile, the eruption on Sept. 27 last year of Mount Ontake in central Japan was the nation’s worst postwar volcanic disaster, claiming the lives of hikers near the summit. Fifty-seven people were confirmed dead, but six individuals remain missing, presumed buried under ash and rock.

The hot-spring district of Mount Hakone near Tokyo has seen its ground level rise by up to 15 cm in two weeks this month, as sulfurous steam gushes from vents in the mountain’s flank.

Kagoshima Prefecture’s Mount Sakurajima erupted explosively in August 2013, unleashing a plume that reached an altitude of 5 km. The same mountain had 178 small eruptions in March alone and last week one resulted in a plume 4.3 km high.

Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on June 04, 2015, 04:18:51 AM
http://www.youtube.com/v/7JNROlBWPXw&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread - Cotopaxi erupts in Ecuador
Post by: Snowleopard on August 15, 2015, 02:55:37 PM


After an increase in seismicity since mid-April 2015, Ecuadorian volcano Cotopaxi erupted on August 14, 2015, for the first time since 1940.

There were at least three eruptions registered on August 14, the first at 09:30, second at 15:15 UTC and third at 19:10 UTC, according to Washington VAAC. Volcanic ash reached an estimated altitude of 15.2 km (50 000 feet) by the end of the UTC day. Highways, homes and cars near the volcano were coated in ash.

Cotopaxi is an active stratovolcano in the Andes Mountains, located about 50 km (31 miles) south of capital Quito, Ecuador. It is one of the world's highest volcanoes, reaching a height of 5 897 m (19 347 feet), and is considered one of the world's most dangerous volcanoes due to a glacial cover that makes it prone to fast-moving volcanic rock and mud flows, or lahars, and its proximity to a heavily populated area.


http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2015/08/15/cotopaxi-volcano-erupts-for-the-first-time-since-1940-ecuador/ (http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2015/08/15/cotopaxi-volcano-erupts-for-the-first-time-since-1940-ecuador/)
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread -- Mt Aso (Asosan) Erupts in Japan
Post by: Snowleopard on September 14, 2015, 11:43:22 AM
Japan's Asosan volcano erupted about 00:43 UTC on Monday, September 14, 2015, sending a plume of thick black smoke and ash about 2.1 km (1.2 miles) into the air and disrupting flights.

According to the Japan Meteorological Agency, Asosan erupted without warning in one of Nakadake craters. The agency has raised the volcanic alert level from 2 to 3 - do not approach the volcano.

According to media reports, there were about 100 tourists and other visitors in the vicinity of the volcano at the time of eruption, but they were all quickly evacuated. There are no reports of injuries.

JMA's senior coordinator for volcanic affairs, Sadayuki Kitagawa, warned that a second eruption was possible "with possibility of volcanic rocks landing in an area over a 1 km radius (0.62 miles)." Kitagawa urged people to be vigilant for flying rocks and ash within a 2 km radius.

http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2015/09/14/mount-aso-asosan-on-japan-s-kyushu-island-erupted-early-monday-september-14/ (http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2015/09/14/mount-aso-asosan-on-japan-s-kyushu-island-erupted-early-monday-september-14/)

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/09/14/national/mount-aso-erupts-belching-black-plume/#.VfcM1Je6Ot9 (http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/09/14/national/mount-aso-erupts-belching-black-plume/#.VfcM1Je6Ot9)

Comment: Aso is also a large caldera system capable of "supervolcano" eruption.  Though further eruption is likely there is NO current indication this eruption will become massive or "interesting" beyond the immediate area.

Further historic and geologic info on the Aso caldera is here:

http://www.volcanocafe.org/a-wedge-of-worry-aso-caldera-ndvp-4/ (http://www.volcanocafe.org/a-wedge-of-worry-aso-caldera-ndvp-4/)

Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on November 08, 2015, 01:06:29 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/60NW1iijkNs&fs=1
Title: Nicaragua’s Momotombo volcano erupts for 1st time in 110 yrs
Post by: RE on December 03, 2015, 10:05:57 PM
Another one blows!

RE

https://www.rt.com/news/324615-nicaragua-momotombo-volcano-erupts/ (https://www.rt.com/news/324615-nicaragua-momotombo-volcano-erupts/)

Nicaragua’s Momotombo volcano erupts for 1st time in 110 yrs

(https://cdn.rt.com/files/2015.12/original/566057a1c36188b2278b45b6.jpg)
Lava flows from the Momotombo volcano during an eruption as seen from Papalonal village, Nicaragua, December 2, 2015. © Reuters
Title: Colima volcano spews ash clouds in West Mexico
Post by: RE on December 06, 2015, 07:49:06 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/PNHE9bIPeUk
Title: Volcano Erupts "Spectacularly" 50km From Japanese Nuclear Plant
Post by: RE on February 05, 2016, 05:47:06 PM
The Japanese are Broiled Sushi.

RE

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-02-05/volcano-erupts-spectacularly-50km-japanese-nuclear-plant (http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-02-05/volcano-erupts-spectacularly-50km-japanese-nuclear-plant)

Volcano Erupts "Spectacularly" 50km From Japanese Nuclear Plant

Submitted by Tyler Durden on 02/05/2016 19:30 -0500

    Japan Meltdown Nuclear Power Twitter Twitter

Last August, in a hilarious example of bad timing, Japan restarted its first nuclear reactor since the Chernobyl redux at Fukushima just as a nearby volcano was set to erupt.

Sakurajima, one of the country’s most active volcanos, erupts almost constantly, but experts warned the next eruption could be “the big one”, so to speak.

At the time, The Japan Meteorological Agency raised the warning level from 3 to 4.

(http://www.zerohedge.com/sites/default/files/images/user92183/imageroot/2015/08/SakurajimaPanorama_0.png)

4 means "prepare to evacuate."

"The possibility for a large-scale eruption has become extremely high for Sakurajima," the Agency said. As for what fate would befall someone who failed to heed an evacuation warning, well let’s just say that molten stones "could rain down on areas near the mountain's base."

As we noted, the real problem is Sakurajima’s location - it’s just 50 kilometers from the Sendai nuclear power plant.

(http://www.zerohedge.com/sites/default/files/images/user92183/imageroot/2015/08/Sakurajima_0.png)

On Friday Sakurajima erupted at 7 p.m. local time.

"The Meteorological Agency banned entry to the area, expanding an existing no-go zone around the crater to a 2-kilometer (1.2-mile) radius," AP reports, adding that "Friday's eruption, while dramatic, was average compared to Sakurajima's past eruptions" including the last incident in September.

Here are the visuals.


For now no injuries have been reported and there's apparently no threat to Sendai which RT reminds us is only "built to withstand a tsunami of 15 meters, well below 2011’s peak tsunami height of 40 meters."

Kyoto University volcanologist Kazuhiro Ishihara says everything should be fine, but "of course we must keep monitoring the volcanic activity."

Yes, "of course" we should. Because as we documented last year, Sendai's operators and local authorities have no comprehensive plan to evacuate residents in the event of a meltdown. We close with a quote from Yoshitaka Mukohara, a representative of a group who opposed the Sendai restart:

    “There are schools and hospitals near the plant, but no one has told us how children and the elderly would be evacuated.

     

    “Naturally there will be gridlock caused by the sheer number of vehicles, landslides, and damaged roads and bridges.”
Title: Re: Volcano Erupts "Spectacularly" 50km From Japanese Nuclear Plant
Post by: agelbert on February 05, 2016, 07:35:08 PM
(http://www.createaforum.com/gallery/renewablerevolution/3-310714182509.png)
Sake wine will never taste the same...  :(
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on February 09, 2016, 01:35:47 PM
https://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2016/02/08/peruvian-volcano-may-be-awakening-from-dormancy-after-540-years-increased-activity/

Title: Mt. St. Helens shakes, whole west coast moves
Post by: azozeo on February 09, 2016, 01:38:48 PM
http://dutchsinse.com/2082016-mount-saint-helens-struck-by-seismic-unrest-whole-west-coast-moves-from-ca-to-wa/ (http://dutchsinse.com/2082016-mount-saint-helens-struck-by-seismic-unrest-whole-west-coast-moves-from-ca-to-wa/)




Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on February 10, 2016, 07:58:08 AM
http://www.youtube.com/v/XkzEZJB8Olk&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on February 10, 2016, 08:08:05 AM
http://www.youtube.com/v/0-F5bdQeqIo&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on March 21, 2016, 05:18:39 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/AbiI3cXfnu4&fs=1
Title: Volcano in Alaska sends ash spewing 20,000 feet high
Post by: RE on March 28, 2016, 06:05:04 AM
Pretty far from here.  Hopefully it's not a precursor to Mt. Redoubt going Ballistic.  :o

RE

http://www.cnn.com/2016/03/28/us/pavlof-volcano-eruption-alaska/index.html (http://www.cnn.com/2016/03/28/us/pavlof-volcano-eruption-alaska/index.html)

Volcano in Alaska sends ash spewing 20,000 feet high

(http://i2.cdn.turner.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/160303230032-ecuador-volcano-tungurahua-medium-plus-169.jpg)

By Joshua Berlinger, CNN

Updated 8:04 AM ET, Mon March 28, 2016 | Video Source: CNN

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    The Pavlof Volcano is located on Alaska's remote Aleutian Island archipelago
    It last erupted in 2014

(CNN)A volcanic eruption in Alaska sent ash 20,000 feet up in the air and prompted flight warnings, according to authorities.
Recently active volcanoes
22 photos: Recently active volcanoes
Villarrica, a Chilean volcano, began erupting on Tuesday, March 3, forcing the evacuation of residential areas. The volcano is one of Chile&#39;s most active.
Lava flows from the Kilauea volcano in Pahoa, Hawaii, in October 2014. The flow picked up speed, prompting emergency officials to close part of the main road through town and tell residents to be prepared to evacuate.
Japan&#39;s Mount Sakurajima erupts in September 2014. It was the second volcano in two days to erupt in Japan.
Dense white plumes rise high in the air as Mount Ontake erupts in central Japan in September 2014.
Mount Slamet spews lava and gas during an eruption in Brebes, Indonesia, in September 2014.
Fountains of lava spurt from a fissure in the ground on the north side of the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland in September 2014.
Mount Tavurvur erupts in Papua New Guinea in August 2014, forcing local communities to evacuate.
The Tungurahua volcano, as seen from Ambato, Ecuador, spews a column of ash in April 2014. The volcano emitted a 6-mile-high column of ash after a powerful, five-minute explosion that shot pyroclastic material onto its northern and northwestern flanks. The volcano has been active since 1999, with several major eruptions in that span.
The Karymsky volcano erupts in Kamchatka, Russia, in January 2013.
The Copahue volcano emits smoke and ash above Caviahue, in Argentina&#39;s Neuquen province, in December 2012.
Western Mexico&#39;s Colima volcano emits lava in October 2004. The Global Volcanism Program reported &quot;a bright thermal anomaly&quot; as well as gas emission in November 2013.
The Ecuadorian volcano Tungurahua spews lava and ash on February 27 in Cahuaji, Chimborazo, about 80 miles south of Quito. Ecuadorian authorities raised the alert level from yellow to orange after the volcano increased its activity and projected a column of ash 3 miles high.
The Soputan volcano spews lava and ash during an eruption on Indonesia&#39;s Sulawesi island on Tuesday, January 5.
The Momotombo volcano erupts just before daybreak, as seen from the community of El Papalonal, in Leon, Nicaragua, on Friday, December 4. Quiet for many years, the volcano emitted some glowing rock two days before after gas and ash emissions began.
Smoke rises over the Italian city of Taormina during an eruption of Mount Etna, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, on December 4.
Cotopaxi, a volcano in Ecuador, sends large gray puffs of ash into the sky on Friday, August 14. Officials &lt;a href=&quot;http://www.cnn.com/2015/08/15/americas/ecuador-japan-volcanoes/index.html (http://www.cnn.com/2015/08/15/americas/ecuador-japan-volcanoes/index.html)&quot;&gt;declared a yellow alert&lt;/a&gt;, the lowest level, but said it isn&#39;t likely to have a major eruption.
Thick ash, rock fragments and volcanic gases pour from &lt;a href=&quot;http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-1246978 (http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-1246978)&quot;&gt;Mount Sinabung&lt;/a&gt; in Indonesia. The government&#39;s natural disaster management agency raised the alert level on Friday, June 5.
Mount Shindake spews ash on Kuchinoerabu Island in Yakushima, Japan, on Friday, May 29. The volcano &lt;a href=&quot;http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/29/asia/japan-volcano-evacuation/index.html (http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/29/asia/japan-volcano-evacuation/index.html)&quot; target=&quot;_blank&quot;&gt;erupted shortly before 10 a.m. local time&lt;/a&gt;, the Japan Meteorological Agency said.
The Wolf Volcano at Isabela Island -- the largest of the Galapagos Islands west of mainland Ecuador -- erupts Monday, May 25, &lt;a href=&quot;http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/26/americas/galapagos-volcano-erupts/ (http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/26/americas/galapagos-volcano-erupts/)&quot;&gt;for the first time in 33 years&lt;/a&gt;.
The Calbuco Volcano erupts near Puerto Varas, Chile, on Wednesday, April 22.
Smoke rises from Turrialba Volcano in Turrialba, Costa Rica, on Friday, March 13. Eruptions of ash and stones prompted authorities to evacuate nearby residential areas.
The Fuego volcano spews a cloud of ash west of Guatemala City, Guatemala, on Thursday, March 12.
Villarrica, a Chilean volcano, began erupting on Tuesday, March 3, forcing the evacuation of residential areas. The volcano is one of Chile&#39;s most active.
Lava flows from the Kilauea volcano in Pahoa, Hawaii, in October 2014. The flow picked up speed, prompting emergency officials to close part of the main road through town and tell residents to be prepared to evacuate.
Japan&#39;s Mount Sakurajima erupts in September 2014. It was the second volcano in two days to erupt in Japan.
Dense white plumes rise high in the air as Mount Ontake erupts in central Japan in September 2014.
Mount Slamet spews lava and gas during an eruption in Brebes, Indonesia, in September 2014.
Fountains of lava spurt from a fissure in the ground on the north side of the Bardarbunga volcano in Iceland in September 2014.
Mount Tavurvur erupts in Papua New Guinea in August 2014, forcing local communities to evacuate.
The Tungurahua volcano, as seen from Ambato, Ecuador, spews a column of ash in April 2014. The volcano emitted a 6-mile-high column of ash after a powerful, five-minute explosion that shot pyroclastic material onto its northern and northwestern flanks. The volcano has been active since 1999, with several major eruptions in that span.
The Karymsky volcano erupts in Kamchatka, Russia, in January 2013.
The Copahue volcano emits smoke and ash above Caviahue, in Argentina&#39;s Neuquen province, in December 2012.
Western Mexico&#39;s Colima volcano emits lava in October 2004. The Global Volcanism Program reported &quot;a bright thermal anomaly&quot; as well as gas emission in November 2013.
The Ecuadorian volcano Tungurahua spews lava and ash on February 27 in Cahuaji, Chimborazo, about 80 miles south of Quito. Ecuadorian authorities raised the alert level from yellow to orange after the volcano increased its activity and projected a column of ash 3 miles high.
The Soputan volcano spews lava and ash during an eruption on Indonesia&#39;s Sulawesi island on Tuesday, January 5.
The Momotombo volcano erupts just before daybreak, as seen from the community of El Papalonal, in Leon, Nicaragua, on Friday, December 4. Quiet for many years, the volcano emitted some glowing rock two days before after gas and ash emissions began.
Smoke rises over the Italian city of Taormina during an eruption of Mount Etna, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, on December 4.
Cotopaxi, a volcano in Ecuador, sends large gray puffs of ash into the sky on Friday, August 14. Officials &lt;a href=&quot;http://www.cnn.com/2015/08/15/americas/ecuador-japan-volcanoes/index.html (http://www.cnn.com/2015/08/15/americas/ecuador-japan-volcanoes/index.html)&quot;&gt;declared a yellow alert&lt;/a&gt;, the lowest level, but said it isn&#39;t likely to have a major eruption.
Thick ash, rock fragments and volcanic gases pour from &lt;a href=&quot;http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-1246978 (http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-1246978)&quot;&gt;Mount Sinabung&lt;/a&gt; in Indonesia. The government&#39;s natural disaster management agency raised the alert level on Friday, June 5.
Mount Shindake spews ash on Kuchinoerabu Island in Yakushima, Japan, on Friday, May 29. The volcano &lt;a href=&quot;http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/29/asia/japan-volcano-evacuation/index.html (http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/29/asia/japan-volcano-evacuation/index.html)&quot; target=&quot;_blank&quot;&gt;erupted shortly before 10 a.m. local time&lt;/a&gt;, the Japan Meteorological Agency said.
The Wolf Volcano at Isabela Island -- the largest of the Galapagos Islands west of mainland Ecuador -- erupts Monday, May 25, &lt;a href=&quot;http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/26/americas/galapagos-volcano-erupts/ (http://www.cnn.com/2015/05/26/americas/galapagos-volcano-erupts/)&quot;&gt;for the first time in 33 years&lt;/a&gt;.
The Calbuco Volcano erupts near Puerto Varas, Chile, on Wednesday, April 22.
Smoke rises from Turrialba Volcano in Turrialba, Costa Rica, on Friday, March 13. Eruptions of ash and stones prompted authorities to evacuate nearby residential areas.
The Fuego volcano spews a cloud of ash west of Guatemala City, Guatemala, on Thursday, March 12.
Ecuador volcano Tungurahua
mount soputan erupts - RESTRICTED
Momotombo volcano 1204
Mount Etna 1204
Volcano spews ash Ecuador Cotopaxi_00000000
Sinabung volcano irpt
RESTRICTED 01 mount shindake 0529
Galapagos Volcano 0526
chile volcano 6
Turrialba volcano - RESTRICTED
fuego volcano 0312 - RESTRICTED
volcano chile getty one
Kīlauea volcano
01 japan volcano 0930
japan.volcano.01.AP924323579007
01 mount slamet 0919
01 Bardarbunga 0904
01 Mount Tavurvur 0829
ecuador volcano
04 volcano karymsky
06 volcano capahue
07 volcano
The Pavlof Volcano, located on the Aleutian Islands, began "erupting abruptly" Sunday afternoon, according to the Alaska Volcano Observatory.

Fast facts: Volcanoes
A volcano alert warning remained in effect early Monday morning, and the aviation warning color code remains red, its highest level.
Ash was reportedly moving north after the eruption, according to the volcano observatory.
Seismic activity was also reported after the quake.
The volcano last erupted in November 2014.
A few planes appeared to be flying nearby early Monday morning Eastern Time, according to
Title: Re: Volcano in Alaska sends ash spewing 20,000 feet high
Post by: RE on March 28, 2016, 10:10:01 PM
Maybe Mt. Redoubt will blow tonight too!  :o

It's been nice knowing you guys!  :'(  Take care of the Diner for me.

See you on the Other Side!

RE

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/the-latest-alaska-airlines-cancels-more-flights/2016/03/28/6a9862ba-f544-11e5-958d-d038dac6e718_story.html (https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/the-latest-alaska-airlines-cancels-more-flights/2016/03/28/6a9862ba-f544-11e5-958d-d038dac6e718_story.html)

National
The Latest: Alaska Airlines cancels more flights

(https://img.washingtonpost.com/rf/image_1484w/2010-2019/Wires/Online/2016-03-29/AP/Images/APTOPIXAlaskaVolcanoEruption-0ddf2.jpg?uuid=ahnR1PVEEeWVjdA42sbnGA)

In this Sunday, March 27, 2016, photo, Pavlof Volcano, one of Alaska’s most active volcanoes, erupts, sending a plume of volcanic ash into the air. The Alaska Volcano Observatory says activity continued Monday. Pavlof Volcano is 625 miles southwest of Anchorage on the Alaska Peninsula, the finger of land that sticks out from mainland Alaska toward the Aleutian Islands. (Colt Snapp via AP) MANDATORY CREDIT (Associated Press)
By Associated Press March 28 at 8:23 PM

ANCHORAGE, Alaska — The Latest on the eruption of Alaska’s Pavlof Volcano (all times local):

4 p.m.

Alaska Airlines says it has cancelled more flights because of a massive cloud of volcanic ash from Alaska’s Pavlof Volcano that spewed into the air.

The Seattle-based airliner said Monday afternoon it has canceled 41 flights involving six Alaska cities until the airline can evaluate weather reports after daylight Tuesday. The cancellations include all flights to and from Fairbanks.

The airline says the canceled flights affected 3,300 passengers.

Flights to Barrow, Bethel, Kotzebue, Nome and Deadhorse also are cancelled.

The airline says it will resume its 54 regularly scheduled flights on Tuesday if conditions improve.

Pavlof Volcano, one of Alaska’s most active, is 625 miles southwest of Anchorage on the Alaska Peninsula.

The volcano erupted Sunday afternoon, and by Monday morning an ash cloud had stretched northeast more than 400 miles into interior Alaska.

___

3 p.m.

The National Weather Service has issued a weather bulletin warning Alaska residents who live in the region of the Pavlof Volcano that ash may fall on their communities if the wind direction shifts as expected.

The bullet was in effect through early Monday night for Cold Bay, Sand Point and Nelson Lagoon.

The communities are north and east of Pavlof Volcano, which erupted Sunday and continued sending ash into the air Monday.

The weather service says the communities could see an accumulation of less than one-tenth of an inch of ash.

Volcanic ash is angular and sharp and can injure skin, eyes and breathing passages. The ash also can damage electronic devices and vehicle engines.

___

12 p.m.

Alaska Airlines says it has cancelled 20 flights because of volcanic ash put in the air by Alaska’s Pavlof Volcano.

Spokeswoman Bobbie Egan says the canceled flights affected about 1,300 customers heading to rural Alaska communities including Bethel, Kotzebue, Nome, Barrow and Deadhorse.

No flights to Anchorage or Fairbanks have been canceled so far, but Egan says the company is closely monitoring the Fairbanks route.
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Pavlof Volcano, one of Alaska’s most active, is 625 miles southwest of Anchorage on the Alaska Peninsula.

It erupted Sunday afternoon, and by Monday morning an ash cloud had stretched northeast more than 400 miles into interior Alaska.

Ash can cause jet engines to shut down.

More flights could be affected.

Egan says Alaska Airlines simply doesn’t fly when ash is present and will continue to monitor the trajectory of the ash cloud.

___

11:30 a.m.

An ash cloud from an Alaska volcano rose to 37,000 feet and stretched Monday more than 400 miles into interior Alaska.

Pavlof Volcano, one of Alaska’s most active volcanoes, erupted Sunday afternoon.

The Alaska Volcano Observatory says activity continued Monday.

Pavlof Volcano is 625 miles southwest of Anchorage on the Alaska Peninsula, the finger of land that sticks out from mainland Alaska toward the Aleutian Islands.

Lighting was detected over the volcano, and pressure-sensor data indicated sustained ash emissions.

Satellite date indicates the size of the ash cloud and its northeast flow.

Geologist Chris Waythomas of the U.S. Geological Survey says Pavlof can erupt for hours to days or erupt intermittently for longer periods of time.

The Federal Aviation Administration has issued a notice to pilots on the ash threat.

___

7:20 p.m.

The U.S. Geological Survey reports that a volcano on the Alaska Peninsula erupted Sunday afternoon and sent ash 20,000 feet into the air.

The agency says the Pavlof Volcano, which is 625 miles southwest of Anchorage, erupted at 4:18 p.m. local time. The agency says the eruption also led to tremors on the ground.

The USGS has raised the volcano alert level to “Warning.”

The agency says the volcano, which is about 4.4 miles in diameter, has had 40 known eruptions and “is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc.”

The USGS says that during a previous eruption in 2013, ash plumes rose 27,000 feet. Other eruptions have generated ash plumes as high as 49,000 feet.

The community closest to the volcano is Cold Bay, which is about 37 miles southwest of it.

___

This story has been corrected to indicate Pavlof Volcano is on the Alaska Peninsula, not in the Aleutian Islands.

Copyright 2016 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Title: Popocatpetl Erupts!
Post by: RE on April 20, 2016, 01:51:03 PM
POP goes another weasel!

RE

http://www.cnn.com/videos/world/2016/04/19/mexico-volcano-erupts-popocatpetl.cnn (http://www.cnn.com/videos/world/2016/04/19/mexico-volcano-erupts-popocatpetl.cnn)
Title: Mt. St. Helens is BACK!
Post by: RE on May 06, 2016, 10:15:38 PM
Here we go again...

RE

https://earthsky.org/earth/earthquake-swarms-at-mount-st-helens-2016 (https://earthsky.org/earth/earthquake-swarms-at-mount-st-helens-2016)

Earthquake swarms at Mount St. Helens

Earthquake rates have been steadily increasing since March at the Pacific Northwest volcano Mount St. Helens. The cause is probably new magma, rising upward.

(http://en.es-static.us/upl/2016/05/mount-st-helens-1980-sq-e1462564107530.jpg)
Mount St. Helens 1980 eruption as viewed from the air. Read more about this photo from www.oregonlive.com (http://www.oregonlive.com)

The U.S. Geological Survey reported on May 5, 2016, on the large number of small earthquakes occurring beneath Mount St. Helens, the most seismically active volcano in the Washington and Oregon Cascades, in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. This volcano is known for having erupted violently on May 18, 1980. It erupted again – less violently – in 2004-2008. Since March 14 of this year, scientists have been observing small-magnitude earthquakes at the volcano, but scientists do not believe another eruption is imminent. USGS said:

    Over the last 8 weeks, there have been over 130 earthquakes formally located by the Pacific Northwest Seismic Network and many more earthquakes too small to be located. The earthquakes have low magnitudes of 0.5 or less; the largest a magnitude 1.3. Earthquake rates have been steadily increasing since March, reaching nearly 40 located earthquakes per week. These earthquakes are too small to be felt at the surface.

USGS said these earthquakes – which are taking place below the volcano, at a depth between 1.2 to 4 miles (2 and 7 km) – are a normal part of what a volcano does when it’s not erupting:

    The magma chamber is likely imparting its own stresses on the crust around and above it, as the system slowly recharges.

