AuthorTopic: Official Death Valley Global Cooking Thread  (Read 15372 times)

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Anchorage Has Never Reached 90 Degrees. That Could Change This Week.

Fischer Nyce, left, and Robin Nyce cooled off at Goose Lake in Anchorage on Wednesday. Anchorage has had 34 days in a row of above-average temperatures. Credit: Joshua Corbett for The New York Times

By Mike Baker

    July 4, 2019

In more than 100 years of Anchorage history, weather stations have never recorded a single 90-degree reading. If current forecasts hold, it could happen multiple times in the coming days.

With the combined forces of climate change that has disrupted temperature trends around the state, a remarkable dearth of ice in the Bering Sea and weather patterns generating a general heat wave, Alaska is facing a Fourth of July unlike any before. Anchorage has canceled its fireworks display because of wildfire concerns, city officials are worrying about air quality and forecasters expect temperatures to rival those in Miami.

“This is unprecedented,” Anchorage’s mayor, Ethan Berkowitz, said in an interview. “I tease people that Anchorage is the coolest city in the country — and climatically that is true — but right now we are seeing record heat.”

By any measure, the numbers are unusual. Alaska had its warmest March on record — in some places 20 degrees above normal. Once all the data is tabulated, it is likely to be the second-warmest June on record.

Every Friday, get an exclusive look at how one of the week’s biggest news stories on “The Daily” podcast came together.

The highest temperature ever recorded at Anchorage’s official station was 85 degrees, while other stations in the area have gone a couple of degrees higher. Bob Clay, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service, said forecasters expected a high-pressure system to push temperatures well into the 80s starting on Thursday and potentially reach the 90-degree threshold in parts of the Anchorage area on Friday, Saturday or Sunday.

While the weather has disrupted fireworks plans, Anchorage will still proceed with a Fourth of July pancake breakfast, a community parade and a festival with food vendors. A local Reddit thread was advising overheated residents to put jugs of ice in front of their fans, though a second thread warned those who didn’t already have a fan: “They are sold out everywhere. EVERYWHERE!”
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☀️ Temperatures hit new highs in European heatwave
« Reply #31 on: July 05, 2019, 03:37:53 AM »
They're cooking across the pond also.


Temperatures hit new highs in European heatwave

Records are usually broken by tenths of a degree, but last week’s heatwave was startling

Richard Johnson (MetDesk)

Wed 3 Jul 2019 16.30 EDT
Last modified on Thu 4 Jul 2019 07.06 EDT

People cool off in the Trocadéro fountains near the Eiffel Tower during a heatwave in France on 29 June 2019. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Much of Europe endured a searing heatwave last week, as an unprecedented plume of hot air pushed northwards from Africa. Last Friday, France recorded its highest temperature of 45.9C at Gallargues-le-Montueux, in the south-east. All-time temperature records are commonly broken by tenths of a degree, but this exceeded the previous record, set during the heatwave of August 2003, by an extraordinary 1.8C. A number of countries in central Europe also broke their June temperature records on 26 June, with 38.9C recorded in Bad Kreuznach, in western Germany, 38.2C in Radzyn, western Poland, and 38.9C in Doksany in the Czech Republic.

Tropical Storm Alvin has become the eastern Pacific’s first tropical cyclone of 2019. Forming last Wednesday, it was unusually late for the season’s first named storm, in waters that often see greater activity during El Niño periods such as now. Alvin formed about 400 miles south-west of Manzanillo, Mexico and stayed away from land as it tracked westwards.

In India, the annual monsoon is finally making progress into northern parts of the country. The monsoon had a slow start, with total rainfall in June 35% below average. The monsoon reached the capital, New Delhi, this week.
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HEATWAVE: Europe is BURNING at 114 degrees in these terrifying NASA satellite scans
HEATWAVES and scorching weather across Europe have broken all temperature records, as seen in these terrifying NASA weather scans.
By Sebastian Kettley
PUBLISHED: 15:17, Fri, Jul 5, 2019 | UPDATED: 17:14, Fri, Jul 5, 2019

Heatwave temperatures across Europe have peaked above 104 Fahrenheit (40 Celsius), prompting widespread safety concerns. In France, temperatures hit a new high on Friday, June 28, peaking at a sweltering 114.6F (45.9C) in the village of Gallargues-le-Montueux. The temperatures broke the previous record of 111F (44.1C) during a 2003 heatwave that killed thousands. In the aftermath of these heatwaves, US space agency NASA has announced June 2019 has officially become the hottest month on record in Europe.
Related articles

    UK weather forecast: Britain’s heatwave to RETURN as temperatures rise
    UK weather forecast: Heatwave set to end this weekend as temperatures

NASA said: “Europe’s massive heatwave is on its way out and it’s leaving a slew of broken temperature records in its wake.

“Many countries were gripped by temperatures above 104 Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) between June 26 and June 30.

“According to the World Meteorological Organization, June 2019 is now the hottest month on record for the continent as a whole.”