    The stress drives fluids through cracks, producing the small quakes. The current pattern of seismicity is similar to swarms seen at Mount St. Helens in 2013 and 2014; recharge swarms in the 1990s had much higher earthquake rates and energy release.

Erik Klemetti of Wired’s great earthquake blog explained it this way:

    … new magma is rising up underneath St. Helens as it slumbers. As the magma intrudes, it imparts pressure on the rock around it and it heats up water/releases gases that can add to that pressure. This generates small earthquakes as the rocks shift in response to that stress.

USGS added:

    No anomalous gases, increases in ground inflation or shallow seismicity have been detected with this swarm, and there are no signs of an imminent eruption.

    As was observed at Mount St. Helens between 1987-2004, recharge can continue for many years beneath a volcano without an eruption.

Sometimes keeping a seismic station running during winter is difficult. USGS technicians Kelly Swinford and Amberlee Darold are shown here getting a St. Helens station back online on March 30, 2016.SETH MORAN / USGS

It’s not always easy to keep the seismic network in the Cascades up and running. USGS technicians Kelly Swinford and Amberlee Darold are shown here digging a Mount St. Helens seismic station out of the snow on March 30, 2016. Photo via Seth Moran/ USGS.
Mount St. Helens photographed seven years before the 1980 eruption. Image Credit: U.S. Forest Service.

Mount St. Helens photographed seven years before the 1980 eruption. Image via U.S. Forest Service.
Mount St. Helens photographed two years after the 1980 eruption. Image Credit: Lyn Topinka, U.S. Geological Survey.

Mount St. Helens photographed two years after the 1980 eruption. Image via Lyn Topinka, U.S. Geological Survey.

The small earthquakes in 2016 at Mount St. Helens aren’t nearly as dramatic as the observations prior to the volcano’s 1980 eruption. That year, magma – or molten material – pushed its way up from a reservoir deep inside the volcano, creating a bulge on the volcano’s north side as the magma drew closer to the volcano’s mouth. In 1980, scientists felt strongly that Mount St. Helens would soon erupt, although they weren’t entirely prepared for the violence of the eruption, which, according to Wikipedia:

    …killed 57 people, nearly 7,000 big game animals (deer, elk, and bear), and an estimated 12 million fish from a hatchery … [and] destroyed or extensively damaged over 200 homes, 185 miles (298 km) of highway and 15 miles (24 km) of railways.

Mount St. Helens is 96 miles (155 km) south of Seattle, Washington, and 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Portland, Oregon.

The video below features scientists talking about their experiences during the 1980 eruption.

For more information, see the Activity Updates for Volcanoes in CVO Area of Responsibility and Earthquake Monitoring at Mount St. Helens.
View larger. Nair Sankar reports that this is a blend of 15 exposures from Falling Rocks at the Caldera - Mt. St. Helens Monument and the Perseids, shot after 3 am in the morning. Thank you Nair!

View larger. | Meteors over Mount St. Helens. Nair Sankar created this image from a blend of 15 exposures during the 2015 Perseid meteor shower.

Bottom line: The U.S. Geological Survey reported on May 5, 2016, on the large number of small earthquakes occurring beneath Mount St. Helens, the most seismically active volcano in the Washington and Oregon Cascades. Earthquake rates have been steadily increasing since March. The cause is probably new magma, rising upward.
Title: 7 dead after volcano erupts in western Indonesia
Post by: RE on May 22, 2016, 04:23:52 AM
We're definitely doing some percolating this week!

RE

http://www.timesunion.com/news/world/article/Volcano-erupts-in-western-Indonesia-killing-6-7936832.php (http://www.timesunion.com/news/world/article/Volcano-erupts-in-western-Indonesia-killing-6-7936832.php)

7 dead after volcano erupts in western Indonesia

Binsar Bakkara, Associated Press Updated 5:47 am, Sunday, May 22, 2016

(http://ww2.hdnux.com/photos/46/47/07/10121677/7/920x920.jpg)
    A villager carries his belonging during an evacuation following the eruption of Mount Sinabung in Gamber village, North Sumatra, Indonesia, Sunday, May 22, 2016. The volcano in western Indonesian unleashed hot clouds of ash on Saturday, killing several villagers, oficials said. Photo: Binsar Bakkara, AP / Copyright 2016 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistribu

Photo: Binsar Bakkara, AP
Image 1 of 14
A villager carries his belonging during an evacuation following the eruption of Mount Sinabung in Gamber village, North Sumatra, Indonesia, Sunday, May 22, 2016. The volcano in western Indonesian unleashed hot ... more

GAMBER, Indonesia (AP) — The death toll in the eruption of a volcano in western Indonesia rose to seven on Sunday, with two other people in critical condition, as an official warned of more eruptions.

Mount Sinabung in North Sumatra province blasted volcanic ash as high as 3 kilometers (2 miles) into the sky on Saturday, said National Disaster Management Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho. He said ash tumbled down the slopes as far as 4.5 kilometers (3 miles) westward into a river.
Autoplay: On | Off

All the victims of the eruption were working on their farms in the village of Gamber, about 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) away from the slope, or within the danger area.

Photos taken on Sunday showed evidence of pyroclastic flows — a fast-moving cloud of hot volcanic gases, rocks and ash — in the village. Dead and injured animals were lying on the ground, around them scorched homes and smoky vegetation. Soldiers were setting up roadblocks and people were carrying their belongings and leading farm animals to safety.

Nata Nail, an official at the local Disaster Management Agency, said a man died Sunday at a hospital, leaving two other victims in critical condition.

Rescuers including soldiers, police, and personnel from disaster combating agencies, as well as volunteers and villagers, halted search operations around the area after they found there were no more victims or villagers inside the danger zone, Nail said.

Earlier on Sunday, security personnel blocked some villagers who wanted to enter the village to take their abandoned belongings.

Nugroho warned of more potential eruptions, with volcanic activity still high at the mountain.

Mount Sinabung had been dormant for four centuries before reviving in 2010, killing two people. An eruption in 2014 killed 16 people.

Sinabung is among more than 120 active volcanoes in Indonesia, which is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific "Ring of Fire," an arc of volcanoes and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin.
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on June 06, 2016, 04:54:49 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/V7dm8aFjqOs&fs=1
Title: A Supervolcano Stirs in Italy
Post by: RE on December 22, 2016, 01:09:38 AM
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2016/12/21/a-supervolcano-caused-the-largest-eruption-in-european-history-now-its-stirring-again/?utm_term=.e4a73e2b0b38 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2016/12/21/a-supervolcano-caused-the-largest-eruption-in-european-history-now-its-stirring-again/?utm_term=.e4a73e2b0b38)

A supervolcano caused the largest eruption in European history. Now it’s stirring again.
By Sarah Kaplan December 21 at 1:38 PM
Living in a volcano: Film looks at dangers of Italy's Campi Flegrei volcano


Embed Share
Play Video9:43
In this educational film, researchers explain the dangers residents face living near the area of the Campi Flegrei volcano, near the Italian city of Naples. (YouTube/UPStrat-MAFA)

The Italian name for the caldera — Campi Flegrei, or “burning fields”— is apt. The 7.5-mile-wide cauldron is the collapsed top of an ancient volcano, formed when the magma within finally blew. Though half of it is obscured beneath the crystal blue waters of the Mediterranean, the other half is studded with cinder cones and calderas from smaller eruptions. And the whole area seethes with hydrothermal activity: Sulfuric acid spews from active fumaroles; geysers spout water and steam and the ground froths with boiling mud; and earthquake swarms shudder through the region, 125 miles south of Rome.

And things seem to be heating up. Writing in the journal Nature on Tuesday, scientists report that the caldera is nearing a critical point at which decreased pressure on rising magma triggers a runaway release of gas and fluid, potentially leading to an eruption.

Forecasting volcanic eruptions is a famously dicey endeavor, and right now, it's impossible to say if and when Campi Flegrei might erupt, according to lead author Giovanni Chiodini, a volcanologist at the National Institute of Geophysics in Rome. But now more than ever, the caldera demands attention: An eruption would be devastating to the 500,000 people living in and around it.

The site's last major eruption happened over the course of a week in 1538, when it expelled enough new material to create the cinder cone mountain Monte Nuovo.

But the caldera itself is some 39,000 years old, formed by an eruption larger than anything else in the past 200,000 years of European history. A 2010 study in the journal Current Anthropology suggested that this prehistoric outburst — which spewed almost a trillion gallons of molten rock and released just as much sulfur into the atmosphere — set off a “volcanic winter” that led to the demise of the Neanderthals, who died out shortly afterward.

[A massive underwater volcanic eruption is captured in real time]

Today, the Campi Flegrei caldera is increasingly restless. For half a century, scientists have measured “bradyseism” events — slow movements of the ground — that are indicative of molten rock slowly filling the mountain's magma chamber. Significant uplift in the past decade prompted Italian authorities to raise the supervolcano's alert level from green (quiet) to yellow (scientific attention) in 2012.

“These areas can give rise to the only eruptions that can have global catastrophic effects comparable to major meteorite impacts,” Giuseppe De Natale, head of a drilling project to monitor the caldera, told Reuters after that change was made in 2012.

Now, Chiodini and his colleagues have identified the volcano's “critical degassing pressure” — a vital data point in understanding the likelihood of an eruption. As molten rock from the Earth's interior rises through the crust, it is subject to less pressure, and this decline in pressure causes volatile gases dissolved within it to be released. At the critical degassing pressure point, this process accelerates tenfold. Huge amounts of steam are injected into the surrounding rock.

If the magma loses too much water, it may harden and cease its upward motion, stopping the eruption in its tracks.

Alternatively, the injections of steam could destabilize the rock, accelerate the deformation process, and ultimately cause the volcano to blow.

Chiodini said scientists have seen an increase in ground deformation and low-level seismic activity around the caldera in recent years. This pattern compares with activity seen around similar volcanoes before their eruptions.

[Dwarf planet Ceres may hold a towering ice volcano]

This doesn't mean residents of Naples should be heading for cover.

“In general, unfortunately, volcanology is not a precise science,” Chiodini wrote in an email. “We have many uncertainties and long-term previsions are at the moment not possible! For example, the process that we describe could evolve in both directions: toward pre-eruptive conditions or to the finish of the volcanic unrest.”

What's more, volcanoes operate on time scales far beyond the scope of most scientific records. Campi Flegrei has had a major eruption only twice in the past 40,000 years, and both happened long before the invention of the first writing systems, let alone seismometers. There are written accounts of the 1538 eruption, but there are limits to the scientific insight those descriptions they provide.

What they lack in data, however, they make up for in vividness. Take this recollection, written by Italian philosopher Simone Porzio:

“The large tract of land which lay between the foot of the mountain . . . and the sea . . . was seen to rise and take the form of the newly produced mountain. And on the same day, at the second hour of the night, this mount of earth opened like a mouth, with a great roaring, vomiting much fire and pumice and stones.”

Read more:

In breakthrough experiment, scientists shine a light on antimatter

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A researcher discovered how cave men cleaned their teeth. It will make you want to brush yours.

NASA's far-flung space robots keep findings signs of water

A massive underwater volcanic eruption is captured in real time
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on January 03, 2017, 02:01:09 PM
http://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/02/massive-volcano-is-rumblingright-under-one-italys-biggest-cities-report.html (http://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/02/massive-volcano-is-rumblingright-under-one-italys-biggest-cities-report.html)



http://www.youtube.com/v/G5u97tVZFFo&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on January 04, 2017, 03:02:51 AM
http://www.youtube.com/v/Ln93-NTvgVU&fs=1
Title: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread-Krakatau Comes To Life
Post by: azozeo on February 19, 2017, 01:07:07 PM
https://www.volcanodiscovery.com/krakatau/news/61715/Krakatau-volcano-Sunda-Strait-Indonesia-strong-thermal-signal-could-suggest-new-eruptive-activity.html (https://www.volcanodiscovery.com/krakatau/news/61715/Krakatau-volcano-Sunda-Strait-Indonesia-strong-thermal-signal-could-suggest-new-eruptive-activity.html)

Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on March 03, 2017, 09:25:49 AM

Is Something Strange Happening Inside The Earth?
By Michael Snyder, on February 28th, 2017

Why are “giant fountains of lava” suddenly pouring out of some of the most dangerous volcanoes on the entire planet, and why are so many long dormant volcanoes suddenly roaring back to life?  The spectacular eruption of Mt. Etna in Italy is making headlines all over the world, but it is far from alone.  According to Volcano Discovery, 35 major volcanoes either are erupting right now or have just recently erupted, and dozens of others are stirring.  So what is causing this upsurge in volcanic activity?  Is something strange happening inside the Earth?

According to the USGS, magma is “molten rock underground”, and lava is molten rock “that breaks through the Earth’s surface”.  Right now, something is pushing magma up through the crust of the Earth at a number of key spots around the planet.  On the island of Sicily, the “giant fountains of lava” that are coming out of Mt. Etna can be seen 30 kilometers away…

    Giant fountains of lava could be seen sprouting from the volcano, located on the isle of Sicily, as far away as Catania, around 30 kilometres away, and the resort town of Taormina.

    The Meteorological Observatory in Nunziata said: “You can clearly see the lava fountains, although currently modest, as it escapes from the crater in the southeast.”

    An orange air alert has been issued, meaning that airspace will remain open but authorities will continue to monitor the situation.

On the other side of the world, a constant stream of molten rock has been springing out of Guatemala’s “Volcano of Fire” since February 25th…

    Guatemala’s Volcano of Fire erupted Saturday (Feb 25), spewing lava and sending up plumes of ash that rained down on nearby communities and could eventually reach the capital, civil protection authorities said.

    The Volcan de Fuego, one of the country’s three active volcanoes, is located about 45km southwest of the capital Guatemala City. It was the volcano’s second eruption this year.

And in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, a “firehose of lava” has been pouring out of the Kilauea Volcano since December 31st.

Meanwhile, a number of large volcanoes that have been dormant for a very long time all over the world have started springing back to life.

For instance, the only active volcano in India has suddenly started “spewing lava and ash” after being silent for 150 years…

    Barren Islands volcano, India’s only active volcano, is reportedlyspewing lava and ash after a gap of 150 years. It erupted for about four hours in January, scientists from the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) claimed.

    The volcano is situated in Barren Islands in the Andaman & Nicobar archipelago. Some unsubstantiated reports even claim that it is South Asia’s only active volcano.

    Its first recorded eruption dates back to 1787. Since then, the volcano has erupted more than ten times, including the one this year.

At one time scientists would speak of “dead volcanoes”, but now we learning that it really isn’t safe to speak of any volcano as being completely “dead”.  So many of these long dormant volcanoes are roaring back to life, and why this is suddenly happening now is puzzling many of the experts.

And as you have seen, this isn’t isolated to just one or two geographic regions.  It literally is happening all over the globe.

Last month, Indonesia’s Mount Sinabung in the southern hemisphere erupted seven times in the space of a single day, and meanwhile authorities in the northern hemisphere were warning us that four of Iceland’s biggest volcanoes are preparing to erupt.

Indonesia and Iceland are about as far apart as you can get, and yet they are both being affected by this worldwide phenomenon.

Without a doubt, something definitely appears to be causing a significant increase in worldwide seismic activity.

Let’s talk about earthquakes for a moment.  A website known as the Big Wobble recently published an article that included two extraordinary maps.  The first map showed the number of major earthquakes from January 1900 to January 1917, and the second map showed the number of major earthquakes from January 2000 to January 2017.  The difference between the two maps was startling to say the least.

It is becoming extremely difficult to deny that something is happening to the crust of our planet, and many are becoming concerned about what we could soon experience if the level of seismic activity continues to rise.

We already talked about Mt. Etna, but a much greater threat in Italy appears to be awakening under the city of Naples.  A massive supervolcano known as “Campi Flegrei” is close to a “critical state”, and if it erupts the consequences will be beyond catastrophic.  The following comes from National Geographic…

    A long-quiet yet huge supervolcano that lies under 500,000 people in Italy may be waking up and approaching a “critical state,” scientists report this week in the journal Nature Communications.

    Based on physical measurements and computer modeling, “we propose that magma could be approaching the CDP [critical degassing pressure] at Campi Flegrei, a volcano in the metropolitan area of Naples, one of the most densely inhabited areas in the world, and where accelerating deformation and heating are currently being observed,” wrote the scientists—who are led by Giovanni Chiodini of the Italian National Institute of Geophysics in Rome.

If that supervolcano were to fully erupt, millions could die, the skies in the northern hemisphere would be darkened for months and the resulting “volcanic winter” would cause famines all around the globe.

And the same things could be said about the supervolcano that is awakening in North Korea too.

In the United States, we should be watching the volcanoes on the west coast for signs of trouble, and my regular readers know that I am particularly concerned about Mt. Rainier.  There is an eruption of Mt. Rainier in “The Beginning Of The End“, and it is in there for a reason.

Someday Mt. Rainier will erupt, and the horror that this will mean for the Northwest is beyond anything that I could put into words for you right now.

We live at a time when our planet is becoming increasingly unstable, and a major natural disaster could change all of our lives in a single moment.

Just because our lives have been somewhat “normal” for an extended period of time does not mean that they will always be this way, and those that are ignoring the rumblings of our planet do so at their own peril.
Title: Rivers of Lava pouring from Mt. Etna
Post by: RE on March 28, 2017, 04:30:14 PM
We're definitely getting hotter.

RE

http://www.youtube.com/v/rdftw99Hbeo
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on March 30, 2017, 02:42:36 PM
2017-03-28 - Underwater volcano erupts in the Tyrrhenian Sea off Montecristo (Italy) in mysterious explosions releasing water, mud, gas and debris:
http://strangesounds.org/2017/03/mud-volcano-eruption-video-italy-tyrrhenian-sea-mysterious-explosions-geyser-montecristo.html (http://strangesounds.org/2017/03/mud-volcano-eruption-video-italy-tyrrhenian-sea-mysterious-explosions-geyser-montecristo.html)

Quote: "The chemical analysis of sea water showed a significant increase in the concentration of methane in the water."
Title: Volcano Thread- 4 ready to blow in Iceland "again"
Post by: azozeo on April 09, 2017, 01:42:26 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/QfJArRKS6AM&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on May 02, 2017, 05:14:26 AM
(https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-aZgWOLfnYSE/WQY2YJrWoDI/AAAAAAAAjes/oVE56B5DVtwCJt_xr35IWx-6pZItMwRagCLcB/s1600/th%2B%25281%2529.jpg)


Under water volcano Kick 'em Jenny showing increase in activity by the Seismic Research Centre (SRC) of the University of the West Indies


Photo caribbean360.com
The National Disaster Management Agency is monitoring an increase in activities taking place at Kick 'em Jenny, the region's only submarine volcano located between Grenada and the Grenadine island of Carriacou.
In a release early Sunday, the disaster agency said it has been advised of the increase in activity by the Seismic Research Centre (SRC) of the University of the West Indies (UWI).
"The UWI/SRC recorded a high amplitude signal, lasting about 25 seconds, on one of the Grenada stations.
The signal was also recorded on a station in Montserrat.
This signal follows an increase in the number of background events associated with the Kick-'em-Jenny volcano," said the release which confirmed that persons in the St. Patrick's area have reported feeling tremors."
As a result, the alert level is now on yellow and sea users and ships have been warned to stay away from vicinity of the submarine volcano.
"In light of the ongoing we are advising all sea users that the 5km (3.1 miles) exclusion zone of Kick 'em Jenny be strictly observed.
The SRC has advised that heightened alert is necessary for the exclusion zone," the release added.
A yellow alert means the volcano is restless; seismicity and/or fumarolic activity are above the historical level or other unusual activity has been observed or can be expected without warning.

http://www.thebigwobble.org/2017/04/under-water-volcano-kick-em-jenny.html (http://www.thebigwobble.org/2017/04/under-water-volcano-kick-em-jenny.html)

Title: Highest aviation alert level issued after Alaskan volcano erupts
Post by: RE on May 29, 2017, 06:37:12 AM
http://www.cnn.com/2017/05/29/us/alaska-bogoslof-volcano-eruption/ (http://www.cnn.com/2017/05/29/us/alaska-bogoslof-volcano-eruption/)

Highest aviation alert level issued after Alaskan volcano erupts
Joe Sutton Profile

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By Euan McKirdy and Joe Sutton, CNN

Updated 8:28 AM ET, Mon May 29, 2017
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Story highlights

    Eruption on Alaskan island causes raising of aviation alert
    Ash cloud reached at least 35,000 ft., observers say

(CNN)A volcanic eruption Sunday prompted the temporary raising of the highest aviation alert, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) said Sunday.
The event, which took place on Alaska's Bogoslof Island, part of the Aleutian island chain, caused the issuance of a code "red" aviation alert, which was subsequently downgraded to "orange."
The cloud from the eruption reached at least 35,000 ft., and possibly as high as 45,000 ft., the Observatory said.
"We actually went to color code red this afternoon because of numerous lightning detections and increased seismic signals," Jeffrey Freymueller of the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks tells CNN.
CNN Map

(http://i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529153028-bogoslof-volcano-ash-cloud-exlarge-169.jpg)
Bogoslof Volcano


© Mapbox © OpenStreetMap Improve this map
"Lightning in the Aleutians is mostly due to volcanic plumes, as the meteorological conditions for lightning are not common," Freymueller said.
"The combination of lightning and seismic data allowed us to go to red within about half an hour of the start of the eruption."
The eruption lasted for about 50 minutes, the AVO said.
An ash cloud from the erupting Bogoslof volcano, seen from nearby Unalaska island.
An ash cloud from the erupting Bogoslof volcano, seen from nearby Unalaska island.
Flight path concern
The volcano sits under the flight path of many flights from Asia to North America and its ash cloud could adversely affect aircraft. "Ash and aircraft do not mix, as volcanic ash is abrasive, melts at jet engine temperatures, and can cause engine failure," according to the United States Geological Survey.
Aircraft are often instructed to fly around or over ash clouds, although in some circumstances air traffic has been grounded due to the hazards from airborne ash. In 2010 the eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in Iceland caused the cancellation of flights around Europe for six days.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) last week said that flights were being rerouted around a similar ash cloud when the volcano previously erupted, according to CNN partner CBC.
'Heightened state of unrest'
An image taken by AVO scientists around 14 minutes after the start of the eruption, from nearby Unalaska Island, showed a large white-gray mushroom cloud form over the site. Ash fallout was occurring to the west of the site, according to AVO.
Bogoslof volcano remains at a heightened state of unrest and in an unpredictable condition," according to a report issued by the Observatory, which added that "additional explosions producing high-altitude volcanic clouds could occur at any time."

(http://i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529040949-bogoslof-volcano-change-exlarge-169.jpg)

It warns that continuing low-level activity could "pose a hazard in the immediate vicinity of the volcano."
Previous volcanic activity earlier in 2017 "significantly changed the shape and coastline of the island" and the land mass tripled in size between early 2015 and January of this year.
There have been eight documented eruption events at Bogoslof, the most recent one in 1992. Previous eruption events have lasted weeks to months, according to the AVO. This current eruption sequence started in December, 2016.
Title: Re:Highest aviation alert level issued after Alaskan volcano erupts
Post by: agelbert on May 29, 2017, 02:40:57 PM
http://www.cnn.com/2017/05/29/us/alaska-bogoslof-volcano-eruption/ (http://www.cnn.com/2017/05/29/us/alaska-bogoslof-volcano-eruption/)

Highest aviation alert level issued after Alaskan volcano erupts
Joe Sutton Profile

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By Euan McKirdy and Joe Sutton, CNN

Updated 8:28 AM ET, Mon May 29, 2017
studying alaskas volcanoes orig _00000000

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bts hawaii lava flow destroys first structure_00005016.jpg
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orig chasing the lava in hawaii npr martin savidge_00005005.jpg
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orig chasing the lava in hawaii npr martin savidge_00005005.jpg
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nr myers japan volcano eruption_00013420.jpg
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studying alaskas volcanoes orig _00000000.jpg
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wonder list up close with the volcano_00005413.jpg
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vo hawaii kilauea lava lake eruption_00002715.jpg
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Story highlights

    Eruption on Alaskan island causes raising of aviation alert
    Ash cloud reached at least 35,000 ft., observers say

(CNN)A volcanic eruption Sunday prompted the temporary raising of the highest aviation alert, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) said Sunday.
The event, which took place on Alaska's Bogoslof Island, part of the Aleutian island chain, caused the issuance of a code "red" aviation alert, which was subsequently downgraded to "orange."
The cloud from the eruption reached at least 35,000 ft., and possibly as high as 45,000 ft., the Observatory said.
"We actually went to color code red this afternoon because of numerous lightning detections and increased seismic signals," Jeffrey Freymueller of the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks tells CNN.
CNN Map

(http://i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529153028-bogoslof-volcano-ash-cloud-exlarge-169.jpg)
Bogoslof Volcano


© Mapbox © OpenStreetMap Improve this map
"Lightning in the Aleutians is mostly due to volcanic plumes, as the meteorological conditions for lightning are not common," Freymueller said.
"The combination of lightning and seismic data allowed us to go to red within about half an hour of the start of the eruption."
The eruption lasted for about 50 minutes, the AVO said.
An ash cloud from the erupting Bogoslof volcano, seen from nearby Unalaska island.
An ash cloud from the erupting Bogoslof volcano, seen from nearby Unalaska island.
Flight path concern
The volcano sits under the flight path of many flights from Asia to North America and its ash cloud could adversely affect aircraft. "Ash and aircraft do not mix, as volcanic ash is abrasive, melts at jet engine temperatures, and can cause engine failure," according to the United States Geological Survey.
Aircraft are often instructed to fly around or over ash clouds, although in some circumstances air traffic has been grounded due to the hazards from airborne ash. In 2010 the eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in Iceland caused the cancellation of flights around Europe for six days.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) last week said that flights were being rerouted around a similar ash cloud when the volcano previously erupted, according to CNN partner CBC.
'Heightened state of unrest'
An image taken by AVO scientists around 14 minutes after the start of the eruption, from nearby Unalaska Island, showed a large white-gray mushroom cloud form over the site. Ash fallout was occurring to the west of the site, according to AVO.
Bogoslof volcano remains at a heightened state of unrest and in an unpredictable condition," according to a report issued by the Observatory, which added that "additional explosions producing high-altitude volcanic clouds could occur at any time."