Satellite images snapped by NASA’s Ecosystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) reveal the true scale of the scorching weather.
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READ MORE: Scorching weather forecast as we 'DESPERATELY' need to act on air pollution

Heatwave weather: NASA satellites pictures
HEATWAVE: Scorching temperatures across Europe have broken all records (Image: NASA/GETTY)

Heatwave weather: NASA satellite images
Heatwave: The satellite images reveal heatwaves in Paris, Milan, Rome and Madrid (Image: NASA/JPL-CALTECH)

The NASA instrument measures our planet’s surface temperatures at different times of the day from the International Space Station.

In this case, NASA’s COSTLESS photographed Paris in France, Madrid in Spain and the Italian city of Rome and Milan.

All four populated areas are marked in a crimson red colour – temperatures peaking well above 68F (20C).

The higher temperatures can be attributed to the presence of more heat absorbent materials such as concrete and asphalt.

READ MORE: Sweltering weather and soaring temperatures to ‘SMASH ALL RECORDS'
Related articles

    UK weather forecast: ‘Outbreaks of rain’ hit before heatwave
    BBC Weather forecast: Europe braces for sweltering 34C heatwave

Cooler temperatures are marked in blue and green colours and can be seen well outside of the big cities.

NASA said: “Although its primary objective is to monitor the health of plants, ECOSTRESS can also detect heat events such as the one much of Europe just experienced.

    Many countries were gripped by temperatures above 104 Fahrenheit


“ECOSTRESS mapped the surface, or ground temperature, of four European cities – Rome, Paris, Madrid and Milan – during the mornings of June 27 and June 28.

"In the images, hotter temperatures appear in red and cooler temperatures appear in blue.

“They show how the central core of each city is much hotter than the surrounding natural landscape due to the urban heat island effect – a result of urban surfaces storing and re-radiating heat throughout the day.”

READ MORE: Soaring temperatures and EXTREMELY HOT weather to rise in frequency

Heatwave weather: High temperatures in France
Heatwave: June 2019, is the hottest month on record across the whole of Europe (Image: GETTY)

Heatwave weather: Scorching temperatures in France
Heatwave: A 2003 heatwave in Europe killed thousands of people (Image: GETTY)

According to the space agency, the phenomenon can be explained by residual heat stored from the previous day in bodies of water, asphalt and concrete.

Without any way to dissipate before the next day, the trapped heat would compound the effects of the heatwave.

This effect, in turn, exacerbated the sweltering conditions in some places even further.

NASA said: “These measurements help scientists assess plant health and response to water shortages, which can be an indicator of future drought.

“They can also be used in observing heat trends, spotting wildfires and detecting volcanic activity.”
UK weather map shows heatwave set to sweep nation

What are the biggest risks of a heatwave?

Continuous exposure to high temperatures without adequate cooling and hydration can be lethal.

The NHS lists overbearing, heat exhaustion, dehydration and heatstroke as some of the deadliest health complications of a heatwave.

Those most at risk are the elderly above the age o 75, people with long-term help complications, as well as people with mobility disabilities and little children.

The NHS said: “If a heatwave hits this summer, make sure the hot weather does not harm you or anyone you know.”
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Offline RE

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Might I remind people here of Richard Duncan's Olduvai Hypothesis, which he published over 20 years ago in 1996.

In 1989, I concluded that the life-expectancy of Industrial Civilization is horridly short. This hypothesis was defined in terms of a measurable index, world energy-use per person, and named the "transient-pulse theory of Industrial Civilization." I sketched its maximum point at 1990, followed by a persistent decline (see Note 1). Back then, however, I had no data to support this claim.

The ratio of world annual energy-use to world population gives a robust, testable profile of Industrial Civilization. Over the past six years, I devised a quantitative basis for the theory and gathered several sets of world energy and population data to test it (Note 2). In these pages, the name "Olduvai theory" means the same as "transient-pulse theory," used in previous papers (Note 3).

[ Note 1: 'Industrial Civilization' includes all capital investments and international trade agreements such as GATT, EU, and NAFTA. 'GATT' means General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; etc.
   Note 2: 'World energy' includes oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear- and hydroelectricity. Energy and population data are available from several sources, e.g., United Nations publications.
   Note 3: Since the 1950s, the Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania has been strongly associated with human origins and the Stone Age way-of-life. In this discussion, 'Olduvai theory' is a metaphor. It suggests our impending return to a Stone Age way-of-life.]

Please have a quick look at Figures 1 and 2. But before getting into the details, in the next section I'd like tell a detective story.

...and right on cue, here come the Blackouts.  NY Shity just had one, Venezuela is in an almost constant state of blackout, and Puerto Rico of course STILL hasn't got all their juice back on.

This one rivals Steve's call on the Oil Price Crash, which he nailed to the MONTH.  But that was only from 4 years out, not 20.  Amazing Nostradamus work by Richard Duncan.


A Brutal Heat Wave Is Descending on the U.S.—and Blackouts May Ensue

By Taylor Mahlandt
July 17, 20192:27 PM

Children play with toys and splash around in a fountain in the Columbia Heights neighborhood of D.C.
The Columbia Heights neighborhood of D.C. on June 26.
Anna-Rose Gassot/Getty Images

On Tuesday, two-thirds of the U.S. began burning up, according to forecasters. The scorching temperatures will be with the Midwest and the East Coast until the beginning of next week. And just when people need air conditioning the most, some cities may soon see electricity outages.