(http://i2.cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/170529040949-bogoslof-volcano-change-exlarge-169.jpg)

It warns that continuing low-level activity could "pose a hazard in the immediate vicinity of the volcano."
Previous volcanic activity earlier in 2017 "significantly changed the shape and coastline of the island" and the land mass tripled in size between early 2015 and January of this year.
There have been eight documented eruption events at Bogoslof, the most recent one in 1992. Previous eruption events have lasted weeks to months, according to the AVO. This current eruption sequence started in December, 2016.

   (http://www.animatedimages.org/data/media/142/animated-volcano-image-0010.gif)

On the bright side, if she blows big time, all those aerosols will slow down global warming for a few years.   8)
Title: Scientists discover 91 volcanoes below Antarctic ice sheet
Post by: azozeo on August 14, 2017, 01:39:53 PM
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/12/scientists-discover-91-volcanos-antarctica (https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/12/scientists-discover-91-volcanos-antarctica)


http://www.youtube.com/v/F9MdEhFjj-A&fs=1
Title: Yellowstone-Largest Swarm EVAH recorded 2300 & counting
Post by: azozeo on September 02, 2017, 05:25:10 PM
http://www.newsweek.com/yellowstone-supervolcano-earthquake-swarm-largest-recorded-658318 (http://www.newsweek.com/yellowstone-supervolcano-earthquake-swarm-largest-recorded-658318)


http://www.youtube.com/v/HHGhdus5-4A&fs=1
Title: Re: Yellowstone-Largest Swarm EVAH recorded 2300 & counting
Post by: azozeo on September 02, 2017, 05:29:50 PM
http://www.newsweek.com/yellowstone-supervolcano-earthquake-swarm-largest-recorded-658318 (http://www.newsweek.com/yellowstone-supervolcano-earthquake-swarm-largest-recorded-658318)


http://www.youtube.com/v/HHGhdus5-4A&fs=1


http://www.youtube.com/v/k2kzp8GelRU&fs=1
Title: 5.3 Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on September 02, 2017, 05:59:03 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/St3lOLk7kqc&fs=1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on September 09, 2017, 01:06:27 PM
2017-09-07 - Volcano Barbarbunga shaking and quaking in Iceland:
http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/index.php?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EQ-20170907-59769-ISL (http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/database/index.php?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EQ-20170907-59769-ISL)

Quote: "A number of earthquakes were detected at Barbarbunga in Vatnajokull tonight, according to the Icelandic Met Office. The largest quake was 4.1 in magnitude, with another one following at 4.0. The quakes were a total of 21, with three of them over 3.0 in magnitude."
Title: Scientists locate potential magma source in Italian supervolcano
Post by: RE on September 18, 2017, 01:13:18 PM
https://phys.org/news/2017-09-scientists-potential-magma-source-italian.html

Scientists locate potential magma source in Italian supervolcano
September 18, 2017
(https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/csz/news/800/2017/6-scientistslo.jpg)
Scientists have now pinpointed the location of the hot zone where hot materials rose to feed the caldera during its last period of activity in the 1980s. Credit: University of Aberdeen

Scientists have found the first direct evidence of a so-called 'hot zone' feeding a supervolcano in southern Italy that experts say is nearing eruption conditions.

Campi Flegrei is a volcanic caldera to the west of Naples that last erupted centuries ago.

The area has been relatively quiet since the 1980s when the injection of either magma or fluids in the shallower structure of the volcano caused a series of small earthquakes.

Using seismological techniques, scientists have now pinpointed the location of the hot zone where hot materials rose to feed the caldera during this period.

The study was led by Dr Luca De Siena at the University of Aberdeen in conjunction with the INGV Osservatorio Vesuviano, the RISSC lab of the University of Naples, and the University of Texas at Austin. The research provides a benchmark that may help predict how and where future eruptions could strike.

"One question that has puzzled scientists is where magma is located beneath the caldera, and our study provides the first evidence of a hot zone under the city of Pozzuoli that extends into the sea at a depth of 4 km," Dr De Siena said.

"While this is the most probable location of a small batch of magma, it could also be the heated fluid-filled top of a wider magma chamber, located even deeper."

Dr De Siena's study suggests that magma was prevented from rising to the surface in the 1980s by the presence of a 1-2 km-deep rock formation that blocked its path, forcing it to release stress along a lateral route.

While the implications of this are still not fully understood, the relatively low amount of seismic activity in the area since the 1980s suggests that pressure is building within the caldera, making it more dangerous.

"During the last 30 years the behaviour of the volcano has changed, with everything becoming hotter due to fluids permeating the entire caldera," Dr De Siena explained.

"Whatever produced the activity under Pozzuoli in the 1980s has migrated somewhere else, so the danger doesn't just lie in the same spot, it could now be much nearer to Naples which is more densely populated.

"This means that the risk from the caldera is no longer just in the centre, but has migrated. Indeed, you can now characterise Campi Flegrei as being like a boiling pot of soup beneath the surface.

"What this means in terms of the scale of any future eruption we cannot say, but there is no doubt that the volcano is becoming more dangerous.

"The big question we have to answer now is if it is a big layer of magma that is rising to the surface, or something less worrying which could find its way to the surface out at sea."

Explore further: Campi Flegrei volcano eruption possibly closer than thought

More information: Luca De Siena et al. Source and dynamics of a volcanic caldera unrest: Campi Flegrei, 1983–84, Scientific Reports (2017). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-08192-7


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-09-scientists-potential-magma-source-italian.html#jCp
Title: Fearing eruption, thousands in Bali flee from Mount Agung
Post by: RE on September 23, 2017, 01:04:48 AM
Not  good day to stop sniffing glue in Bali.

RE

Fearing eruption, thousands in Bali flee from Mount Agung
Updated 11:20 pm, Friday, September 22, 2017

(http://ww2.hdnux.com/photos/66/14/43/14207193/3/920x920.jpg)
Villagers sit in a temporary shelter in Bali, Indonesia, Saturday, Sept. 23, 2017. Indonesian authorities raised the alert level for the Mount Agung volcano on the tourist island to the highest level, and more than 11,000 villagers left their homes around the mountain, officials said Friday. Photo: Firdia Lisnawati, AP / Copyright 2017 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.

Photo: Firdia Lisnawati, AP
Image 1 of 6
Villagers sit in a temporary shelter in Bali, Indonesia, Saturday, Sept. 23, 2017. Indonesian authorities raised the alert level for the Mount Agung volcano on the tourist island to the highest level, and more ... more

BALI, Indonesia (AP) — Thousands of villagers on the Indonesian resort island of Bali are sheltering in sports centers, village halls and with relatives, fearing Mount Agung will erupt for the first time in more than half a century.

Authorities raised the volcano's alert status to the highest level Friday following a "tremendous increase" in seismic activity. It last erupted in 1963, killing 1,100 people.

Villager Made Suda says he left overnight with 25 family members to stay in the Klungkung sports center.

He said Saturday: "I feel grief and fear, feel sad about leaving the village and leaving four cows."
Title: Bali volcano: 35,000 evacuated from near Mount Agung
Post by: RE on September 24, 2017, 09:10:08 PM
Invest in Evacuation Companies.

RE

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-41382990 (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-41382990)

Bali volcano: 35,000 evacuated from near Mount Agung

    39 minutes ago
    From the section Asia 

(https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/660/cpsprodpb/14B99/production/_97998848_4c1c8a7c-c89c-46e6-a42d-d8decb74f3cc.jpg)
Image caption Thousands of Bali residents have been evacuated to town halls and schools  Image copyright Reuters

Nearly 35,000 people have been evacuated from their homes near an active volcano in Bali, as authorities warn it could erupt imminently.

The area around Mount Agung has seen hundreds of tremors and signs of magma rising to the surface in recent days.

Authorities have imposed a 12km (7.5 miles) exclusion zone around the mountain and issued their highest level alert on Friday.

The island's main tourist areas and flights remain unaffected for now.

Indonesia's national volcanology centre said in a statement (in Indonesian) on Sunday night that the mountain's "seismic energy is increasing and has the potential to erupt".

By Friday about 10,000 people had been evacuated, with more told to leave as authorities expanded the exclusion zone.
Image copyright Getty Images
Image caption The mountain has shown signs of increased volcanic activity in recent weeks

Officials began noticing heightened volcanic activity in August and have steadily stepped up the evacuations of the rural villages surrounding the mountain.

Thousands of Balinese are now living in shelters in town halls and schools, with authorities trucking in tonnes of aid supplies. Some communities have also set up livestock shelters for the cows which they had to leave behind, reported The Jakarta Post.

Many villagers are still visiting their homes in the daytime and life is continuing normally, according to Reuters news agency.
Skip Twitter post by @adharves

    This graph shows why vulcanologists think Bali's Mt Agung will explode soon - look at spike in red trend line showing energy of tremors. pic.twitter.com/4Fb4oMpUIx
    — Adam Harvey (@adharves) September 24, 2017

Report

End of Twitter post by @adharves

Mount Agung, which is more than 3,000m above sea level, lies in the eastern part of Bali, which is a popular tourist destination.

The volcano is about 70km from the main tourist areas of Kuta and Seminyak, which remain unaffected for now. Flights in and out of Bali are operating normally.

Bali's local tourism board said on Sunday that there had been no volcanic ash detected, but advised visitors to "start preparing sufficient stock of face masks" in case of an eruption.

Several countries including Britain, Australia and Singapore have issued travel advisories for their citizens, warning of possible flight disruptions and evacuations.

More than 1,000 people died when Mount Agung last erupted in 1963. With Bali's rapid development in the decades since, authorities fear a bigger death toll may result should the volcano erupt again.

It is among about 130 active volcanoes in Indonesia - an archipelago prone to volcanic eruptions and earthquakes as it sits on the Pacific "Ring of Fire".
Title: Up to 50,000 residents flee from Bali volcano amid fears it is about to erupt
Post by: RE on September 25, 2017, 01:43:50 AM
Now up to 50,000 evacuated!

Good thing we have Sports Stadiums.

RE

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4916682/50-000-flee-Mount-Agung-Bali-fears-erupt.html (http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4916682/50-000-flee-Mount-Agung-Bali-fears-erupt.html)

BREAKING NEWS: Up to 50,000 residents flee from Bali volcano amid fears it is about to erupt

(http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2017/09/25/02/44B023E500000578-4916094-More_than_35_000_people_have_fled_a_menacing_volcano_on_the_Indo-a-12_1506303944191.jpg)

    The numbers from disaster officials are more than triple previous estimates
    Authorities told those living in 9-12 km zone around the volcano to leave
    Thousands are now living in temporary shelters, sport centers and village halls

By Matilda Rudd and Khaleda Rahman For Daily Mail Australia

Published: 03:55 EDT, 25 September 2017 | Updated: 04:33 EDT, 25 September 2017

Up to 50,000 people have fled the largest volcano on the Indonesian island of Bali, fearing it will erupt at any moment.

A natural disaster has been declared in parts of Bali as authorities imposed an exclusion zone around Mount Agung following increasing volcanic activity on Sunday.

Strong tremors rippled through areas in the eastern part of one of the world's most popular tourist destinations, packed with Australian families enjoying the school holidays, sparking authorities to order people to leave a 12 kilometre (8 mile) zone around the mountain.
The last eruption of Mount Agung (pictured) at Klungkung in Bali, in 1963 killed 1,100 people

The last eruption of Mount Agung (pictured) at Klungkung in Bali, in 1963 killed 1,100 people

The numbers from disaster officials on Sunday are more than double previous estimates and are continuing to rise, they say.

It includes people who left voluntarily as well as those told to evacuate from the exclusion zone as increasing tremors rattle the region. 

Authorities raised the volcano's alert status to the highest level on Friday following a 'tremendous increase' in seismic activity. Its last eruption in 1963 killed 1,100 people.
More than 35,000 people have fled a menacing volcano on the Indonesian island of Bali

More than 35,000 people have fled a menacing volcano on the Indonesian island of Bali

Luhut Binsar Panjaitan, a senior Cabinet minister, said Sunday that the districts surrounding the volcano 'must be prepared for the worst.'

The National Disaster Mitigation Agency has praised the welcoming response of local communities on Bali to the flood of evacuees.

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The agency has sent food and logistical supplies to the area, while also calling for public donations.

Thousands are living in temporary shelters, sport centers, village halls and with relatives or friends. Some return to the danger zone during the day to tend to livestock.
Thousands are living in temporary shelters, sport centers, village halls. Above, evacuees in a temporary shelter

Thousands are living in temporary shelters, sport centers, village halls. Above, evacuees in a temporary shelter
Children play in an evacuation shelter after authorities raised the volcano's alert status to the highest level on Friday

Children play in an evacuation shelter after authorities raised the volcano's alert status to the highest level on Friday
Some evacuees return to the danger zone around the volcano in the day to tend to livestock

Some evacuees return to the danger zone around the volcano in the day to tend to livestock
The National Disaster Mitigation Agency has praised the welcoming response of local communities on Bali to the flood of evacuees

The National Disaster Mitigation Agency has praised the welcoming response of local communities on Bali to the flood of evacuees
Authorities imposed the exclusion zone around the crater as increasing volcanic activity on Sunday sent strong tremors through areas in the eastern part of the island

Authorities imposed the exclusion zone around the crater as increasing volcanic activity on Sunday sent strong tremors through areas in the eastern part of the island

National Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said 14 tons of aid has been sent, including tents, blankets, mattresses and portable communications equipment.

Truck driver Wayan Suparta said he and his family left their village 5 kilometres (3 miles) from the mountain several days ago, bringing just clothes and blankets to a temporary camp in Rendang.

The 35-year-old said he sold the family's cow because they don't know when they'll be able to return.

Officials have said there is no current danger to people in other parts of Bali, a popular tourist island famous for its surfing, beaches and elegant Hindu culture.

Hoaxes have proliferated online, with videos of previous eruptions in Indonesia circulated as current events at Mount Agung.

Officials urged the public to remain calm amid false reports and videos circulating online of an eruption.
The National Disaster Mitigation Agency has sent food and logistical supplies to the area, while also calling for public donations

The National Disaster Mitigation Agency has sent food and logistical supplies to the area, while also calling for public donations
Women and children are seen taking refuge in an evacuation shelter after authorities imposed an exclusion zone around the volcano

Women and children are seen taking refuge in an evacuation shelter after authorities imposed an exclusion zone around the volcano

'The latest analysis indicates that Mount Agung's seismic energy is increasing and has the potential to erupt,' the National Vulcanology Center said in a statement.

'However, no one can predict exactly when there will be an eruption,' it added.

Flights at Bali's international airport were operating normally on Sunday as were tourist spots across the rest of the island.

Meanwhile, Australian flights to Bali continued as scheduled on Sunday.

Virgin Australia, Jetstar and Qantas flights to Denpasar International Airport remained unaffected but the airlines said they were monitoring warnings.

Virgin Australia warned of possible flight delays and said some Bali bound flights would be making fuel stops in Darwin as a precautionary measure.

'This ensures that if an eruption occurs while the aircraft is en route, we will be able to get guests back to their originating port safely and quickly,' the airline said in a statement.
National Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said 14 tons of aid has been sent, including tents, blankets, mattresses and portable communications equipment

National Disaster Mitigation Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said 14 tons of aid has been sent, including tents, blankets, mattresses and portable communications equipment
Indonesia, made up of thousands of islands, is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific 'Ring of Fire'

Indonesia, made up of thousands of islands, is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific 'Ring of Fire'

All Jetstar flights were operating as scheduled and passengers would be notified individually if changes occurred, the company said in a statement on Sunday.

'Our pilots and meteorologists will continue to monitor the latest information from the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre,' the statement said.

Qantas flights were also operating as scheduled, a spokeswoman told AAP on Sunday.

The government's Smart Traveller website urges visitors to monitor local media reports and follow instructions of local authorities.

Australians are also advised to exercise a high degree of caution in Indonesia and to contact their tour operators to confirm travel plans.

In 1963, the 3,031-meter (9,944-foot) Agung hurled ash as high as 20 kilometres (12 miles), according to volcanologists, and remained active for about a year.

Lava traveled 7.5 kilometres (4.7 miles) and ash reached Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, about 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) away.

The mountain, 72 kilometres (45 miles) to the northeast of the tourist hotspot of Kuta, is among more than 120 active volcanoes in Indonesia.

The country of thousands of islands is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific 'Ring of Fire,' an arc of volcanoes and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin.
Title: Indonesian official: More than 120,000 flee Bali volcano
Post by: RE on September 28, 2017, 03:00:57 AM
We have more than doubled now the evacuees on Bali to 120K!

RE

http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory/indonesian-official-120000-flee-bali-volcano-50147437 (http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory/indonesian-official-120000-flee-bali-volcano-50147437)

Indonesian official: More than 120,000 flee Bali volcano

    By The Associated Press

BALI, Indonesia — Sep 28, 2017, 3:20 AM ET

(http://a.abcnews.com/images/Lifestyle/WireAP_8ffcf1f51e2f4a27b144689a23985ffd_12x5_992.jpg)
Villagers watch Mount Agung from an observation point which is about 12 kilometer (7.4 miles) away from the volcano in Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia, Thursday, Sept. 28, 2017. The exodus from the menacing volcano on the Indonesian tourist island is nearing 100,000 people, a disaster official said Wednesday, as hundreds of tremors from the mountain are recorded daily. (AP Photo/Firdia Lisnawati)
more +


More than 120,000 people have fled the region around the Mount Agung volcano on the Indonesian tourist island of Bali, fearing it will soon erupt, an official said Thursday.

Nyoman Parwata, an official at the disaster mitigation agency's command post in Bali, said the number of evacuees has swelled to about 122,500.

They are scattered in more than 500 locations across the island famed for its beaches, lush green interior and elegant Hindu culture, taking shelter in temporary camps, sports centers and other public buildings.

The volcano has been at its highest alert level since Friday, sparking the massive exodus of villagers. Thousands of cows are also being evacuated.

An exclusion zone around the mountain extends as far as 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) from the crater in places but officials say people farther from the volcano are leaving too.

Agung, which dominates the landscape in the northeast of the island, last erupted in 1963, killing more than 1,100 people. It remained active for about a year.

Volcanologists say the recent dramatic escalation in tremors indicates an eruption is more likely than not, but they can't say with certainty when it will happen.

"I would definitely be following the advice to stay outside the exclusion zone," said Heather Handley, an assistant earth sciences professor at Sydney's Macquarie University. The increase in tremors suggests an eruption is "imminent," she said.

Its eruptions in 1963 produced deadly clouds of searing hot ash, gases and rock fragments that traveled down its slopes at great speed. Lava spread for several kilometers and people were also killed by lahars — rivers of water and volcanic debris.

The mountain, about 70 kilometers (45 miles) to the northeast of the tourist hotspot of Kuta, is among more than 120 active volcanoes in Indonesia.

Another volcano, Mount Sinabung on Sumatra, has been erupting sporadically since 2010, sometimes blasting volcanic ash several kilometers (miles) into the air and forcing more than 30,000 to evacuate their villages.

Indonesia, an archipelago of thousands of islands, is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific "Ring of Fire," an arc of volcanoes and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin.
Title: Lucky 13 Super Volcanos Waking Up
Post by: RE on October 07, 2017, 01:13:11 AM
https://www.reddit.com/r/StormComing/comments/74svyh/stunningly_13_of_the_worlds_supercalderas_have/ (https://www.reddit.com/r/StormComing/comments/74svyh/stunningly_13_of_the_worlds_supercalderas_have/)

Stunningly, 13 of the worlds SuperCalderas have become active in the past 2 months (self.StormComing)

(http://www.thedailysheeple.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/0092012_Woody_Harrelson_011.jpg)

submitted 3 hours ago * by TheKolbrinMod/Watcher

13 Mega-Volcanos or SuperCalderas with a VEI of 7 or 8 have all become active over the past 2 months.

VEI is 'Volcano Explosivity Index'. This Index caps out at 8.

The eruption of Mt. Tambora in 1815 is one of the most recent Mega Volcanos to erupt. At a VEI of 7, one of the most powerful eruptions in recorded history.

The ash from Tamboras eruption column dispersed around the world and lowered global temperatures, leading to worldwide harvest failures in an event sometimes known as the Year Without a Summer in 1816.

The current activity is pretty unusual. It's not just the SuperCaldera Volcanos that are waking up, we have 8 'ring of fire' region volcanos that have become active just in the past several weeks. Search Volcano on StormComing to see the details on these.

"In the case of a supervolcano you could have complete collapse of civilization around the world in the very worst case scenario. "Eruptions That Shook The World" - Dr Clive Oppenheimer"
Island Park Caldera 8 North-America USA State of Idaho 2.1 million years ago September 26 2017 03:01 PM
Lake Taupo 8 Australia - New-Zealand New Zealand ~26,500 years ago October 07 2017 02:50 AM
Lake Toba 8 Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia ~74,000 years ago August 28 2017 10:59 PM
Whakamaru 8 Australia - New-Zealand New Zealand ~254,000 years ago October 07 2017 02:50 AM
Yellowstone Caldera 8 North-America USA State of Wyoming 640,000 years ago September 26 2017 03:01 PM
Aira Caldera 7 Asia Japan Island of Kyushu ~22,000 years ago September 24 2017 11:31 PM
Campi Flegrei 7 Europe Italy Naples ~39,280 years ago September 30 2017 11:58 PM
Kikai Caldera 7 Asia Japan Osumi Islands, ~6,300 years ago October 01 2017 07:20 PM
Laacher See 7 Europe Germany Rhineland-Palatinate ~12,900 years ago September 29 2017 12:36 AM
Long Valley Caldera 7 North-America USA State of California ~760,000 years ago October 07 2017 03:01 AM
Mount Tambora 7 Indonesian Archipelago Sumbawa Island 1815 October 04 2017 01:41 PM
Reporoa Caldera 7 Australia - New-Zealand New Zealand Taupo 230,000 years ago October 07 2017 01:42 AM
Santorini Volcano 7 Europe Greece Island of Thera 1927 October 06 2017 05:08 PM
Title: Wave Of Eruptions Along Pacific 'Ring Of Fire' Leave 10,000s Displaced
Post by: RE on October 14, 2017, 03:00:54 AM
So far, Mt.Redoubt is quiet and no Shakers yet tonight.

RE

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-10-13/wave-eruptions-along-pacific-ring-fire-leave-10000s-displaced (http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-10-13/wave-eruptions-along-pacific-ring-fire-leave-10000s-displaced)

Wave Of Eruptions Along Pacific 'Ring Of Fire' Leave 10,000s Displaced

by Tyler Durden
Oct 13, 2017 10:40 PM

(http://www.zerohedge.com/sites/default/files/images/user245717/imageroot/2017/10/04/2017.10.13volcano.JPG)


The Pacific “Ring of Fire” is living up to its name.

The 450 or so volcanoes that make up the ring outline have been unusually active this year, sparking evacuations on the Indonesian island of Bali and on the tiny island nation of Vanuatu. Parts of southwestern Japan, meanwhile, have been shaken by a series of earthquakes, unsettling the local population, in an area where the massive Pacific Plate grinds against other plates that form the Earth’s crust, creating a 25,000-mile zone where earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are unusually common.

Three volcanos have either erupted, or are showing signs of an imminent eruption, across the region, according to a roundup published by the Associated Press.

Japan:
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    The Shinmoedake volcano in southwestern Japan started erupting Wednesday for the first time in about six years. An ash plume rose 1,700 meters (5,580 feet) from the crater Thursday and ash fell on cities and towns in Miyazaki prefecture. Japanese broadcaster TBS showed students wearing helmets and masks on their way to school at the foot of Shinmoedake. The Japan Meteorological Agency is warning that hot ash and gas clouds known as pyroclastic flows could reach 2 kilometers (1 mile) from the crater, and ash and volcanic rocks are a risk over a wider area depending on wind and elevation. It raised the volcanic alert level from 2 to 3 on a scale of 5. Level 3 warns people to not approach the volcano.

Bali:

    More than 140,000 people fled Mount Agung on the Indonesian resort island of Bali after its alert status was raised to the highest level on Sept. 22. Hundreds of tremors daily from the mountain indicate magma is rising inside it, prompting authorities to warn a powerful eruption is possible. The volcano spewed lava and deadly fast-moving clouds of boiling hot ash, gas and rocks when it last erupted in 1963, killing more than 1,100 people. A new eruption is likely to kill fewer people because officials have imposed a large no-go zone around the crater but it could paralyze tourism, which many Balinese rely on for their livelihoods. Indonesia has more than one tenth of the world’s active volcanoes and another two are currently erupting. Sinabung in northern Sumatra is shooting plumes of ash high into the atmosphere nearly daily, and Dukono in the Maluku island chain is also periodically erupting.

Vanuatu:

    The entire population of a Pacific island was evacuated in the space of a few days in late September and early October to escape the belching Manaro volcano. The 11,000 residents of Ambae island were moved by every boat available to other islands in Vanuatu, a Pacific archipelago nation, where they’re living in schools, churches and tents. Officials have since downgraded the volcano’s danger level but say the population must wait at least two more weeks to return. The island’s water supply and crops have been affected by volcanic ash and acid rain but most villages were spared major damage. Previous eruptions of the volcano have lasted a month to six weeks.

As if the Ring of Fire wasn’t doing enough to inspire febrile visions of an apocalyptic calamity, scientists are warning that supervolcanos in Italy and the US could be headed for eruptions that would register as by far the most destructive in modern human history.

Earlier this week, scientists from Arizona State University presented research showing that when the Yellowstone caldera super volcano last erupted more than 600,000 years ago, it took barely a decade for magma flowing into the volcano’s chamber to reach a critical mass.

Volcanos, hurricanes, wildfires, earthquakes – natural disasters are seemingly happening everywhere at once. 