Heat watches have been issued, and by Tuesday night, the National Weather Service had 34 million people under heat advisories. For the Eastern region, the former is issued when the heat index value could potentially reach at least 110 degrees, while the latter signals that the heat index value is expected to be between 105 and 109 degrees. The thresholds are slightly lower west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Temperatures are predicted to continue rising throughout the week, with the Midwest experiencing its hottest temperatures on Friday, and the East seeing the worst of it on Saturday or Sunday. According to the Washington Post, the coupling of high dew points—meaning stifling humidity—and soaring temperatures may result in elevated nighttime temperatures and could make this heat wave particularly dangerous to public health. In Philadelphia, Tuesday was declared a code orange ozone action day, signifying that ozone levels in the environment were dangerous for sensitive groups. Ozone levels can meet the criteria for code orange at any time of the year, but they’re often highest during heat waves, when high pressure and high temperatures result in elevated concentrations of ozone particles. The warning was downgraded by Wednesday but will likely rise back to “code orange” concentrations again by the weekend, according to the Environmental Protection Agency’s AirNow monitoring system.

In response, cities have started providing the usual recommendations to residents—drink plenty of water, stay out of the sun, try to spend as much time in the A/C as possible. To make it easier for residents to cool down, Philadelphia and New York are making all public pools free until further notice. New York is also offering spray showers in the park when temperatures reach 80 degrees or higher. In the Midwest, cities like Chicago and Detroit are also buckling down and will likely record their highest temperatures of the summer. The Windy City will offer residents six “cooling centers” located inside community service centers where they can beat the heat.

Mike Clendenin, the spokesman for Consolidated Edison, the company that operates New York’s power grid, told Pix11 news regarding the upcoming heat wave, “We do expect there to be power outages … with any heat wave, you’re going to have power outages. They happen. But our crews are ready to respond to anything.” The company’s statements follow the five-hour outage in Manhattan on Saturday, which was caused by equipment failure and was unrelated to the heat wave.
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Systems around the country are bracing for impact, but if you think it seems logical that power outages will provide a brief reprieve for the environment, think again. Carl Pope, senior climate adviser to former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, told USA Today that there are “all kinds of inefficiencies and waste” that only multiply during a blackout. For instance, we fall back on diesel generators when electrical grids go out, which magnifies the carbon footprint. Besides that, manufacturing processes that were halted during an outage have to be restarted after the power comes back on, resulting in a lot of wasted product.

The heat wave should end by Sunday, but until then, in some cities, utility companies have backup crews working extra hours to try to keep the lights on.

While a heat wave in the middle of July is not unexpected, events like this could become much more common within the next few years, thanks to climate change. This heat wave comes just a few weeks after a hellish rash of high temperatures in Europe, where air conditioning is much less common.
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☀️ Dangerous heat wave scorches millions in Midwest, East Coast
« Reply #34 on: July 21, 2019, 04:48:32 AM »

Dangerous heat wave scorches millions in Midwest, East Coast

    By  samantha wnek, mark osborne andella torres

Jul 20, 2019, 11:51 AM ET

Several heat index readings came close to setting records across the eastern half of the U.S. on Friday, with the hottest temperatures still yet to come on the East Coast.
(MORE: Heat wave is coming: How to stay safe and prepare an emergency supply kit )
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Des Moines, Iowa, saw a heat index reading -- the "feels like" temperature due to the high humidity -- of 119 degrees, just 3 degrees away from a record. The heat index was 115 degrees in Minneapolis with a dew point of 80, the highest recorded in eight years. The temperature was 93 in Chicago, with a heat index of 107, while it reached a temperature of 95 degrees in Washington, D.C.
(MORE: These 5 statistics show why we're experiencing historically hot weather)

Many cities across the across the Midwest and Northeast started Saturday with heat indices in the 90s, and the day will be another scorcher with heat indices up to 115 degrees by afternoon. Excessive heat warnings have been issued from Kansas to Ohio and North Carolina to New Hampshire.
(MORE: Video: Massive heat wave forecast to hit NYC)

In Arkansas, Mitch Petrus, a former New York Giants offensive lineman, died Thursday of a heat stroke after working outside near Carlisle, according to the Associated Press. The heat index that day was higher than 100 degrees, according to the National Weather Service.
PHOTO: Heat index readings will be over 100 across most of the eastern half of the country on Saturday. ABC News
Heat index readings will be over 100 across most of the eastern half of the country on Saturday.

Some of the temperatures on Saturday will be the hottest in several years.
(MORE: Midwest bracing for possible tornadoes as heatwave strikes US)

New York City and Philadelphia could see their hottest temperatures since 2012, while Washington, D.C., could hit 100 for the first time since 2016.
PHOTO: The heat index will already be 90 degrees in the Northeast on Sunday morning, with more heat to come. ABC News
The heat index will already be 90 degrees in the Northeast on Sunday morning, with more heat to come.