Perhaps the ultimate irony is that while the Trump administration is focusing its energy on foreign enemies like Iran and North Korea, the greatest threat to the American population lies within a cherished domestic landmark and symbol of national pride.
Title: Iceland's Biggest Volcano Is "Ready To Erupt" As Europe Faces A Disaster
Post by: RE on November 01, 2017, 03:08:43 AM
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-10-31/icelands-biggest-volcano-ready-erupt-europe-faces-disaster (http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-10-31/icelands-biggest-volcano-ready-erupt-europe-faces-disaster)

Iceland's Biggest Volcano Is "Ready To Erupt" As Europe Faces A Disaster

(http://www.zerohedge.com/sites/default/files/images/user3303/imageroot/2017/11/01/20171031_ice2.jpg)

by Tyler Durden
Nov 1, 2017 1:00 AM

Authored by Mac Slavo via SHTFplan.com,

Iceland’s biggest volcano has been rocked by the strongest earthquake since it last erupted in 2014.

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With swarms of earthquakes occurring in the French Alps too, Europe is facing what could be one of the largest natural disasters in history.

Last week, the 6,591-foot tall Bardarbunga, a “powerful and versatile” volcano, was rattled by the four largest earthquakes since it last erupted in 2014.  The earthquakes, measuring in magnitudes of 3.9, 3.2, 4.7, and 4.7 on the Richter scale, struck the caldera region over several days last weekend. Another magnitude 4.1 earthquake hit the 200km long and 25km wide volcanic system earlier last week and several tremors struck in September.

Páll Einarsson, a volcanology expert at the University of Iceland, said the latest quakes are part of a series that have been “in progress for two years”. Speaking exclusively to Daily Star Online, he said the volcano is “clearly preparing for its next eruption” within the next few years.

Fears are spiking even higher when considering the earthquake swarm that has been rocking the French Alps recently.

The 10,000-year-old volcano spewed out large volumes of sulfur dioxide during its last seven-month eruption which took place between August of 2014 and February of 2015. Although the eruption did not disrupt any flights, the emissions harshly impacted the air quality in Iceland, leading to health consequences across the country.

In spite of describing the volcanoes activity as “high”, the Icelandic Met Office has yet to issue any warnings about the possibility of Bardarbunga’s eruption. In fact, the warning code remains green; meaning the volcano is in a normal, non-eruptive state, according to the volcano monitor.

Seven years ago Iceland’s massive Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted, spewing a choking veil of ash across Europe. Residents worry as memories of the 2014 eruption and the flight chaos caused by the 2010 eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano resurface.

(http://www.zerohedge.com/sites/default/files/images/user3303/imageroot/2017/11/01/20171031_ice3_0.jpg)

The deadly volcanic dust wiped out skies and grounded 100,000 flights, resulting in the economy losing £4 billion.

(http://www.zerohedge.com/sites/default/files/images/user3303/imageroot/2017/11/01/20171031_ice1.jpg)


Should an eruption of Bardarbunga take place, it’s highly possible that there would be another even more drastic air travel restriction and poorer air quality.
Title: Antarctica Being Cooked From BELOW!
Post by: RE on November 08, 2017, 10:24:02 AM
Geotectonic Global Cooking, Baby!  :icon_sunny:

RE

http://www.newsweek.com/antarctica-melting-below-mantle-plume-almost-hot-yellowstone-supervolcano-705086 (http://www.newsweek.com/antarctica-melting-below-mantle-plume-almost-hot-yellowstone-supervolcano-705086)

NASA Discovers Mantle Plume Almost as Hot as Yellowstone Supervolcano That's Melting Antarctica From Below
By Hannah Osborne On 11/8/17 at 8:30 AM

(http://s.newsweek.com/sites/www.newsweek.com/files/styles/full/public/2017/11/08/mariebyrdlandwestantarcticabynasa.jpg)
West_Antarctica_by_NASA Marie Byrd Land. NASA/Michael Studinger

Tech & Science
yellowstone
Antarctica
volcano

A mantle plume producing almost as much heat as Yellowstone supervolcano appears to be melting part of West Antarctica from beneath.

Researchers at NASA have discovered a huge upwelling of hot rock under Marie Byrd Land, which lies between the Ross Ice Shelf and the Ross Sea, is creating vast lakes and rivers under the ice sheet. The presence of a huge mantle plume could explain why the region is so unstable today, and why it collapsed so quickly at the end of the last Ice Age, 11,000 years ago.

Mantle plumes are thought to be part of the plumbing systems that brings hot material up from Earth’s interior. Once it gets through the mantle, it spreads out under the crust, providing magma for volcanic eruptions. The area above a plume is known as a hotspot.

For 30 years, scientists have suggested that a mantle plume may exist under Marie Byrd Land. Its presence would explain the regional volcanic activity seen in the area, as well as a dome feature that exists there. However, there was no evidence to support this idea.

Now, scientists from NASA’s et Propulsion Laboratory have created advanced numerical models to show how much heat would need to exist beneath the ice to account for their observations—including the dome and the giant subsurface rivers and lakes we know are present on Antarctica’s bedrock. As lakes fill and drain, the ice thousands of feet above rises and falls, sometimes by as much as 20 feet.

Study author Hélène Seroussi, from JPL, said when she first heard that a mantle plume might be heating Marie Byrd Land she thought the idea was “crazy.”

"I didn't see how we could have that amount of heat and still have ice on top of it,” she said in a statement.

(http://s.newsweek.com/sites/www.newsweek.com/files/styles/full/public/2017/06/19/yellowstone.jpg)
View of the Grand Prismatic hot spring in Yellowstone National Park. Mark Ralston/AFP/Getty Images

However, in a study published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Seroussi and colleagues looked at one of the most well studied magma plumes on Earth—the Yellowstone hotspot. The team developed a mantle plume model to look at how much geothermal heat would be needed to explain what is seen at Marie Byrd Land. They then used the Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM), which shows the physics of ice sheets, to look at the natural sources of heating and heat transport.

This model enabled researchers to place “powerful constraint” on how much melt rate was allowable, meaning they could test out different scenarios of how much heat was being produced deep beneath the ice.
(http://s.newsweek.com/sites/www.newsweek.com/files/styles/full/public/2017/11/08/antarcticvolcanomain.jpeg)
Illustration of flowing water under the Antarctic ice sheet. Blue dots indicate lakes, lines show rivers. Marie Byrd Land is part of the bulging "elbow" leading to the Antarctic Peninsula. NSF/Zina Deretsky

Their findings showed that generally, the energy being generated by the mantle plume is no more than 150 milliwatts per square meter—any more would result in too much melting. The heat generated under Yellowstone National Park, on average, is 200 milliwatts per square meter.

Scientists also found one area where the heat flow must be at least 150-180 milliwatts per square meter—but data suggests mantle heat at this location comes from a rift—a fracture in the Earth’s crust where heat can rise up.

Concluding, the team say the Marie Byrd Land mantle plume formed 50-110 million years ago—long before the land above was hidden by ice. Heat from it, they say, has an “important local impact” on the ice sheet—and understanding these processes will allow researchers to work out what will happen to it in the future.
Title: Mount Agung: Bali volcano activity prompts 'red warning'
Post by: RE on November 26, 2017, 02:19:09 AM
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-42126284 (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-42126284)

Mount Agung: Bali volcano activity prompts 'red warning'

    46 minutes ago
    From the section Asia

(https://ichef-1.bbci.co.uk/news/660/cpsprodpb/0FF3/production/_98938040_bali.jpg)
Image copyright AFP/getty
Image caption Large plumes of ash are spewing from Mount Agung

Airlines have been issued a "red warning" about the danger of volcanic ash in the skies close to Bali after Mount Agung emitted a thick plume of smoke reaching 4,000m (13,100 feet).

It is the second major emission from the Indonesian island volcano this week, and flights have been disrupted.

The red warning means an eruption is forecast to be imminent, with significant emission of ash likely.

Authorities have begun distributing masks in some areas as ash falls.

Bali is a major tourist destination, although the main resorts of Kuta and Seminyak are about 70km (43 miles) from the volcano.

The island's main airport is for now operating normally, but some airlines have cancelled flights. Volcanic ash can damage plane engines.

(https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/15C10/production/_98940198_a914d764-92ef-499a-8f8b-e0c04eeb365c.jpg)
Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Ash from the eruption coated roads, cars and buildings near the volcano in the north-east of Bali and emergency officials said hundreds of thousands of masks had been distributed

However, the ash cloud is said to be moving eastward towards the island of Lombok, and the main international airport there has been closed entirely.

The information director of Indonesia's Disaster Mitigation Agency tweeted that volcanic ash rain had fallen on the Lombok city of Mataram.

    Bali volcano: What is it like waiting for an eruption?
    Indonesia: Volcano nation

"Tourism in Bali is still safe, except in the danger (zone) around Mount Agung," the agency said in a statement.

It told people within a 7.5km exclusion zone to "immediately evacuate" in an "orderly and calm manner".

Magma - molten rock - has now been detected close to the volcano's surface, said officials and volcanologists.

(https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/5E13/production/_98938042_baliairport.jpg)
Image copyright Antara Foto/Wira Suryantala via REUTERS
Image caption Passengers waiting at Bali's Ngurah Rai airport on Saturday

About 25,000 people are thought to still be in temporary shelters after more than 140,000 people fled earlier this year. Increased volcanic activity had prompted fears a major eruption was imminent.

Most of the islanders outside the immediate exclusion zone were ordered to return home at the end of September, and the mountain has been intermittently rumbling since.
Media captionEvacuees from near Mount Agung brought their birds, chickens and dogs with them in September

According to official estimates, the holiday island lost at least $110m (£83m) in tourism and productivity during the major evacuation.

Indonesia sits on the Pacific "Ring of Fire" where tectonic plates collide, causing frequent seismic and volcanic activity.

It is home to more than 130 active volcanoes. The last time Mount Agung erupted, in 1963, more than 1,000 people died.
Media captionSurvivors of the 1963 eruption on the last time Mount Agung erupted

Are you in the area? What are conditions like currently? If it is safe to do so, email haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk

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Title: Thousands evacuated as lava flows from Philippine volcano
Post by: RE on January 15, 2018, 02:41:27 AM
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/thousands-evacuated-lava-flows-philippine-volcano-n837721 (https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/thousands-evacuated-lava-flows-philippine-volcano-n837721)

Thousands evacuated as lava flows from Philippine volcano

(https://media3.s-nbcnews.com/j/newscms/2018_02/2292626/180114-philippine-volcano-1145p_d5562525dbdff2df74caee7a3fb67a4a.nbcnews-ux-600-480.jpg)
IMAGE: Mount Mayon
An orange glow lights the cloud-shrouded crater of Mayon volcano on Sunday in Albay province, Philippines. Earl Recamunda / AP

by Associated Press

MANILA, Philippines — The Philippines' most active volcano rumbled back to life Sunday with lava rising to its crater in a gentle eruption that has prompted authorities to evacuate thousands of villagers.

The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology warned that a "hazardous eruption" of Mount Mayon, in Albay province in the northeastern Philippines, was possible within weeks or even days.

Renato Solidum, who heads the volcanology institute, said three steam explosions at the volcano since Saturday have spewed ash into nearby villages and may have breached solidified lava at the crater and caused lava to start to flow out of the 8,000-foot volcano.

"Lava has flowed out of the volcano's crater already, but it's just starting. It's a non-explosive eruption," Solidum told The Associated Press. "We have to verify tomorrow if it will flow continuously."

Disaster response officials said nearly 1,000 families have been moved to emergency shelters, including some from a permanent danger zone around Mayon, since the volcano started spewing steam and ash on Saturday.

Mayon, a popular tourist attraction because of its near-perfect cone, lies in coconut-producing Albay province, about 200 miles southeast of Manila.

The volcano has erupted about 50 times in the last 500 years, sometimes violently, endangering thousands of poor villagers who insist on living or farming in the danger zone.

Villagers living near the volcano, which last erupted four years ago, have erected huge white crosses at the entrance of their neighborhoods, hoping they will protect them from harm.

On May 7, 2013, the volcano suddenly spewed ash, killing five climbers, including three Germans, who had ventured near the summit despite warnings of possible danger.
Title: Mount Mayon volcano: Philippines fears violent eruption
Post by: RE on January 22, 2018, 05:18:50 AM
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-42772764 (http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-42772764)

Mount Mayon volcano: Philippines fears violent eruption

(https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/963B/production/_99695483_mediaitem99695482.jpg)

    37 minutes ago
 

Media captionFootage from last week when Mount Mayon began spewing lava

The Philippines raised the alert level at its most active volcano, Mount Mayon, on Monday after fresh activity.

Mayon has been spewing lava and a cloud of ash since 13 January, forcing more than 40,000 residents to flee their homes in the central province of Albay.

Authorities raised the alert level to four on a scale of five because a hazardous and violent eruption is expected within days.

An 8km (five mile) exclusion zone has been put in place around the volcano.
Image copyright AFP
Image caption Mayon, a near-perfect cone, rises 2,460 metres
Image copyright EPA
Image caption Albay province has run out of emergency funds, according to the provincial governor

Authorities have shut schools and urged residents to remain indoors, as the volcano's huge plume of smoke now reaches 10km into the sky.

Albay province has run out of emergency funds, said provincial governor Al Francis Bichara, and more people would be evacuated once federal financial help arrived.
Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Authorities have shut schools and urged residents to remain indoors

"In some areas... it's already zero visibility, especially along the foot of the volcano," he told CNN Philippines, adding that strong winds could carry ash to distant towns.

    BBC Science: Volcanoes

Fine ash and sand fell on Legazpi, a city of about 200,000 people, and nearby areas after a recent explosion turned day into darkness, forcing motorists to switch on their lights and use windscreen wipers, Agence France-Presse reported.

"I had to stop because my helmet had filled up with ash," Girlie Panesa, 39, told AFP as she parked her motorcycle by the roadside in the nearby town of Ligao.
Image copyright AFP
Image caption Mount Mayon is the country's most volatile volcano, with 51 eruptions in recorded history

The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, which monitors the island nation's 22 active volcanoes, expects the explosions to continue.

"There is a possibility of a dangerous eruption, the start of which we are already witnessing," the institute's director, Renato Solidum, told a news conference in the nation's capital Manila.

Mayon, a near-perfect cone, is 2,460m (8,070ft ) high and last erupted in 2014. In 1814 it covered the town of Cagsawa, killing more than 1,000 people.
Title: 🌋 Mayon getting ready to BLOW!
Post by: RE on January 22, 2018, 05:46:13 PM
Now this looks like a Volcanic Eruption is supposed to look!  :o

RE

https://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2018-01-22/philippine-volcano-explodes-authorities-raise-alert-level (https://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2018-01-22/philippine-volcano-explodes-authorities-raise-alert-level)

Philippine Volcano Spews Fountains of Lava, Big Ash Plumes
The Philippines' most active volcano has spewed fountains of lava and massive ash plumes overnight after authorities warned a violent eruption may be imminent.

Jan. 22, 2018, at 8:24 p.m.

(https://www.usnews.com/dims4/USNEWS/f45610e/2147483647/thumbnail/970x647/quality/85/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fmedia.beam.usnews.com%2Ff7%2Fe00ca5537f75bfb8b666a2ec320674%2Fresizes%2F1500%2Fmedia%3A50912bf7aa9048daac8d2b9c3a832072Philippines_Volcano_65264.jpg)

The Associated Press

Mayon volcano erupts for the second straight day Tuesday, Jan. 23, 2018 as seen from Legazpi city, Albay province, southeast of Manila, Philippines. The Philippines' most active volcano ejected a huge column of lava fragments, ash and smoke in another thunderous explosion at dawn Tuesday, sending thousands of villagers back to evacuation centers and prompting a warning that a violent eruption may be imminent. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez) The Associated Press

MANILA, Philippines (AP) — The Philippines' most active volcano spewed fountains of lava and massive ash plumes overnight and Tuesday morning after authorities warned a violent eruption may be imminent.

Lava fountains reached up to 700 meters (2,300 feet) above Mount Mayon's crater and ash plumes rose up to 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) during the night and before daybreak, according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. An explosive eruption Monday was the most powerful since the volcano started acting up more than a week ago.

Disaster officials in Albay province, where Mayon lies, say more than 30,000 people are staying in evacuation centers.

Officials raised Mayon's alert level to four on a scale of five, meaning a violent eruption is possible within hours or days. The danger zone expanded to 8 kilometers (5 miles) from the crater, affecting thousands more residents.

The eruptions have shrouded nearby villages in darkness and sent lava, rocks and debris cascading down Mayon's slopes toward the no-entry danger zone. There have no reports of deaths and injuries. Airplanes have been ordered to stay away from the crater and ash-laden winds and several flights have been canceled.
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Volcanic ash fell in about a dozen towns in coconut-growing Albay province and nearby Camarines Sur province, with visibility being heavily obscured in a few towns because of the thick gray ash fall, Jukes Nunez, an Albay provincial disaster response officer, said by telephone.

"It was like night time at noon, there was zero visibility in some areas because the ash fall was so thick," Nunez said.

More than 30,000 ash masks and about 5,000 sacks of rice, along with medicine, water and other supplies, were being sent to evacuation centers, Office of Civil Defense regional director Claudio Yucot said.

Mayon lies about 340 kilometers (210 miles) southeast of Manila. With its near-perfect cone, it is popular with climbers and tourists but has erupted about 50 times in the last 500 years, sometimes violently.

In 2013, an ash eruption killed five climbers who had ventured near the summit despite warnings. Its most destructive eruption, in 1814, killed more than 1,200 people and buried the town of Cagsawa in volcanic mud. The belfry of Cagsawa's stone church still juts from the ground in an eerie reminder of Mayon's fury.

The Philippines lies in the "Ring of Fire," a line of seismic faults surrounding the Pacific Ocean where earthquakes and volcanic activity are common.

In 1991, Mount Pinatubo in the northern Philippines exploded in one of the biggest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century, killing about 800 people.

Copyright 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Title: 🌋 Volcano, avalanche hit Japan ski resort as Philippines volcano spews anew
Post by: RE on January 23, 2018, 01:20:04 AM
Another Volcano!  Japan joins the action!

RE

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/mount-kusatsu-shirane-mayon-volcano-avalanche-japan-ski-resort-philippines-volcano-spews-anew/ (https://www.cbsnews.com/news/mount-kusatsu-shirane-mayon-volcano-avalanche-japan-ski-resort-philippines-volcano-spews-anew/)

January 23, 2018, 2:42 AM
Volcano, avalanche hit Japan ski resort as Philippines volcano spews anew

(https://cbsnews3.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2018/01/23/d302d0b9-e69a-4b0b-b241-ce5eec20ee3f/resize/620x/fcb64c4cea6b9f400d5c0be4430dc663/2018-01-22t100615z-2027171722-rc1b097453c0-rtrmadp-3-philippines-volcano.jpg)
Photo taken from Kyodo News helicopter on January 23, 2018 shows area surrounding Mt. Kusatsu-Shirane (top, left) in Gunma Prefecture, where volcano erupted
KYODO / REUTERS

TOKYO -- A volcanic eruption Tuesday injured at least 16 people at a ski resort in central Japan, including six soldiers hit by a post-eruption avalanche during ski training, officials said. Nine civilians were injured by volcanic rocks, while seven people - six soldiers and one civilian skier - were hit by the avalanche, according to fire department and defense officials.

The BBC reports one of the soldiers was killed.

Meanwhile, the Philippines' most active volcano continued to spew fountains of red-hot lava and massive ash plumes Tuesday in a dazzling but increasingly dangerous eruption that has sent 40,000 villagers to shelter in evacuation centers.

Five of the civilian skiers in Japan suffered serious injuries such as broken bones, but none of the injuries were life-threatening, said a regional fire department official, Hayato Tobe.

Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera told reporters that the seven people trapped by the avalanche near a ski resort were all rescued, but some of the six soldiers suffered broken bones. Defense officials said six soldiers, who were among 30 conducting ski training, were buried by the avalanche about half an hour after the eruption, but they and the seventh skier had all been pulled out of the snow.

About 80 skiers are taking refuge at a gondola station at the top of the ski slope, where the gondola has been suspended since the eruption, according to Tobe, the fire department official.

He said rescuers are considering using snowmobiles to bring down the stranded skiers, but it may take time to figure out how safely they can operate on snowy slopes filled with volcanic ash and rocks.

Earlier, there were unconfirmed information that one or two of the injured were on a gondola when the window was shattered by volcanic rocks, and the others were believed to have been hit by rocks while on the slopes, Makoto Shinohara, an official in Kusatsu town.

The Japan Meteorological Agency said Mount Kusatsu-Shirane erupted around 10 a.m. Agency officials said the eruption and the avalanche could not be linked immediately.

A rest house at the resort was hit by volcanic rocks, but the extent of damage was not known, resort official Yasuaki Morita said.

Aerial photographs showed a large swath of the snowy volcano covered by dark gray ash.

In the Philippines, lava fountains gushed up 2,300 feet above Mount Mayon's crater and ash plumes rose up to 1.9 miles at night and before daybreak, according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. An explosive eruption at noon Monday was the most powerful since the volcano started acting up more than a week ago.
Students passes through the rice paddy as they run away from cascading volcanic materials from the slopes of Mayon Volcano in Guinobatan, Albay province, south of Metro Manila

Students pass through rice paddy as they run from cascading volcanic materials from slopes of Mayon Volcano in  Philippines on January 22, 2018
STRINGER / REUTERS

Authorities warned a violent eruption may occur in hours or days, characterized by more rumblings and pyroclastic flows - superheated gas and volcanic debris that race down the slopes at high speeds, vaporizing everything in their path.

After Monday's huge explosion, officials raised Mayon's alert level to four on a scale of five, and the danger zone was expanded to 5 miles from the crater, requiring thousands more residents to be evacuated, including at least 12,000 who left their homes and then returned during gentler eruptions.

Authorities struggled to prevent villagers from sneaking back to check on their homes and farms and to watch a cockfight in an arena in Albay's Santo Domingo town despite the risks and police patrols and checkpoints, said Cedric Daep, a provincial disaster-response official.

In a sign of desperation, Daep told a news conference that he has recommended electricity and water supply be cut in communities within the no-go zones to discourage residents from returning.

"If pyroclastic flows hit people, there is no chance for life," Daep said. "Let us not violate the natural law, avoid the prohibited zone, because if you violate, the punishment is death penalty."

The daytime eruptions have plunged nearby villages in darkness and sent lava, rocks and debris cascading down Mayon's slopes toward the no-entry danger zone. There have been no reports of deaths and injuries. Airplanes have been ordered to stay away from the crater and ash-laden winds and several domestic flights have been canceled.

Volcanic ash fell Monday in more than a dozen towns in coconut-growing Albay and nearby Camarines Sur province, with visibility being heavily obscured in a few towns because of the thick gray ash fall, Jukes Nunez, another Albay provincial disaster response officer, said by telephone.

"It was like night time at noon, there was zero visibility in some areas because the ash fall was so thick," Nunez said.

More than 30,000 ash masks and about 5,000 sacks of rice, along with medicine, water and other supplies, were being sent to evacuation centers, Office of Civil Defense regional director Claudio Yucot said late Monday.

Food packs, water, medicine and other relief goods remain adequate but may run out by mid-February if the eruption continues and adequate supplies fail to come on time, officials said.

With its near-perfect cone, Mayon has long been popular with climbers and tourists but has erupted about 50 times in the last 500 years, sometimes violently. The 8,070-foot volcano has generated tourism revenues and jobs in Albay, which lies about 210 miles southeast of Manila.

In 2013, an ash eruption killed five climbers who had ventured near the summit despite warnings. Its most destructive eruption, in 1814, killed more than 1,200 people and buried the town of Cagsawa in volcanic mud. The belfry of Cagsawa's stone church still juts from the ground in an eerie reminder of Mayon's fury.

The Philippines, which has about 22 active volcanoes, lies in the "Ring of Fire," a line of seismic faults surrounding the Pacific Ocean where earthquakes and volcanic activity are common.

In 1991, Mount Pinatubo in the northern Philippines exploded in one of the biggest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century, killing about 800 people, covering entire towns and cities in ash and partly prompting the U.S. government to abandon its vast air and naval bases on the main northern Luzon island.
© 2018 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.
Title: 🌋 Can Volcanoes Help Cool The Earth? Scientists Are Preparing For The Big One
Post by: RE on February 04, 2018, 12:39:33 AM
http://www.techtimes.com/articles/220300/20180203/can-volcanoes-help-cool-the-earth-scientists-are-preparing-for-the-next-big-eruption.htm (http://www.techtimes.com/articles/220300/20180203/can-volcanoes-help-cool-the-earth-scientists-are-preparing-for-the-next-big-eruption.htm)

Can Volcanoes Help Cool The Earth? Scientists Are Preparing For The Next Big Eruption

3 February 2018, 11:55 pm EST By Athena Chan Tech Times

What To Know About The SpaceX Falcon Heavy Rocket, The Most Powerful Rocket In The World
The image shows Mount Pinatubo in June of 1991, days before its destructive eruption that resulted in a global temperature drop. Scientists want to learn more about volcanoes' cooling effect on the planet.  ( United States Geological Survey | Wikimedia Commons )

(http://image.techtimes.com/data/thumbs/full/321861/650/0/0/0/mount-pinatubo.gif)
Solutions to climate change are often in the form of cumulative steps instead of giant leaps. This is perhaps because giant leaps sometimes come in artificial methods that could be pretty risky. However, in the past, natural events like volcanic eruptions have resulted in major steps toward cooling the planet- at least for a while. Scientists are now preparing for the next big eruption so they can study its potentially cooling effects.

Mount Tambora And Mount Pinatubo's Global Cooling Effect

In 1815, Mount Tambora in Indonesia caused a global volcanic winter which resulted in "the year without a summer." It is the biggest volcanic eruption in recorded history, and its effects were even felt as far as New York. More recently, in 1991, the major eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines was felt across the globe and caused a 1 degree Fahrenheit average global temperature drop in the following years.

Because of the past volcanic eruptions, scientists are now preparing to study the next major eruption in hopes of trying to understand the mechanism behind its cooling effects. Incidentally, Mount Agung in Bali has been erupting since November and could potentially result in a sizeable eruption that could cause a significant cooling effect.
Volcanic Eruptions And Geoengineering

What is geoengineering? Simply put, geoengineering is an attempt to reduce or mitigate the effects of climate change by directly altering certain parts of the Earth's natural systems. An example of this is the process of injecting the atmosphere with sulfate particles to mimic the cooling effects of a volcanic eruption.

Should scientists succeed in studying the cooling effects of a huge volcanic eruption, could it be possible for authorities to engage in new volcano-inspired geoengineering methods to combat climate change? It's possible, but the problem is that it may be too risky. It could potentially disrupt natural systems and even result in new natural disasters. What's more, even if NASA is preparing to study the next major eruption, the agency still does not see geoengineering as a cure to climate change.
Geoengineering: A 'Self-Inflicted Wound'

"Geoengineering is not a cure. At best, it's a Band-Aid or tourniquet; at worst, it could be a self-inflicted wound," said Erik Conway of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in 2014.

That said, even if the United Nations (UN) has a ban on climate engineering, in the previous COP23 in Germany, the organization stated that the method must still be explored to fully understand its potential risks, and well as to supplement greenhouse gas reduction methods, but not as a back-up plan.

For other scientists, even if the resulting data gathered from a volcanic eruption will not be used to advance geoengineering, it would still be useful in trying to understand volcanoes and their impacts on the climate.
Title: 🌋 More fissures open, 31 structures destroyed from lava in Leilani Estates
Post by: RE on May 07, 2018, 01:43:17 AM
Can you get Eruption Insurance if you live next to a Volcano? ???  :icon_scratch:

RE


http://www.khon2.com/news/local-news/agencies-prepare-for-possible-eruption-from-kilauea-volcano/1155831630 (http://www.khon2.com/news/local-news/agencies-prepare-for-possible-eruption-from-kilauea-volcano/1155831630)

More fissures open, 31 structures destroyed from lava in Leilani Estates
By: Web Staff

(https://media.khon2.com/nxs-khontv-media-us-east-1/photo/2018/05/06/Screenshot%202018-05-06%20at%203.04.54%20PM%20-%20Display%201_1525655343419.png_41881079_ver1.0_640_360.jpg)

Updated: May 06, 2018 10:27 PM HST

    M6.9 earthquake recorded on Kilauea's south flank as volcanic activity continues
    Kilauea Volcano eruption forces hundreds of residents to evacuate
    Big Island residents uneasy as more earthquakes shake the island
    Resident resolves to stay, protect community for as long as possible during eruption
    Recent earthquakes show similarities to another eruption in the same area from 1955

PUNA (KHON2) - After a slight reprieve Saturday afternoon, activity increased during the night along Kilauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone,

Additional fissure vents producing spatter and small lava flows developed Saturday night into Sunday morning within the Leilani Estates subdivision. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory confirmed 2 more fissures emerged between Leilani and Malama Street near Luana and Kupono Street Saturday night.

At the time of this post, there are 10 open fissure vents in the area.

Active venting of lava and hazardous fumes continues between Mohala and Pomaikai Street.

USGS HVO says that fissure 8 erupted lava fountains until about 4 p.m., and the lava flow advanced slowly northward through the afternoon, even after the lava fountains shut down. Geologists reported that the flow crossed Hookopu Road early Sunday evening, a distance from fissure 8 of about about 1.1 km (0.6 miles).

Geologists also reported new ground cracks in the vicinity of fissures 8 and 9 that were emitting thick steam and gases, but no lava spattering was observed by the time of this status report.

Hawaii County said the lava burned more structures Sunday, bringing the total confirmed destroyed to 31. 26 of them are verified residences.

County officials are allowing Leilani Estates residents with property between Highway 130 and Maile Street to enter the subdivision to complete the evacuation of pets, medicine, and vital documents left behind.

Residents will be required to provide identification and proof of residency in Leilani Subdivision.

Residents of Lanipuna Gardens are not able to enter their homes due to dangerous volcanic gases.

The Hawaii County Police Department and the Prosecutor’s Office have established a policy of zero tolerance towards looting or vandalism.  Under Emergency Provisions, any looting or vandalism will be treated as a felony.

"Vents continue to open up, so we lost a few more structures," Magno said on Saturday. "I'm pretty happy that we did evacuated the whole neighborhood and unfortunately some people are still in there and we need to get them out. The gases are still high."

Magno says first responders were also affected by the toxic gas.

"The officers and firefighters that were out there on the first night, the gasses were really high. Usually it's not long lasting. You can recover from it, but they went home with headaches and so forth, but that's part of the exposure," he said.

County officials are working on a plan to allow as many residents to return to their homes to retrieve additional belongings as possible, should conditions allow.

"We've been getting a lot of requests for this, and so we're going to try and make it happen," Magno said. "We've got to be careful, because the SO2 levels are still pretty high. There is a section in there that we won't be able to let people in, because there have been levels that aren't suitable. So the areas that have the lower levels, we'll try to get the residents in there so they can take care of stuff, but we're not going to let them stay. We still want them to come out.

"We gotta make sure we vet everybody as far as making sure that the actual residents or homeowners or renters are going in there and nothing else is happening," he added.

photo

Click here for interactive map

Meanwhile, the lava lake level at the summit of the volcano continues to drop.

There is no active lava in the Puu Oo area. Aftershocks from yesterday's M6.9 earthquake continue and more should be expected, with larger aftershocks potentially producing rockfalls and associated ash clouds above Puu Oo and Halemaumau Crater.

Residents of the Puna District should remain alert, review individual, family, and business emergency plans, and watch for further information about the status of the volcano.

Summit Observations: Deflationary tilt at the summit continues. In concert, the summit lava lake is dropping. Tremor amplitude is fluctuating with lava lake spattering. No large rockfalls or ash plumes related to rockfalls into the lava lake, such as occurred yesterday during the large earthquake sequence, have occurred. Elevated summit sulfur dioxide emission rates persist. Gas emissions remain elevated.

Puu Oo Observations: Seismicity remains elevated at Puu Oo but tiltmeters near the cone show no significant deformation overnight. No lava is active in the area and the 61g lava flow is no longer being fed. The summit crater of the cone will likely continue to collapse intermittently producing small plumes of ash. Yesterday, there were several vigorous episodes of ash emission in response to collapse, including immediately after the nearby M6.9 earthquake.

Hazard Analysis: Additional fissure outbreaks producing spatter and lava flows are likely. Locations cannot be forecast with certainty, but new outbreaks thus far have been preceded by ground cracking, then strong steam and volcanic gas release. Areas uprift and downrift of the current fissure zone are the most likely to see further outbreaks.

Areas downslope of an erupting fissure or vent are at risk of lava inundation. Currently, lava flows from active fissures are sluggish and not moving very quickly or far. The general area of the Leilani subdivision remains at greatest risk. However, as the eruption progresses, other areas of the lower East Rift Zone may also be at risk.

High levels of volcanic gas including sulfur dioxide are being emitted from the fissure vents. In addition, smoke from burning houses and burning asphalt is a health concern and should be avoided.

As the lava lake level inside Halemaumau drops, rockfalls from the enclosing walls may increase in frequency prompting explosions of spatter from the lake onto the nearby crater rim and lofting plumes of ash. Dustings of ash from these events can occur downwind. Yesterday's strong earthquakes were responsible for some of these plumes and associated ashfall, both from Kilauea Volcano's summit lava lake and the Puu Oo vent.

photo

Community Alerts

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory confirms the volcanic eruption continues in Leilani Subdivision in the Puna District. Active volcanic vents are located on Makamae, Kaupili, Mohala, Kahukai Streets and Pohoiki Road. Two new vents have opened near Makamae and Leilani, and on Kahukai Street. There is no activity at Puna Geothermal Venture at this time.

All residents of Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens Subdivision are on evacuation notice. Police, Fire and County agencies along with the National Guard are assisting with evacuation.

Due to the eruption, the following are issued:

Department of Water Supply reports an Emergency Water Restriction is now in effect for Leilani Estates, Kapoho Beach Lots, Lanipuna Gardens, Pohoiki Bay Estates, Green Lake Farm Lots, Vacationland and all customers on Pohoiki and Kalapana Kapoho Beach Roads. ALL Water Supply customers must immediately restrict water use to health and safety needs only.

Water spigots have been installed near the entrance of Lava Tree State Park and a water tanker has been placed in Vacationland for the public to access.

Hawai'i Police Department reports Leilani Estates remains inaccessible to the public. Checkpoints have been set up in the surrounding perimeter at: 130/132, 132/Ka Ulu Laau Rd., 132/137, 137/Pohoiki, 130/Kamaili, 130/12mm, 130/14mm, 132/Pohoiki. Residents should consult with the police officers on duty for road accessibility, as conditions are subject to change.

Hawaii Fire Department reports extremely dangerous air quality conditions due to high levels of sulfur dioxide gas in the evacuation area. Elderly, young, and people with compromised respiratory systems are especially vulnerable.

The high levels detected are an immediate threat to life for all who become exposed. First responders may not be able to come to the aid of residents who refuse to evacuate.

The area continues to be unstable with multiple volcanic eruptions happening. No one is allowed into the area.  Do not attempt to return to your home at this time. 

video
More fissures open, 26 structures...

Evacuation Shelters

Two American Red Cross shelters remain open for residents evacuated from their homes due to the Kilauea lava threat at the following locations:
 
                  Pahoa Community Center (15-3022 Kauhale Street, Pāhoa, HI 96778)
                  Keaau Community Center (16-186 Pili Mua St, Keaau, HI 96749)
 
As of noon Saturday, there were 152 people at the Pahoa Community Center with another 40 to 50 people staying in their cars in the parking lot, and 24 people at the Keaau Community Center shelter.

On Friday night, there were 157 people at the Pahoa Community Center and 27 people at the Keaau Community Center, with another 40 to 50 people staying in their cars in the parking lot.

The Red Cross recommends that people prepare their emergency kits for 14 days and bring their emergency supplies with them to shelters.

    Water - 1 gallon per person per day
    Food - non-perishable
    Flashlight
    Radio -NOAA Weather Radio
    Extra batteries
    First aid kit
    Medications & Medical items
    Manual Can opener
    Multi-purpose tool
    Personal hygiene items
    Copies of Documents (prescriptions, proof of address, deed/lease to home, insurance policies and proof of identity
    Cell phone with chargers
    Family Contact Information
    Cash
    Bedding
    Change of clothes
    Towels
    Dishes

You may also need:

    Baby supplies - bottles, baby food & diapers
    Games and activities
    Comfort items
    Pet supplies - collar, leash, ID, food, water, carrier, bowl & medications

County officials are asking the public to refrain from dropping off any monetary, in-kind, or food donations, including prepared food donations at the shelters.

Officials are working with The Salvation Army and community and business partners to set up a donation distribution center in Puna. The location is to be determined.

Arrangements for organized donations will be announced in the coming days by The Salvation Army.

Call The Salvation Army at (808) 756-0306 for more information.
Closures

The earthquake activity has prompted the state Department of Land and Natural Resources Division of State Parks to close its Lava Tree State Monument and Mackenzie State Recreation Area until further notice. Gates to these parks will be locked and closure signs posted.

Kaiser Permanente closed its Hilo clinic. A spokeswoman confirms it has no power, water, or phone service.

Due to volcanic and seismic activity, the University of Hawaii at Hilo closed its Hilo campus facilities to allow students and employees to attend to personal business and priorities.

Individuals should feel safe to remain on campus in buildings, including students living in residence halls. All structures on campus were designed and built to resist seismic ground motion per County code and State requirements.

Campus will reopen Saturday, May 5, and continue with normal operations, including the library and student life center hours, if there is no additional seismic activity.

Hawaii Community College's Manono Campus was also closed. Students who had scheduled exams at the Hale Kea Advancement and Testing Center should contact their instructors.

All public schools on the Big Island will be open on Monday, May 7, and operate on normal schedules. All school bus transportation will also be in operation. Hawaii State Department of Education structural engineers performed site inspections at all public schools in the Hilo-Waiakea and Kau-Keaau-Pahoa Complex Areas over the weekend and found no significant structural damage from recent earthquake activity.   

Students who miss school due to evacuations will not be penalized for absences. Schools will work with these students and families to address any missed learning requirements.

Staff who will miss work due to evacuations should notify their respective administration offices.

Air quality will be monitored at area schools. Should air quality drop, schools are prepared to shelter-in-place in designated locations. 

Five charter schools will remain closed Monday, May 7:

    Hawaiʻi Academy of Arts & Sciences Public Charter School (PCS)
    Ka ʻUmeke Kāʻeo PCS
    Ke Ana Laʻahana PCS
    Ke Kula ʻo Nāwahīokalaniʻōpuʻu Iki LPCS and
    Kua o ka Lā New Century PCS (will also be closed on Tuesday)

Bank of Hawaii has closed six of its East Hawaii branches Friday, which include Kaikoo, Kau, Waiakea, Pahoa, KTA Puainako and Safeway Hilo. All six branches will remain closed until further notice.

The bank’s call center, based in Kapolei on Oahu, will remain open to assist customers and can be reached at 643-3888. Online and mobile banking and ATM services will continue to operate unless power interruptions are experienced.

First Hawaiian Bank Pahoa Branch at Government Main Road was also closed Friday due to unsafe environmental conditions. Hilo, Kamuela and Kona branches will be open for normal Saturday banking hours until 1 p.m. All other Big Island First Hawaiian Bank Branches to remain open.
U.S. Postal Service Impacted

The Hilo Downtown Post Office, located in the Hilo Federal Building at 154 Waianuenue Avenue, has been temporarily closed. The entire building was shut down due to structural concerns in the wake of the earthquakes that have accompanied the eruption. Beginning Saturday May 5, and until further notice, Hilo Downtown’s PO Box customers are asked to pick up their mail over the counter at the Hilo Main Post Office at 1299 Kekuanaoa Street. A line in the Main Post Office’s lobby will be dedicated to those customers.

Due to the expansion of the eruption, residents of now-inaccessible Pahoa-Kapoho Road, Papaya Farms, Vacationland, Kapoho Beach, Kapoho-Kalapana Road, Seaview, Puna Palisades, Kehena, Kalapana Shores, Uncle Roberts, Kalapana-Pahoa Road, Chain of Craters Road, and Black Sands are now being asked to pick up their mail from the Pahoa Post Office at 15-2859 Pahoa Village Road.

The Postal Service had previously requested that residents of the evacuated areas of Leilani Estates, Lanipuna Gardens and Pohoiki Road pick up their mail from the Pahoa Post Office.

USPS also advises that all residents who have evacuated in response to the eruption, whether from the officially evacuated neighborhoods or other nearby areas, submit Change of Address forms so that their mail can be redirected to them in a timely manner.
Title: Volcano Thread- Nice neighborhood Lava Tour by Heli
Post by: azozeo on May 07, 2018, 03:03:25 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/AEOWqSJ4Pys&fs=1
Title: 🌋 Volcanic Smog hits Hawaii
Post by: RE on May 08, 2018, 02:08:58 AM
Go to ZH for more Pics & Vids

RE

https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-05-07/weve-never-seen-anything-35-buildings-destroyed-kilauea-eruptions-continue-4th-day (https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2018-05-07/weve-never-seen-anything-35-buildings-destroyed-kilauea-eruptions-continue-4th-day)

"We've Never Seen Anything Like This" - Hawaii Officials Warn Residents Of Dangerous Volcanic Smog

by Tyler Durden
Mon, 05/07/2018 - 22:35

(https://www.zerohedge.com/sites/default/files/inline-images/2018.05.07vog.JPG?itok=E3Osslpn)

More than four days after the first fissures opened up in the ground surrounding Hawaii's Mt. Kilauea, the volcano's destructive eruptions continued on Monday, destroying more buildings in the island's tony Leilani Estates neighborhood, CNN reported.

Lava and hazardous gases are bubbling up through the cracks in the volcano's East Rift Zone, a situation that has been exacerbated by a series of powerful Earthquakes that rocked the area late last week.

High levels of dangerous sulfur dioxide has been released into the air, forcing the government to issue a warning to residents living downwind from the volcano. Already, nearly 2,000 residents of the surrounding area have fled or been evacuated. They include residents of Leilani estates and the nearby Lanipuna Gardens.

But while the lava has caught the attention of photographers who've snapped thousands of pictures of the glowing red substance devouring homes, the Washington Post reports that an unseen danger has been threatening visitors and residents alike.

Vog

They're calling it "vog" - short for volcanic smog. Though the smog isn't a killer, it has made tens of thousands of Hawaiians during previous eruptions, and could make thousands more ill this time around.

Unfavorable winds could spread far from the volcano on the Big Island to affect people as far away as Oahu, 200 miles to the northwest. Similar patterns emerged in 2008 and 2016.

    Vog, which mainly consists of water vapor, carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide, can appear as “hazy air pollution.” It can also contain several other compounds such as hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen fluoride and carbon monoxide, all of which are harmful to people, according to the Geological Service. However, of the three primary gases, sulfur dioxide, which has an acrid smell reminiscent of fireworks or a burning match, is the “chief gas hazard in Hawaii,” the service reported.

    [...]

    Vog is nothing new to people living on the Big Island or the surrounding islands. The summit of Kilauea has been emitting high levels of sulfur dioxide for the past 10 years, Babb said.

    In past years when vog has plagued the islands, many reported suffering from debilitating symptoms.

Experts say vog exposure symptoms include headache, soar throat and lethargy.

The user’s symptoms included a headache, a raw swollen sore throat and lethargy. The government is also warning that the smog can't be totally filtered out with store-bought gas masks - especially in high concentrations.

    "We are planning on going to VNP [Hawaii Volcanoes National Park] today and if I had an oxygen tank I’d wear it!" the user wrote. "My question is will this get any better or should we just take our losses and leave?"

    One day later, the same user provided a status update: “We are leaving today for Oahu. Hopefully I can recover enough to redeem the rest of our vacation. This has indeed been brutal!”

While the smog is threatening a broader swath of the island's territory, the lava continues to cause the bulk of the destruction.

Longtime residents have been shocked by the destruction.

    "It's nothing that I've ever experienced on a personal level ever before," said Jessica Ferracane, a spokesperson for the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.

Their chief concern now is the earthquakes that have occurred frequently after the eruptions.

    "That's the big concern for everybody on the island," Ferracane said Monday. "The earthquakes continued through the night."

To help accommodate evacuees with nowhere to turn, the American Red Cross has opened shelters at the Pahoa and Keaau community centers.

(https://www.zerohedge.com/sites/default/files/styles/inline_image_desktop/public/inline-images/2018.05.05quakestwo.JPG?itok=0jr-8jVI)

Quakes
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Officials are expected to provide an update on the violent volcanic eruption in Hawaii shortly.

Hawaii

Since the eruptions began on Thursday, the volcano has destroyed more than 35 buildings and nearly two dozen homes. As we pointed out earlier, in one video shared on social media, lava can be seen destroying a car.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said Sunday that the lava flow from the Kilauea volcano has traveled more than half a mile, and aftershocks continue to shake the region, as NPR pointed out.

Hawaii

Kilauea has been in a continuous state of eruption since the early 1980s, according to NPR. But the carnage being caused by this latest eruption is the result of a dramatic shift in the pattern of magma flows. In a historical incident that doesn't bode well for the current eruption, back in 1955, a Kilauea eruption lasted 88 days.

 

According to Hawaii News, the number of open fissures expanded to 10 on Monday, though not all of them are actively spewing magma.

The fissures are scattered across the Puna subdivision on the island of Hawaii - also known as "the big island."

Map

Hawaii County Mayor Harry Kim told local media the county will house and feed evacuees for "as long as we need to."

So far, no deaths have been reported.
Title: 🌋 Eruption could hurl Rocks the size of Cows
Post by: RE on May 11, 2018, 05:12:18 AM
http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/38153818/94-years-ago-explosions-at-kilaueas-summit-sent-ash-soaring-miles-into-the-air (http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/38153818/94-years-ago-explosions-at-kilaueas-summit-sent-ash-soaring-miles-into-the-air)

Eruption could hurl Rocks the size of Cows
Title: 🌋 ‘Shell-Shocked’ in Hawaii: How Lava Overran a Neighborhood
Post by: RE on May 12, 2018, 03:10:11 AM
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/05/12/us/kilauea-volcano-lava-leilani-estates-hawaii.html (https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/05/12/us/kilauea-volcano-lava-leilani-estates-hawaii.html)

‘Shell-Shocked’ in Hawaii: How
Lava Overran a Neighborhood


Island

of Hawaii

Leilani

Estates

 

The Kilauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island unleashed havoc when the earth split open, lava spewed hundreds of feet into the air and molten rock swallowed streets in a residential neighborhood.

In the days since the eruptions began, 1,700 people have been evacuated, and many homes have been consumed by fire.

The fissures have cut a swath across
the Leilani Estates subdivision.

 
 

lanipuna gardens

Areas covered by lava

Leilani Estates

Where fissures have opened up

Area of

detail

Hawaiian

Islands

HALF A MILE

Source: Imagery via DigitalGlobe; lava and fissure locations from the County of Hawaii | Note: Lava area and fissures through May 10.

Since eruptions in the Leilani Estates neighborhood began on May 3, the flows of lava have destroyed 36 structures as of Friday — at least 26 of them homes — and covered 117 acres. The fissures across the neighborhood have also been emitting dangerous sulfur dioxide gases, local authorities said.

About 25 miles away from the neighborhood, the island is on alert for the possibility of a explosive eruption in coming days or weeks at Kilauea volcano’s summit, which could launch 10- to 12-ton boulders within a half-mile radius.

As of Friday, 15 separate fissures have opened up in the Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens area. No deaths or injuries have been recorded so far.

9664416l_toned_small.jpg
Fountains of lava spurting more than 100 feet into the air along a fissure near Pahoa, Hawaii, on May 6. Bruce Omori/EPA, via Shutterstock

“I don’t think anyone thought it would be a reality,” said Heath Dalton, a resident of Leilani Estates. “They know it was coming, I just don’t think anybody ever thought it would be in their lifetime.”

On May 4, Mr. Dalton was packing up some belongings to evacuate the neighborhood when he could see a fissure just a block away from his house. He said the rupture sounded like a jet engine as it exploded with bright red lava. When he returned the next day to save more of his family’s possessions, he found his home in flames.

Though the neighborhood had been evacuated, residents have been frantically trying to gather their belongings, when permitted by authorities.

 

The island of Hawaii is

made up of five volcanoes.

Four of them are active.

Kohala

Inactive

Mauna Kea

Last eruption at least

4,500 years ago

Hualalai

Last eruption

in 1801

Hilo

Island

of hawaii

Kilauea summit

and lava lake

Mauna Loa

Last eruption in 1984

Pu’u O’o

Pacific Ocean

Leilani

Estates

Kilauea

Erupting since 1983

20 miles

For 35 years, Kilauea has been erupting almost continuously, according to the United States Geological Survey. The volcano takes up the entire southeast portion of the island of Hawaii. Because of that, residents of Leilani Estates — though living in Hazard Zone 1, an area most at risk from lava flows — have often been miles away from danger.

“You’re in Lava Zone 1, so it’s always in your head that it could happen. But for the last 30 years, it’s been flowing down to Kalapana. Then in 2014, it almost cut Pahoa in half,” Mr. Dalton said.

Kalapana is a small town resting on top of a lava field about 10 miles southwest of Leilani Estates. Pahoa, much closer, is only about two miles to the north.

Hawaii_Volcano_small.jpg
On May 6, a lava flow moved across Makamae Street in the Leilani Estates subdivision near Pahoa on the island of Hawaii. United States Geological Survey, via Associated Press

“I never thought I’d ever be faced with this, I’m just shell-shocked,” said Carl Yoshimoto, 69, who has lived in the neighborhood for eight years and left his home in a “mad scramble,” grabbing his wallet, medications and important paperwork. “The local people just kind of take it as something you live with.”

There have been three lava flows in
the Leilani Estates area since 1790.

The most recent eruption near the Leilani Estates area was in 1955, before subdivisions were built in the area. The volcano had long been dormant, until its eruption forced villagers in the area to flee.

Lavaflow from1790 eruption

1840

1955

2018

Leilani

Estates

Source: Historic lava flows from the United States Geological Survey | Note: Lava areas for 2018 are through May 10

The construction of Leilani Estates was approved in 1960, according to Daryn Arai, deputy planning director at the Hawaii County Planning Department, and about 1,600 people live in the neighborhood today. It’s a rural neighborhood that has offered relatively affordable homes, in contrast with Hawaii’s more expensive real estate on Oahu and Maui.

Despite the neighborhood’s position in an area where lava flows are most likely to occur on the island, there are no building restrictions, Mr. Arai said.

Kilauea is a long, shallow volcano,
stretching across the southeast
portion of the Big Island.

Kilauea is known as a “shield” volcano because its gentle slopes resemble those of a shield lying on the ground. The initial eruptions in Leilani Estates are about 15 miles from the Pu’u O’o crater, a primary vent of Kilauea, and about 25 miles from the peak of the volcano.

As the surface of the lava lake at the summit has receded, it has forced molten rock underground to travel through conduits and erupt miles away. Hundreds of earthquakes have registered on the island in recent days, including one with a magnitude of 6.9 on May 4.

Nanawale

Estates

Ola’a Forest Reserve

Hawaiian Acres

Pahoa

HAWAII

Lanipula Gardens

Leilani Estates

Puna Forest Reserve

Lava began erupting

through fissures on May 3

Ash plume began

rising from Pu’u O’o

crater after it collapsed last week

The surface of the lava lake receded at Kilauea volcano’s summit

Kalapana

Pacific Ocean

Hawaii Volcanoes

National Park

Area of

detail

Hawaiian

Islands

5 miles

Mauna Kea

volcano

Mauna Loa

volcano

Kilauea

volcano summit

Pacific Ocean

Hilo

Leilani

Estates

 

Island

of hawaii

Previous lava

flows

Area shown

above

Scientists said that as the surface of the lava pool at the volcano’s summit recedes, it could cause rocks from the crater to fall into the opening where the lava levels have dropped. The hot rocks would then interact with groundwater, causing steam pressure to build up and eventually releasing a larger explosion at the summit. The diagram below outlines this process.