Overnight lows again will struggle to dip below 80, and it will already feel like 90 degrees when people wake up Sunday morning in Washington, D.C., Philadelphia and Boston.
PHOTO: A cool down is finally in the forecast for the work week ahead. ABC News
A cool down is finally in the forecast for the work week ahead.

Sunday will be the final day of oppressive heat in the East before cooler temperatures arrive.
(MORE: What is the heat index and why is it important?)

Temperatures will be much cooler than this weekend for the start of the work week, and will even be below average for late July with highs in the 70s across much of the Midwest and East Coast.
Severe storms

The dip in the jet stream and associated cold front bringing the cooler temperatures to the Midwest and Northeast will also bring severe weather.
PHOTO: Severe storms are again possible in the Upper Midwest on Saturday. ABC News
Severe storms are again possible in the Upper Midwest on Saturday.

There were more than 140 reports of severe weather Friday and overnight into Saturday from South Dakota to New York. Baseball-size hail damaged wind shields in Minnesota, while 84 mph wind gusts knocked out power in Wisconsin.

Heavy downpours, thunderstorms and 70 mph winds left thousands of people without power across Michigan. As of Saturday morning, 76,000 customers of Detroit-based DTE Energy were without power. At one point, 108,000 residents had been affected by an outage. Most people affected were located in the western suburbs of Detroit.

There is another chance for severe weather Saturday from Iowa to Michigan and another pocket in Colorado. The main threats will be for damaging winds, large hail and an isolated tornado.
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Satellite Images Show Vast Swaths of the Arctic On Fire
« Reply #35 on: July 21, 2019, 06:17:28 AM »
Satellite Images Show Vast Swaths of the Arctic On Fire

Brian Kahn

Vast stretches of Earth’s northern latitudes are on fire right now. Hot weather has engulfed a huge portion of the Arctic, from Alaska to Greenland to Siberia. That’s helped create conditions ripe for wildfires, including some truly massive ones burning in remote parts of the region that are being seen by satellites.

Pierre Markuse, a satellite imagery processing guru, has documented some of the blazes attacking the forests and peatlands of the Arctic. The imagery reveals the delicate landscapes with braided rivers, towering mountains, and vast swaths of forest, all under a thick blanket of smoke.

In Alaska, those images show some of the damage wrought by wildfires that have burned more than 1.6 million acres of land this year. Huge fires have sent smoke streaming cities earlier this month, riding on the back of Anchorage’s first 90 degree day ever recorded. The image below show some of the more remote fires in Alaska as well as the Swan Lake Fire, which was responsible for the smoke swallowing Anchorage in late June and earlier this month.

The Swan Lake Fire just south of Anchorage.
Image: Pierre Markuse

Intense hot conditions have also fanned flames in Siberia. The remote nature of many of the fires there means they’re burning out of control, often, through swaths of peatland that’s normally frozen or soggy. But as Thomas Smith, a fire expert at London School of Economics, noted on Twitter, there are ample signs the peat dried out due to the heat and is ablaze. That’s worrisome since peat is rich in carbon, and fires can release it into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. Peat fires can also burn underground into the winter and reignite in spring.

Then there’s the weird fire that sparked up in Greenland last week. A landscape known more for its ice, this is the second time in the past three years a wildfire has ignited in western Greenland. There are very few historical precedents for these types of blazes, and though they’re not on the scale of what’s happening in Siberia and Alaska, they’re yet another symptom of an Arctic transitioning into a more volatile state as the planet warms.

All told, northern fires released as much carbon dioxide in June as the entire country of Sweden does in a year, according to data crunched by the European Union’s Copernicus program. The agency said the wildfire activity is “unprecedented” amidst what was, incidentally, the hottest June ever recorded for the planet with the Arctic particularly sweltering. All that carbon dioxide released by fires represents one of the scarier feedback loops of climate change as hot weather ensures more fires, which releases carbon dioxide and makes climate change worse. The boreal forest that rings the northern portion of the world is witnessing a period of wildfire activity unseen in at least 10,000 years, and this summer is another worrying datapoint.

More disturbing images at article link:

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☀️ It’s so hot in Nebraska, you can bake biscuits in your car
« Reply #36 on: July 22, 2019, 12:21:29 AM »

It’s so hot in Nebraska, you can bake biscuits in your car

By Tamar Lapin
July 21, 2019 | 4:56pm

More On:
heat wave
De Blasio's 78-degree dictat was an empty stunt
Con Ed taking 30K people off power for repairs, says de Blasio
10,000 New Yorkers lose power at height of Sunday heat
It's 113 degrees in Times Square!

This is for when your car’s like an oven.

The National Weather Service in Omaha, Neb., baked biscuits in a car Friday amid a major heat wave in the Northeast and Midwest.

“If you are wondering if it’s going to be hot today, we are attempting to bake biscuits using only the sun and a car in our parking lot,” NWS Omaha tweeted, along with an image of four raw biscuits on a metal tray inside a car.

Within 45 minutes, the dough had begun to rise, the NWS said.

After an hour, the pan had reached 175 degrees, and the tops of the biscuits were at 153 degrees.