How a steam-driven explosion at Kilauea’s summit could happen

Lava

lake

water

table

Blockage

GROUND

WATER

Rocks fall into the vent, blocking the opening where the lava has receded.

Water interacts with the lava, creating lots of steam. Pressure builds up until it explodes.

The surface of the lava lake drops below the water table.

The New York Times

In a call with journalists on May 9, Don Swanson, a geologist with the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, explained that an eruption at the summit carried a range of risks. He said that 10- to 12-ton boulders could be flung within about half a mile of the summit, marble-size rocks could reach within about 10 miles and snow-like ash could spread about 20 miles downwind.

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park closed indefinitely on Thursday. The potential steam-driven explosion is not expected to be life-threatening, but a “nuisance event,” Mr. Swanson said.

The string of eruptions at Leilani Estates seemed to have paused on Friday, but authorities said that new fissures and eruptions are likely to continue east of the neighborhood where earthquakes have registered in the past two days.

955631050_small.jpg
After the eruption of Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano on May 5, lava bubbled from a new fissure in the Leilani Estates subdivision. Getty Images
Title: 🌋 Once the lava stops, rebuilding and futures uncertain in Hawaii
Post by: RE on May 13, 2018, 01:43:18 AM
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/weather/once-lava-stops-rebuilding-futures-uncertain-hawaii-n873581 (https://www.nbcnews.com/news/weather/once-lava-stops-rebuilding-futures-uncertain-hawaii-n873581)

Once the lava stops, rebuilding and futures uncertain in Hawaii
"Fingers crossed," said one woman who evacuated the lava zone, and hopes her home remains standing.
by Phil Helsel and Erin Calabrese / May.12.2018 / 2:13 PM ET

(https://media1.s-nbcnews.com/j/newscms/2018_19/2430001/180511-laval-flow-hawaii-street-road-ac-557p_9485d72eed3b828082bdab1cb2c3e6ba.focal-1000x500.jpg)
A lava flow moves along Makamae Street in Leilani Estates in Leilani Estates, Hawaii on May 6, 2018.US Geological Survey / AFP - Getty Images

The sound of eruptions from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano rang through the air as Leilani Abaya gathered her belongings to flee the volcanic activity and lava that has destroyed more than two dozen homes.

"We had trash bags and we were just, you know, literally grabbing anything and everything that was the most important to us at that time," Abaya, a mother of two, said Wednesday. She has lived in Leilani Estates on Hawaii's Big Island for about six months and joined nearly 2,000 others who have been ordered to evacuate.

"There was a few times while we were down there where the sounds coming from the eruption was so enormous that it just stopped all of us that was there in our tracks," she said.

The erupting Kilauea volcano has been spewing lava for more than a week, and the island suffered a series of earthquakes that included a strong 6.9-magnitude temblor on May 4. A total of 36 structures, at least 27 of which were homes, have been destroyed, officials said.

President Donald Trump on Friday approved a major disaster declaration ordering federal assistance to be provided for recovery efforts. Hawaii Gov. David Ige said the help would go toward public facilities such as roads, public parks, schools and water pipes damaged in the eruption or earthquakes.
New concerns over more eruptions at Hawaii volcano
01:00

Lava from the volcano, which has been erupting since 1983, has reshaped the landscape, adding more than 443 acres of land to Kilauea's southeastern shore as of the end of 2016, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

But whether the area affected by the current activity can be rebuilt remains uncertain.

"We really don't know the extent of the damage and whether or not people can actually rebuild," Hawaii state Rep. Joy A. San Buenaventura, who represents the Puna district where Leilani Estates is located, told NBC News Thursday. Another question, she said, "is whether or not you should rebuild" in areas more likely to see lava flows.

The current eruptive period is not over. The USGS warns Kilauea could see explosive eruptions in the coming days or weeks that throw "ballistic blocks" for a half-mile or more. A geothermal plant is threatened and residents of Lower Puna have been advised to be ready to leave.

On Saturday a new fissure, the 16th, opened in the area, though no significant lava flow from that fissure had been detected, the USGS said. "Conditions could change quickly," the agency said.
Related
Hawaii's Kilauea volcano could spew boulders the size of refrigerators for miles

The area affected by fissures and lava have occurred in lava-flow hazard zone 1, or the area that the USGS says has the highest likelihood of experiencing lava flows; zone 2 could also be affected before the current eruption ends, Janet Babb, a geologist with the agency's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, said. There are nine zones on the Big Island in all, with zone 9 having the least risk.

Lava flows approached the nearby town of Pahoa in 2014, and threatened to cover the main Highway 130. The lava changed direction and did not go onto the highway.
Watch Hawaiian lava flow that has displaced thousands
01:50

The lava cools to rock, and it isn't always cleared: When a section of the scenic Chain of Craters Road in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park was buried by lava in the 1980s, it stayed blocked until 2014 when a 5-mile section was bulldozed as an emergency access road to connect Kalapana in case it was cut off. (The iconic "road closed" sign sticking up from the hardened lava was removed and saved.) But a section of that road was covered in lava again in 2016.

Sections of cooled lava were cleared from a transfer station in Pahoa after the 2014 flow, and hardened rock was removed from Cemetery Road in 2015, despite the covered road reportedly becoming a tourist attraction.

"It's hard, and it builds up very, very high," said Carolyn Loeffler, owner of Loeffler Construction in Hilo, which did not do work on the areas affected by the 2014 flow. "You generally need hydraulic hammers attached to your equipment," she said.

Building on areas affected by lava flows on Hawaii have to go through a review and permitting process to ensure that building is safe, said Barett Otani, information and education specialist for the Hawaii County Department of Public Works.

Lava engulfed the community of Kalapana, which is southwest of Leilani Estates and near Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park, in 1990. The lava flow buried 100 homes, as well as some other structures, beneath 50 to 80 feet of lava, according to the USGS.

But by 2012, people had returned and new homes had been built in Kalapana Gardens. Honolulu magazine spoke with residents therethat year, including Kent Napper and Nancy Lowe, who built a small two-story house there. "Where else in Hawaii can you buy land with an ocean view like this for $10,000?" they told the publication.
Image: Image: Chris Adkins
Chris Adkins unloads gravel to help smooth out the path between the road and his new home in Kalapana, Hawaii. Once a thriving fishing village, Kalapana was buried under lava from Kilauea in the 1980s and 90s. Adkins says the lava on his lot last flowed in 2011.Jim Seida / NBC News file

In 2014, NBC News spoke to Chris Adkins, a tax return examiner in Hilo, who was building a home on a lava field in Kalapana. He bought a 0.6-acre lot for $6,500. "I'll have no mortgage, no homeowner's association. It's all a matter of perspective," he said then.

Herman Ludwig, owner of Ludwig Construction in Hilo, whose company cleared hardened lava from the area around the transfer station affected in 2014, said that the hardened lava left behind requires heavy equipment, but is little different than removing other types of rock.

"Most of our island is like that," Ludwig said. One can build houses on the rock left behind, "but the lava might come back again," he said.

No state highways have been covered by the lava flow in the current eruption, but Highway 130 was closed in the area due to cracking, state Department of Transportation spokesperson Tim Sakahara said. If roads are covered by lava flow, crews decide whether to go through, over or around the rock left behind, he said.
Image: US-VOLCANO-HAWAII
A man watches as lava spews from a fissure in the Leilani Estates subdivision on Friday.Frederic J. Brown / AFP - Getty Images

Homeowner and renter's insurance should cover damage caused by fires caused by the heat from lava, the same way that those policies cover fire from any other cause, insurance experts said.

Lava-caused property damage is usually attributed to fire, according to the Insurance Information Institute, a trade group. If the damage is from the earthquake, homeowners and renters would likely need earthquake coverage. Vehicles are covered if the insured has purchased optional comprehensive coverage, the group says.

"In the past situations [with] the lava flow, there has been coverage provided" under fire coverage, Hawaii Insurance Commissioner Gordon I. Ito said. He and the state insurance department are urging people to contact their insurance providers to check on coverage.
Image: Lava from a fissure slowly advances to the northeast on Hookapu Street after the eruption of Hawaii's Kilauea volcano
Lava from a fissure slowly advances to the northeast on Hookapu Street after the eruption of Hawaii's Kilauea volcano on May 5, 2018 in the Leilani Estates subdivision near Pahoa, Hawaii.U.S. Geological Survey / via Getty Images

Nearly 300 people and dozens of pets remain at two American Red Cross of Hawaii emergency shelters, NBC affiliate KHNL reported, and those displaced face the challenge of finding temporary housing and driving hours out of their way.

Abaya, who fled her home in Leilani Estates, was unable to get renters insurance from three different companies because the area is in lava zone 1. The home where she and her family were staying is so far still standing, she said.

"I feel like we're coming to terms that, you know, that house may be taken and you know that we definitely need to restart our lives," Abaya said this week.

The family was staying in Oceanside, about two-and-a-half hours away, on Friday but Abaya and her 6-year-old son planned to stay in a tent on a friend's property in Hilo — he goes to school in Hilo, and she works at the University of Hawaii in Hilo.

"Fingers crossed," she said.
Title: 🌋 Hawaii issues warning for 'explosive eruption' of volcano as 18th fissure
Post by: RE on May 14, 2018, 01:22:54 AM
Not a good month to be living on the Big Island.

RE

Hawaii issues warning for 'explosive eruption' of volcano as 18th fissure opens

    By Mark Osborne

May 14, 2018, 2:17 AM ET

(https://s.abcnews.com/images/US/hawaii-lava-dried-ap-mo-20180513_hpMain_4x3_992.jpg)

PHOTO: Lava erupts from a fissure east of the Leilani Estates subdivision during ongoing eruptions of the Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii, May 13, 2018.
Terray Sylvester/Reuters
WatchAt least two new fissures opening in Hawaii

    Email

An 18th fissure began spewing magma on Sunday as officials in Hawaii warned of the possibility for an "explosive eruption" as lava continues to withdraw from the summit lake at Kilauea.
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Hawaii's Civil Defense Agency announced an 18th fissure had opened Sunday on private property in the Lanipuna Gardens neighborhood. Overhead video showed homes just a short distance from where the earth had cracked open.

"Continued earthquake activity and additional outbreaks in the area are likely," the Civil Defense Agency warned in its 6 p.m. local time (midnight Eastern time) update.

Hannique Ruder, a 65-year-old resident living in the Leilani Estates subdivision, walks past the mound of hardened lava while surveying the neighborhood Friday, May 11, 2018, near Pahoa, Hawaii.AP
Hannique Ruder, a 65-year-old resident living in the Leilani Estates subdivision, walks past the mound of hardened lava while surveying the neighborhood Friday, May 11, 2018, near Pahoa, Hawaii.
more +

Trump declares 'major disaster' in Hawaii following volcano's eruption

Volcano observatory warns of further 'explosive eruptions' in Hawaii

Lava flow intensifies in Hawaii eruptions, spews 200 feet in air

Two new fissures -- the 16th and 17th -- had cracked open during the day Saturday. Both fissures were located in the lower East Rift Zone, east of the Puna Geothermal energy plant and northeast of homes in the Lanipuna Gardens subdivision.

The Kilauea volcano first erupted April 3, sending toxic gases into the Big Island's atmosphere and eventually leading to more than a dozen cracks opening in the neighborhoods of Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens.

Nearly 2,000 people were evacuated from the neighborhoods last week.

PHOTO: Lava erupts from a fissure east of the Leilani Estates subdivision during ongoing eruptions of the Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii, May 13, 2018. Terray Sylvester/Reuters
Lava erupts from a fissure east of the Leilani Estates subdivision during ongoing eruptions of the Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii, May 13, 2018.
more +

In this Friday, May 11, 2018 photo released by the U.S. Geological Survey, an ash plume rises from the Overlook Vent in Halemaumau crater of the Kilauea volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii.AP
In this Friday, May 11, 2018 photo released by the U.S. Geological Survey, an ash plume rises from the Overlook Vent in Halema'uma'u crater of the Kilauea volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii.
more +

Vacation rentals in lower Puna were asked to "cease operations to relieve the demand for water" and in order to decrease the number of residents in the area.

Officials already said last week they had moved flammables from Puna Geothermal uphill in case anything starts flowing near them.

The agency said activity from the 16th fissure, which is located in a mostly forested region away from homes, was "minor" and "no significant lava flow was issued from this area."

PHOTO:
SLIDESHOW: PHOTOS: Hawaii volcano emits hazardous gases and flowing lava
more +

In addition to the new fissures, officials with the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory were concerned another volcanic eruption could occur on Kilauea.

"HVO has cautioned about the possibility of an explosive eruption at Halema’uma’u Crater due to the ongoing withdrawal of lava from Kilauea summit lake," the Civil Defense Agency said in a statement. "This could generate dangerous debris very near the crater and ashfalls up to tens of miles downwind."

The agency warned previously that boulders the size of refrigerators could be launched from the crater should another eruption take place.

President Donald Trump declared a major disaster in Hawaii on Friday in order to open up federal funding for those on the island affected by the volcano's eruption.

At least 35 structures, including two dozen homes, have been destroyed since the beginning of the volcanic activity 10 days ago.
Title: 🌋 Ashfall advisory extended as Kilauea’s summit crater keeps pumping
Post by: RE on May 16, 2018, 02:57:08 AM
http://www.staradvertiser.com/2018/05/15/breaking-news/kilauea-volcano-updates-tuesday/ (http://www.staradvertiser.com/2018/05/15/breaking-news/kilauea-volcano-updates-tuesday/)

Ashfall advisory extended as Kilauea’s summit crater keeps pumping
By Kevin Dayton
May 15, 2018
Updated May 15, 2018 7:10pm

(https://s.yimg.com/ny/api/res/1.2/cGwd9z9SxBetCuTHJP7Dmg--/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjtzbT0xO3c9ODAw/http://media.zenfs.com/en-US/homerun/time_72/083d653965c3a2cd8c8b3e832880a624)

    CINDY ELLEN RUSSELL / CRUSSELL@STARADVERTISER.COM

    A plume of ash was seen today above Halemaumau crater on Hawaii island.

    CINDY ELLEN RUSSELL / CRUSSELL@STARADVERTISER.COM

    Spectators at the Volcano Golf and Country Club photograph the start of an ash plume billowing out of the Halemaumau crater today. The forboding plumes develop when rocks drop into lava and explode from intense heat.

    CINDY ELLEN RUSSELL / CRUSSELL@STARADVERTISER.COM

    Roland Ellithorpe, 4, runs as an ash plume billows out of Halemaumau crater today. The plumes, located within the Kilauea caldera, occur when rocks drop into lava and explode from intense heat.

    COURTESY USGS

    Civil Air Patrol flight at 11:43 a.m. reported ash plume tops at 9,500 feet elevation with the dispersed plume up to 11,000 feet, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Ashfall from the plume is falling on Hawaii island communities downwind.

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UPDATE: 7:20 p.m.

The Hawaii Civil Defense Agency responded tonight to a rumor about a possible tsunami.

The agency noted that “according to the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory there is no geologic evidence for an tsunami-generating earthquake at this time. Any such event is extremely unlikely.”
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The Civil Defense has received inquiries from media and the public asking about the potential for a tsunami.

HVO, Pacific Tsunami Warning Center and other state and federal partners continue to monitor volcanic and seismic activity.

6:40 p.m.

The National Weather Service has extended the ashfall advisory for areas of the Big Island until 8 a.m. Wednesday as the Halemaumau Crater at Kilauea’s summit continues to intermittently emit huge plumes of ash.

The volcanic ash is expected to reach the region to the southwest including Wood Valley, Pahala, Punaluu, Naalehu, and Hawaiian Oceanview Estates.

Ash accumulation up to a quarter-inch is expected to be deposited in the advisory areas, forecasters said.

Trade winds are expected to weaken tonight into Wednesday, then become breezy again from Thursday into the weekend, they said.

The weather service said the advisory may need to be extended depending on conditions and warns that the ash may cause eye and respiratory irritation. Anyone in the advisory areas with respiratory illnesses should remain indoors to avoid inhaling the ash particles and everyone outside should cover their mouth and nose with a mask or cloth, officials said.

Earlier this afternoon, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory issued a “notice for aviation” warning pilots that the ash plume rising from Halemaumau crater at the summit of Kilauea volcano has been reported as high as 12,000 feet and conditions could become “more explosive.”

Ash emissions “will likely be variable with periods of increased and decreased intensity depending on the occurrence of rockfalls into the vent and other changes within the vent. At any time, activity may become more explosive, increasing the intensity of ash production and producing ballistic projectiles near the vent,” the HVO notice said.

HVO scientists this evening also reported that fissure No. 6, near Leilani Avenue and Pohoiki Road, has become active again, with lava fountaining and spatter seen about 4:45 p.m. The flow from fissure No. 17, meanwhile, has had little advancement since this morning after progressing toward Highway 137 at the start of the week.

For more information on the hazards of volcanic ash and vog, go to https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanic_ash/ (https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanic_ash/) and https://vog.ivhhn.org/. (https://vog.ivhhn.org/.)

RELATED POSTS:
>> LIVE: Webcam images from Halemaumau at Kilauea
>> Ash plume heads to Pahala after rock falls, gas explosions in Halemaumau Crater
>> USGS Video: USGS Kilauea Volcano Update, May 15
>> Escape road threatened, geothermal wells to be killed as lava approaches
>> Officials seek to shore up Pahoa lifelines, Mayor Kim says
>> Tourism losses mount across the Big Island
>> Evacuees get a brief respite from Kilauea’s eruption
>> Video: Gov. David Ige gives May 14 Kilauea update
>> Photos: Residents prepare for the worst as more fissures open
>> Photos: Tourists stay despite eruption threats from Kilauea

COMPLETE KILAUEA COVERAGE
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5:45 p.m.

The Volcano School of Arts and Sciences will be closed Wednesday due to changes in the wind direction that could bring volcanic ash from Kilauea’s summit to the area.

The charter school in the town of Volcano is just a few miles from the summit crater.

School officials said a change in wind direction Wednesday “likely will result in dangerous driving conditions from ash fall … We fully anticipate being open on Thursday as the wind direction is expected to return to southwesterly trades blowing any ash or (sulfur dioxide) away from our campuses.”

Kilauea’s Halemaumau crater today was sending a large cloud of ash over parts of the Kau District in the southern area of the Big Island today.

3:45 p.m.

Hawai‘i Electric Light Co. officials are warning that the volcanic ash falling on parts of the southern Big Isle could lead to extended power interruptions.

Ash falling from increased eruptions from Halemaumau crater at the summit of Kilauea has led to warnings to the public and pilots. The National Weather Service has issued an ashfall advisory until 6 p.m. warning that volcanic ash is expected to fall southwest of the summit, including on Wood Valley, Pahala, Punaluu, Naalehu, and Hawaiian Oceanview Estates.

“A combination of a light dusting of ash and moisture on utility insulators could result in electrical short circuits, which could cause power interruptions,” said Rhea Lee-Moku, Helco spokeswoman. “If this occurs, we are prepared to respond once it is safe for employees to work in the impacted area. While we have equipment that can wash off ash from utility equipment, this is the first experience we will have with widespread volcanic ash.”

She said extended power interruptions may occur if the ash fallout covers a large area or is very heavy and damages utility equipment.

During a power interruption, the company recommends that customers should:

>> Unplug sensitive electronic equipment and other appliances.

>> Keep refrigerators and freezers closed as much as possible. Discard any perishable food that has been above 41 degrees F for more than two hours.

>> Those dependent on life support should make prior arrangements with a hospital or emergency facility.

2:45 p.m.

The state Department of Transportation has reopened Highway 130 in Lower Puna beyond Malama Street for residents only.

Hawaii County Civil Defense says that no large trailers or heavy equipment should be taken over the metal plates that have been placed over cracks in the road that have been caused by the volcanic activity .

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reports a steady eruption of ash coming from Halemaumau Crater is causing ash to fall downwind across portions of Kau District. Ash is being reported along Highway 11 to Pahala.

2:15 p.m.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory has issued a “notice for aviation” warning pilots that the ash plume rising from Halemaumau crater at the summit of Kilauea volcano has been reported as high as 12,000 feet and conditions could become “more explosive.”

HVO has upgraded its aviation condition alert to red from orange.

The alert says, “As of early this morning, eruption of ash from the Overlook vent within Halemaumau crater at Kilauea Volcano’s summit has generally increased in intensity. Ash has been rising nearly continuously from the vent and drifting downwind to the southwest. Ashfall and vog (volcanic air pollution) has been reported in Pahala, about 18 miles downwind. (National Weather Service) radar and pilot reports indicate the top of the ash cloud is as high as 10,000 to 12,000 feet above sea level, but this may be expected to vary depending on the vigor of activity and wind conditions.”

HVO scientists warn that “at any time, activity may become more explosive, increasing the intensity of ash production and producing ballistic projectiles near the vent.”

They said while the ash cloud is drifting to the southwest with the trade winds, conditions are expected to change in the next 24 hours and other areas around Kilauea’s summit are likely to receive ashfall.

Ash has been reported falling today in Pahala and the Kau desert.

For more information on the hazards of volcanic ash and vog, go to https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanic_ash/ (https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanic_ash/) and https://vog.ivhhn.org/. (https://vog.ivhhn.org/.)

>> RELATED VIDEO: Nearly 20 fissures open from Hawaii volcano (mobile app users, click here)

PREVIOUS COVERAGE

HILO >> The action at Kilauea volcano shifted mostly to the summit area today as rockfalls and gas explosions put on an impressive show at Halemaumau crater, sending a gray plume several thousand feet into the sky that sprinkled ash over roadways at the village of Pahala.

Steve Brantley, deputy scientist-in-charge at the U.S. Geological Survey’s Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, said the vigor of the ash plumes in the crater “picked up a bit” today. The ash emissions became almost continuous, “with intermittent, more energetic ash bursts or plumes,” he said.

The trade winds from the northeast pushed most of the ash to the southwest. David Damby, a chemist and volcanologist with the USGS, said the ash is essentially “rock powder,” and is not poisonous.

“You just want to limit your exposure to it,” he said, because it can cause eye, nose and throat irritation.

As of 1 p.m. today, ash was being reported along Highway 11 to Pahala.

About 30 miles away at the Lower East Rift Zone of the volcano, fissure 18 generated a lava flow that moved toward the northeast and is now about 1 1/2 miles long. However, that rift has been adding “very little” new lava to the flow in recent hours, Brantley said.

“Field reports are that the flow moved about 1,200 feet in the past day, but it is not moving very much at the moment,” he said.

According to the HVO, the only fissure that remains active this afternoon is fissure 17, which has slowed considerably and is moving at a rate of about 20 yards per hour toward the ocean. As of 1 p.m., the lava flow was about 1.2 miles from Highway 137, with no homes or roads currently threatened.

Scientists also observed a small new fissure that opened just uprift of fissure 18 and released a small pad of lava, Brantley said. Earthquake activity suggests magma is still pushing its way into the area, he said.

“It’s slowed down in the past couple of days, but it’s still moving,” although the location of the earthquakes suggest the underground magma has not advanced much beyond fissure 18, Brantley said.

Ormat Technologies Inc., which owns the shuttered Puna Geothermal Venture plant on the East Rift Zone, issued a statement today that the steepest topographical paths that might be a route followed by lava “are around and away from the power plant in the direction of the ocean.

“This gives the company confidence that there is a low risk of surface lava impacting or making its way to the facility,” the statement said.

Isaac Angel, CEO of Ormat Technologies, said there has been no physical damage to the above-ground portions of the 38 megawatt plant yet, but a full assessment will have to wait until the situation stabilizes.

“We continue to monitor the situation in coordination with (Hawaii Electric Light Co.), and with local and state authorities. We expect to restore the Puna operations as soon as it is safe to do so,” Angel said in the statement.

Tom Travis, administrator of the Hawaii Emergency Management Agency, announced Monday the state and county are moving forward with a plan to kill three active geothermal wells on the PGV site by injecting them with cold water and sealing them with iron plugs.

That effort to kill the wells could begin as early as today, Travis said.

Because of the volcanic activity, Hawaii island residents and visitors are also advised of the following:

>> The state Department of Transportation said this afternoon that work on Highway 130 near Leilani Estates has been completed from Malama Street to Kamaili Road due to new cracks in the pavement that developed overnight. The road reopened at 1 p.m. for local traffic only.

>> Highway 132 is closed at Pohoiki Road intersection; a checkpoint is located on Highway 130 by Pahoa High School with only local traffic allowed.

>> The Health Department reports hazardous emissions of sulfur dioxide gas from fissures are especially dangerous for elderly, children, babies and people with respiratory problems. SO2 can be carried by wind, or, cover an area with no wind.

>> HVO scientists say the eruptive activity in Lower Puna remained concentrated at fissure 17, with intermittent lava spattering at fissure 18, today. A new fissure, No. 20, near fissure 18 also produced two small pads of lava, they said early this afternoon. The lava flow from fissure 17 advanced about 1,250 ft since 2:30 p.m. Monday. The advance of the flow has slowed significantly since Monday afternoon, according to HVO. Volcanic gas emissions remain elevated throughout the area downwind of the fissures, HVO warns. Scientists said magma continues to be supplied to the lower East Rift Zone and elevated earthquake activity continues.

>> The state Department of Transportation planned to reopen Highway 130 from Malama Street to Kamaili Road to local traffic this afternoon after an inspection earlier today showed the roadway is safe. However, the highway may be shut down again if hazardous conditions develop.

>> The air quality in Pahala this morning has been measured as “unhealthy” and is decreasing, according to the University of Hawaii’s Vog Measurement and Prediction Project. “Avoid excessive exposure to ash which is an eye and respiratory irritant,” the weather service said in an alert. “Those with respiratory sensitivities should take extra precaution to minimize exposure.”
Title: 🌋 Hawaii volcano spews 6 mile-high plume of ash, could blow again
Post by: RE on May 18, 2018, 01:13:12 AM
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-hawaii-volcano-blast/ash-fallout-alert-after-hawaii-volcano-erupts-in-30000-foot-plume-idUSKCN1II2E3 (https://www.reuters.com/article/us-hawaii-volcano-blast/ash-fallout-alert-after-hawaii-volcano-erupts-in-30000-foot-plume-idUSKCN1II2E3)

Environment
May 17, 2018 / 8:23 AM / Updated 4 hours ago
Hawaii volcano spews 6 mile-high plume of ash, could blow again

(https://video-images.vice.com/articles/5afc1cff47cfb700062e9f2c/lede/1526472954048-volcano.jpeg?crop=1xw:0.9536458333333333xh;center,center)

Terray Sylvester

5 Min Read

PAHOA, Hawaii (Reuters) - Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano spewed ash nearly six miles (9 km) into the sky on Thursday and scientists warned this could be the first in a string of more violent explosive eruptions with the next possibly occurring within hours.

“This has relieved pressure temporarily,” U.S. Geological Survey geologist Michelle Coombs told a news conference in Hilo. “We may have additional larger, powerful events.”

Residents of the Big Island were warned to take shelter from the ash as toxic gas levels spiked in a small southeast area where lava has burst from the ground during the two-week eruption.

The wind could carry Kilauea’s ash plume as far as Hilo, the Big Island’s largest city and a major tourism center, the County of Hawaii Civil Defense warned in an alert.

“Protect yourself from ash fallout,” it said.

Some Big Island residents had feared “the big one” after Kilauea shot anvil-sized “ballistic blocks” into the visitors’ car park on Wednesday and was rocked by earthquakes that damaged buildings and cracked roads in the park that was closed last week.

But geologists said the 4:15 a.m. (10:15 a.m. EDT) explosion was not particularly large and on a par with the last series of steam-driven blasts, which took place in 1924.

“The activity is such that they can occur at any time, separated by a number of hours,” Hawaiian National Volcano Observatory Deputy Scientist-In-Charge Steve Brantley told reporters on a conference call.

Geologists said it was extremely unlikely Kilauea would have a massive eruption like that of 1790 which killed dozens of people in the deadliest eruption to occur in what is now the United States.

Kilauea’s falling lava lake has likely descended to a level at or below the water table, allowing water to run on to the top of its lava column and create steam-driven blasts, they said.

“I don’t think there is a big one that’s coming,” said University of Hawaii vulcanologist Scott Rowland.

“I think it’s going to be a series of explosions similar to the one that happened this morning, and that’s based on what happened in 1924, which is really our only analog,” he said of the nearly century old event, which lasted 2-1/2 weeks and killed one person who was hit by a “ballistic block.”

On Thursday, a 21st fissure also opened in Leilani Estates while other fissures reactivated with lava, the Hawaii Civil Defense said in an alert.
ASH MASKS

A spike in toxic sulfur dioxide gas levels closed schools around the town of Pahoa, 25 miles (40 km) east of the volcano, where lava from giant cracks has destroyed 37 homes and other structures and forced about 2,000 residents to evacuate.

A change in wind direction caused gas spewing from fissures to drift northwest towards Pahoa, prompting National guard troops to don gas masks at a nearby road intersection, according to a Reuters reporter.

Pahoa fire station recorded a “red level” of sulfur dioxide, meaning the gas would cause choking and an inability to breathe, Fenix Grange of the Hawaii Department of Health told a news conference in Hilo.

“If it’s red, it’s get out of Dodge,” she said.

There have been no deaths or serious injuries reported during the current eruption.
A plume of ash emerges moments after Kilauea Volcano erupted in this still image taken from a time-lapse video shot between May 16 and May 17, 2018, near Kilauea, Hawaii, obtained from social media. MANDATORY CREDIT. Gemini Observatory/AURA/NSF/via REUTERS

Civil defense workers handed out one ash mask per family member in communities close to Kilauea to protect residents from the powdered rock, which is not poisonous but causes irritation to eyes and airways.

Volunteers handed out some 5,000 dust masks in less than three hours in the community of Kea’au, north of Pahoa at one of the four distribution points that were opened on Thursday.

“It was just thick, eyes watering kinda stuff,” said Glenn Severance, 65, a resident of Hawaii Paradise Park.

“I just wanted to have something,” said Severance, adding he knew the mask would not protect against toxic volcanic gases.

An aviation red alert was in effect due to risks ash could be carried into aircraft routes and damage jet engines, USGS said. Passenger jets generally cruise at around 30,000 feet, the height of Thursday’s plume.

Across the Big Island, home to 200,000 residents, people were encouraged to take caution driving, as ashfall can make roads slippery, and not go outdoors unless necessary.

But by 1:30 p.m. (7:30 p.m. EDT) reported ashfall was limited to only light, wet deposits about 3-4 miles (5-6 km) northwest of the summit, as rain over the volcano curbed the spread of ash.
Slideshow (17 Images)

Thursday’s eruption lasted only a few minutes, said Coombs who called it “a big event that got people’s attention, but did not have widespread impact”.

“Tall but small,” she said of Thursday’s plume.

Additional reporting by Jolyn Rosa in Honolulu; Writing by Andrew Hay; Editing by Bill Tarrant, Sandra Maler and Himani Sarkar
Title: 🌋 Evacuations ordered in Hawaii as fast-moving lava threatens neighborhoods
Post by: RE on June 01, 2018, 01:05:48 AM
http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-hawaii-volcano-evacuation-20180531-story.html (http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-hawaii-volcano-evacuation-20180531-story.html)

Evacuations ordered in Hawaii as fast-moving lava threatens neighborhoods
By Heidi Chang
May 31, 2018 | 7:15 PM
| Honolulu

(http://www.latimes.com/resizer/6DbrsOmkT1mqF8M2rE461CcdYW8=/1400x0/www.trbimg.com/img-5b10a648/turbine/la-1527817795-7ofxur3thx-snap-image)
Evacuations ordered in Hawaii as fast-moving lava threatens neighborhoods
Creeping lava from Kilauea volcano. (Bruce Omori / Paradise Helicopters)

Hawaii officials have issued a mandatory evacuation for several areas threatened by lava coming from Kilauea volcano on the Big Island.

Most of the residents of the Leilani Estates neighborhood were given until noon Friday to leave their homes, said David Mace, a spokesman for the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
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Anybody who refuses risks arrest, the possibility that emergency crews will not respond to calls or liability for the cost of being rescued.

More than 2,000 people once lived in the neighborhood, which sits 20 miles east of the summit of the volcano and has received the brunt of the damage since the eruptions began a month ago.
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At least 24 fissures have opened in the ground there, several of them spewing fountains of lava. A total of 77 homes have been destroyed.

Until now, evacuations have been voluntary. Some residents stayed. Others left and came back to check on their property and gather belongings.

The number of evacuees in the three shelters on the island has nearly doubled in the last few days to 409.

“We have a tremendous housing problem on our hands,” said Hawaii County Mayor Harry Kim.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory says lava from several fissures continues to move through Leilani Estates and nearby Lanipuna Gardens.

Fissure 8 is producing the most active flow. On Tuesday, its lava crossed at least two roads and shut down Highway 132, leaving Highway 137 as the only way in or out of the area.

Road crews are clearing lava from a 2014 eruption to reopen another evacuation route, the Chain of Craters Road.

The lava is now headed northeast toward the rural areas of Waa Waa and Four Corners.

Residents in those areas have also been advised to prepare to evacuate.

Lava is not the only hazard. The eruptions create toxic gas. People living near the volcano have been shaken by hundreds of earthquakes. Ash plumes shooting thousands of feet into the sky from the summit have raised concerns about air quality. Lava flowing into the ocean has created laze, a white acidic plume that can burn the skin.

And this week residents began noticing a hazard known as Pele’s hair, needle-like strands of glass created when liquid rock blows up and then cools.

“The sharp pieces of volcanic glass falling from the sky occur in fountaining eruptions,” said Wendy Stovall, a volcanologist with the U.S. Geological Survey.

The strands can irritate the skin and eyes.

Chang is a special correspondent.
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: K-Dog on June 01, 2018, 08:56:48 AM
That thing is like a hot paw a quarter mile across.  It would be crazy to see it up close.  A jet of black smoke from a driveway on the right that is getting covered over suggests a burning vehicle. 

See it up close, perhaps a new Diner adventure?
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: Eddie on June 01, 2018, 10:00:39 AM
That thing is like a hot paw a quarter mile across.  It would be crazy to see it up close.  A jet of black smoke from a driveway on the right that is getting covered over suggests a burning vehicle. 

See it up close, perhaps a new Diner adventure?

Sounds good, especially since I'm a surfer now. LOL.

Tourism to the Big Island is in the toilet. Bet the tickets are pretty cheap. Let's hit the pee-pay-leen-ay, dudes. (#surferinsiderjoke).
Title: 🌋 Guatemala volcano: Dozens die as Fuego volcano erupts
Post by: RE on June 05, 2018, 01:45:16 AM
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-44350974 (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-44350974)

Guatemala volcano: Dozens die as Fuego volcano erupts

(https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/EADF/production/_101872106_205e936d-3471-4c57-a1d4-032a3085a764.jpg)

    4 June 2018

Related Topics

    Guatemala volcano

Media captionVideo shows Guatemala's most violent volcano eruption in more than a century

Guatemala's most violent volcanic eruption in more than a century has killed 62 people, officials say.

Dozens more are missing, the country's disaster agency says, and it is feared the death toll could rise.

Villages on the slopes of Fuego volcano were buried in volcanic ash, mud and rocks during Sunday's 16-hour eruption.

Pyroclastic flows, which are fast-moving mixtures of very hot gas and volcanic matter, rushed down the mountainside and engulfed villages.

President Jimmy Morales has declared three days of national mourning.

    Eruption in pictures
    How many people do volcanoes kill?

A further pyroclastic flow on Monday sparked alarm.

Guatemala's coast has also been hit by an earthquake though there are no reports of damage so far.
What has happened?

Fuego, about 40km (25 miles) south-west of the capital Guatemala City, spewed rock, gas and ash into the sky.

Fast-moving flows hit villages, killing people inside their homes.
Image copyright NATIONAL POLICE OF GUATEMALA
Image caption The destruction wreaked by the flows can be seen from the air

Sergio Cabañas, head of the country's National Disaster Management Agency (Conred), said the town of El Rodeo had been "buried".

Other towns affected include Alotenango and San Miguel Los Lotes. Rescuers are still trying to reach a number of villages.

Temporary shelters have been set up for about 3,000 residents who have been evacuated.
Image copyright AFP
Image caption A woman in San Miguel Los Lotes has missing relatives

Efrain Gonzalez, who fled El Rodeo with his wife and one-year-old daughter, said he had had to leave behind his two older children, aged four and ten, trapped in the family home.

Local resident Ricardo Reyes was forced to abandon his home: "The only thing we could do was run with my family and we left our possessions in the house. Now that all the danger has passed, I came to see how our house was - everything is a disaster."
Media captionVolcano survivor: "I think my family was buried"

A total of about 1.7 million people have been affected in four regions. The country's main airport has now reopened.

Officials have advised people to wear masks as protection against falling ash.
How exceptional was the eruption?

Fuego is one of Latin America's most active volcanoes. A major eruption devastated nearby farms in 1974, but no deaths were recorded.

Another eruption in February this year sent ash 1.7km (1.1 mile) into the sky.

Sunday's event was on a much greater scale.

This eruption is Guatemala's deadliest such event since 1902, when an eruption of the Santa Maria volcano killed thousands of people.

    Hawaii homes destroyed by lava
    Volcano terminology: What are vog and laze?

Guatemala's national institute of volcanology, Insivumeh, told people to keep away from the affected ravines as there is a possibility of "a reactivation".

The institute also warned of the possibility of lahars - when water mixes with volcanic deposits forming a destructive debris flow - which could affect villages and hamlets to the south, south-west and south-east.
What is a pyroclastic flow?

By Paul Rincon, science editor, BBC News website

A pyroclastic flow is a fast-moving mixture of gas and volcanic material, such as pumice and ash. They are a common outcome of explosive volcanic eruptions, like the Fuego event, and are extremely dangerous to populations living downrange.

Just why they are so threatening can be seen from some of the eyewitness videos on YouTube of the Guatemalan eruption. In one, people stand on a bridge filming the ominous mass of gas and volcanic debris as it expands from Fuego.

Some bystanders only realise how fast it is travelling as the flow is almost upon them.

The speed it travels depends on several factors, such as the output rate of the volcano and the gradient of its slope. But they have been known to reach speeds of up to 700km/h - close to the cruising speed of a long-distance commercial passenger aircraft.

In addition, the gas and rock within a flow are heated to extreme temperatures, ranging between 200C and 700C. If you're directly in its path, there is little chance of escape.

The eruption of Vesuvius, in Italy, in 79 AD produced a powerful pyroclastic flow, burying the Roman towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum under a thick blanket of ash.
Eyewitness account: 'Day turned into night'

From Jorge Luis Altuve, member of Guatemala's mountain rescue brigade

A team of about 40 of us from mountain rescue were up on the volcano searching for a person who had gone missing last week.

We'd located the body of the missing person and were going to retrieve it when the activity of the volcano increased quite suddenly. We were at a height of about 3,700m (12,000ft) and not far from the crater when we decided to abort the operation and descend.

At first, we thought it had started to rain but then I heard something hitting my safety helmet and I said to one of my colleagues: "This is not rain, these are stones!"

The stones raining down on us started getting bigger and bigger. Some were as big as 5cm (2in) in diameter. We'd already started our descent from the mountain when the ash cloud reached us and day turned into night.
Image copyright Reuters
Image caption This police officer stumbled as he ran through pyroclastic deposits on Monday

From daylight it went to being as dark as at 10pm. Luckily we were carrying all of our equipment which includes torches and helmets and we also know the volcano very well.

We started to move a lot more quickly. We were also in constant communication with our colleagues at the mountain rescue command post and they kept telling us: "Get out of there! Get down, quick!"

In total it took us three or four hours to reach the command post. Luckily we got away unscathed, just with some bruises from the falling stones.

This really came as a surprise, there had been no alert when we'd set out to search for this missing person.

We only really realised the magnitude of this when we got back down and saw everything covered in ash and bridges destroyed.
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Title: 🌋 Guatemala: The Volcano that keeps on Giving
Post by: RE on June 06, 2018, 12:27:12 AM
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-guatemala-volcano/guatemala-volcano-explodes-again-evacuations-ordered-idUSKCN1J12XR (https://www.reuters.com/article/us-guatemala-volcano/guatemala-volcano-explodes-again-evacuations-ordered-idUSKCN1J12XR)

Environment
June 5, 2018 / 1:37 PM / Updated 2 hours ago
Guatemala warns of greater activity after volcano explodes again

(https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/EADF/production/_101872106_205e936d-3471-4c57-a1d4-032a3085a764.jpg)

Reuters Staff

2 Min Read

GUATEMALA CITY (Reuters) - Guatemalan authorities warned that the Fuego volcano was showing signs of greater activity on Tuesday night as the death toll from a devastating eruption at the weekend climbed to 75 and nearly 200 people remained missing.

The seismological, volcanic and meteorological institute Insivumeh heightened its warnings after the volcano erupted again earlier on Tuesday, forcing evacuations and sending rescue workers scrambling for cover.

The peak had its most devastating eruption in more than four decades on Sunday, showering ash on a wide area and sending lava flows through nearby towns.

The national disaster agency, CONRED, said 192 people remained missing after the disaster and the forensic agency, Inacif, raised the death toll to at least 75, up from 72.

“The conditions are extremely critical at this moment,” Insivumeh Director Eddy Sánchez told reporters.

Volcan de Fuego, which means “Volcano of Fire” in Spanish, is one of several active volcanoes among 34 in the Central American country. It lies near the colonial city of Antigua, a UNESCO world heritage site that has survived several major eruptions.

The latest activity has been mostly on the far side of the volcano, facing the Pacific coast.
Slideshow (20 Images)

The eruption on Sunday sent columns of ash and smoke 6.2 miles (10 km) into the sky, dusting several regions with ash. Thousands of people have been evacuated, CONRED said.

Reporting by Sofia Menchu; Writing by Dave Graham and Julia Love; Editing by Daniel Flynn, Sandra Maler and Paul Tait
Title: 🌋 Hawaii: ANOTHER Volcano that keeps on Giving
Post by: RE on June 06, 2018, 04:04:37 AM
Next up...Yellowstone!

If Mt. Redoubt blows, I could be in trouble...

RE

Hawaii volcano lava destroys hundreds of homes overnight
No injuries were reported as most residents heeded advice to leave.
Jun.05.2018 / 4:57 PM ET / Updated Jun.05.2018 / 7:27 PM ET / Source: Associated Press

(https://media2.s-nbcnews.com/j/newscms/2018_23/2455721/180605-honolulu-hawaii-volcano-homes-ac-755p_aa6ebc5206d4996e1c71143992e18766.focal-1000x500.jpg)
Lava destroys homes in the Kapoho area, east of Pahoa, during ongoing eruptions of the Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii, on June 5, 2018.Terray Sylvester / Reuters

HONOLULU — Lava from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano destroyed hundreds more homes overnight, overtaking two oceanfront communities where residents were advised to evacuate last week, officials said Tuesday.
Recommended
Guatemala's deadly volcano eruption: What is the 'Ring of Fire'?
Guatemala volcano eruption kills dozens, spews lava for miles

No injuries were reported as most residents heeded the advice to leave.

The latest lost homes were in addition to at least 117 others that were previously reported by officials since lava began spilling last month from cracks in the ground in a mostly rural district of the Big Island.

"We don't have an estimate yet, but safe to say that hundreds of homes were lost in Kapoho Beach Lots and Vacationland last night," Janet Snyder, a spokeswoman for Hawaii County, said Tuesday.

A morning overflight confirmed that lava had completely filled Kapoho Bay, inundated most of Vacationland and covered all but the northern part of Kapoho Beach Lots, scientists with the U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said.

Despite earlier reports that lava claimed Big Island Mayor Harry Kim's second home in Vacationland, an aerial flyover confirmed his home is still standing, Snyder said.

County Managing Director Wil Okabe said his own vacation home in Kapoho Beach Lots was threatened. Okabe described the area as a mix of vacation rentals and year-round residences.

"For us it's more of a vacation area, but for those who live there permanently, they're trying to figure out where they're going to be living," he said. Kim and Okabe live in Hilo, the county's seat, which is more than an hour drive from the Kapoho area.

One shelter was full Tuesday, officials said.
Related
Hawaii lava evacuee volunteers time to save neighbors' homes

Gov. David Ige signed a second supplemental emergency proclamation Tuesday that gives the county more options for shelters and sets criminal penalties for violating emergency rules, such as failing to evacuate and interfering with emergency workers.

Lava claimed Harry Pomerleau's home in Vacationland.

"It's a necessary evil. It's not our land. It belongs to Pele," he said, referring to the Hawaiian volcano goddess. "I have to imagine . she knows what she's doing."

Kapoho resident Mark Johnson was coming to terms with the possibility of losing his home and 5-acre citrus farm.

"I'm really kind of at peace actually," he said. "I've had 28 years of wonderful experience down there in Kapoho."

Johnson and Pomerleau evacuated last week when authorities with bullhorns arrived at 1 a.m. saying it was time to get their things and leave.

They didn't expect the lava flow to head their way.

"God only knows what it's going to do next," Johnson said.

He wants to return if lava spares his home on a ridge overlooking the ocean. But it's unclear how long it would take to re-open access to the area, he said.

Pomerleau said all of the vacation homes he did handyman work for are gone.

Thousands of people in the Puna area had to evacuate after the first fissure opened May 3. Officials issued mandatory orders for residents of Leilani Estates, and those in Kapoho Beach and Vacationland were advised to leave last Friday or risk being trapped and unreachable by emergency crews.

Homes in Kapoho Beach Lots and Vacationland are on smaller lots and closer together than those in other parts of the Puna district. Okabe estimated there are several hundred homes in each of the two subdivisions.

Those who live or vacation in the area were mourning the loss of popular tide-pools where kids enjoyed swimming.

"That coastline is really important to us— a place where we spent time with our family," said Franny Brewer who lives in upper Puna.

She reminisced about taking her daughter to swim in the ocean for the first time in a local swimming spot known as Champagne Ponds.

"I've been crying a lot," she said. "It's hard because obviously a lot of people have lost a lot more than just a beautiful place to visit and memories."
Title: Volcano Thread - Now Ecuador's turn
Post by: azozeo on June 27, 2018, 01:15:25 PM
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/rockyplanet/2018/06/27/second-galapagos-eruption-in-june-this-time-at-sierra-negra/#.WzPvkyD0XDc (http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/rockyplanet/2018/06/27/second-galapagos-eruption-in-june-this-time-at-sierra-negra/#.WzPvkyD0XDc)


A little less than two weeks ago, La Cumbre on Fernandina in the Galapagos erupted for the first time last September. That is no shock as the volcano has erupted 3 times since the start of the 21st century. What is surprising is that Sierra Negra on the neighboring island on Isabela erupted yesterday for the first time in 13 years. Two separate eruptions in the Galapagos in June!

The eruption at Sierra Negra so far is what we expect from shield volcanoes formed at ocean hot spots like the Galapagos: fissures and lava flows. The lava flows have quickly reached the ocean where video shows the rivers of lava created laze plumes and volcanic lightning! Pictures of the eruption (above) show some impression lava fountains coming from the fissures that opened on the flanks of the volcano. Unlike the eruption of La Cumbre, where the island is uninhabited, people live on Isabela. So far, local officials have closed the schools and shut down tourist activity on the island, as well as evacuated ~50 people. The eruption started after a brief earthquake swarm that started a few days ago.

Now, these two volcanoes are only about 65 kilometers (40 miles) apart, so it is interesting to speculate how connected these volcanoes might be. If they are anything like the volcanoes on Hawai’i, both island chains being the products of a hot spot, then they likely aren’t directly connected. Remember, in Hawai’i, Kīlauea and Mauna Loa are on top of each other, but we don’t think the two volcanoes are connected near the surface. Ultimately, they have the same deep source 100 kilometers (62 miles) down, but one volcano does not appear to trigger the other.
Title: Volcano Thread - Safety Concerns at Yellowstone/Closures HERE WE GO!
Post by: azozeo on July 11, 2018, 06:57:31 PM
https://www.nationalparkstraveler.org/2018/07/safety-concerns-lead-emergency-closure-near-jenny-lake-grand-teton-national-park (https://www.nationalparkstraveler.org/2018/07/safety-concerns-lead-emergency-closure-near-jenny-lake-grand-teton-national-park)

http://www.youtube.com/v/k6SxwVVL8M0&fs=1
Title: Volcano Thread - Explosions, Seismicity off the charts / Indonesia
Post by: azozeo on July 13, 2018, 06:19:19 AM
Play the vid on page.

https://watchers.news/2018/07/12/eruptions-intensify-off-scale-seismicity-at-anak-krakatau-indonesia/
Title: A Most Unusual Yellowstone Reading
Post by: azozeo on July 23, 2018, 05:03:02 PM
Please go to the 9:00 min mark of the vid.


http://www.youtube.com/v/0BXL1AAz8RA&fs=1
Title: Volcano Thread - Yellowstone, hot springs drying up, UH Oh...
Post by: azozeo on August 25, 2018, 04:12:42 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/ZSxmuODN7Iw&fs=1
Title: YLWStne - Bubblin' under the boardwalks PARK CLOSED
Post by: azozeo on September 21, 2018, 03:24:34 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/K4m1O2kmzuU&fs=1
Title: Yellowstone Update
Post by: azozeo on September 23, 2018, 04:11:25 PM

If this isn’t the big one, it certainly ranks as a strange one – strange enough that parts of Yellowstone National Park have been shut down. A thermal spring that has only erupted three times in the past 60 years made the fourth a memorable one this week as it spewed enough steam, water, rocks and debris 30 feet into the air, forcing the park to close a popular observation boardwalk and other areas to protect tourists. This triggered other nearby geyser eruptions and comes on top of Steamboat Geyser, Yellowstone’s largest, shooting boiling water up to 300 feet in the air for an hour and fifteen minutes – the latest eruption in its most active year since 1982. And then there was the guy caught urinating into a geyser … is this really a good time to insult the supervolcano under Yellowstone?


https://mysteriousuniverse.org/2018/09/geyser-launching-hot-rocks-forces-partial-yellowstone-closure/
Title: The latest ooooze from Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on October 01, 2018, 10:51:42 AM

Yellowstone LATEST Warning: Mysterious Rare Geyser Eruptions has Authorities Worried


https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1023221/Yellowstone-volcano-eruption-changes-Ear-Spring-Upper-Geyser-Basin (https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1023221/Yellowstone-volcano-eruption-changes-Ear-Spring-Upper-Geyser-Basin)
Title: 🌋 Volcano erupts in Indonesia days after devastating earthquake and tsunami
Post by: RE on October 03, 2018, 03:39:24 AM
Next up: Toba Erupts!

Not a good week to vacation in Indonesia.

RE

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2018/10/03/volcano-eruption-rocks-indonesia-after-devastating-earthquake-tsunami/1507607002/ (https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2018/10/03/volcano-eruption-rocks-indonesia-after-devastating-earthquake-tsunami/1507607002/)

Volcano erupts in Indonesia days after devastating earthquake and tsunami
Kim Hjelmgaard, USA TODAY Published 4:03 a.m. ET Oct. 3, 2018 | Updated 4:22 a.m. ET Oct. 3, 2018

(https://www.gannett-cdn.com/presto/2018/10/03/USAT/fab189a3-a67b-499e-bf04-fc0dd4fafa27-bx161_3a90_9.jpg?width=534&height=712&fit=bounds&auto=webp)
(Photo: EPA)
CONNECTTWEETLINKEDINCOMMENTEMAILMORE


A volcano erupted Wednesday on the same island in Indonesia where an earthquake and tsunami last week killed at least 1,400 people.