“This is a good time to remind everyone that your car does in fact get deadly hot. Look before you lock!,” the NWS said.

Four hours later, the tops of the biscuits were golden, but the bottoms remained doughy.

The NWS team turned the car slightly to adjust it to changing angle of the sun — and the backseat temperature eventually reached 144.5 degrees.

After baking in the sun for nearly eight hours, the biscuits were edible, but the middle remained “pretty doughy.”
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Offline azozeo

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Re: Official Death Valley Global Cooking Thread
« Reply #37 on: July 23, 2019, 11:06:55 AM »
I've lived in the Mohave since 1991 ....

Never have I experienced a NICER summer than this one.
I'm not posting this to be "cute" I feel for the folks that have lost their A/C & have to deal with the elements. 113 is no cake walk to be sure. Ben' there, wrecked that.

My point is this. Typically it's 110+ in late July, here. Worse down on the river....

It's under 90 currently on the back patio, with a breeze & thunder clouds all around. Hopefully, some rain will prevail later in the day.

That's not a bad day weather wise for the desert rats.

The arctic's on fire, folks are cookin' biscuits on their car dash in Nebraska & we're having chamber of commerce nice here in the desert. Wonky weather for sure :icon_scratch:
I know exactly what you mean. Let me tell you why you’re here. You’re here because you know something. What you know you can’t explain, but you feel it. You’ve felt it your entire life, that there’s something wrong with the world.
You don’t know what it is but its there, like a splinter in your mind

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☀️ Europe heatwave: French city of Bordeaux hits record temperature
« Reply #38 on: July 24, 2019, 08:58:07 AM »

Europe heatwave: French city of Bordeaux hits record temperature

    4 hours ago

Related Topics

    Europe heatwaves

Record-high temperatures are expected across France - including the capital, Paris - Credit AFP

The French city of Bordeaux has hit its highest temperature since records began, as Western Europe braces for the second heatwave to hit this summer.

On Tuesday, Meteo France registered 41.2C (106.1F) in the south-western city, breaking a 2003 record of 40.7C.

Forecasters predict a record-breaking run across Europe this week, including Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands.

A World Meteorological Organization (WMO) spokeswoman said the heatwaves bore "the hallmark of climate change".

    Are you ready for the 35C heatwave?
    A guide to coping with hot weather
    Last four years are 'world's hottest'
    In pictures: Europe tries to stay cool in the heat

"As we saw in June they are becoming more frequent, they're starting earlier and they're becoming more intense," Claire Nullis added. "It's not a problem that's going to go away."
How hot could it get?

Much of France has been issued with an orange alert - the second highest level of warning.

Meteo France said Paris temperatures might hit new highs on Thursday. The record, set in 1947, stands at 40.4C.

Comparisons have been drawn to a heatwave France experienced in August 2003, during which heat contributed to almost 15,000 deaths.

The mercury is also expected to climb to 40C in a string of countries:

    In an unprecedented move, Belgium has issued a code red weather warning for the whole country

    Spain declared a red alert in its Zaragoza region, which was hit by devastating wildfires last month. The European Commission's Copernicus Climate Change Service says the risk of wildfires is high in Spain and in Portugal

    In the Netherlands, the government activated its "national heat plan"
    In the UK, temperatures are predicted to exceed 35C, and could be the highest ever recorded

What preparations are being made?

To limit the heating of water used to keep its nuclear reactors cool, French energy firm EDF said it would be shutting two reactors at the Golftech nuclear power plant in the southern Tarn-et-Garonne region.

Ice foot baths and extra water points are being made available to cyclists competing in the Tour de France - which is entering its final week - to avoid dehydration.

The French government is outlawing animal transportation "for economic reasons" between 13:00 (11:00 GMT) and 18:00 in areas affected by heat alerts.
How high have temperatures been already?

The French weather service has reported temperatures of 42C in areas of the south-west. It is expected the heat will not dip below 20C for the rest of the week.
Media captionBBC colleagues from hot countries give their tips for staying cool

An intense heatwave swept through areas of Europe last month, making it the hottest June on record.

France set an all-time high-temperature record of 46C, according to the WMO, and new June highs were set in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Andorra, Luxembourg, Poland, and Germany.
What about droughts?

The continent has also been hit by severe droughts, particularly in France, with no rainfall in many areas since last month's heatwave.

A number of places in France have set new records for the lowest amount of rainfall ever recorded, Ms Nullis of the WMO said.

This has caused problems with nuclear energy facilities and agriculture - such as grape harvests for wine in the region and crops. Farmers in mountainous areas have been allowing cattle to graze on what are ski slopes in winter due to the effect of the drought on lower ground.
Image copyright AFP
Image caption Cows graze on a ski slope on the ridge of the Vosges mountains as droughts hit lower ground

The government has imposed restrictions on water use in 73 regions and Paris has seen its driest period for almost 150 years.

France will send a request to the European Commission to bring forward a payment of €1bn ($1.12bn; £892m) to assist farmers hit by the recent weather.
Is climate change to blame?

Linking a single event to global warming is complicated. While extreme weather events like heatwaves occur naturally, experts say these will happen more often because of climate change.

Records going back to the late 19th Century show that the average temperature of the Earth's surface has increased by about one degree since industrialisation.

A climatology institute in Potsdam, Germany, says Europe's five hottest summers since 1500 have all been in the 21st Century.

Scientists are concerned that rapid warming linked to use of fossil fuels has serious implications for the stability of the planet's climate.
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By Ian Lee CBS News July 25, 2019, 6:39 PM
Europe heat wave: Temperatures hit 109 degrees in Paris "urban heat island"

Paris — Europe is in the middle of a life-threatening heat wave. Records fell like dominoes on Thursday in cities in France, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Britain. It hit 100 degrees in London, 109 in Paris —  the highest temperature ever recorded there. But the French capital is not built for it.

Iconic landmarks became water parks, anything to beat the heat. But this latest hot spell isn't all frolicking in the fountains.

The high heat has officials concerned about the stability of Notre Dame Cathedral, which almost burnt down in April. They worry the stones could become unstable leading to a collapse. 

Thursday's record-breaking heat wave in Paris hit 109 degrees, delaying trains, leaving passengers stranded and even affecting the power grid. A nuclear plant in southern France shut down two reactors due to the heat.
People cool off and sunbathe at the Trocadero Fountains in Paris, on July 25, 2019 as a new heatwave hits the French capital. Getty

Paris prepared with temporary solutions, free water and mist machines to cool commuters' heels. This could turn into a permanent problem as heat waves become more frequent and severe, big cities like Paris struggle to cope.

Scientists call it the "urban heat island." Buildings and roads absorb the heat during the day, then release it at night like a radiator, becoming a new challenge for old Europe.

A meteorologist in Paris said because of climate change, the extreme heat could become the norm.
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    Europe's heatwave could now cause catastrophic melting of Greenland's ice sheet
    July 26, 2019

Torsten Blackwood - Pool/Getty Images

It's not just Europe that's sweltering in record-breaking heat.

The same heat wave that swept across Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom this week, breaking high-temperature records reaching up to 114 degrees, is wafting over to Greenland and could cause catastrophic melting, the United Nations said Friday.

Reuters reports that the heat could cause record melting of one of the world's largest ice sheets, contributing to rising sea levels around the globe. The Greenland ice sheet has been struggling in recent scorching weeks, according to Denmark data tracking the gains and losses of the ice mass.

"In July alone, it lost 160 billion tonnes of ice through surface melting," said U.N. World Meteorological Organization spokeswoman Clare Nullis. "That's roughly the equivalent of 64 million Olympic-sized swimming pools. Just in July. Just surface melt — it's not including ocean melt as well."

If the Greenland ice sheet melts entirely, it would raise global sea levels by 7 meters, or approximately 23 feet, Denmark's data shows. Nullis says rising temperatures, which are linked to manmade climate change, are expected to soar past records regularly by 2050 with biennial heatwaves. "What we saw with this one was that temperature records weren't just broken," said Nullis, "they were smashed." Summer Meza
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Heatwave: Think It’s Hot in Europe? The Human Body Is Already Close to Thermal Limits Elsewhere

July 27, 2019
© Photo: Pixabay


I am a scientist who researches climate hazards. This week I have published research on the potential for a catastrophic cyclone-heatwave combo in the global south. Yet over the past few days I have been approached by various media outlets to talk not about that hazard, but about the unfolding UK heatwave and climate change. It is always satisfying to respond to public interest around weather extremes, but there is a danger that key messages about extreme heat globally are not receiving enough airtime.

It is by now very well established that hot extremes are more likely in the changed climate we are living in. Yet there is a seemingly unquenchable thirst for this story to be retold every time the UK sweats. Narratives around such acute, local events detract from critical messages about the global challenges from extreme heat.

Make no mistake, maximum temperatures of 35°C or more are hot by UK standards, but such conditions are familiar to around 80% of the world’s population. The headline-grabbing 46°C recently experienced by Britain’s neighbours in France is indeed unusual, but still falls short of the 50°C recorded in India earlier this summer, and is somewhat temperate relative to the 54°C confirmed for both Pakistan (in 2017) and Kuwait (in 2016). People in these hotter climates are better at coping with high temperatures, yet such heat still kills.

Deadly heatwaves are, of course, no stranger to Europeans. The infamous 2003 event claimed as many as 70,000 lives, and 2010 saw more than 50,000 fatalities in western Russia. Fortunately, lessons were learned and authorities are now much better prepared when heat-health alerts are issued.

Kolkata, India: Temperatures soar past 40˚C during a June 2019 heatwave. Piyal Adhikary / EPA

But spare a thought for less fortunate communities who are routinely experiencing extraordinary temperatures. In places like South Asia and the Persian Gulf, the human body, despite all its remarkable thermal efficiencies, is often operating close to its limits.

And yes, there is a limit.

When the air temperature exceeds 35°C, the body relies on the evaporation of water – mainly through sweating – to keep core temperature at a safe level. This system works until the “wetbulb” temperature reaches 35°C. The wetbulb temperature includes the cooling effect of water evaporating from the thermometer, and so is normally much lower than the normal (“drybulb”) temperature reported in weather forecasts.