The eruption of Mount Soputan on Sulawesi island in central Indonesia prompted authorities to warn of possible lava flows and ash clouds that could impact air travel. Evacuations were ordered for those living within a few miles of the volcano.

The eruption spewed ash 19,700 feet into the sky.

Scientists have not yet determined whether the eruption was directly triggered by the earthquake in central Sulawesi on Friday. However, Indonesian news portal Tempo cited a government volcanologist who suspected it was.

Indonesia has many actives volcanoes. It is also located in the so-called Ring of Fire, one of the most active areas for earthquakes in the world.

President Donald Trump called Indonesian President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo on Tuesday to offer assistance with both the emergency phase and reconstruction from the earthquake and tsunami that struck Sulawesi.

More: Indonesia tsunami: As desperation mounts, relief groups mobilize; here's how you can help

More: No, the giant Katla volcano in Iceland isn't about to erupt

In addition to the growing death toll, hundreds of people were severely injured in Friday’s disasters. With many roads blocked and key communication lines and infrastructure destroyed, food, water, fuel and medicine are struggling to reach the hardest-hit areas outside Palu, the largest city heavily damaged. More than 60,000 people have been displaced, according to the National Disaster Mitigation Agency.
Title: NASA’s Plan To Save Earth From The Yellowstone Supervolcano
Post by: azozeo on October 10, 2018, 06:00:36 PM

Even though we are constantly being told by scientists to not worry about the Yellowstone supervolcano, NASA is now on a mission to save the earth from exactly that. NASA has ambitious plans to prevent the extinction of the human race by drilling into the supervolcano.

According to the BBC, NASA researchers got in touch with the media outlet to detail the threat lurking beneath Wyoming’s crust and what they think they can do about it before it eliminates humanity.  NASA contacted the BBC after they published an article about supervolcanoes last month.

http://www.shtfplan.com/headline-news/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano_10092018 (http://www.shtfplan.com/headline-news/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano_10092018)
Title: Re: NASA’s Plan To Save Earth From The Yellowstone Supervolcano
Post by: Surly1 on October 11, 2018, 06:15:08 AM

Even though we are constantly being told by scientists to not worry about the Yellowstone supervolcano, NASA is now on a mission to save the earth from exactly that. NASA has ambitious plans to prevent the extinction of the human race by drilling into the supervolcano.

According to the BBC, NASA researchers got in touch with the media outlet to detail the threat lurking beneath Wyoming’s crust and what they think they can do about it before it eliminates humanity.  NASA contacted the BBC after they published an article about supervolcanoes last month.

http://www.shtfplan.com/headline-news/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano_10092018 (http://www.shtfplan.com/headline-news/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano_10092018)

What could possibly go wrong?
Title: Re: NASA’s Plan To Save Earth From The Yellowstone Supervolcano
Post by: azozeo on October 11, 2018, 01:05:44 PM

Even though we are constantly being told by scientists to not worry about the Yellowstone supervolcano, NASA is now on a mission to save the earth from exactly that. NASA has ambitious plans to prevent the extinction of the human race by drilling into the supervolcano.

According to the BBC, NASA researchers got in touch with the media outlet to detail the threat lurking beneath Wyoming’s crust and what they think they can do about it before it eliminates humanity.  NASA contacted the BBC after they published an article about supervolcanoes last month.

http://www.shtfplan.com/headline-news/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano_10092018 (http://www.shtfplan.com/headline-news/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano_10092018)

What could possibly go wrong?


Drill baby drill takes on a whole new concept.

Like those children that fuck with caged zoo animals & get pulled into the cage.
Title: Re: NASA’s Plan To Save Earth - Thanks, But No Thanks...
Post by: azozeo on October 11, 2018, 01:39:24 PM

Even though we are constantly being told by scientists to not worry about the Yellowstone supervolcano, NASA is now on a mission to save the earth from exactly that. NASA has ambitious plans to prevent the extinction of the human race by drilling into the supervolcano.

According to the BBC, NASA researchers got in touch with the media outlet to detail the threat lurking beneath Wyoming’s crust and what they think they can do about it before it eliminates humanity.  NASA contacted the BBC after they published an article about supervolcanoes last month.

http://www.shtfplan.com/headline-news/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano_10092018 (http://www.shtfplan.com/headline-news/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano_10092018)

What could possibly go wrong?


These guys sentiments exactly....


Way to go NASA ! In ground A/C units. Novel concept  :icon_scratch:

By Mac Slavo

Even though we are constantly being told by scientists not to worry about the Yellowstone supervolcano, NASA is now on a mission to save the Earth from exactly that. NASA has ambitious plans to prevent the extinction of the human race by drilling into the supervolcano.

According to the BBC, NASA researchers got in touch with the media outlet to detail the threat lurking beneath Wyoming’s crust and what they think they can do about it before it eliminates humanity.  NASA contacted the BBC after they published an article about supervolcanoes last month.


https://www.activistpost.com/2018/10/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano.html (https://www.activistpost.com/2018/10/nasas-plan-to-save-earth-from-the-yellowstone-supervolcano.html)

Title: Long Valley Cauldera Super-Vol Alert....
Post by: azozeo on October 20, 2018, 06:59:51 PM



https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1001733/california-volcano-USGS-Long-Valley-Caldera-supervolcano (https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1001733/california-volcano-USGS-Long-Valley-Caldera-supervolcano)
Title: USGS Upgrades Yellowstone to "HIGH" alert status
Post by: azozeo on October 29, 2018, 02:43:19 PM


The U.S. Geological Survey said that it is classifying 18 volcanoes in the United States as having a “very high threat,” and it classified the Yellowstone volcano in Wyoming as “high.”

The USGS updated its volcano threat assessments list for the first time since 2006.

https://www.theepochtimes.com/threat-of-yellowstone-volcano-eruption-increases-to-high-says-usgs_2700008.html (https://www.theepochtimes.com/threat-of-yellowstone-volcano-eruption-increases-to-high-says-usgs_2700008.html)
Title: It's raining garbage a Yellowstone
Post by: azozeo on November 05, 2018, 11:52:03 AM

When watching a geyser erupt, you expect a thrilling burst of water from the ground and some warm spray in the air — not to see garbage rain down from the sky.


https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-11-05/yellowstone-geyser-spews-up-decades-worth-of-trash/10464534?section=science (https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-11-05/yellowstone-geyser-spews-up-decades-worth-of-trash/10464534?section=science)
Title: Re: It's raining garbage a Yellowstone
Post by: RE on November 05, 2018, 12:01:26 PM

When watching a geyser erupt, you expect a thrilling burst of water from the ground and some warm spray in the air — not to see garbage rain down from the sky.


https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-11-05/yellowstone-geyser-spews-up-decades-worth-of-trash/10464534?section=science (https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-11-05/yellowstone-geyser-spews-up-decades-worth-of-trash/10464534?section=science)

http://www.youtube.com/v/l5aZJBLAu1E

RE
Title: 🌋 Krakatoa erupts, Tsunami follows
Post by: RE on December 23, 2018, 12:01:10 AM
Indonesia is getting hammered by Geology these days.

More pics & vids at the link.

RE

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-46663158 (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-46663158)

'Volcano tsunami' hits Indonesia after Krakatoa eruption

    6 minutes ago

(https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/660/cpsprodpb/B38A/production/_104926954_e5ada602-a417-4013-8486-7ab74ff945c4.jpg)
Image caption This image of Anak Krakatoa erupting was taken by Oystein Lund Andersen on Saturday

At least 62 people have been killed and 584 injured after a tsunami hit the coast on Indonesia's Sunda Strait, government officials say.

The country's disaster management agency says hundreds of buildings were damaged by Saturday's tsunami.

It says the possible cause of the tsunami was undersea landslides after the Krakatoa volcano erupted.

The strait, between the islands of Java and Sumatra, connects the Java Sea to the Indian Ocean.
What is the latest?

The disaster management agency warned that the death toll after the tsunami, that struck at about 21:30 local time (14:30GMT) on Saturday, is likely to rise further.

Deaths have been reported in the Pandeglang, South Lampung and Serang regions.

    Follow the latest updates

Among the areas hit was the popular Tanjung Lesung beach resort in west Java. There was no warning of the advancing wave.
Image copyright BNPB
Image caption Images released by Indonesia's disaster management agency showed devastation in Anyer
Image copyright AFP/Getty Images
Image caption Many houses were flattened by the devastating waves

Footage shared on social media showed a large wave crashing into a venue in the resort, where a popular Indonesian rock band, Seventeen, was performing. Members of the band are seen being swept away as the wave destroys the stage.

In an Instagram video, singer Riefian Fajarsyah, said the band's bassist and road manager had died, and that three other band members and his own wife were missing.
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The country's Red Cross said it was on the scene and searching for victims in the rubble of one collapsed building.
'There were two waves'

Oystein Lund Andersen, Norwegian volcano photographer, Anyer Beach in West Java

I was on the beach. I was alone, my family were sleeping in a room.

I was trying to photograph the erupting Krakatoa volcano.

Earlier in the evening, there was quite heavy eruption activity. But just prior to the waves hitting the beach, there was no activity at all. It was just dark out there.

And suddenly I saw this wave coming, and I had to run.

There were two waves. The first wave wasn't that strong - I could run from it.
Image copyright Oystein Lund Andersen
Image caption Flooded streets in Anyer after the tsunami

I ran straight to the hotel, where my wife and my son were sleeping.

And I woke them up... and I heard a bigger wave coming. I looked out of the window when the second wave hit. It was much bigger.

The wave passed the hotel. Cars were pushed off the road.

We and other people at the hotel went straight to the forest (on higher ground) next to the hotel. And we're still up on the hill now.

- Oystein Lund Andersen was speaking to BBC World News television
What might have caused the tsunami?

Emergency officials are investigating whether the tsunami was caused by Anak Krakatoa, a volcanic island in the Sunda Strait.

    The child who came back from the dead after tsunami

Volcanologist Jess Phoenix told the BBC that when volcanoes erupt, hot magma pushes underground and can displace and break through colder rock. This can trigger a landslide.

But because part of Krakatoa is underwater, she said "instead of just causing a landslide, you get an undersea landslide which pushes water as it moves." This can then cause a tsunami.

The Anak Krakatoa volcano has seen increased activity in recent months.

Indonesia's geologic agency said that the volcano erupted for two minutes and 12 seconds on Friday, creating an ash cloud that rose 400 metres (1,300ft) above the mountain.

It recommended that no-one be allowed within two kilometres of the crater.
Image copyright Gallo Images/Orbital Horizon/Copernicus Sentin
Image caption A satellite image of Anak Krakatoa erupting in August

The disaster management agency said that high seas as a result of the full moon may also have contributed to the strength of the waves.
Is this unusual?
Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Some residents in the Pandeglang region ran to a local mosque after the tsunami hit

Indonesia is prone to tsunamis because it lies on the Ring of Fire - the line of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that circles virtually the entire Pacific rim.

In September, more than 2,000 people died when a powerful earthquake struck just off the central Indonesian island of Sulawesi, setting off a tsunami that engulfed the coastal city of Palu.

    A town smashed to pulp in minutes
    Indian Ocean tsunami: Then and now

On 26 December 2004, a series of huge waves triggered by a powerful earthquake in the Indian Ocean killed about 228,000 people in 14 countries, mostly in Indonesia.

However, tsunamis caused by volcanic activity like this are less frequent.
Krakatoa (Krakatau in Indonesian)
Image copyright Oystein Lund Andersen

In August 1883, it underwent arguably the most violent volcanic eruptions in recorded history:

    Massive tsunamis with waves up to 135ft (41m) killed more than 30,000 people
    Thousands more were killed by hot ash
    The eruptions were equivalent to 200 megatons of TNT - about 13,000 times the nuclear yield of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945
    The eruptions were heard thousands of kilometres away
    World temperatures dropped by more than 1C the following year
    The volcanic island virtually disappeared

In 1927, a new island, Anak Krakatoa (Child of Krakatoa) emerged

Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on December 23, 2018, 01:56:38 PM
Here's the vid of the Tsunami
Mud Flood....

https://twitter.com/Syarief38194795/status/1076618806364037121/video/1
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on December 23, 2018, 01:58:59 PM
http://www.youtube.com/v/97b-xKiKOT8&fs=1
Title: 🌋 This is why Indonesia’s tsunami warning failed
Post by: RE on December 25, 2018, 12:51:21 AM
https://nypost.com/2018/12/24/this-is-why-indonesias-tsunami-warning-failed/

This is why Indonesia’s tsunami warning failed

By Ruth Brown

December 24, 2018 | 4:56pm

(https://thenypost.files.wordpress.com/2018/12/indonesia-tsunami-aftermath.jpg?quality=90&strip=all&w=1236&h=820&crop=1)
Aftermath of the tsunami that hit Indonesia

Only 1 member of band hit by tsunami reportedly survives
Indonesia could be hit with another tsunami
Rescuers desperately search for survivors as death toll climbs from Indonesia tsunami
Tsunami sweeps away boy band mid-performance in Indonesia

Indonesia’s tsunami-warning system has been out of commission for six years, officials revealed in the wake of the series of giant waves that just killed at least 373 there — and as the country’s president ordered its disaster agency to finally purchase a new early system Monday.

Victims on Indonesia’s islands of Java and Sumatra were taken totally by surprise when the Anak Krakatau volcano eruptions caused an underwater landslide that sent the tsunami crashing into their coasts Saturday.

The nation of islands has a network of tsunami-detecting buoys — devices floating off the country’s coasts designed to submit warnings about big waves to its national disaster agency — but they have been broken since 2012, an agency spokesman said.

“Vandalism, lack of funds, technical faults have caused the current absence of the tsunami buoy system,” said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho in a series of tweets, according to Channel NewsAsia.

But experts say that even if the buoy system had been working, it probably wouldn’t have offered much warning because the volcano was so close to the islands’ coastline.

“Tsunami warning buoys are positioned to warn of tsunamis originated by earthquakes at underwater tectonic plate boundaries,” David Rothery of the UK’s Open University told the Jakarta Post.
see also
Rescuers desperately search for survivors as death toll climbs from Indonesia tsunami
Rescuers desperately search for survivors as death toll climbs from Indonesia tsunami

“Even if there had been such a buoy right next to Anak Krakatau, this is so close to the affected shorelines that warning time would have been minimal given the high speeds at which tsunami waves travel.”

Indonesia does have an advance warning system for earthquakes, but Sutopo said the country needed one that was also “triggered by undersea landslides and volcanic eruptions.”

Indonesian President Joko Widodo on Monday ordered the agency to purchase new early detection and warning systems that will give people enough time to get to safety.

“I have instructed BMKG to purchase equipment for early detection, early warning systems that will be able to provide timely alerts for civilians, so that they can take action quickly,” he said while visiting the affected areas, per Channel NewsAsia.
Title: 🌋 Tsunami death toll in Indonesia soars past 400
Post by: RE on December 26, 2018, 02:32:07 AM
https://www.aol.com/article/news/2018/12/25/tsunami-death-toll-in-indonesia-soars-past-400/23626951/ (https://www.aol.com/article/news/2018/12/25/tsunami-death-toll-in-indonesia-soars-past-400/23626951/)

Tsunami death toll in Indonesia soars past 400


http://www.youtube.com/v/9DwGKpaSRI4

The Associated Press
Dec 25th 2018 6:36PM

The death toll from the tsunami that hit Indonesian islands without warning Saturday night has passed 420 with more than 1,400 people injured.

Thousands of people were left homeless when the waves smashed homes on coastal areas of western Java and southern Sumatra.

Disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said the death toll had climbed to 429 on Tuesday and at least 128 were missing.

Military troops, government personnel and volunteers were searching along debris-strewn beaches. Where victims were found, body bags were laid out, and weeping relatives identified the dead.

The Christmas holiday was somber with prayers for tsunami victims in the Indonesian region hit by waves that struck without warning Saturday night
Title: 🌋 Indonesia raises alert, reroutes flights around erupting volcano
Post by: RE on December 27, 2018, 02:15:19 AM
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/indonesia-raises-alert-reroutes-flights-erupting-volcano-181227030312027.html (https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/indonesia-raises-alert-reroutes-flights-erupting-volcano-181227030312027.html)

Indonesia raises alert, reroutes flights around erupting volcano

(https://www.aljazeera.com/mritems/Images/2018/12/27/1160bc3b9f2b4db78866442fa3f59c5f_18.jpg)
A woman walks in the rain among debris after the tsunami in Sumur, Banten province[Jorge Silva/Reuters]

Authorities widen no-go zone around ash-spewing Anak Krakatoa days after it caused powerful tsunami killing hundreds.
an hour ago

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Authorities in Indonesia have rerouted all flights around the erupting Anak Krakatoa volcano, days after it is believed to have triggered a devastating tsunami that killed hundreds of people and causing widespread destruction.

The move on Thursday by Indonesia's air-traffic control agency AirNav came as the volcanic island located in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra continued spewing columns of ash into the air.

"All flights are rerouted due to Krakatoa volcano ash on red alert," AirNav said in a statement.

Authorities also raised the volcano's alert level to the second-highest - 'stand-by" - and widened an exclusion zone around it to 5km.

A crater collapse on Anak Krakatoa at high tide on Saturday night is thought  to have sent waves smashing into the Indonesian shoreline, engulfing fishing villages and popular resorts along the coasts of western Java and south Sumatra.

The confirmed death toll is 430 people, with at least 159 others missing. Almost 1,500 people have been injured and thousands more have been displaced.
WATCH: Indonesia rescuers hampered by rain after tsunami

'Lightning around volcano getting worse'

Anak Krakatoa is an island that emerged in the 1920s the crater left by Krakatoa, whose massive eruption in 1883 was one of the most catastrophic in recorded history, killing at least 36,000 people.

'We're afraid of the sea': Indonesians seek shelter in mountains

Experts have warned that volcanic activity at the site remains high and more deadly waves could slam the stricken region now covered by mountains of overturned cars, boats, furniture and other debris.

Along the coast, thousands of people are staying in tents and temporary shelters like mosques or schools, with dozens sleeping on the floor or in crowded public facilities. Rice and instant noodles have been delivered to many shelters, but clean water, wet weather gear, fresh clothes and blankets are in short supply, some evacuees said.

A state of emergency has been declared until January 4, which authorities hope will make it easier to deploy assistance, according to Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesperson for the national disaster mitigation agency.

Torrential rain has complicated recovery and aid efforts, muddying roads and holding up convoys delivering heavy machinery and food to remote areas.

With Anak Krakatoa still rumbling amid high-tide warnings, many survivors who have been evacuated to higher ground are too afraid to return home, saying they are worried that another tsunami will strike.

"The lightning around the volcano is getting worse," said Maskah, a 39-year-old woman who has found shelter along with other residents of Sukaraja village in a makeshift camp in Kebun Damos, a partial clearing on Sumatra's Rajabasa Mountain.

"It's cold and windy here in the jungle, but we don't want to go home," she told Al Jazeera on Wednesday.

"We're scared of the sea."

(https://www.aljazeera.com/mritems/Images/2018/12/26/75794a5a4e3f46f98099057f24ae7896_18.jpg)
Food is scarce in the makeshift Kebun Damos camp and there is little government help. The displaced families have tried to supplement their diets with food scavenged from the surrounding jungle, including unripened bananas which they boil to make edible [Teguh Harahap/Al Jazeera]

Indonesia's Meteorology, Geophysics and Climatology Agency has asked people to avoid coastal areas as stormy weather and high surf continue to plague the area.

Anxious tsunami victims told to avoid coast near erupting volcano

"All these conditions could potentially cause landslides at the cliffs of the crater into the sea, and we fear that that could trigger a tsunami," Dwikorita Karnawati, the agency's head, said late on Tuesday.

Indonesia, a vast archipelago of more than 17,000 islands with a population of some 260 million people, sits on the geologically active "Ring of Fire" and is frequently hit by earthquakes and tsunamis.

Saturday's tsunami was Indonesia's third major natural disaster in just a few months. In July and August, major earthquakes on Lombok island killed hundreds of people, while in September a devastating earthquake-tsunami claimed more than 2,000 lives in Palu on Sulawesi island.
Title: Half Mile Wide Volcano Vanished
Post by: azozeo on December 30, 2018, 09:07:26 AM
http://www.youtube.com/v/oYnkRDV-wio&fs=1
Title: 🌋 Yellowstone’s Steamboat Geyser Sets New Eruption Record
Post by: RE on January 18, 2019, 09:59:24 AM
https://www.geek.com/news/yellowstones-steamboat-geyser-sets-new-eruption-record-1765290/ (https://www.geek.com/news/yellowstones-steamboat-geyser-sets-new-eruption-record-1765290/)

News
Yellowstone’s Steamboat Geyser Sets New Eruption Record
By Stephanie Valera 12.10.2018 :: 4:50PM EST

(https://www.geek.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/steamboat-625x352.jpg)
Steamboat Geyser at Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming erupts on August 22, 2018. On December 8, the geyser erupted for 30th time in 2018, breaking a record set in 1964. (Photo Credit: George Frey/Getty Images)

It’s been quite a year for Steamboat Geyser at Yellowstone National Park. Its eruption on Saturday at 1:07 a.m. was its 30th for 2018, breaking the previous record of 29 major eruptions in one calendar year, set in 1964.

The erratic geyser, which is tucked away in Yellowstone’s Norris Geyser Basin, was dormant from 1911 until 1961 when it sprang back to life. Then it had three very active years from 1963 to 1965 with the previous record set in 1964. It was dormant again until 1982 and 1983, erupting since then from six months to eight years.

Steamboat Geyser is the world’s tallest active geyser — its major eruptions shoot water more than 300 feet , according to the National Park Service (NPS).

In a May 2018 update, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) noted that Steamboat Geyser appeared to have entered a phase of more frequent water eruptions, much like it did in the 1960s and early 1980s. “Although these eruptions do not have any implications for future volcanic activity at Yellowstone, they are nonetheless spectacular, and many more people had a chance to see Steamboat in eruption during the summer of 2018,” the USGS said.

In September, Yellowstone posted a video (see below) of its 19th eruption of the year.

http://www.youtube.com/v/5txppbrbS4w

The water phase of a major eruption by Steamboat Geyser lasts 3 to more than 40 minutes. Once the water supply is exhausted, the geyser continues with a powerful steam phase lasting several hours to several days, according to the NPS. Its roar is so great that conversation near the geyser is difficult, and visitors in the Norris Campground, a mile to the north, have been awakened by the noise.
Title: 🌋 Mount Etna erupts in Italy, sending ash and lava into the sky
Post by: RE on June 01, 2019, 03:23:05 PM
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/mount-etna-erupts-in-italy-sending-ash-and-lava-into-the-sky-2019-06-01/ (https://www.cbsnews.com/news/mount-etna-erupts-in-italy-sending-ash-and-lava-into-the-sky-2019-06-01/)

Mount Etna erupts in Italy, sending ash and lava into the sky

June 1, 2019 / 1:33 PM / CBS/AP

Catania, Sicily — Mount Etna, the largest of Italy's three active volcanoes, is spewing ash and lava once again, but officials say the activity is taking place at its summit and does not pose a risk to people and towns. Etna began a new phase of eruptions on Thursday as two new cracks in the volcano opened up, sending lava down its flank.

Italy's National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) noted that prior activity took place before the eruption, with a series of seismic events occurring in the weeks leading up to two fissures opening on Mount Etna's New Southeast Crater.

(https://cbsnews2.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2019/06/01/653a3aca-9482-41c2-bc1f-4e37e1671ec3/thumbnail/1240x826/68f057ff3a202e333d352901a34137f4/ap-19151362524473.jpg)
In this photo taken on Thursday, May 30, 2019 and made available Friday, May 31, 2019 Mount Etna volcano spews lava during an eruption. Mount Etna in Sicily has roared back into spectacular volcanic action from Thursday morning, sending up plumes of ash and spewing lava. Salvatore Allegra / AP

Eugenio Privitera, Catania's INGV director, says this eruption is taking place at Etna's summit and does not pose risks to residents. But he says visitors to Etna must stay away from the summit for their own safety.
Title: Re: The Toba Memorial Volcano Thread
Post by: azozeo on August 07, 2019, 11:39:31 AM



PUBLISHED AUGUST 2, 2019

When the rocky mound lurched onto his computer screen aboard the R/V OGS Explora, geophysicist Emanuele Lodolo couldn’t believe his eyes. Just four miles off the coast of Sicily, the team had stumbled on a previously unknown volcano with an old lava flow trailing some 2.5 miles westward across the seafloor.

“We were quite surprised about this, because we were really very close to the coast,” says Lodolo, a researcher at Italy’s National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics.

The edifice, named Actea, is one of six volcanoes recently discovered while scientists were mapping the underwater landscape of the Sicilian Channel, a heavily trafficked waterway off the southwest coast of the island. While Actea is the closest to shore, the structures were all found in the northwest side of the channel, within 14 miles of land, researchers report in the journal Marine Geology.
© NGP, Content may not reflect National Geographic’s current map policy.

The volcanoes are not especially tall, comparatively speaking, rising between 52 and 350 feet from the seafloor. But because they sit inside the shallow channel, their tops are not very deep; Actea’s peak is the shallowest at just 110 feet down.

Eruptions from submarine volcanoes can pose hazards to both passing boats and populations nearby. Lodolo cautions that more study is needed to better understand potential risks from the newfound structures, and other geologists agree that any hazards are likely minimal. But the revelation that six volcanoes are lurking under a region regularly crisscrossed by maritime traffic underscores the importance of fully exploring what lies beneath the waves. (Find out how the birth of one submarine volcano may have sent seismic waves rippling all across Earth.)

“Sometimes when you’re looking at an area that’s relatively undiscovered, you don’t even know what you might find,” says Western Washington University’s Jackie Caplan-Auerbach, who studies submarine volcanoes. “There are great mysteries in the ocean waiting to be discovered.”



https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/08/six-volcanoes-found-hiding-plain-sight/ (https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/08/six-volcanoes-found-hiding-plain-sight/)