Once this wetbulb temperature threshold is crossed, the air is so full of water vapour that sweat no longer evaporates. Without the means to dissipate heat, our core temperature rises, irrespective of how much water we drink, how much shade we seek, or how much rest we take. Without respite, death follows – soonest for the very young, elderly or those with pre-existing medical conditions.

Wetbulb temperatures of 35°C have not yet been widely reported, but there is some evidence that they are starting to occur in Southwest Asia. Climate change then offers the prospect that some of the most densely populated regions on Earth could pass this threshold by the end of the century, with the Persian GulfSouth Asia, and most recently the North China Plain on the front line. These regions are, together, home to billions of people.

Beijing, on the northern edge of the North China Plain, set a new temperature record in 2018. maoyunping / shutterstock

As the climate warms in places like the UK, people can take sensible precautions against heat – slowing down, drinking more water, and seeking cool refuges. Air conditioning is one of the last lines of defence but comes with its own problems such as very high energy demands. By 2050, cooling systems are expected to increase electricity demand by an amount equivalent to the present capacity of the US, EU, and Japan combined.

Provided that electricity supplies can be maintained, living in chronically heat-stressed climates of the future may be viable. But with such dependence on this life-support system, a sustained power outage could be catastrophic.

Deadly combination

So what would happen if we combined massive blackouts with extreme heat? Two colleagues and I recently investigated the possibility of such a “grey swan” event – foreseeable but not yet fully experienced – in a global study of storms and heat, published in the journal Nature Climate Change.

We looked at tropical cyclones, which have already caused the biggest blackouts on Earth, with the months-long power failure in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria among the most serious. We found that as the climate warms it becomes ever more likely that these powerful cyclones would be followed by dangerous heat, and that such compound hazards would be expected every year if global warming reaches 4°C. During the emergency response to a tropical cyclone, keeping people cool would have to be as much a priority as providing clean drinking water.

The UK is moving into new territory when it comes to managing extreme heat. But the places that are already heat stressed will see the largest absolute increases in humid-heat with the smallest safety margin before reaching physical limits, and they are often least-equipped to adapt to the hazard. It is therefore hardly surprising that extreme heat drives migration. Such mass displacement makes extreme heat a worldwide issue. Little Britain will feel the consequence of conditions far away from its temperate shores.

The challenges ahead are stark. Adaptation has its limits. We must therefore maintain our global perspective on heat and pursue a global response, slashing greenhouse gas emissions to keep to the Paris warming limits. In this way, we have the greatest chance of averting deadly heat – home and abroad.

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Dutch supermarkets emptied out due to extreme heat
« Reply #42 on: July 27, 2019, 07:08:26 AM »
Dutch supermarkets emptied out due to extreme heat [the cooling system unable to keep products cool]

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The Arctic’s on fire and now it’s going to be hit by a heat wave
Things aren't looking good.

E.A. Crunden
Jul 27, 2019, 10:20 am   

Smoke over a site of forest fire in Rybnovsky District, Ryazan Region, central European Russia. CREDIT: Alexander RyuminTASS via Getty Images

Europe’s historic heat wave is heading north this weekend, to the relief of the continent, but its path will send it right towards the Arctic — where it could speed up the melting of sea ice and coincide with devastating wildfires.

Unprecedented wildfires are currently raging across the Arctic Circle, with some the size of 100,000 football fields — so big they can be seen from space. Arctic sea ice is moreover already running at a record low this year; scientists worry a heat wave will only further exacerbate the area’s problems.

One week after the United States saw record-shattering high temperatures, the same fate befell Europe. On Thursday, Paris saw temperatures of 108.7 degrees Fahrenheit (42.6 degrees Celsius), a record high, with Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands also facing their own record days. The sweltering weather is the result of a heat dome that has allowed hot air to come north from the Sahara Desert, all while blocking cooler air from reaching people.

July is typically a warm month in much of the northern hemisphere, but climate scientists have connected the uptick in dangerously hot temperatures to global warming, with future years set to be much worse.

Scorching temperatures can be deadly for children, the elderly, and people with disabilities, in addition to anyone without access to cooling systems. In Europe, where air-conditioning is less common than the United States, many residents faced grueling heat without an easy mechanism for cooling off. London, for example, does not have air conditioning in its crowded subway system.
Smeerenburgbreen, glacier near Reuschhalvoya in Albert I Land debouches into Bjornfjorden, inner part of Smeerenburgfjorden, Svalbard, Norway. CREDIT: Arterra/Universal Images Group via Getty Images
New research shows that Paris Agreement goals might not save the Arctic

And this recent heat wave is set to do more damage. Norway, Finland, and Sweden are all bracing for their own stint of bad weather this weekend. As the hot air moves north, it could also impact Greenland’s melting ice sheet, which covers roughly 80% of its surface. The country’s rapidly melting ice could eventually mean catastrophic sea-level rise, impacting almost every major coastal city in the world.

There have been more than 100 wildfires burning across the Arctic since June, often ignited by sources like lightning. Russia, Alaska, and Greenland have all been impacted by the blazes, and while wildfires are common this time of year, the current intensity and sheer number have experts concerned. Some of the fires also appear to be burning in peat soils — as opposed to forests — which burn for longer and can release significant amounts of carbon, speeding up global warming in the process.

In a memo released earlier in July, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said that the wildfires have released at least 50 megatonnes of carbon dioxide — more than the total annual emissions produced by Sweden.

“The northern part of the world is warming faster than the planet as a whole,” the weather monitoring body warned. “That heat is drying out forests and making them more susceptible to burn.”

Sea ice melt in the Arctic is also a concern. The white ice-covered surface is critical to reflecting sun away from the Earth and keeping temperatures cooler. Without it, dark oceans will warm far more rapidly.

A recent study found that even adhering to the goals of the Paris Agreement might not be enough to save the Arctic’s critical summer sea ice. The agreement aims to keep global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) of warming over preindustrial temperatures, with an aspirational goal of limiting the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit).

Scientists are currently monitoring summer sea ice melt in the Arctic to see if it reaches a record low in September, which would mark a grim new record.
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July 27, 2019 / 11:05 PM / Updated 10 hours ago
Think the heatwave was bad? Climate already hitting key tipping points
Matthew Green

LONDON (Reuters) - “Shall we all just kill ourselves?”

FILE PHOTO: People cool off in the Trocadero fountains across from the Eiffel Tower in Paris as a new heatwave broke temperature records in France, July 25, 2019. REUTERS/Pascal Rossignol/File Photo

It was an odd title for a comedy night, but British stand-up Carl Donnelly turned out to have chosen an environmental theme with impeccable timing.

With temperature records tumbling daily in last week’s European heatwave, a crowd in an east London bar seemed uniquely primed to appreciate his darkly humorous riffs on the existential threat posed by climate change.

That foretaste of a radically hotter world underscored what is at stake in a decisive phase of talks to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement, a collective shot at avoiding climate breakdown.

With study-after-study showing climate impacts from extreme weather to polar melt and sea level rise outstripping initial forecasts, negotiators have a fast-closing window to try to turn the aspirations agreed in Paris into meaningful outcomes.

“There’s so much on the line in the next 18 months or so,” said Sue Reid, vice-president of climate and energy at Ceres, a U.S. non-profit group that works to steer companies and investors onto a more sustainable path.

“This is a crucial period of time both for public officials and the private sector to really reverse the curve on emissions,” Reid told Reuters.


In October, the U.N.-backed Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned emissions must start falling next year at the latest to stand a chance of achieving the deal’s goal of holding the global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

With emissions currently on track to push temperatures more than three degrees higher, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is working to wrest bigger commitments from governments ahead of a summit in New York in September.

Telling world leaders that failing to cut emissions would be “suicidal,” the Portuguese diplomat wants to build momentum ahead of a fresh round of climate talks in Chile in December.

By the time Britain convenes a major follow-up summit in late 2020, plans are supposed to be underway - in theory at least - to almost halve global emissions over the next decade.

“In the next year-and-a-half we will witness an intensity of climate diplomacy not seen since the Paris Agreement was signed,” said Tessa Khan, an international climate change lawyer and co-director of the Climate Litigation Network.

As the diplomatic offensive intensifies, the latest scientific studies have offered negotiators scant comfort.

U.S climatologist Michael Mann believes emissions need to fall even more drastically than the IPCC assumes since the panel may be underestimating how far temperatures have already risen since pre-industrial times.

“Our work on this indicates that we might have as much as 40% less carbon left to burn than IPCC implies, if we are to avert the 1.5 Celsius warming limit,” said Mann, director of the Earth System Science Center at Pennsylvania State University.

Mann has urged governments to treat the transition to renewable energy with the equivalent urgency that drove the U.S. industrial mobilization in World War Two.

So far, no major economy has taken heed.

Although Britain boosted the Paris Agreement in June by committing to net zero carbon emissions by 2050, the country, preoccupied by Brexit, is far from on a climate war footing.

Likewise, a push led by France and Germany for the European Union to adopt a similar target was relegated to a footnote at a summit in Brussels after opposition from Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary.

U.S. President Donald Trump remains committed to pulling the world’s second biggest emitter out of the Paris deal altogether.

Given the uncertain prospects for international cooperation to stabilize the climate on which life on earth depends, some are starting to steel themselves for the unraveling of the world they once knew.
FILE PHOTO: People are silhouetted against the setting sun at "El Mirador de la Alemana" (The viewpoint of the German), as the summer's second heatwave hits Spain, in Malaga, southern Spain July 24, 2019. REUTERS/Jon Nazca/File Photo

“Either we radically transform human collective life by abandoning the use of fossil fuels or, more likely, climate change will bring about the end of global fossil-fuelled capitalist civilization,” wrote U.S. author Roy Scranton, in an April essay in MIT Technology Review.

“Revolution or collapse — in either case, the good life as we know it is no longer viable.”

Reporting by Matthew Green; Editing by Andrew Cawthorne
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